GCSE results (‘Attainment 8’) for children aged 14 to 16 (key stage 4)

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Last updated 5 March 2018 - see all updates

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1. Main facts and figures

  • in 2015/16, there were 540,689 pupils in key stage 4 at state-funded mainstream schools in England, and ethnicity was known for 534,918 (99%) of them

  • 78% were White, 9% were Asian, 5% were Black, 4% were Mixed, 1.5% came from the Other ethnic group and 0.4% were Chinese

  • Chinese, Asian and Mixed pupils on average scored higher than the national average for Attainment 8

  • White pupils and Black pupils scored at or just below the national average for Attainment 8

  • Gypsy/Roma and Irish Traveller pupils had the lowest average score for Attainment 8

Things you need to know

Please be aware that some of the statistics quoted here for some ethnic groups are based on very small numbers of pupils (for example, only 130 Chinese children were eligible for free school meals in 2015/16) and are highly variable over time.

Because the results for Chinese pupils are based on a very small number, the average score for this group can be heavily influenced by one pupil either performing exceptionally, or getting a very low score.

Attainment is lower for children from a Traveller of Irish heritage background – however, there were only 122 pupils from this background in key stage 4 in 2015/16. This was a much smaller number than for other ethnic groups (for example, there were 20,434 Pakistani pupils in key stage 4). Therefore, data comparisons between Traveller of Irish Heritage pupils and other ethnic groups may be unreliable.

The ethnicity of 1.1% of pupils (5,771) is not known. This includes pupils whose ethnicity was not surveyed, pupils who refused to be surveyed, and pupils whose ethnicity could not be determined.

The Department of Education (DfE) has excluded, or ‘suppressed’, very small numbers (for example, values of 1 or 2, a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or 0, 1 or 2 pupils who did not achieve a particular level).

This is because, where the size of the ethnic group population is small enough that an individual’s identity could be revealed, information is suppressed to preserve confidentiality. This is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF opens in a new window or tab) (PDF).

The Attainment 8 measure only includes qualifications which count towards the secondary performance tables.

Schools that offer unapproved qualifications, such as unregulated international GCSEs, will not have these qualifications counted in the performance tables. Achievements in these qualifications by pupils at such schools are not reflected in this data.

This data therefore represents the performance of schools and pupils in qualifications which count in the performance tables, rather than all qualifications taken by pupils. The difference between the figures for all schools and state-funded mainstream schools is mostly due to the impact of the unregulated international GCSEs taken in independent schools.

Data for some Muslim and Sikh schools was not included in the statistics for faith schools, because the small numbers of pupils make it impossible to draw meaningful conclusions about their attainment. Data for faith schools is also only provided for pupils in state-funded mainstream schools.

Schools can ask for a pupil to be removed from their performance results if the pupil:

  • arrived recently from overseas their first language isn’t English
  • was admitted following a permanent exclusion from another school
  • is not at the end of key stage 4
  • has left England to live abroad
  • has died

Pupils removed from a school’s performance results may still be included in the national figures.

What the data measures

This data measures how children perform in exams for 8 GCSE-level qualifications, referred to by the Department of Education (DfE) as ‘Attainment 8’.

The data covers the academic year 2015/16 (September 2015 to July 2016).

Key stage 4 covers school years 10 and 11, when children are aged 14 to 16.

Attainment 8 is one of two ways of measuring how well children do in key stage 4, brought in by DfE in 2016. The other is ‘Progress 8’. (You can see an analysis of Progress 8 scores broken down by ethnicity.)

The 8 subjects which make up Attainment 8 include English and Maths, which are both ‘double-weighted’, meaning they are given twice the importance of other subjects.

Of the remaining 6 subjects, 3 must come from qualifications that go towards the English Baccalaureate (EBacc), and 3 can be either EBacc subjects, GCSE subjects, or technical qualifications from a list approved by the Department of Education.

Each individual grade a pupil achieves is assigned a point score, which is then used to calculate their total Attainment 8 score.

To calculate the national average for Attainment 8, DfE adds together all the Attainment 8 scores given to individual children, and divides them by the total number of pupils in key stage 4.

The ethnic categories used in this data

This data uses categories from the Department for Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 national Census, with 3 exceptions:

  • Traveller of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma children have been separated into 2 categories
  • Sri Lankan has been added to the Asian/Asian British group but is not reported separately
  • Chinese pupils have been assigned a separate category

These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.

