Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression

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Contents
  1. 1. Navigate to Main facts and figures section
  2. 2. Navigate toBy ethnicity section
  3. 3. Navigate toBy ethnicity section
  4. 4. Navigate toBy ethnicity section
  5. 5. Navigate toBy ethnicity section
  6. 6. Navigate toBy ethnicity section
  7. 7. Navigate toBy ethnicity section
  8. 8. Navigate toBy ethnicity section
  9. 9. Navigate toBy ethnicity section
  10. 10. Navigate toBy ethnicity section
  11. 11. Navigate toBy ethnicity section
  12. 12. Navigate toBy ethnicity section
  13. 13. Navigate toBy ethnicity section
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  15. 15. Navigate toBy ethnicity section
  16. 16. Navigate toBy ethnicity section
  17. 17. Navigate toBy ethnicity section
  18. 18. Navigate toBy ethnicity over time section
  19. 19. Navigate toBy ethnicity over time section
  20. 20. Navigate toBy ethnicity over time section
  21. 21. Navigate toBy ethnicity over time section
  22. 22. Navigate toBy ethnicity over time section
  23. 23. Navigate toBy ethnicity over time section
  24. 24. Navigate toBy ethnicity over time section
  25. 25. Navigate toBy ethnicity over time section
  26. 26. Navigate toBy ethnicity over time section
  27. 27. Navigate toBy ethnicity over time section
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  30. 30. Navigate toBy ethnicity over time section
  31. 31. Navigate toBy ethnicity over time section
  32. 32. Navigate toBy ethnicity over time section
  33. 33. Navigate toBy ethnicity over time section
  34. 34. Navigate toBy ethnicity and gender section
  35. 35. Navigate toBy ethnicity and gender section
  36. 36. Navigate toBy ethnicity and gender section
  37. 37. Navigate toBy ethnicity and gender section
  38. 38. Navigate toBy ethnicity and gender section
  39. 39. Navigate toBy ethnicity and gender section
  40. 40. Navigate toBy ethnicity and gender section
  41. 41. Navigate toBy ethnicity and gender section
  42. 42. Navigate toBy ethnicity and gender section
  43. 43. Navigate toBy ethnicity and gender section
  44. 44. Navigate toBy ethnicity and gender section
  45. 45. Navigate toBy ethnicity and gender section
  46. 46. Navigate toBy ethnicity and gender section
  47. 47. Navigate toBy ethnicity and gender section
  48. 48. Navigate toBy ethnicity and gender section
  49. 49. Navigate toBy ethnicity and gender section
  50. 50. Navigate to Methodology section
  51. 51. Navigate to Data sources section
  52. 52. Navigate to Download the data section

1. Main facts and figures

  • in every ethnic group, over 60% of patients showed an improvement after treatment for anxiety or depression in 2018 to 2019
  • the highest percentage of patients showing an improvement was in the White British ethnic group at 68.1%
  • the lowest percentage of patients showing an improvement was in the Bangladeshi ethnic group at 60.8%
  • in most ethnic groups, women were more likely to have shown an improvement than men
  • between 2015/16 and 2018/19, the percentage of patients showing an improvement increased in every ethnic group
  • the biggest increase in patients showing an improvement was in the Pakistani ethnic group
Things you need to know

Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) is mainly for adults. A small number of patients under 18 years old are also referred for treatment.

IAPT service providers submit data every month to NHS Digital. This includes information about patients' ethnicity.

This analysis only includes patients whose ethnicity was known. The percentage of patients whose ethnicity was known has gone up from around 80% in 2015 to 88% in 2019.

Data is shown for the whole of England. Download the data for local data broken down by clinical commissioning groups. Some local data has been suppressed if a small number of patients made it unreliable.

The definition for ‘no reliable change’ has been revised since the first version of this measure page. The new methodology separates out patient referrals which showed no reliable change from those where it wasn’t possible to assess change due to missing data. All data presented here is now based on the new methodology.

What the data measures

This data shows outcomes for patients who've had treatment for anxiety or depression. The data covers referrals through NHS Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) services.

The data is broken down by ethnicity, gender and time. Download the data to see figures showing the change over time for different ethnic groups by gender.

Patients are assessed after treatment and recorded as showing either:

  • improvement
  • no change
  • deterioration

Patients complete a questionnaire before, during and after their treatment. Their responses are used to assess the outcome of their treatment.

The percentage of referrals with an unknown outcome is not shown. For that reason, not all percentages for the 3 outcomes add up to 100%.

To be included in this data, a patient's referral must have ended in the financial year covered. For example, data for 2018 to 2019 includes referrals that ended between April 2018 and March 2019. The patient must have attended at least 2 appointments in the course of the referral.

The ethnic categories used in this data

The 16 ethnic categories used in this data are those listed in the 2001 Census. The categories are broadly the same as the ethnic groups used in the 2011 Census, except that:

  • the 2001 Census categorised Chinese people within ‘Other ethnic group’
  • the 2001 Census did not list Gypsy and Irish Travellers or Arab people

2. By ethnicity

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Reliably improved No Reliable Change Reliably deteriorated
% % %
Asian 63.9 27.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 60.8 28.2 8.8
Indian 66.4 26.0 6.8
Pakistani 63.0 28.3 7.7
Asian other 62.0 28.7 8.1
Black 66.2 25.6 7.0
Black African 66.2 25.3 7.1
Black Caribbean 66.4 25.7 7.0
Black other 65.7 26.0 6.9
Mixed 64.7 27.6 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 63.4 29.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 65.6 27.2 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 64.7 27.4 7.0
Mixed other 65.1 27.1 6.7
White 68.0 25.4 5.5
White British 68.1 25.4 5.5
White Irish 65.5 27.2 6.4
White other 66.9 26.0 6.0
Other including Chinese 64.0 27.5 7.4
Chinese 66.5 26.5 6.0
Any other 63.4 27.7 7.6

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • 68.0% of White patients showed an improvement after therapy, the highest percentage out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups
  • patients from the Asian (63.9%) and Other (64.0%) ethnic groups were the least likely to show an improvement out of the same 5 groups
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, White British (68.1%) and White Other (66.9%) patients were the most likely to have improved
  • Bangladeshi (60.8%), Asian Other (62.0%) and Pakistani (63.0%) patients were the least likely to have improved
  • 8.8% of Bangladeshi patients deteriorated, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • the patients least likely to have deteriorated were from the White British (5.5%), White Other and Chinese (both 6.0%) ethnic groups
  • Mixed White and Asian patients were the most likely to show no change (29.2%)
  • the least likely to show no change were Black African (25.3%) and White British (25.4%) patients

