Male and female populations

Published

Last updated 28 August 2020 - see all updates

1. Main facts and figures

  • according to the 2011 Census, women and girls made up 51% of the population of England and Wales, and men and boys made up 49%
  • most ethnic groups had roughly the same male and female populations
  • there was a larger female than male population in the Chinese, Black Caribbean and Other White ethnic groups, where women and girls made up 53% of the respective populations
  • there was a larger male than female population in the Arab ethnic group, where men and boys made up 58% of the population, and among people who identified as Any other ethnicity (54% men and boys)

2. Things you need to know

What the data measures

The data shows the population of England and Wales by ethnicity and sex. The split between women and girls, and men and boys is shown for each ethnic group.

Census data covers people in around 25 million private households. It also includes communal establishments, such as care homes and university halls of residence.

Percentages are rounded to whole numbers.

Read more about the 2011 Census.

The ethnic groups used in the data

This data uses the standardised list of 18 ethnic groups that were developed for the 2011 Census.

Methodology

Read the detailed methodology document (PDF, 182KB, 14 pages) for this data.

You can find confidence intervals for the data in the ONS archive.

3. By ethnicity

Percentage of male and female population in each ethnic group
Ethnicity Male Female
% %
All 49 51
Asian 50 50
Bangladeshi 52 48
Chinese 47 53
Indian 51 49
Pakistani 51 49
Asian other 49 51
Black 48 52
Black African 48 52
Black Caribbean 47 53
Black other 50 50
Mixed 50 50
Mixed White/Asian 51 49
Mixed White/Black African 50 50
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 50 50
Mixed other 49 51
White 49 51
White British 49 51
White Irish 48 52
White Gypsy/Traveller 50 50
White other 47 53
Other 55 45
Arab 58 42
Any other 54 46

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Male and female populations By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • according to the 2011 Census, women and girls made up 51% of the population of England and Wales, and men and boys made up 49%
  • most ethnic groups had roughly the same male and female populations
  • there was a larger female than male population in the Chinese, Black Caribbean and Other White ethnic groups, where women and girls made up 53% of the respective populations
  • there was a larger male than female population in the Arab ethnic group, where men and boys made up 58% of the population, and among people who identified as Any other ethnicity (54%)

4. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Survey data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Office for National Statistics

Publication frequency

Every 10 years

Purpose of data source

The Census is carried out every 10 years. The last one took place in March 2011.

Census data gives the government the information it needs to plan and run public services. It is also used as a benchmark for other statistical estimates, and it can help illustrate differences between various groups in the population.

5. Download the data

Ethnic groups in England and Wales by sex - Spreadsheet (csv) 4 KB

This file contains: measure, time, ethnicity, ethnicity_type, gender, gender_type, value, value_note, source