The categories in the school census are as follows:

White:

  • White British
  • White Irish
  • Traveller of Irish Heritage
  • Gypsy/Roma
  • Other White

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Other Mixed background

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Sri Lankan
  • Other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • Black African
  • Black Caribbean
  • Other Black background
  • Chinese
  • Other ethnic group

Information is provided for both detailed and broad ethnic groups where possible and when the data is available.

The 6 broad categories used are as follows:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White
  • Other ethnic group

However, local authority data is only provided for 5 broad ethnic groups. Information about the specific ethnic categories is excluded to preserve confidentiality and ensure individuals cannot be identified. Information about the Other ethnic group is not given because DfE does not publish data for this group at the local authority level.

The 5 broad categories are as follows:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White

2. GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity

Attainment 8 scores by ethnicity
Ethnicity Score Pupils
All 50 540,689
Asian 53 51,218
Bangladeshi 52 8,319
Indian 57 14,046
Pakistani 49 20,434
Asian other 55 8,419
Black 49 27,924
Black African 50 17,349
Black Caribbean 45 7,216
Black other 47 3,359
Chinese 62 2,026
Mixed 51 22,868
Mixed White/Asian 55 5,089
Mixed White/Black African 50 2,687
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 46 7,160
Mixed other 52 7,932
White 50 422,763
White British 50 395,316
White Irish 55 1,774
White Irish Traveller 29 122
White Gypsy/Roma 20 1,107
White other 50 24,444
Other 50 8,119
Unknown 44 5,771

Download table data for ‘GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of GCSE results (‘Attainment 8’) for children aged 14 to 16 (key stage 4) GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • the average Attainment 8 score for all pupils in both state-funded mainstream and special schools was 50

  • among the broad ethnic groups, Chinese pupils scored an average of 62 and Asian pupils an average of 53, both higher than the national average for Attainment 8

  • Mixed race pupils scored an average of 51, White pupils 50, and Black pupils 49

  • looking at the specific ethnic minority categories, Indian pupils scored an average of 57, and Gypsy/Roma children had the lowest average score, at 20

3. GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)

Attainment 8 scores by ethnicity groups and eligibility for free school meals
Non-FSM FSM
Ethnicity Non-FSM Score Non-FSM Pupils FSM Score FSM Pupils
All 52 468,161 39 72,528
Asian 54 42,200 47 9,018
Bangladeshi 53 5,858 50 2,461
Indian 58 13,004 49 1,042
Pakistani 50 15,898 44 4,536
Asian other 56 7,440 48 979
Black 50 21,380 44 6,544
Black African 52 13,263 46 4,086
Black Caribbean 47 5,527 40 1,689
Black other 48 2,590 42 769
Chinese 63 1,896 59 130
Mixed 53 18,628 41 4,240
Mixed White/Asian 56 4,357 43 732
Mixed White/Black African 52 2,158 44 529
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 49 5,540 39 1,620
Mixed other 54 6,573 42 1,359
White 51 373,168 37 49,595
White British 52 348,878 36 46,438
White Irish 57 1,561 40 213
White Irish Traveller 35 49 26 73
White Gypsy/Roma 20 777 21 330
White other 50 21,903 43 2,541
Other 52 6,095 46 2,024
Unknown 46 4,794 37 977

Download table data for ‘GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)’ (CSV) Source data for ‘GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)’ (CSV)

Summary of GCSE results (‘Attainment 8’) for children aged 14 to 16 (key stage 4) GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM) Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

This data shows that:

  • 13% of pupils (72,528 children) in key stage 4 were eligible for free school meals (FSM) in 2015/16

  • 25% of pupils from the Other ethnic background, 23% of Black pupils, 19% of pupils from a Mixed race background, 18% of Asian pupils, 12% of White pupils and 6% of Chinese pupils were eligible for FSM

  • pupils eligible for FSM had an average Attainment 8 score of 39, which is 13 points lower than the average for all other children

  • the average score was lower for pupils eligible for FSM across all ethnicities, with the exception of Gypsy/Roma children, where there was little difference between those eligible and those not eligible

  • Chinese pupils eligible for FSM had the highest score (59) in this group of pupils, and White pupils eligible for FSM the lowest (37)

  • White Irish pupils saw the biggest gap between the 2 groups, at 17 points, with FSM-eligible pupils scoring an average of 40 and those non-eligible scoring 57