3. By ethnicity

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Reliably improved No Reliable Change Reliably deteriorated
% % %
Asian 63.9 27.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 60.8 28.2 8.8
Indian 66.4 26.0 6.8
Pakistani 63.0 28.3 7.7
Asian other 62.0 28.7 8.1
Black 66.2 25.6 7.0
Black African 66.2 25.3 7.1
Black Caribbean 66.4 25.7 7.0
Black other 65.7 26.0 6.9
Mixed 64.7 27.6 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 63.4 29.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 65.6 27.2 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 64.7 27.4 7.0
Mixed other 65.1 27.1 6.7
White 68.0 25.4 5.5
White British 68.1 25.4 5.5
White Irish 65.5 27.2 6.4
White other 66.9 26.0 6.0
Other including Chinese 64.0 27.5 7.4
Chinese 66.5 26.5 6.0
Any other 63.4 27.7 7.6

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • 68.0% of White patients showed an improvement after therapy, the highest percentage out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups
  • patients from the Asian (63.9%) and Other (64.0%) ethnic groups were the least likely to show an improvement out of the same 5 groups
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, White British (68.1%) and White Other (66.9%) patients were the most likely to have improved
  • Bangladeshi (60.8%), Asian Other (62.0%) and Pakistani (63.0%) patients were the least likely to have improved
  • 8.8% of Bangladeshi patients deteriorated, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • the patients least likely to have deteriorated were from the White British (5.5%), White Other and Chinese (both 6.0%) ethnic groups
  • Mixed White and Asian patients were the most likely to show no change (29.2%)
  • the least likely to show no change were Black African (25.3%) and White British (25.4%) patients

4. By ethnicity

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Reliably improved No Reliable Change Reliably deteriorated
% % %
Asian 63.9 27.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 60.8 28.2 8.8
Indian 66.4 26.0 6.8
Pakistani 63.0 28.3 7.7
Asian other 62.0 28.7 8.1
Black 66.2 25.6 7.0
Black African 66.2 25.3 7.1
Black Caribbean 66.4 25.7 7.0
Black other 65.7 26.0 6.9
Mixed 64.7 27.6 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 63.4 29.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 65.6 27.2 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 64.7 27.4 7.0
Mixed other 65.1 27.1 6.7
White 68.0 25.4 5.5
White British 68.1 25.4 5.5
White Irish 65.5 27.2 6.4
White other 66.9 26.0 6.0
Other including Chinese 64.0 27.5 7.4
Chinese 66.5 26.5 6.0
Any other 63.4 27.7 7.6

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • 68.0% of White patients showed an improvement after therapy, the highest percentage out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups
  • patients from the Asian (63.9%) and Other (64.0%) ethnic groups were the least likely to show an improvement out of the same 5 groups
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, White British (68.1%) and White Other (66.9%) patients were the most likely to have improved
  • Bangladeshi (60.8%), Asian Other (62.0%) and Pakistani (63.0%) patients were the least likely to have improved
  • 8.8% of Bangladeshi patients deteriorated, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • the patients least likely to have deteriorated were from the White British (5.5%), White Other and Chinese (both 6.0%) ethnic groups
  • Mixed White and Asian patients were the most likely to show no change (29.2%)
  • the least likely to show no change were Black African (25.3%) and White British (25.4%) patients

5. By ethnicity

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Reliably improved No Reliable Change Reliably deteriorated
% % %
Asian 63.9 27.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 60.8 28.2 8.8
Indian 66.4 26.0 6.8
Pakistani 63.0 28.3 7.7
Asian other 62.0 28.7 8.1
Black 66.2 25.6 7.0
Black African 66.2 25.3 7.1
Black Caribbean 66.4 25.7 7.0
Black other 65.7 26.0 6.9
Mixed 64.7 27.6 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 63.4 29.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 65.6 27.2 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 64.7 27.4 7.0
Mixed other 65.1 27.1 6.7
White 68.0 25.4 5.5
White British 68.1 25.4 5.5
White Irish 65.5 27.2 6.4
White other 66.9 26.0 6.0
Other including Chinese 64.0 27.5 7.4
Chinese 66.5 26.5 6.0
Any other 63.4 27.7 7.6

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • 68.0% of White patients showed an improvement after therapy, the highest percentage out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups
  • patients from the Asian (63.9%) and Other (64.0%) ethnic groups were the least likely to show an improvement out of the same 5 groups
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, White British (68.1%) and White Other (66.9%) patients were the most likely to have improved
  • Bangladeshi (60.8%), Asian Other (62.0%) and Pakistani (63.0%) patients were the least likely to have improved
  • 8.8% of Bangladeshi patients deteriorated, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • the patients least likely to have deteriorated were from the White British (5.5%), White Other and Chinese (both 6.0%) ethnic groups
  • Mixed White and Asian patients were the most likely to show no change (29.2%)
  • the least likely to show no change were Black African (25.3%) and White British (25.4%) patients

6. By ethnicity

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Reliably improved No Reliable Change Reliably deteriorated
% % %
Asian 63.9 27.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 60.8 28.2 8.8
Indian 66.4 26.0 6.8
Pakistani 63.0 28.3 7.7
Asian other 62.0 28.7 8.1
Black 66.2 25.6 7.0
Black African 66.2 25.3 7.1
Black Caribbean 66.4 25.7 7.0
Black other 65.7 26.0 6.9
Mixed 64.7 27.6 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 63.4 29.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 65.6 27.2 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 64.7 27.4 7.0
Mixed other 65.1 27.1 6.7
White 68.0 25.4 5.5
White British 68.1 25.4 5.5
White Irish 65.5 27.2 6.4
White other 66.9 26.0 6.0
Other including Chinese 64.0 27.5 7.4
Chinese 66.5 26.5 6.0
Any other 63.4 27.7 7.6

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • 68.0% of White patients showed an improvement after therapy, the highest percentage out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups
  • patients from the Asian (63.9%) and Other (64.0%) ethnic groups were the least likely to show an improvement out of the same 5 groups
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, White British (68.1%) and White Other (66.9%) patients were the most likely to have improved
  • Bangladeshi (60.8%), Asian Other (62.0%) and Pakistani (63.0%) patients were the least likely to have improved
  • 8.8% of Bangladeshi patients deteriorated, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • the patients least likely to have deteriorated were from the White British (5.5%), White Other and Chinese (both 6.0%) ethnic groups
  • Mixed White and Asian patients were the most likely to show no change (29.2%)
  • the least likely to show no change were Black African (25.3%) and White British (25.4%) patients

7. By ethnicity

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Reliably improved No Reliable Change Reliably deteriorated
% % %
Asian 63.9 27.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 60.8 28.2 8.8
Indian 66.4 26.0 6.8
Pakistani 63.0 28.3 7.7
Asian other 62.0 28.7 8.1
Black 66.2 25.6 7.0
Black African 66.2 25.3 7.1
Black Caribbean 66.4 25.7 7.0
Black other 65.7 26.0 6.9
Mixed 64.7 27.6 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 63.4 29.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 65.6 27.2 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 64.7 27.4 7.0
Mixed other 65.1 27.1 6.7
White 68.0 25.4 5.5
White British 68.1 25.4 5.5
White Irish 65.5 27.2 6.4
White other 66.9 26.0 6.0
Other including Chinese 64.0 27.5 7.4
Chinese 66.5 26.5 6.0
Any other 63.4 27.7 7.6

