School teacher workforce

Published

Last updated 7 September 2020 - see all updates

1. Main facts and figures

  • in 2018, 85.9% of all teachers in state-funded schools in England were White British (out of those whose ethnicity was known)
  • by comparison, 78.5% of the working age population was White British at the time of the 2011 Census
  • 3.9% of teachers were from the White Other ethnic group, the second highest percentage after the White British group
  • 92.9% of headteachers were White British
  • three-quarters of teachers were women, and there were more female than male teachers in every ethnic group

2. Things you need to know

What the data measures

This data shows:

  • the number of school teachers, including headteachers, in state-funded schools in England
  • the percentage of school teachers from different ethnic groups

The data includes teachers employed by their school or local authority. It covers all state-funded schools including academies and free schools.

The data is based on a ‘headcount’, and counts both part time and full time teachers.

Total numbers of teachers in each ethnic group are rounded to the nearest 100. Percentages are rounded to 1 decimal place.

Not included in the data

The data doesn't include

  • teaching assistants
  • teachers on contracts of less than 1 month

It also doesn’t include teachers in:

  • independent schools
  • sixth form colleges
  • further education schools and colleges

Estimates based on fewer than 50 teachers have not been included. This is to ensure that only reliable findings are shown.

The ethnic groups used in the data

The data uses ethnic groups from the 2001 Census. Working age population estimates come from the 2011 Census.

The 2001 Census categories don’t include the Arab and White Gypsy and Irish Traveller ethnic groups, so data for these groups is included under ‘Any Other ethnic group’.

The ethnicity was known for around 93% of teachers. Percentages are based on teachers whose ethnicity was known.

Methodology

Read the detailed methodology document, PDF, 475KB, 32 pages (PDF opens in a new window or tab) for this data.

3. By ethnicity

Percentage and number of school teachers, and percentage of the working age population (2011), by ethnicity
Ethnicity % of teacher workforce Teachers % of working age population
Asian
Bangladeshi 0.6 2,700 0.8
Indian 1.9 8,900 3.0
Pakistani 1.2 5,500 2.0
Asian other 0.7 3,100 1.7
Black
Black African 0.9 4,000 1.9
Black Caribbean 1.0 4,800 1.2
Black other 0.3 1,500 0.5
Mixed
Mixed White/Asian 0.3 1,600 0.5
Mixed White/Black African 0.1 600 0.2
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 0.4 1,700 0.6
Mixed other 0.5 2,400 0.5
White
White British 85.9 399,300 78.5
White Irish 1.6 7,300 1.0
White other 3.9 18,000 5.6
Other including Chinese
Chinese 0.2 800 0.9
Any other 0.6 2,700 1.1
Unknown N/A* 35,300 N/A*

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of School teacher workforce By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • in 2018, 85.9% of all teachers in state-funded schools in England were White British (out of those whose ethnicity was known)
  • by comparison, 78.5% of the working age population was White British at the time of the 2011 Census
  • 3.9% of teachers were from the White Other ethnic group and 1.9% were from the Indian ethnic group – by comparison, 5.6% of the working age population was from the White Other group, and 3.0% was from the Indian ethnic group
  • White Irish people made up 1.6% of teachers, and 1.0% of the working age population

4. By ethnicity and gender

Percentage and number of school teachers by ethnicity and gender
Men Women
Ethnicity Men % Men Teachers Women % Women Teachers
Asian
Bangladeshi 0.6 700 0.6 2,000
Indian 1.5 1,700 2.0 7,200
Pakistani 1.1 1,300 1.2 4,200
Asian other 0.7 800 0.6 2,300
Black
Black African 1.3 1,500 0.7 2,500
Black Caribbean 1.0 1,100 1.1 3,700
Black other 0.4 400 0.3 1,000
Mixed
Mixed White/Asian 0.4 500 0.3 1,200
Mixed White/Black African 0.2 200 0.1 400
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 0.3 400 0.4 1,300
Mixed other 0.5 500 0.5 1,800
White
White British 85.9 96,600 85.9 302,600
White Irish 1.9 2,200 1.4 5,100
White other 3.3 3,700 4.0 14,200
Other including Chinese
Chinese 0.2 200 0.2 600
Any other 0.6 700 0.6 2,000
Unknown N/A* 9,200 N/A* 26,000