  • please be aware that the statistics quoted here for some ethnic groups are based on very small numbers of pupils (for example, only 130 Chinese children were eligible for FSM in 2015/16) and are highly variable over time

4. GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity and area

Attainment 8 scores by ethnicity and area
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Local authority All Score All Pupils Asian Score Asian Pupils Black Score Black Pupils Chinese Score Chinese Pupils Mixed Score Mixed Pupils White Score White Pupils
County Durham 49 4,979 59 33 43 6 58 6 52 42 49 4,846
Darlington 48 1,139 47 21 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 62 3 51 15 48 1,086
Gateshead 50 1,913 60 35 56 14 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 61 20 50 1,810
Hartlepool 47 1,068 54 14 55 5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 52 8 47 1,036
Middlesbrough 46 1,464 52 172 52 15 N/A* 0 51 53 46 1,164
Newcastle upon Tyne 49 2,393 52 249 50 80 55 13 54 65 48 1,913
North Tyneside 51 1,945 51 38 53 11 67 9 54 35 51 1,833
Northumberland 48 3,198 56 42 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 6 53 36 48 3,100
Redcar and Cleveland 48 1,620 49 21 54 3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 53 20 48 1,567
South Tyneside 49 1,535 52 57 38 8 N/A* 0 46 17 49 1,421
Stockton-on-Tees 50 1,994 52 106 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51 25 50 1,842
Sunderland 48 2,828 55 90 51 16 65 3 48 27 48 2,677
Blackburn with Darwen 50 1,754 52 735 46 15 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51 61 49 922
Blackpool 44 1,331 53 19 43 9 60 5 46 24 44 1,270
Bolton 49 3,240 54 611 43 124 57 7 48 88 48 2,354
Bury 51 2,060 52 244 48 36 50 4 51 101 51 1,636
Cheshire East 52 3,740 51 62 48 13 60 15 51 93 52 3,509
Cheshire West and Chester 51 3,443 57 37 43 12 59 8 51 72 51 3,283
Cumbria 49 5,134 54 31 48 13 65 9 56 53 49 4,987
Halton 49 1,373 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 0 55 25 49 1,335
Knowsley 39 1,147 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 48 21 39 1,103
Lancashire 50 12,106 50 1,147 52 38 63 32 51 277 50 10,512
Liverpool 47 4,611 55 132 47 137 63 45 45 203 47 3,919
Manchester 47 4,715 51 974 49 741 60 43 45 344 45 2,312
Oldham 46 2,920 46 822 44 47 65 7 44 90 46 1,901
Rochdale 48 2,315 49 551 52 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 52 83 48 1,601
Salford 47 2,084 55 38 52 78 58 6 50 80 46 1,832
Sefton 49 3,076 52 23 46 15 59 8 50 60 50 2,896
St. Helens 49 1,767 56 14 54 8 71 4 57 15 49 1,675
Stockport 52 2,816 53 168 50 21 52 16 53 105 52 2,463
Tameside 49 2,493 52 253 48 35 57 12 52 74 49 2,078
Trafford 57 2,758 59 327 54 75 68 49 57 132 56 2,118
Warrington 50 2,365 56 49 42 14 64 6 46 35 50 2,216
Wigan 51 3,407 53 30 53 16 65 3 51 66 51 3,271
Wirral 52 3,402 59 64 57 8 63 14 53 69 52 3,222
Barnsley 47 2,088 44 6 45 15 N/A* 0 51 35 47 2,018
Bradford 46 5,859 46 2,482 45 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 44 218 46 2,979
Calderdale 52 2,524 49 375 53 20 60 4 49 93 52 2,021
Doncaster 47 3,026 49 77 42 35 62 10 48 61 47 2,808
East Riding of Yorkshire 52 3,346 49 12 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 3 52 46 52 3,222