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • 68.0% of White patients showed an improvement after therapy, the highest percentage out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups
  • patients from the Asian (63.9%) and Other (64.0%) ethnic groups were the least likely to show an improvement out of the same 5 groups
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, White British (68.1%) and White Other (66.9%) patients were the most likely to have improved
  • Bangladeshi (60.8%), Asian Other (62.0%) and Pakistani (63.0%) patients were the least likely to have improved
  • 8.8% of Bangladeshi patients deteriorated, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • the patients least likely to have deteriorated were from the White British (5.5%), White Other and Chinese (both 6.0%) ethnic groups
  • Mixed White and Asian patients were the most likely to show no change (29.2%)
  • the least likely to show no change were Black African (25.3%) and White British (25.4%) patients

8. By ethnicity

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Reliably improved No Reliable Change Reliably deteriorated
% % %
Asian 63.9 27.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 60.8 28.2 8.8
Indian 66.4 26.0 6.8
Pakistani 63.0 28.3 7.7
Asian other 62.0 28.7 8.1
Black 66.2 25.6 7.0
Black African 66.2 25.3 7.1
Black Caribbean 66.4 25.7 7.0
Black other 65.7 26.0 6.9
Mixed 64.7 27.6 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 63.4 29.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 65.6 27.2 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 64.7 27.4 7.0
Mixed other 65.1 27.1 6.7
White 68.0 25.4 5.5
White British 68.1 25.4 5.5
White Irish 65.5 27.2 6.4
White other 66.9 26.0 6.0
Other including Chinese 64.0 27.5 7.4
Chinese 66.5 26.5 6.0
Any other 63.4 27.7 7.6

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • 68.0% of White patients showed an improvement after therapy, the highest percentage out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups
  • patients from the Asian (63.9%) and Other (64.0%) ethnic groups were the least likely to show an improvement out of the same 5 groups
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, White British (68.1%) and White Other (66.9%) patients were the most likely to have improved
  • Bangladeshi (60.8%), Asian Other (62.0%) and Pakistani (63.0%) patients were the least likely to have improved
  • 8.8% of Bangladeshi patients deteriorated, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • the patients least likely to have deteriorated were from the White British (5.5%), White Other and Chinese (both 6.0%) ethnic groups
  • Mixed White and Asian patients were the most likely to show no change (29.2%)
  • the least likely to show no change were Black African (25.3%) and White British (25.4%) patients

9. By ethnicity

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Reliably improved No Reliable Change Reliably deteriorated
% % %
Asian 63.9 27.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 60.8 28.2 8.8
Indian 66.4 26.0 6.8
Pakistani 63.0 28.3 7.7
Asian other 62.0 28.7 8.1
Black 66.2 25.6 7.0
Black African 66.2 25.3 7.1
Black Caribbean 66.4 25.7 7.0
Black other 65.7 26.0 6.9
Mixed 64.7 27.6 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 63.4 29.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 65.6 27.2 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 64.7 27.4 7.0
Mixed other 65.1 27.1 6.7
White 68.0 25.4 5.5
White British 68.1 25.4 5.5
White Irish 65.5 27.2 6.4
White other 66.9 26.0 6.0
Other including Chinese 64.0 27.5 7.4
Chinese 66.5 26.5 6.0
Any other 63.4 27.7 7.6

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • 68.0% of White patients showed an improvement after therapy, the highest percentage out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups
  • patients from the Asian (63.9%) and Other (64.0%) ethnic groups were the least likely to show an improvement out of the same 5 groups
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, White British (68.1%) and White Other (66.9%) patients were the most likely to have improved
  • Bangladeshi (60.8%), Asian Other (62.0%) and Pakistani (63.0%) patients were the least likely to have improved
  • 8.8% of Bangladeshi patients deteriorated, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • the patients least likely to have deteriorated were from the White British (5.5%), White Other and Chinese (both 6.0%) ethnic groups
  • Mixed White and Asian patients were the most likely to show no change (29.2%)
  • the least likely to show no change were Black African (25.3%) and White British (25.4%) patients

10. By ethnicity

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Reliably improved No Reliable Change Reliably deteriorated
% % %
Asian 63.9 27.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 60.8 28.2 8.8
Indian 66.4 26.0 6.8
Pakistani 63.0 28.3 7.7
Asian other 62.0 28.7 8.1
Black 66.2 25.6 7.0
Black African 66.2 25.3 7.1
Black Caribbean 66.4 25.7 7.0
Black other 65.7 26.0 6.9
Mixed 64.7 27.6 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 63.4 29.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 65.6 27.2 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 64.7 27.4 7.0
Mixed other 65.1 27.1 6.7
White 68.0 25.4 5.5
White British 68.1 25.4 5.5
White Irish 65.5 27.2 6.4
White other 66.9 26.0 6.0
Other including Chinese 64.0 27.5 7.4
Chinese 66.5 26.5 6.0
Any other 63.4 27.7 7.6

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • 68.0% of White patients showed an improvement after therapy, the highest percentage out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups
  • patients from the Asian (63.9%) and Other (64.0%) ethnic groups were the least likely to show an improvement out of the same 5 groups
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, White British (68.1%) and White Other (66.9%) patients were the most likely to have improved
  • Bangladeshi (60.8%), Asian Other (62.0%) and Pakistani (63.0%) patients were the least likely to have improved
  • 8.8% of Bangladeshi patients deteriorated, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • the patients least likely to have deteriorated were from the White British (5.5%), White Other and Chinese (both 6.0%) ethnic groups
  • Mixed White and Asian patients were the most likely to show no change (29.2%)
  • the least likely to show no change were Black African (25.3%) and White British (25.4%) patients

11. By ethnicity

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Reliably improved No Reliable Change Reliably deteriorated
% % %
Asian 63.9 27.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 60.8 28.2 8.8
Indian 66.4 26.0 6.8
Pakistani 63.0 28.3 7.7
Asian other 62.0 28.7 8.1
Black 66.2 25.6 7.0
Black African 66.2 25.3 7.1
Black Caribbean 66.4 25.7 7.0
Black other 65.7 26.0 6.9
Mixed 64.7 27.6 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 63.4 29.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 65.6 27.2 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 64.7 27.4 7.0
Mixed other 65.1 27.1 6.7
White 68.0 25.4 5.5
White British 68.1 25.4 5.5
White Irish 65.5 27.2 6.4
White other 66.9 26.0 6.0
Other including Chinese 64.0 27.5 7.4
Chinese 66.5 26.5 6.0
Any other 63.4 27.7 7.6