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and gender’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and gender’ (CSV)

Summary of School teacher workforce By ethnicity and gender Summary

This data shows that:

  • in 2018, around three-quarters of school teachers were women
  • in every ethnic group, there were more female than male teachers
  • among both men and women, 85.9% of teachers were White British (out of those whose ethnicity was known)
  • men from the White Other ethnic group made up 3.3% of male teachers, and White Irish men made up 1.9% (the next highest percentages)
  • women from the White Other ethnic group made up 4.0% of female teachers, and women from the Indian ethnic group made up 2.0% (the next highest percentages)

5. By ethnicity and role

Percentage and number of school teachers by ethnicity and role
Classroom and others Deputies and assistants Heads
Ethnicity Classroom and others % Classroom and others Teachers Deputies and assistants % Deputies and assistants Teachers Heads % Heads Teachers
Asian
Bangladeshi 0.7 2,600 0.3 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Indian 2.0 8,000 1.5 700 0.8 200
Pakistani 1.3 5,100 0.7 300 0.4 100
Asian other 0.7 2,800 0.4 200 0.2 100
Black
Black African 0.9 3,800 0.4 200 0.2 withheld to protect confidentiality
Black Caribbean 1.1 4,200 1.0 500 0.7 200
Black other 0.3 1,400 0.2 100 0.1 withheld to protect confidentiality
Mixed
Mixed White/Asian 0.4 1,400 0.3 100 0.3 100
Mixed White/Black African 0.1 500 0.1 withheld to protect confidentiality 0.1 withheld to protect confidentiality
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 0.4 1,500 0.3 100 0.2 withheld to protect confidentiality
Mixed other 0.5 2,100 0.4 200 0.2 withheld to protect confidentiality
White
White British 85.1 337,600 89.7 41,900 92.9 19,700
White Irish 1.5 6,100 1.7 800 1.8 400
White other 4.1 16,500 2.5 1,100 1.8 400
Other including Chinese
Chinese 0.2 800 0.1 withheld to protect confidentiality 0.1 withheld to protect confidentiality
Any other 0.6 2,500 0.4 200 0.2 withheld to protect confidentiality
Unknown N/A* 31,300 N/A* 2,800 N/A* 1,200

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and role’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and role’ (CSV)

Summary of School teacher workforce By ethnicity and role Summary

In 2018, there were around 428,100 classroom teachers, 49,500 deputy or assistant headteachers and 22,400 headteachers.

This data shows that:

  • White British people accounted for 92.9% of headteachers, 89.7% of deputy or assistant headteachers and 85.1% of classroom teachers (out of those whose ethnicity was known)
  • 0.1% of classroom teachers were Mixed White and Black African, the lowest percentage out of all ethnic groups in this role
  • 0.1% of deputy and assistant headteachers were from the Mixed White and Black African, and Chinese ethnic groups, the lowest percentage out of all ethnic groups in this role
  • White Irish was the only other ethnic group (as well as White British) with a higher percentage of headteachers (1.8%) than deputy or assistant head teachers (1.7%) or classroom teachers (1.5%)