Kingston upon Hull, City of 48 2,255 56 17 46 23 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 53 44 48 2,028
Kirklees 49 4,534 50 1,139 46 85 63 10 45 225 49 3,029
Leeds 48 7,483 48 849 46 440 61 28 48 335 49 5,700
North East Lincolnshire 48 1,596 60 10 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 49 38 48 1,486
North Lincolnshire 49 1,856 54 62 51 11 72 4 52 19 49 1,751
North Yorkshire 52 6,188 57 93 48 18 67 13 55 124 52 5,886
Rotherham 49 3,335 48 231 51 38 67 8 50 58 49 2,980
Sheffield 48 5,242 47 501 47 260 66 18 46 265 49 4,001
Wakefield 49 3,645 49 116 46 38 52 6 51 64 49 3,407
York 53 1,585 70 11 54 9 62 9 59 33 53 1,511
Derby 46 2,787 48 482 44 85 64 8 46 166 46 2,015
Derbyshire 49 7,628 49 75 54 19 52 14 49 161 49 7,297
Leicester 46 3,409 51 1,631 46 345 62 3 44 210 40 1,149
Leicestershire 50 7,017 57 505 50 43 56 22 51 246 49 6,108
Lincolnshire 50 7,807 65 76 51 34 65 33 55 134 50 7,464
Northamptonshire 48 7,650 53 326 48 282 63 20 48 327 48 6,612
Nottingham 45 2,534 51 438 47 248 63 8 45 231 43 1,528
Nottinghamshire 51 7,883 55 180 52 78 64 25 51 255 51 7,243
Rutland 55 489 48 4 52 3 N/A* 0 50 9 55 472
Birmingham 49 12,035 50 4,580 48 1,489 66 45 50 834 49 4,492
Coventry 48 3,463 53 660 48 276 59 9 45 181 47 2,275
Dudley 48 3,591 49 298 46 70 59 4 46 183 48 2,974
Herefordshire, County of 49 1,732 52 5 47 5 59 4 58 25 49 1,681
Sandwell 45 3,499 50 934 45 257 64 5 43 223 43 1,986
Shropshire 51 2,986 53 19 52 7 52 8 52 53 51 2,857
Solihull 51 2,987 54 278 50 72 55 10 48 181 52 2,375
Staffordshire 49 8,758 50 254 49 37 61 20 49 189 49 8,176
Stoke-on-Trent 47 2,269 50 301 47 48 62 9 46 69 47 1,801
Telford and Wrekin 50 2,014 49 117 51 36 60 9 50 70 49 1,769
Walsall 48 3,261 52 628 48 139 64 3 48 155 47 2,306
Warwickshire 52 5,585 57 263 48 50 60 16 54 187 52 5,003
Wolverhampton 48 2,470 54 530 46 221 56 3 45 223 46 1,457
Worcestershire 51 5,565 50 142 44 20 60 8 50 169 51 5,183
Bedford 49 1,862 51 273 47 109 68 3 46 143 50 1,308
Cambridgeshire 52 5,707 56 190 48 56 63 30 55 194 51 5,139
Central Bedfordshire 49 2,596 50 46 48 44 60 10 49 103 49 2,376
Essex 50 14,607 62 337 54 333 59 51 52 541 50 13,142
Hertfordshire 53 12,613 57 849 53 447 65 63 53 702 53 10,336
Luton 48 2,442 49 967 49 294 56 4 46 192 46 937
Norfolk 49 8,014 59 88 51 68 61 25 49 178 49 7,551
Peterborough 47 2,292 48 367 52 73 65 8 49 105 46 1,698
Southend-on-Sea 54 2,047 62 135 59 125 66 22 52 91 52 1,649
Suffolk 49 7,158 53 102 46 53 55 4 49 305 49 6,440
Thurrock 48 1,721 53 65 53 164 61 9 52 61 47 1,385
Camden 51 1,422 50 272 48 345 66 10 48 142 52 549
City of London N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A*
Hackney 53 2,038 54 272 50 719 68 12 53 193 55 687
Hammersmith and Fulham 54 1,350 55 116 48 333 66 6 53 133 57 624
Haringey 50 2,231 52 127 46 639 55 12 52 253 52 1,005
Islington 51 1,397 55 170 49 423 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 49 158 50 506
Kensington and Chelsea 57 740 59 26 52 148 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 56 113 58 297
Lambeth 50 1,887 55 79 48 945 64 15 49 228 53 491
Lewisham 48 2,334 53 129 46 1,041 61 37 50 286 47 698
Newham 51 3,489 54 1,601 49 917 60 11 48 199 46 582
Southwark 53 2,386 56 124 52 1,094 64 34 53 255 53 685