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • 68.0% of White patients showed an improvement after therapy, the highest percentage out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups
  • patients from the Asian (63.9%) and Other (64.0%) ethnic groups were the least likely to show an improvement out of the same 5 groups
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, White British (68.1%) and White Other (66.9%) patients were the most likely to have improved
  • Bangladeshi (60.8%), Asian Other (62.0%) and Pakistani (63.0%) patients were the least likely to have improved
  • 8.8% of Bangladeshi patients deteriorated, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • the patients least likely to have deteriorated were from the White British (5.5%), White Other and Chinese (both 6.0%) ethnic groups
  • Mixed White and Asian patients were the most likely to show no change (29.2%)
  • the least likely to show no change were Black African (25.3%) and White British (25.4%) patients

12. By ethnicity

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Reliably improved No Reliable Change Reliably deteriorated
% % %
Asian 63.9 27.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 60.8 28.2 8.8
Indian 66.4 26.0 6.8
Pakistani 63.0 28.3 7.7
Asian other 62.0 28.7 8.1
Black 66.2 25.6 7.0
Black African 66.2 25.3 7.1
Black Caribbean 66.4 25.7 7.0
Black other 65.7 26.0 6.9
Mixed 64.7 27.6 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 63.4 29.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 65.6 27.2 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 64.7 27.4 7.0
Mixed other 65.1 27.1 6.7
White 68.0 25.4 5.5
White British 68.1 25.4 5.5
White Irish 65.5 27.2 6.4
White other 66.9 26.0 6.0
Other including Chinese 64.0 27.5 7.4
Chinese 66.5 26.5 6.0
Any other 63.4 27.7 7.6

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • 68.0% of White patients showed an improvement after therapy, the highest percentage out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups
  • patients from the Asian (63.9%) and Other (64.0%) ethnic groups were the least likely to show an improvement out of the same 5 groups
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, White British (68.1%) and White Other (66.9%) patients were the most likely to have improved
  • Bangladeshi (60.8%), Asian Other (62.0%) and Pakistani (63.0%) patients were the least likely to have improved
  • 8.8% of Bangladeshi patients deteriorated, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • the patients least likely to have deteriorated were from the White British (5.5%), White Other and Chinese (both 6.0%) ethnic groups
  • Mixed White and Asian patients were the most likely to show no change (29.2%)
  • the least likely to show no change were Black African (25.3%) and White British (25.4%) patients

13. By ethnicity

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Reliably improved No Reliable Change Reliably deteriorated
% % %
Asian 63.9 27.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 60.8 28.2 8.8
Indian 66.4 26.0 6.8
Pakistani 63.0 28.3 7.7
Asian other 62.0 28.7 8.1
Black 66.2 25.6 7.0
Black African 66.2 25.3 7.1
Black Caribbean 66.4 25.7 7.0
Black other 65.7 26.0 6.9
Mixed 64.7 27.6 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 63.4 29.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 65.6 27.2 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 64.7 27.4 7.0
Mixed other 65.1 27.1 6.7
White 68.0 25.4 5.5
White British 68.1 25.4 5.5
White Irish 65.5 27.2 6.4
White other 66.9 26.0 6.0
Other including Chinese 64.0 27.5 7.4
Chinese 66.5 26.5 6.0
Any other 63.4 27.7 7.6

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Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • 68.0% of White patients showed an improvement after therapy, the highest percentage out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups
  • patients from the Asian (63.9%) and Other (64.0%) ethnic groups were the least likely to show an improvement out of the same 5 groups
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, White British (68.1%) and White Other (66.9%) patients were the most likely to have improved
  • Bangladeshi (60.8%), Asian Other (62.0%) and Pakistani (63.0%) patients were the least likely to have improved
  • 8.8% of Bangladeshi patients deteriorated, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • the patients least likely to have deteriorated were from the White British (5.5%), White Other and Chinese (both 6.0%) ethnic groups
  • Mixed White and Asian patients were the most likely to show no change (29.2%)
  • the least likely to show no change were Black African (25.3%) and White British (25.4%) patients

14. By ethnicity

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Reliably improved No Reliable Change Reliably deteriorated
% % %
Asian 63.9 27.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 60.8 28.2 8.8
Indian 66.4 26.0 6.8
Pakistani 63.0 28.3 7.7
Asian other 62.0 28.7 8.1
Black 66.2 25.6 7.0
Black African 66.2 25.3 7.1
Black Caribbean 66.4 25.7 7.0
Black other 65.7 26.0 6.9
Mixed 64.7 27.6 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 63.4 29.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 65.6 27.2 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 64.7 27.4 7.0
Mixed other 65.1 27.1 6.7
White 68.0 25.4 5.5
White British 68.1 25.4 5.5
White Irish 65.5 27.2 6.4
White other 66.9 26.0 6.0
Other including Chinese 64.0 27.5 7.4
Chinese 66.5 26.5 6.0
Any other 63.4 27.7 7.6

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Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • 68.0% of White patients showed an improvement after therapy, the highest percentage out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups
  • patients from the Asian (63.9%) and Other (64.0%) ethnic groups were the least likely to show an improvement out of the same 5 groups
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, White British (68.1%) and White Other (66.9%) patients were the most likely to have improved
  • Bangladeshi (60.8%), Asian Other (62.0%) and Pakistani (63.0%) patients were the least likely to have improved
  • 8.8% of Bangladeshi patients deteriorated, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • the patients least likely to have deteriorated were from the White British (5.5%), White Other and Chinese (both 6.0%) ethnic groups
  • Mixed White and Asian patients were the most likely to show no change (29.2%)
  • the least likely to show no change were Black African (25.3%) and White British (25.4%) patients

15. By ethnicity

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Reliably improved No Reliable Change Reliably deteriorated
% % %
Asian 63.9 27.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 60.8 28.2 8.8
Indian 66.4 26.0 6.8
Pakistani 63.0 28.3 7.7
Asian other 62.0 28.7 8.1
Black 66.2 25.6 7.0
Black African 66.2 25.3 7.1
Black Caribbean 66.4 25.7 7.0
Black other 65.7 26.0 6.9
Mixed 64.7 27.6 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 63.4 29.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 65.6 27.2 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 64.7 27.4 7.0
Mixed other 65.1 27.1 6.7
White 68.0 25.4 5.5
White British 68.1 25.4 5.5
White Irish 65.5 27.2 6.4
White other 66.9 26.0 6.0
Other including Chinese 64.0 27.5 7.4
Chinese 66.5 26.5 6.0
Any other 63.4 27.7 7.6

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • 68.0% of White patients showed an improvement after therapy, the highest percentage out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups
  • patients from the Asian (63.9%) and Other (64.0%) ethnic groups were the least likely to show an improvement out of the same 5 groups
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, White British (68.1%) and White Other (66.9%) patients were the most likely to have improved
  • Bangladeshi (60.8%), Asian Other (62.0%) and Pakistani (63.0%) patients were the least likely to have improved
  • 8.8% of Bangladeshi patients deteriorated, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • the patients least likely to have deteriorated were from the White British (5.5%), White Other and Chinese (both 6.0%) ethnic groups
  • Mixed White and Asian patients were the most likely to show no change (29.2%)
  • the least likely to show no change were Black African (25.3%) and White British (25.4%) patients

