Regional ethnic diversity
Last updated 7 August 2020 - see all updates
- 1. Navigate toMain facts and figures section
- 2. Navigate toThings you need to know section
- 3. Navigate toAreas of England and Wales by ethnicity section
- 4. Navigate toEthnic groups by area section
- 5. Navigate toEthnic groups by type of location (urban or rural) section
- 6. Navigate toEthnic diversity by area section
- 7. Navigate toData sources section
- 8. Navigate toDownload the data section
1. Main facts and figures
- as at the 2011 Census, the most ethnically diverse region in England and Wales was London, where 40.2% of residents identified with either the Asian, Black, Mixed or Other ethnic group
- out of all regions, London had the smallest percentage of White British people, at 44.9%, and the North East had the highest percentage, at 93.6%
- people from the White ethnic group were more likely to live in the South East than any other region, with 16.2% doing so; people from the Black, Asian, Mixed and Other ethnic groups were more likely to live in London than any other region, with 58.4%, 35.9%, 33.1% and 49.9% doing so respectively
- 81.5% of the general population lived in an urban location, and 18.5% lived in a rural location – the ethnic groups most likely to live in an urban location were Pakistani (99.1%), Bangladeshi (98.7%), and Black African (98.2%)
- Newham in London was the local authority where people from the White ethnic group made up the lowest percentage of the population (at 29.0%); 8 out of the 10 most ethnically diverse local authorities were in London
2. Things you need to know
What the data measures
The data measures the ethnic diversity of England and Wales by region and type of area, for example urban and rural.
Census data covers people in around 25 million private households. It also includes communal establishments, such as care homes and university halls of residence.
Percentages are rounded to 1 decimal place.
Read more about the 2011 Census.
Not included in the data
The data does not include households that did not answer the question about ethnicity.
94% of households completed the Census. Of those, 97% answered the question about ethnicity.
The data has been adjusted to take into account people and households who were not counted or counted incorrectly.
The ethnic groups used in the data
This data uses the standardised list of 18 ethnic groups that were developed for the 2011 Census.
Read the detailed methodology document for this data.
You can find confidence intervals for the data in the ONS archive.
In the data file
See download the data for additional local authority data, including:
- the ethnic breakdowns in each local authority
- the percentage of each ethnic group that lives there
3. Areas of England and Wales by ethnicity
|Region||Asian||Black||Mixed||White British||White other||Other|
|Yorkshire and The Humber||7.3||1.5||1.6||85.8||3.0||0.8|
Summary of Regional ethnic diversity Areas of England and Wales by ethnicity Summary
4. Ethnic groups by area
|Ethnicity||All||East||East Midlands||London||North East||North West||South East||South West||Wales||West Midlands||Yorkshire and The Humber|
|Mixed White/Black African||100.0||9.3||5.3||39.5||2.1||11.1||13.8||5.2||2.7||5.6||5.6|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||100.0||8.7||9.5||28.0||1.4||9.2||10.8||6.0||2.6||16.1||7.8|
Summary of Regional ethnic diversity Ethnic groups by area Summary
5. Ethnic groups by type of location (urban or rural)
|Ethnicity||North East||North West||Yorkshire and The Humber||East Midlands||West Midlands||East||London||South East||South West||Wales|
|Mixed White/Black African||91.4||96.9||91.8||88.1||94.0||84.4||99.9||89.8||82.7||83.9|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||85.2||96.2||93.3||90.1||95.9||84.9||99.9||88.4||85.3||81.8|
Summary of Regional ethnic diversity Ethnic groups by type of location (urban or rural) Summary
6. Ethnic diversity by area
|Local authority||% White||Position|
|Herefordshire, County of||98.2||166|
|Redcar and Cleveland||98.5||173|
|Isles of Scilly||98.8||174|
Summary of Regional ethnic diversity Ethnic diversity by area Summary
7. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Office for National Statistics
Every 10 years
Purpose of data source
The Census is carried out every 10 years. Data from the March 2021 Census will not be available until 2022, so 2011 Census data is used instead.
Census data gives the government the information it needs to plan and run public services. It is also used as a benchmark for other statistical estimates, and it can help illustrate differences between various groups in the population.
8. Download the data
This file contains: Measure, Ethnicity type, Ethnicity, Region, All usual residents, Population, Value, Value2, Value label1, Value label2, Source, Geography, Time
This file contains: Measure, Ethnicity, Region, Urban/Rural, Value, Source, Time
This file contains: Measure, Time, Ethnicity, Ethnicity type, Geography name, Geography code, Geography type, Value, Numerator, Denominator