1. Main facts and figures
- as at March 2018, there were over 1.2 million staff employed by the NHS
- overall, of staff whose ethnicity was known, 4 out of 5 NHS staff (80.2%) were White, including White ethnic minorities, (nearly 932,000 staff) and nearly 1 in 5 (19.8%) were from all other ethnic groups (over 230,000 staff)
- staff from the Asian, Chinese, Mixed and Other ethnic groups made up a higher percentage of those in medical roles (working as doctors in hospitals and community health services) than those in non-medical roles
- among the non-medical workforce, staff from the Asian, Black, Mixed and Other ethnic groups made up a lower percentage of those at senior grades (bands 8a to 9) and the ‘very senior manager’ grade than at the support (bands 1 to 4) and middle roles (bands 5 to 7)
- there was a higher percentage of staff from the Black, Chinese, Mixed and Other ethnic groups among junior doctors than among senior doctors
- compared with September 2017, the percentage of staff who were White decreased slightly (from 80.7% to 80.2%) and who were from all other ethnic groups increased slightly (from 19.3% to 19.8%)
The ethnic categories used in this data
The data was collected using the standardised ethnic categories based on the 2001 Census. It is grouped into the following broad categories to reduce the risk of accidental disclosure:
- Asian/Asian British
- Black/Black British
- Mixed/Multiple ethnicities
2. By ethnicity
|September 2017||March 2018|
3. By ethnicity and type of role
|Medical (Sep 2017)||Non-medical (Sep 2017)||Medical (Mar 2018)||Non-medical (Mar 2018)|
4. By ethnicity and broad grade (non-medical staff)
|Very Senior Manager||4.2||80||1.0||19||0.2||4||0.7||13||93.6||1,783||0.3||6|
|Senior (Bands 8a-9)||5.7||3,896||3.3||2,247||0.6||404||1.3||876||88.2||60,108||0.9||601|
|Middle (Bands 5-7)||8.4||44,059||6.5||33,984||0.4||2,343||1.5||7,925||80.9||425,997||2.4||12,448|
|Support (Bands 1-4)||7.1||31,258||6.0||26,667||0.2||894||1.6||6,926||83.6||370,380||1.6||7,057|
5. By ethnicity and specific grade (non-medical staff)
|Asian||Black||Chinese||Mixed||White||Other||Ethnic minority (exc. White minorities)|
|Graduate entry grades|
|Very Senior Manager||4.2||80||1.0||19||0.2||4||0.7||13||93.6||1,783||0.3||6||6.4||122|
|Non-graduate entry grades|
6. By ethnicity and grade (medical staff)
|Senior doctors (Career grade)|
|Consultant (including Directors of Public Health)||28.1||13,108||2.9||1,346||2.0||923||2.2||1,028||61.4||28,655||3.4||1,573|
|Junior doctors (Training and equivalent)|
|Foundation Doctor Year 2||24.6||1,420||4.5||257||3.1||179||4.1||239||60.1||3,465||3.6||205|
|Foundation Doctor Year 1||21.2||1,174||3.9||213||4.2||231||4.4||244||63.4||3,505||3.0||164|
|Hospital Practitioner / Clinical Assistant||17.6||269||1.6||25||0.5||8||1.5||23||77.1||1,181||1.7||26|
|Other and Local Hospital and Community Health Services Doctor Grades||22.7||273||2.3||28||1.6||19||2.9||35||68.0||817||2.4||29|
Data provided here is based on administrative data collected from NHS trusts and clinical commissioning groups (CCGs) for March 2018.
The majority of trusts and CCGs use the Electronic Staff Record (ESR), the NHS’s main human resources and payroll system. Since 2008, the system has contained staff records for over 99% of staff employed directly by the NHS in England.
NHS foundation trusts are not required to use the ESR. Two of these do not, and instead submit their ethnicity data every 3 months directly to NHS Digital through the workforce Minimum Data Set collection.
NHS staff report their own ethnicity.
Percentages are rounded to 1 decimal place.
8. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Purpose of data source
The data is extracted from NHS human resource and payroll systems. The purpose of collecting ethnicity data through these systems is to monitor equality and diversity across the NHS workforce.
9. Download the data
This file contains the following: ethnicity, time, type of role, entry level, broad grade, specific grade, headcount (numerator), denominator, value
The Asian ethnic group in this file includes those who are Chinese to enable comparison with other datasets that use the ONS 2011 5+1 classification (note this is different to the ethnic categorisation used in the figures shown in the charts, tables and commentary on this page). This file contains the following: ethnicity, time, type of role, entry level, broad grade, specific grade, headcount (numerator), denominator, value