16. By ethnicity

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Reliably improved No Reliable Change Reliably deteriorated
% % %
Asian 63.9 27.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 60.8 28.2 8.8
Indian 66.4 26.0 6.8
Pakistani 63.0 28.3 7.7
Asian other 62.0 28.7 8.1
Black 66.2 25.6 7.0
Black African 66.2 25.3 7.1
Black Caribbean 66.4 25.7 7.0
Black other 65.7 26.0 6.9
Mixed 64.7 27.6 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 63.4 29.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 65.6 27.2 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 64.7 27.4 7.0
Mixed other 65.1 27.1 6.7
White 68.0 25.4 5.5
White British 68.1 25.4 5.5
White Irish 65.5 27.2 6.4
White other 66.9 26.0 6.0
Other including Chinese 64.0 27.5 7.4
Chinese 66.5 26.5 6.0
Any other 63.4 27.7 7.6

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • 68.0% of White patients showed an improvement after therapy, the highest percentage out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups
  • patients from the Asian (63.9%) and Other (64.0%) ethnic groups were the least likely to show an improvement out of the same 5 groups
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, White British (68.1%) and White Other (66.9%) patients were the most likely to have improved
  • Bangladeshi (60.8%), Asian Other (62.0%) and Pakistani (63.0%) patients were the least likely to have improved
  • 8.8% of Bangladeshi patients deteriorated, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • the patients least likely to have deteriorated were from the White British (5.5%), White Other and Chinese (both 6.0%) ethnic groups
  • Mixed White and Asian patients were the most likely to show no change (29.2%)
  • the least likely to show no change were Black African (25.3%) and White British (25.4%) patients

17. By ethnicity

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Reliably improved No Reliable Change Reliably deteriorated
% % %
Asian 63.9 27.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 60.8 28.2 8.8
Indian 66.4 26.0 6.8
Pakistani 63.0 28.3 7.7
Asian other 62.0 28.7 8.1
Black 66.2 25.6 7.0
Black African 66.2 25.3 7.1
Black Caribbean 66.4 25.7 7.0
Black other 65.7 26.0 6.9
Mixed 64.7 27.6 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 63.4 29.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 65.6 27.2 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 64.7 27.4 7.0
Mixed other 65.1 27.1 6.7
White 68.0 25.4 5.5
White British 68.1 25.4 5.5
White Irish 65.5 27.2 6.4
White other 66.9 26.0 6.0
Other including Chinese 64.0 27.5 7.4
Chinese 66.5 26.5 6.0
Any other 63.4 27.7 7.6

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • 68.0% of White patients showed an improvement after therapy, the highest percentage out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups
  • patients from the Asian (63.9%) and Other (64.0%) ethnic groups were the least likely to show an improvement out of the same 5 groups
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, White British (68.1%) and White Other (66.9%) patients were the most likely to have improved
  • Bangladeshi (60.8%), Asian Other (62.0%) and Pakistani (63.0%) patients were the least likely to have improved
  • 8.8% of Bangladeshi patients deteriorated, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • the patients least likely to have deteriorated were from the White British (5.5%), White Other and Chinese (both 6.0%) ethnic groups
  • Mixed White and Asian patients were the most likely to show no change (29.2%)
  • the least likely to show no change were Black African (25.3%) and White British (25.4%) patients

18. By ethnicity over time

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity over time
Reliably improved (%) No Reliable Change (%) Reliably deteriorated (%)
Ethnicity Reliably improved (%) 2015/16 Reliably improved (%) 2016/17 Reliably improved (%) 2017/18 Reliably improved (%) 2018/19 No Reliable Change (%) 2015/16 No Reliable Change (%) 2016/17 No Reliable Change (%) 2017/18 No Reliable Change (%) 2018/19 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2015/16 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2016/17 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2017/18 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2018/19
Asian 56.7 61.1 62.7 63.9 31.7 29.6 28.4 27.5 8.4 7.8 7.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 53.9 58.9 61.7 60.8 32.0 29.7 28.1 28.2 10.7 10.1 8.6 8.8
Indian 59.2 64.0 65.3 66.4 30.7 28.1 27.1 26.0 7.4 6.7 6.4 6.8
Pakistani 54.9 59.1 61.3 63.0 32.5 30.8 29.1 28.3 9.1 8.3 8.3 7.7
Asian other 55.2 59.1 60.4 62.0 32.3 30.8 30.0 28.7 8.7 8.2 8.1 8.1
Black 59.8 62.5 63.9 66.2 29.4 28.7 27.3 25.6 8.2 7.4 7.3 7.0
Black African 58.8 61.7 63.1 66.2 29.6 28.9 27.9 25.3 8.5 7.8 7.5 7.1
Black Caribbean 60.8 63.3 64.5 66.4 29.1 28.5 26.9 25.7 7.7 7.1 7.3 7.0
Black other 58.6 61.8 64.2 65.7 30.0 29.2 27.1 26.0 8.7 7.5 7.2 6.9
Mixed 58.6 62.4 63.2 64.7 30.9 29.1 28.3 27.6 7.3 6.7 7.2 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 58.2 63.5 62.7 63.4 31.5 28.8 28.8 29.2 7.4 6.0 7.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 60.8 61.0 64.1 65.6 28.4 30.5 26.8 27.2 7.8 6.5 7.9 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 58.8 61.5 63.7 64.7 31.2 30.2 27.9 27.4 7.0 6.8 7.3 7.0
Mixed other 58.0 62.9 62.8 65.1 30.9 27.9 28.7 27.1 7.5 7.0 6.9 6.7
White 63.5 66.0 67.2 68.0 28.3 26.9 26.2 25.4 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5
White British 63.6 66.1 67.3 68.1 28.2 26.9 26.2 25.4 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5
White Irish 63.8 65.2 65.8 65.5 27.6 26.9 26.7 27.2 5.9 6.5 6.6 6.4
White other 61.9 63.7 65.6 66.9 28.8 28.2 27.0 26.0 6.8 6.7 6.3 6.0
Other including Chinese 56.4 59.0 61.7 64.0 30.8 30.5 28.8 27.5 8.1 8.6 8.0 7.4
Chinese 60.6 64.5 65.4 66.5 29.4 26.9 27.7 26.5 6.6 7.4 5.9 6.0
Any other 55.7 57.9 61.0 63.4 31.1 31.2 29.0 27.7 8.4 8.8 8.4 7.6

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Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity over time Summary

This data shows that, between 2015/16 and 2018/19:

  • the percentage of patients who improved after therapy increased in every ethnic group
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, the biggest increase in patients showing an improvement was in the Pakistani ethnic group, from 54.9% to 63.0%
  • the smallest increase was in the White Irish ethnic group, from 63.8% to 65.5%
  • out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups, the biggest increase in patients improving was among Asian patients, from 56.7% to 63.9%
  • the smallest increase was among White patients, from 63.5% to 68.0%
  • the gap between White and Asian patients in the percentage showing an improvement went down from 6.8 to 4.1 percentage points
  • the gap between White patients and those from the Other ethnic group in the percentage showing an improvement went down from 7.1 to 4.0 percentage points

19. By ethnicity over time

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity over time
Reliably improved (%) No Reliable Change (%) Reliably deteriorated (%)
Ethnicity Reliably improved (%) 2015/16 Reliably improved (%) 2016/17 Reliably improved (%) 2017/18 Reliably improved (%) 2018/19 No Reliable Change (%) 2015/16 No Reliable Change (%) 2016/17 No Reliable Change (%) 2017/18 No Reliable Change (%) 2018/19 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2015/16 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2016/17 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2017/18 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2018/19
Asian 56.7 61.1 62.7 63.9 31.7 29.6 28.4 27.5 8.4 7.8 7.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 53.9 58.9 61.7 60.8 32.0 29.7 28.1 28.2 10.7 10.1 8.6 8.8
Indian 59.2 64.0 65.3 66.4 30.7 28.1 27.1 26.0 7.4 6.7 6.4 6.8
Pakistani 54.9 59.1 61.3 63.0 32.5 30.8 29.1 28.3 9.1 8.3 8.3 7.7
Asian other 55.2 59.1 60.4 62.0 32.3 30.8 30.0 28.7 8.7 8.2 8.1 8.1
Black 59.8 62.5 63.9 66.2 29.4 28.7 27.3 25.6 8.2 7.4 7.3 7.0
Black African 58.8 61.7 63.1 66.2 29.6 28.9 27.9 25.3 8.5 7.8 7.5 7.1
Black Caribbean 60.8 63.3 64.5 66.4 29.1 28.5 26.9 25.7 7.7 7.1 7.3 7.0
Black other 58.6 61.8 64.2 65.7 30.0 29.2 27.1 26.0 8.7 7.5 7.2 6.9
Mixed 58.6 62.4 63.2 64.7 30.9 29.1 28.3 27.6 7.3 6.7 7.2 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 58.2 63.5 62.7 63.4 31.5 28.8 28.8 29.2 7.4 6.0 7.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 60.8 61.0 64.1 65.6 28.4 30.5 26.8 27.2 7.8 6.5 7.9 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 58.8 61.5 63.7 64.7 31.2 30.2 27.9 27.4 7.0 6.8 7.3 7.0
Mixed other 58.0 62.9 62.8 65.1 30.9 27.9 28.7 27.1 7.5 7.0 6.9 6.7
White 63.5 66.0 67.2 68.0 28.3 26.9 26.2 25.4 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5
White British 63.6 66.1 67.3 68.1 28.2 26.9 26.2 25.4 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5
White Irish 63.8 65.2 65.8 65.5 27.6 26.9 26.7 27.2 5.9 6.5 6.6 6.4
White other 61.9 63.7 65.6 66.9 28.8 28.2 27.0 26.0 6.8 6.7 6.3 6.0
Other including Chinese 56.4 59.0 61.7 64.0 30.8 30.5 28.8 27.5 8.1 8.6 8.0 7.4
Chinese 60.6 64.5 65.4 66.5 29.4 26.9 27.7 26.5 6.6 7.4 5.9 6.0
Any other 55.7 57.9 61.0 63.4 31.1 31.2 29.0 27.7 8.4 8.8 8.4 7.6

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Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity over time Summary

This data shows that, between 2015/16 and 2018/19:

  • the percentage of patients who improved after therapy increased in every ethnic group
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, the biggest increase in patients showing an improvement was in the Pakistani ethnic group, from 54.9% to 63.0%
  • the smallest increase was in the White Irish ethnic group, from 63.8% to 65.5%
  • out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups, the biggest increase in patients improving was among Asian patients, from 56.7% to 63.9%
  • the smallest increase was among White patients, from 63.5% to 68.0%
  • the gap between White and Asian patients in the percentage showing an improvement went down from 6.8 to 4.1 percentage points
  • the gap between White patients and those from the Other ethnic group in the percentage showing an improvement went down from 7.1 to 4.0 percentage points

20. By ethnicity over time

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity over time
Reliably improved (%) No Reliable Change (%) Reliably deteriorated (%)
Ethnicity Reliably improved (%) 2015/16 Reliably improved (%) 2016/17 Reliably improved (%) 2017/18 Reliably improved (%) 2018/19 No Reliable Change (%) 2015/16 No Reliable Change (%) 2016/17 No Reliable Change (%) 2017/18 No Reliable Change (%) 2018/19 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2015/16 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2016/17 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2017/18 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2018/19
Asian 56.7 61.1 62.7 63.9 31.7 29.6 28.4 27.5 8.4 7.8 7.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 53.9 58.9 61.7 60.8 32.0 29.7 28.1 28.2 10.7 10.1 8.6 8.8
Indian 59.2 64.0 65.3 66.4 30.7 28.1 27.1 26.0 7.4 6.7 6.4 6.8
Pakistani 54.9 59.1 61.3 63.0 32.5 30.8 29.1 28.3 9.1 8.3 8.3 7.7
Asian other 55.2 59.1 60.4 62.0 32.3 30.8 30.0 28.7 8.7 8.2 8.1 8.1
Black 59.8 62.5 63.9 66.2 29.4 28.7 27.3 25.6 8.2 7.4 7.3 7.0
Black African 58.8 61.7 63.1 66.2 29.6 28.9 27.9 25.3 8.5 7.8 7.5 7.1
Black Caribbean 60.8 63.3 64.5 66.4 29.1 28.5 26.9 25.7 7.7 7.1 7.3 7.0
Black other 58.6 61.8 64.2 65.7 30.0 29.2 27.1 26.0 8.7 7.5 7.2 6.9
Mixed 58.6 62.4 63.2 64.7 30.9 29.1 28.3 27.6 7.3 6.7 7.2 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 58.2 63.5 62.7 63.4 31.5 28.8 28.8 29.2 7.4 6.0 7.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 60.8 61.0 64.1 65.6 28.4 30.5 26.8 27.2 7.8 6.5 7.9 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 58.8 61.5 63.7 64.7 31.2 30.2 27.9 27.4 7.0 6.8 7.3 7.0
Mixed other 58.0 62.9 62.8 65.1 30.9 27.9 28.7 27.1 7.5 7.0 6.9 6.7
White 63.5 66.0 67.2 68.0 28.3 26.9 26.2 25.4 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5
White British 63.6 66.1 67.3 68.1 28.2 26.9 26.2 25.4 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5
White Irish 63.8 65.2 65.8 65.5 27.6 26.9 26.7 27.2 5.9 6.5 6.6 6.4
White other 61.9 63.7 65.6 66.9 28.8 28.2 27.0 26.0 6.8 6.7 6.3 6.0
Other including Chinese 56.4 59.0 61.7 64.0 30.8 30.5 28.8 27.5 8.1 8.6 8.0 7.4
Chinese 60.6 64.5 65.4 66.5 29.4 26.9 27.7 26.5 6.6 7.4 5.9 6.0
Any other 55.7 57.9 61.0 63.4 31.1 31.2 29.0 27.7 8.4 8.8 8.4 7.6