Tower Hamlets 50 2,570 52 1,685 49 307 68 10 47 129 46 316
Wandsworth 52 1,660 55 333 48 458 67 14 52 188 53 571
Westminster 55 1,566 55 199 51 333 66 18 55 130 58 483
Barking and Dagenham 50 2,201 55 398 51 551 55 6 47 141 47 1,051
Barnet 56 3,647 63 512 51 489 68 46 58 363 55 1,835
Bexley 52 3,192 60 207 57 532 63 40 51 161 50 2,183
Brent 52 3,035 54 900 46 767 62 9 49 158 49 579
Bromley 54 3,305 66 167 52 272 66 36 56 229 54 2,419
Croydon 49 3,844 55 453 48 1,124 65 21 49 424 50 1,534
Ealing 51 2,781 52 747 47 574 64 5 52 195 52 826
Enfield 50 3,579 59 313 48 879 67 20 51 324 50 1,754
Greenwich 50 2,204 56 207 51 604 61 24 50 208 47 1,071
Harrow 53 2,127 56 900 49 344 63 11 52 163 52 610
Havering 50 2,917 55 117 51 362 62 11 51 127 50 2,237
Hillingdon 51 3,136 56 751 48 327 62 12 52 299 48 1,479
Hounslow 51 2,667 57 696 50 344 52 5 56 224 53 951
Kingston upon Thames 58 1,515 63 343 52 73 71 23 61 115 56 871
Merton 52 1,440 55 222 50 299 64 6 54 155 52 734
Redbridge 54 3,363 57 1,623 50 494 66 20 52 230 52 903
Richmond upon Thames 55 1,367 56 96 45 48 61 12 52 135 55 1,025
Sutton 59 2,667 68 524 59 212 74 41 60 201 55 1,623
Waltham Forest 50 2,539 53 635 47 598 53 22 50 227 51 969
Bracknell Forest 51 1,076 58 41 50 26 64 4 54 49 51 946
Brighton and Hove 50 2,139 50 82 46 41 71 3 52 181 50 1,802
Buckinghamshire 55 5,622 55 855 49 132 63 18 54 312 56 4,220
East Sussex 49 4,930 54 60 50 31 65 9 50 166 49 4,532
Hampshire 51 13,101 55 333 48 115 64 35 52 350 51 12,110
Isle of Wight 44 1,305 43 12 N/A* 0 38 3 48 27 44 1,249
Kent 50 15,727 61 526 56 303 66 64 55 536 50 14,022
Medway 50 2,967 59 157 52 116 67 11 51 125 49 2,508
Milton Keynes 49 2,800 53 204 49 338 55 15 50 187 48 1,994
Oxfordshire 50 5,975 49 317 47 126 62 26 48 288 51 5,136
Portsmouth 46 1,729 54 95 49 33 64 7 52 54 46 1,515
Reading 51 1,169 59 221 46 90 78 21 45 98 50 711
Slough 55 1,632 58 798 50 148 73 5 55 112 51 497
Southampton 48 1,952 56 176 50 56 61 9 46 95 46 1,593
Surrey 53 10,399 56 602 50 180 61 44 55 473 53 8,958
West Berkshire 51 1,906 57 50 45 25 62 12 52 75 52 1,704
West Sussex 51 8,118 55 330 42 120 58 12 51 258 51 7,316
Windsor and Maidenhead 53 1,470 51 191 50 29 64 8 56 99 53 1,119
Wokingham 54 1,601 53 166 50 75 67 10 49 89 54 1,231
Bath and North East Somerset 52 2,022 52 24 46 24 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 48 74 52 1,863
Bournemouth 51 1,617 65 40 52 17 63 7 54 73 50 1,429
Bristol, City of 48 3,138 50 253 42 282 57 15 48 209 48 2,316
Cornwall 50 5,432 54 21 46 9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 53 99 50 5,232
Devon 51 6,971 57 26 54 14 63 13 53 95 50 6,726
Dorset 50 4,153 49 46 44 9 65 11 50 80 50 3,933
Gloucestershire 52 6,385 61 146 45 63 62 23 51 195 52 5,882
Isles of Scilly 50 23 N/A* 0 N/A* 0 N/A* 0 N/A* 0 49 21
North Somerset 50 2,176 54 32 42 15 58 6 55 66 50 2,043
Plymouth 48 2,640 61 25 43 18 60 13 53 43 48 2,489
Poole 53 1,438 59 31 48 4 68 5 55 47 52 1,338
Somerset 50 5,137 55 50 44 14 61 11 53 100 50 4,933
South Gloucestershire 48 2,770 52 67 44 43 66 6 48 109 48 2,530
Swindon 48 2,109 51 195 50 42 57 10 51 60 48 1,756
Torbay 51 1,511 59 12 47 7 69 8 58 40 52 1,335
Wiltshire 51 4,899 57 70 49 38 69 6 54 115 51 4,582

