Civil Service pay
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1. Main facts and figures
- in 2019, the average (median) annual pay for all civil servants was £27,100 – this figure is based on the annual pay of all civil servants, including the 22% of the workforce whose ethnicity was not known, and includes pay-related allowances such as regional and skills allowances (but not bonuses)
- of civil servants whose ethnicity was known, Asian and White staff had the lowest average annual pay (£27,200), followed by Black staff (£28,400), staff with Chinese ethnicity (£29,500), and staff from the Mixed ethnic group (£29,600), with staff from the Other ethnic group having the highest (£30,000)
- Black staff had among the highest average annual pay of all ethnic groups at junior grades whilst White staff had among the lowest annual pay at these grades
- comparing across regions, for every £1 White staff were paid, Asian staff were paid less than £1 in every region apart from the South West
- the widest differences in average annual pay between the ethnic groups were among staff at Senior Civil Service Level (the most senior grades) – pay was highest for Chinese staff (£90,500) and lowest for staff in the Mixed ethnic group at (£77,000), a difference of £13,500
- at every grade except Senior Civil Service level, all ethnic minority groups were paid £1 or more for every £1 paid to White staff
The ethnic categories used in this data
This data is broken down into the following 6 broad groups:
- Mixed ethnic groups
- Other ethnic group
These groups were chosen to keep them at a size where estimates are reliable.
2. By ethnicity over time
|Ethnicity||2015 £||2015 Headcount||2016 £||2016 Headcount||2017 £||2017 Headcount||2018 £||2018 Headcount||2019 £||2019 Headcount|
Summary of Civil Service pay By ethnicity over time Summary
3. By ethnicity and grade
|Administrative officers and assistants||Executive officer||Senior and higher executive officer||Grades 6 & 7||Senior Civil Service Level||Unknown grade|
|Ethnicity||Administrative officers and assistants Average (mean) annual pay||Administrative officers and assistants Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Executive officer Average (mean) annual pay||Executive officer Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Senior and higher executive officer Average (mean) annual pay||Senior and higher executive officer Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Grades 6 & 7 Average (mean) annual pay||Grades 6 & 7 Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Senior Civil Service Level Average (mean) annual pay||Senior Civil Service Level Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Unknown grade Average (mean) annual pay||Unknown grade Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff|
Summary of Civil Service pay By ethnicity and grade Summary
4. By ethnicity and area
|Region||All Average (mean) annual pay||All Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Asian Average (mean) annual pay||Asian Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Black Average (mean) annual pay||Black Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Chinese Average (mean) annual pay||Chinese Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Mixed Average (mean) annual pay||Mixed Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||White Average (mean) annual pay||White Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Other Average (mean) annual pay||Other Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Unknown Average (mean) annual pay||Unknown Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff|
|Yorkshire and The Humber||25,700||N/A*||24,300||92p||24,300||92p||22,300||84p||25,700||97p||26,500||N/A*||25,900||98p||24,300||92p|
|Northern Ireland||24,300||N/A*||20,700||85p||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||24,300||£1||24,300||N/A*||24,300||£1||23,400||96p|
|Unknown||32,000||N/A*||25,700||81p||25,700||81p||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||32,400||£1.02||31,700||N/A*||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||32,800||£1.03|
Summary of Civil Service pay By ethnicity and area Summary
All Civil Service departments are asked for details of employees on their payroll on a certain date in the year (currently 31st March). They are also asked to provide information about staff who left the Civil Service in the last 12 months.
The grade categories, from senior to junior are:
- Senior Civil Service (SCS) Level
- grades 6 and 7
- higher and senior executive officers
- executive officers
- administrative officers and assistants
Government departments use different ways of grading staff - some use numbers, some use pay bands, and others use descriptors (for example, Senior Policy Advisor).
The concept of broad ‘responsibility levels’ is therefore used, in which departmental grades have been assigned to levels which are broadly equivalent in terms of pay and job weight.
There are two measures of the SCS available: The Senior Civil Service and SCS Level. The statistics used here measure SCS level employees which includes a number of health professionals, military personnel and senior diplomats that are not part of The Senior Civil Service. As such the Civil Service Statistics release does not contain the official headline figures used for monitoring diversity, pay and other key measures of The Senior Civil Service.
Headcount statistics are based on the number of employees with an employment contract who are being paid as civil servants. Employees can be permanent, on a fixed-term contract or employed on a casual basis.
Suppression rules and disclosure control
Values based on fewer than 5 responses have not been included in the data, both:
- to protect people’s confidentiality
- because the numbers are too small to draw any reliable conclusions
Pay data is rounded to the nearest £100.
6. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Purpose of data source
The Annual Civil Service Employment Survey (ACSES) measures the number of civil servants and diversity across the workforce.