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity over time’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity over time’ (CSV)

Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity over time Summary

This data shows that, between 2015/16 and 2018/19:

  • the percentage of patients who improved after therapy increased in every ethnic group
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, the biggest increase in patients showing an improvement was in the Pakistani ethnic group, from 54.9% to 63.0%
  • the smallest increase was in the White Irish ethnic group, from 63.8% to 65.5%
  • out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups, the biggest increase in patients improving was among Asian patients, from 56.7% to 63.9%
  • the smallest increase was among White patients, from 63.5% to 68.0%
  • the gap between White and Asian patients in the percentage showing an improvement went down from 6.8 to 4.1 percentage points
  • the gap between White patients and those from the Other ethnic group in the percentage showing an improvement went down from 7.1 to 4.0 percentage points

21. By ethnicity over time

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity over time
Reliably improved (%) No Reliable Change (%) Reliably deteriorated (%)
Ethnicity Reliably improved (%) 2015/16 Reliably improved (%) 2016/17 Reliably improved (%) 2017/18 Reliably improved (%) 2018/19 No Reliable Change (%) 2015/16 No Reliable Change (%) 2016/17 No Reliable Change (%) 2017/18 No Reliable Change (%) 2018/19 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2015/16 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2016/17 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2017/18 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2018/19
Asian 56.7 61.1 62.7 63.9 31.7 29.6 28.4 27.5 8.4 7.8 7.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 53.9 58.9 61.7 60.8 32.0 29.7 28.1 28.2 10.7 10.1 8.6 8.8
Indian 59.2 64.0 65.3 66.4 30.7 28.1 27.1 26.0 7.4 6.7 6.4 6.8
Pakistani 54.9 59.1 61.3 63.0 32.5 30.8 29.1 28.3 9.1 8.3 8.3 7.7
Asian other 55.2 59.1 60.4 62.0 32.3 30.8 30.0 28.7 8.7 8.2 8.1 8.1
Black 59.8 62.5 63.9 66.2 29.4 28.7 27.3 25.6 8.2 7.4 7.3 7.0
Black African 58.8 61.7 63.1 66.2 29.6 28.9 27.9 25.3 8.5 7.8 7.5 7.1
Black Caribbean 60.8 63.3 64.5 66.4 29.1 28.5 26.9 25.7 7.7 7.1 7.3 7.0
Black other 58.6 61.8 64.2 65.7 30.0 29.2 27.1 26.0 8.7 7.5 7.2 6.9
Mixed 58.6 62.4 63.2 64.7 30.9 29.1 28.3 27.6 7.3 6.7 7.2 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 58.2 63.5 62.7 63.4 31.5 28.8 28.8 29.2 7.4 6.0 7.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 60.8 61.0 64.1 65.6 28.4 30.5 26.8 27.2 7.8 6.5 7.9 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 58.8 61.5 63.7 64.7 31.2 30.2 27.9 27.4 7.0 6.8 7.3 7.0
Mixed other 58.0 62.9 62.8 65.1 30.9 27.9 28.7 27.1 7.5 7.0 6.9 6.7
White 63.5 66.0 67.2 68.0 28.3 26.9 26.2 25.4 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5
White British 63.6 66.1 67.3 68.1 28.2 26.9 26.2 25.4 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5
White Irish 63.8 65.2 65.8 65.5 27.6 26.9 26.7 27.2 5.9 6.5 6.6 6.4
White other 61.9 63.7 65.6 66.9 28.8 28.2 27.0 26.0 6.8 6.7 6.3 6.0
Other including Chinese 56.4 59.0 61.7 64.0 30.8 30.5 28.8 27.5 8.1 8.6 8.0 7.4
Chinese 60.6 64.5 65.4 66.5 29.4 26.9 27.7 26.5 6.6 7.4 5.9 6.0
Any other 55.7 57.9 61.0 63.4 31.1 31.2 29.0 27.7 8.4 8.8 8.4 7.6

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity over time’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity over time’ (CSV)

Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity over time Summary

This data shows that, between 2015/16 and 2018/19:

  • the percentage of patients who improved after therapy increased in every ethnic group
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, the biggest increase in patients showing an improvement was in the Pakistani ethnic group, from 54.9% to 63.0%
  • the smallest increase was in the White Irish ethnic group, from 63.8% to 65.5%
  • out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups, the biggest increase in patients improving was among Asian patients, from 56.7% to 63.9%
  • the smallest increase was among White patients, from 63.5% to 68.0%
  • the gap between White and Asian patients in the percentage showing an improvement went down from 6.8 to 4.1 percentage points
  • the gap between White patients and those from the Other ethnic group in the percentage showing an improvement went down from 7.1 to 4.0 percentage points

22. By ethnicity over time

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity over time
Reliably improved (%) No Reliable Change (%) Reliably deteriorated (%)
Ethnicity Reliably improved (%) 2015/16 Reliably improved (%) 2016/17 Reliably improved (%) 2017/18 Reliably improved (%) 2018/19 No Reliable Change (%) 2015/16 No Reliable Change (%) 2016/17 No Reliable Change (%) 2017/18 No Reliable Change (%) 2018/19 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2015/16 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2016/17 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2017/18 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2018/19
Asian 56.7 61.1 62.7 63.9 31.7 29.6 28.4 27.5 8.4 7.8 7.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 53.9 58.9 61.7 60.8 32.0 29.7 28.1 28.2 10.7 10.1 8.6 8.8
Indian 59.2 64.0 65.3 66.4 30.7 28.1 27.1 26.0 7.4 6.7 6.4 6.8
Pakistani 54.9 59.1 61.3 63.0 32.5 30.8 29.1 28.3 9.1 8.3 8.3 7.7
Asian other 55.2 59.1 60.4 62.0 32.3 30.8 30.0 28.7 8.7 8.2 8.1 8.1
Black 59.8 62.5 63.9 66.2 29.4 28.7 27.3 25.6 8.2 7.4 7.3 7.0
Black African 58.8 61.7 63.1 66.2 29.6 28.9 27.9 25.3 8.5 7.8 7.5 7.1
Black Caribbean 60.8 63.3 64.5 66.4 29.1 28.5 26.9 25.7 7.7 7.1 7.3 7.0
Black other 58.6 61.8 64.2 65.7 30.0 29.2 27.1 26.0 8.7 7.5 7.2 6.9
Mixed 58.6 62.4 63.2 64.7 30.9 29.1 28.3 27.6 7.3 6.7 7.2 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 58.2 63.5 62.7 63.4 31.5 28.8 28.8 29.2 7.4 6.0 7.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 60.8 61.0 64.1 65.6 28.4 30.5 26.8 27.2 7.8 6.5 7.9 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 58.8 61.5 63.7 64.7 31.2 30.2 27.9 27.4 7.0 6.8 7.3 7.0
Mixed other 58.0 62.9 62.8 65.1 30.9 27.9 28.7 27.1 7.5 7.0 6.9 6.7
White 63.5 66.0 67.2 68.0 28.3 26.9 26.2 25.4 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5
White British 63.6 66.1 67.3 68.1 28.2 26.9 26.2 25.4 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5
White Irish 63.8 65.2 65.8 65.5 27.6 26.9 26.7 27.2 5.9 6.5 6.6 6.4
White other 61.9 63.7 65.6 66.9 28.8 28.2 27.0 26.0 6.8 6.7 6.3 6.0
Other including Chinese 56.4 59.0 61.7 64.0 30.8 30.5 28.8 27.5 8.1 8.6 8.0 7.4
Chinese 60.6 64.5 65.4 66.5 29.4 26.9 27.7 26.5 6.6 7.4 5.9 6.0
Any other 55.7 57.9 61.0 63.4 31.1 31.2 29.0 27.7 8.4 8.8 8.4 7.6