Download table data for ‘GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity and area’ (CSV) Source data for ‘GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity and area’ (CSV)

Summary of GCSE results (‘Attainment 8’) for children aged 14 to 16 (key stage 4) GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity and area Summary

This data shows that:

  • Sutton has the highest average Attainment 8 score (59) and Knowsley the lowest (39)

  • the average score for Attainment 8 was lower in the Midlands and northern parts of the country than in the south of England and London

  • White pupils achieved their highest average score (58) in Westminster, and Kensington and Chelsea

  • pupils of Mixed ethnicity achieved their highest average score in Kingston-Upon-Thames and Gateshead (61)

  • Asian pupils achieved their highest average score in York (70)

  • Black pupils pupils achieved their highest average score in Southend-on-Sea and Sutton (59)

  • Chinese pupils pupils achieved their highest average score in Reading (78)

  • the lowest scores for Attainment 8 were found in Knowsley (for White pupils), in Sandwell (for Mixed pupils), on the Isle of Wight (for Asian and Chinese pupils), and in South Tyneside (for Black pupils)

5. GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity and gender

Attainment 8 scores by ethnicity and gender
All Boys Girls
Ethnicity All Score All Pupils Boys Score Boys Pupils Girls Score Girls Pupils
All 50 540,689 48 275,606 52 265,083
Asian 53 51,218 50 26,559 55 24,659
Bangladeshi 52 8,319 50 4,239 54 4,080
Indian 57 14,046 55 7,321 59 6,725
Pakistani 49 20,434 46 10,559 51 9,875
Asian other 55 8,419 52 4,440 58 3,979
Black 49 27,924 46 13,911 52 14,013
Black African 50 17,349 48 8,669 53 8,680
Black Caribbean 45 7,216 42 3,548 49 3,668
Black other 47 3,359 43 1,694 51 1,665
Chinese 62 2,026 60 1,033 65 993
Mixed 51 22,868 48 11,535 53 11,333
Mixed White/Asian 55 5,089 53 2,542 57 2,547
Mixed White/Black African 50 2,687 48 1,354 53 1,333
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 46 7,160 43 3,614 49 3,546
Mixed other 52 7,932 50 4,025 54 3,907
White 50 422,763 48 215,354 52 207,409
White British 50 395,316 48 201,407 52 193,909
White Irish 55 1,774 52 883 57 891
White Irish Traveller 29 122 27 67 32 55
White Gypsy/Roma 20 1,107 19 534 22 573
White other 50 24,444 47 12,463 52 11,981
Other 50 8,119 48 4,242 53 3,877
Unknown 44 5,771 41 2,972 47 2,799

Download table data for ‘GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity and gender’ (CSV) Source data for ‘GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity and gender’ (CSV)

Summary of GCSE results (‘Attainment 8’) for children aged 14 to 16 (key stage 4) GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity and gender Summary

This data shows that:

  • on average, Attainment 8 scores were higher for girls than boys across all ethnic groups

  • girls achieved an average score of 52, compared with boys who achieved an average score of 48

  • Chinese girls achieved the highest average score, at 65

  • Boys from a Gypsy/Roma background had the lowest average score, at 19

  • the smallest difference in scores between girls and boys was found among pupils from a Gypsy/Roma background, where girls scored an average of 3 points more than boys

  • the largest difference in scores between girls and boys was found among pupils from the Other Black background, where boys scored an average of 43 compared with 51 for girls

6. GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)

Attainment 8 scores by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)
Non-FSM Boys Non-FSM Girls FSM Boys FSM Girls
Ethnicity Non-FSM Boys Score Non-FSM Boys Pupils Non-FSM Girls Score Non-FSM Girls Pupils FSM Boys Score FSM Boys Pupils FSM Girls Score FSM Girls Pupils
All 49 238,526 54 229,635 37 37,080 42 35,448
Asian 52 21,835 56 20,365 45 4,724 49 4,294
Bangladeshi 51 2,972 55 2,886 48 1,267 51 1,194
Indian 56 6,782 59 6,222 47 539 52 503
Pakistani 48 8,163 52 7,735 42 2,396 46 2,140
Asian other 53 3,918 59 3,522 47 522 50 457
Black 47 10,594 53 10,786 41 3,317 47 3,227
Black African 49 6,594 54 6,669 43 2,075 49 2,011
Black Caribbean 44 2,710 50 2,817 36 838 44 851
Black other 45 1,290 52 1,300 39 404 46 365
Chinese 60 966 65 930 56 67 62 63
Mixed 50 9,414 55 9,214 39 2,121 44 2,119
Mixed White/Asian 55 2,180 58 2,177 41 362 46 370
Mixed White/Black African 49 1,079 54 1,079 41 275 47 254
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 46 2,798 52 2,742 36 816 42 804
Mixed other 51 3,357 56 3,216 40 668 44 691
White 49 190,070 54 183,098 34 25,284 39 24,311
White British 49 177,753 54 171,125 34 23,654 39 22,784
White Irish 54 768 59 793 38 115 41 98
White Irish Traveller 31 26 38 23 25 41 27 32
White Gypsy/Roma 19 377 22 400 19 157 22 173
White other 48 11,146 53 10,757 41 1,317 45 1,224
Other 49 3,182 54 2,913 44 1,060 48 964
Unknown 43 2,465 49 2,329 34 507 40 470

Download table data for ‘GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)’ (CSV) Source data for ‘GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)’ (CSV)

Summary of GCSE results (‘Attainment 8’) for children aged 14 to 16 (key stage 4) GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM) Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

This data shows that:

  • overall, girls eligible for FSM scored an average of 5 points more for Attainment 8 than boys eligible for FSM

  • White British FSM-eligible boys scored an average of 34 compared with White British non-eligible boys who scored 49; for White British girls the gap was 15 points, at 39 and 54 respectively

  • within the broad ethnic categories, FSM-eligible Chinese girls had the highest average Attainment 8 score and FSM-eligible White boys the lowest

  • Gypsy/Roma boys who were eligible for FSM had the lowest average score

  • Chinese girls who were not eligible for FSM had the highest average score

  • Black Caribbean pupils eligible for FSM showed the biggest difference in average score between girls and boys, with girls scoring an average of 8 points more

  • pupils from a Traveller of Irish Heritage background also showed very little difference in average score between girls and boys who were eligible for FSM, but this finding was based on very small numbers (41 boys and 32 girls), making it hard to draw any firm conclusions

  • apart from Travellers of Irish Heritage, the smallest difference in average score between girls and boys was found among Bangladeshi, Asian other, White Irish and Gypsy/Roma pupils eligible for FSM, with girls scoring 3 points more