6. By ethnicity and type of school

Percentage and number of school teachers by ethnicity and type of school
Nursery and Primary Secondary Special Centrally employed
Ethnicity Nursery and Primary % Nursery and Primary Teachers Secondary % Secondary Teachers Special % Special Teachers Centrally employed % Centrally employed Teachers
Asian
Bangladeshi 0.5 1,300 0.7 1,400 0.2 100 0.2 withheld to protect confidentiality
Indian 1.7 3,900 2.3 4,700 1.0 200 1.0 withheld to protect confidentiality
Pakistani 1.0 2,400 1.4 2,900 0.5 100 0.5 withheld to protect confidentiality
Asian other 0.5 1,100 0.9 1,800 0.4 100 0.3 withheld to protect confidentiality
Black
Black African 0.5 1,100 1.3 2,700 1.0 200 0.1 withheld to protect confidentiality
Black Caribbean 0.9 2,000 1.2 2,500 1.4 300 0.6 withheld to protect confidentiality
Black other 0.2 500 0.4 900 0.4 100 0.2 withheld to protect confidentiality
Mixed
Mixed White/Asian 0.3 800 0.4 800 0.3 100 0.3 withheld to protect confidentiality
Mixed White/Black African 0.1 200 0.2 300 0.1 withheld to protect confidentiality 0.1 withheld to protect confidentiality
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 0.3 800 0.4 700 0.5 100 0.3 withheld to protect confidentiality
Mixed other 0.5 1,100 0.5 1,100 0.5 100 0.5 withheld to protect confidentiality
White
White British 88.7 208,000 82.6 167,000 86.2 20,600 90.2 3,700
White Irish 1.3 3,100 1.9 3,800 1.4 300 1.1 withheld to protect confidentiality
White other 2.9 6,900 4.8 9,600 5.4 1,300 4.0 200
Other including Chinese
Chinese 0.1 300 0.2 500 0.1 withheld to protect confidentiality 0.1 withheld to protect confidentiality
Any other 0.4 1,000 0.8 1,600 0.6 100 0.4 withheld to protect confidentiality
Unknown N/A* 15,500 N/A* 17,100 N/A* 1,800 N/A* 900

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and type of school’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and type of school’ (CSV)

Summary of School teacher workforce By ethnicity and type of school Summary

In 2018, there were around 250,000 nursery and primary school teachers, 219,300 secondary school teachers, 25,700 special school teachers and 5,000 teachers who were centrally employed by the local authority.

This data shows that:

  • 88.7% of nursery and primary school teachers were White British (out of those whose ethnicity was known)
  • White British people made up 82.6% of secondary school teachers, 86.2% of special school teachers, and 90.2% of those employed by the local authority
  • teachers from the White Other group were the next largest group in all types of school, making up 2.9% of nursery and primary school teachers, 4.8% of secondary school teachers, 5.4% of special school teachers, and 4.0% of centrally employed teachers
  • in every type of school, teachers were least likely to be from the Chinese or Mixed White and Black African ethnic groups

7. By ethnicity and gender (headteachers only)

Percentage and number of headteachers by ethnicity and gender
Men Women
Ethnicity Men % Men Headteachers Women % Women Headteachers
Asian
Bangladeshi 0.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Indian 0.6 withheld to protect confidentiality 0.9 100
Pakistani 0.3 withheld to protect confidentiality 0.4 100
Asian other 0.2 withheld to protect confidentiality 0.2 withheld to protect confidentiality
Black
Black African 0.2 withheld to protect confidentiality 0.2 withheld to protect confidentiality
Black Caribbean 0.6 withheld to protect confidentiality 0.8 100
Black other 0.1 withheld to protect confidentiality 0.1 withheld to protect confidentiality
Mixed
Mixed White/Asian 0.3 withheld to protect confidentiality 0.2 withheld to protect confidentiality
Mixed White/Black African withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 0.1 withheld to protect confidentiality
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 0.1 withheld to protect confidentiality 0.3 withheld to protect confidentiality
Mixed other 0.1 withheld to protect confidentiality 0.3 withheld to protect confidentiality
White
White British 93.0 6,500 92.8 13,200
White Irish 2.1 100 1.6 200
White other 2.0 100 1.7 200
Other including Chinese
Chinese 0.1 withheld to protect confidentiality 0.1 withheld to protect confidentiality
Any other 0.2 withheld to protect confidentiality 0.2 withheld to protect confidentiality
Unknown N/A* 400 N/A* 800

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and gender (headteachers only)’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and gender (headteachers only)’ (CSV)

Summary of School teacher workforce By ethnicity and gender (headteachers only) Summary

This data shows that:

  • there were around 22,400 headteachers in 2018, and over two-thirds of those (around 15,000) were women
  • 97.1% of male headteachers were White (including White ethnic minorities), and 96.2% of female headteachers were White

8. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Administrative data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Department for Education

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

School workforce data is used to monitor the effectiveness and diversity of staff in schools, and informs policies on pay.

It's also used by other government departments, local authorities, external agencies and educational researchers.

9. Download the data

School teacher workforce - Spreadsheet (csv) 806 KB

This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, gender, teacher type, school type, value, headcount