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity over time’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity over time’ (CSV)

Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity over time Summary

This data shows that, between 2015/16 and 2018/19:

  • the percentage of patients who improved after therapy increased in every ethnic group
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, the biggest increase in patients showing an improvement was in the Pakistani ethnic group, from 54.9% to 63.0%
  • the smallest increase was in the White Irish ethnic group, from 63.8% to 65.5%
  • out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups, the biggest increase in patients improving was among Asian patients, from 56.7% to 63.9%
  • the smallest increase was among White patients, from 63.5% to 68.0%
  • the gap between White and Asian patients in the percentage showing an improvement went down from 6.8 to 4.1 percentage points
  • the gap between White patients and those from the Other ethnic group in the percentage showing an improvement went down from 7.1 to 4.0 percentage points

23. By ethnicity over time

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity over time
Reliably improved (%) No Reliable Change (%) Reliably deteriorated (%)
Ethnicity Reliably improved (%) 2015/16 Reliably improved (%) 2016/17 Reliably improved (%) 2017/18 Reliably improved (%) 2018/19 No Reliable Change (%) 2015/16 No Reliable Change (%) 2016/17 No Reliable Change (%) 2017/18 No Reliable Change (%) 2018/19 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2015/16 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2016/17 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2017/18 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2018/19
Asian 56.7 61.1 62.7 63.9 31.7 29.6 28.4 27.5 8.4 7.8 7.5 7.5
Bangladeshi 53.9 58.9 61.7 60.8 32.0 29.7 28.1 28.2 10.7 10.1 8.6 8.8
Indian 59.2 64.0 65.3 66.4 30.7 28.1 27.1 26.0 7.4 6.7 6.4 6.8
Pakistani 54.9 59.1 61.3 63.0 32.5 30.8 29.1 28.3 9.1 8.3 8.3 7.7
Asian other 55.2 59.1 60.4 62.0 32.3 30.8 30.0 28.7 8.7 8.2 8.1 8.1
Black 59.8 62.5 63.9 66.2 29.4 28.7 27.3 25.6 8.2 7.4 7.3 7.0
Black African 58.8 61.7 63.1 66.2 29.6 28.9 27.9 25.3 8.5 7.8 7.5 7.1
Black Caribbean 60.8 63.3 64.5 66.4 29.1 28.5 26.9 25.7 7.7 7.1 7.3 7.0
Black other 58.6 61.8 64.2 65.7 30.0 29.2 27.1 26.0 8.7 7.5 7.2 6.9
Mixed 58.6 62.4 63.2 64.7 30.9 29.1 28.3 27.6 7.3 6.7 7.2 6.7
Mixed White/Asian 58.2 63.5 62.7 63.4 31.5 28.8 28.8 29.2 7.4 6.0 7.2 6.3
Mixed White/Black African 60.8 61.0 64.1 65.6 28.4 30.5 26.8 27.2 7.8 6.5 7.9 6.7
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 58.8 61.5 63.7 64.7 31.2 30.2 27.9 27.4 7.0 6.8 7.3 7.0
Mixed other 58.0 62.9 62.8 65.1 30.9 27.9 28.7 27.1 7.5 7.0 6.9 6.7
White 63.5 66.0 67.2 68.0 28.3 26.9 26.2 25.4 6.0 5.8 5.7 5.5
White British 63.6 66.1 67.3 68.1 28.2 26.9 26.2 25.4 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5
White Irish 63.8 65.2 65.8 65.5 27.6 26.9 26.7 27.2 5.9 6.5 6.6 6.4
White other 61.9 63.7 65.6 66.9 28.8 28.2 27.0 26.0 6.8 6.7 6.3 6.0
Other including Chinese 56.4 59.0 61.7 64.0 30.8 30.5 28.8 27.5 8.1 8.6 8.0 7.4
Chinese 60.6 64.5 65.4 66.5 29.4 26.9 27.7 26.5 6.6 7.4 5.9 6.0
Any other 55.7 57.9 61.0 63.4 31.1 31.2 29.0 27.7 8.4 8.8 8.4 7.6

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity over time’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity over time’ (CSV)

Summary of Outcomes for treatment for anxiety and depression By ethnicity over time Summary

This data shows that, between 2015/16 and 2018/19:

  • the percentage of patients who improved after therapy increased in every ethnic group
  • out of all 16 ethnic groups, the biggest increase in patients showing an improvement was in the Pakistani ethnic group, from 54.9% to 63.0%
  • the smallest increase was in the White Irish ethnic group, from 63.8% to 65.5%
  • out of the 5 aggregated ethnic groups, the biggest increase in patients improving was among Asian patients, from 56.7% to 63.9%
  • the smallest increase was among White patients, from 63.5% to 68.0%
  • the gap between White and Asian patients in the percentage showing an improvement went down from 6.8 to 4.1 percentage points
  • the gap between White patients and those from the Other ethnic group in the percentage showing an improvement went down from 7.1 to 4.0 percentage points

24. By ethnicity over time

Percentage of patients showing improvement, deterioration or no change following therapy for anxiety or depression, by ethnicity over time
Reliably improved (%) No Reliable Change (%) Reliably deteriorated (%)
Ethnicity Reliably improved (%) 2015/16 Reliably improved (%) 2016/17 Reliably improved (%) 2017/18 Reliably improved (%) 2018/19 No Reliable Change (%) 2015/16 No Reliable Change (%) 2016/17 No Reliable Change (%) 2017/18 No Reliable Change (%) 2018/19 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2015/16 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2016/17 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2017/18 Reliably deteriorated (%) 2018/19
Asian 56.7 61.1 62.7 63.9 31.7