7. GCSE-level exam results (‘Attainment 8’) by ethnicity, gender and area

Attainment 8 scores by ethnicity, gender and area
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Local authority All All All Boys All Girls Asian All Asian Boys Asian Girls Black All Black Boys Black Girls Chinese All Chinese Boys Chinese Girls Mixed All Mixed Boys Mixed Girls White All White Boys White Girls
County Durham 49 47 52 59 61 56 43 46 39 58 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 52 44 57 49 47 52
Darlington 48 46 51 47 48 46 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 62 N/A* 62 51 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 48 47 50
Gateshead 50 48 52 60 56 65 56 53 59 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 61 59 62 50 48 51
Hartlepool 47 45 50 54 49 58 55 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 52 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 47 45 50
Middlesbrough 46 44 48 52 51 54 52 50 55 N/A* N/A* N/A* 51 48 53 46 44 47
Newcastle upon Tyne 49 47 50 52 52 53 50 48 52 55 53 58 54 52 55 48 47 49
North Tyneside 51 49 53 51 43 55 53 52 55 67 62 72 54 58 51 51 49 53
Northumberland 48 46 50 56 57 55 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 53 57 52 48 46 50
Redcar and Cleveland 48 46 50 49 43 56 54 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 53 50 55 48 46 50
South Tyneside 49 46 52 52 44 58 38 18 50 N/A* N/A* N/A* 46 50 41 49 47 51
Stockton-on-Tees 50 48 53 52 49 56 withheld to protect confidentiality 57 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51 49 54 50 48 52
Sunderland 48 46 50 55 56 55 51 40 56 65 N/A* 65 48 42 54 48 46 50
Blackburn with Darwen 50 48 53 52 49 55 46 41 59 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 51 45 56 49 47 51
Blackpool 44 43 45 53 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 43 52 35 60 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 46 41 51 44 43 45
Bolton 49 46 52 54 51 57 43 42 45 57 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 48 43 54 48 45 51
Bury 51 49 53 52 50 53 48 41 57 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51 46 55 51 49 53
Cheshire East 52 50 54 51 51 52 48 48 49 60 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51 47 54 52 50 54
Cheshire West and Chester 51 49 54 57 55 59 43 43 43 59 49 65 51 46 57 51 49 54
Cumbria 49 46 52 54 54 53 48 43 56 65 67 64 56 55 57 49 46 52
Halton 49 48 51 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* N/A* 55 58 51 49 47 51
Knowsley 39 37 41 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 48 52 44 39 36 41
Lancashire 50 47 52 50 46 53 52 49 55 63 61 66 51 47 54 50 47 52
Liverpool 47 46 49 55 55 55 47 44 50 63 63 63 45 42 48 47 46 49
Manchester 47 45 50 51 49 54 49 47 52 60 57 63 45 43 47 45 42 48
Oldham 46 43 49 46 44 48 44 47 39 65 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 44 44 44 46 43 50
Rochdale 48 46 50 49 46 51 52 49 54 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 52 52 53 48 46 50
Salford 47 45 49 55 53 58 52 49 54 58 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 49 51 46 44 48
Sefton 49 47 52 52 47 60 46 45 47 59 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 50 50 50 47 53
St Helens 49 47 51 56 66 51 54 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 53 60 49 47 51
Stockport 52 50 54 53 50 57 50 48 56 52 43 57 53 49 58 52 50 53
Tameside 49 48 51 52 49 56 48 50 45 57 53 61 52 48 56 49 47 50
Trafford 57 55 59 59 57 63 54 52 56 68 62 74 57 55 59 56 54 58
Warrington 50 48 52 56 56 55 42 45 41 64 63 64 46 44 49 50 48 52
Wigan 51 48 53 53 56 49 53 45 59 65 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51 46 55 51 48 53
Wirral 52 50 54 59 58 59 57 54 62 63 70 60 53 50 56 52 50 54
Barnsley 47 45 50 44 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 45 39 51 N/A* N/A* N/A* 51 50 53 47 45 50
Bradford 46 43 49 46 43 49 45 37 53 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 44 41 47 46 43 48
Calderdale 52 50 53 49 48 49 53 50 59 60 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 49 45 52 52 50 54
Doncaster 47 45 49 49 48 49 42 41 43 62 57 65 48 44 52 47 44 49
East Riding of Yorkshire 52 50 54 49 42 59 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 52 48 59 52 50 54
Kingston upon Hull, City of 48 47 48 56 60 52 46 43 48 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 53 49 59 48 48 49
Kirklees 49 46 52 50 47 52 46 41 50 63 63 62 45 42 47 49 46 52
Leeds 48 46 51 48 45 51 46 43 49 61 59 62 48 46 50 49 46 51
North East Lincolnshire 48 46 50 60 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 49 47 53 48 46 49
North Lincolnshire 49 48 50 54 51 57 51 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 72 N/A* 52 48 55 49 47 50
North Yorkshire 52 50 54 57 56 59 48 38 61 67 65 69 55 54 55 52 49 54
Rotherham 49 46 51 48 45 52 51 50 53 67 67 68 50 48 52 49 46 51
Sheffield 48 46 51 47 45 50 47 45 51 66 63 68 46 43 49 49 47 51
Wakefield 49 46 51 49 44 54 46 42 53 52 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51 47 54 49 46 51
York 53 51 55 70 63 72 54 44 59 62 67 58 59 53 65 53 51 55
Derby 46 44 49 48 46 51 44 39 47 64 57 72 46 43 48 46 44 48
Derbyshire 49 47 51 49 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 54 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 52 50 58 49 48 50 49 47 51
Leicester 46 44 49 51 48 54 46 43 49 62 N/A* 62 44 42 46 40 38 43
Leicestershire 50 47 52 57 55 59 50 48 53 56 50 63 51 48 55 49 47 51
Lincolnshire 50 48 52 65