Civil Service pay
Last updated 4 March 2021 - see all updates
1. Main facts and figures
- in 2019, the average (median) annual pay for all civil servants was £27,100 – this figure is based on the annual pay of all civil servants, including the 22% of the workforce whose ethnicity was not known, and includes pay-related allowances such as regional and skills allowances (but not bonuses)
- of civil servants whose ethnicity was known, Asian and White staff had the lowest average annual pay (£27,200), followed by Black staff (£28,400), staff with Chinese ethnicity (£29,500), and staff from the Mixed ethnic group (£29,600), with staff from the Other ethnic group having the highest (£30,000)
- Black staff had among the highest average annual pay of all ethnic groups at junior grades whilst White staff had among the lowest annual pay at these grades
- comparing across regions, for every £1 White staff were paid, Asian staff were paid less than £1 in every region apart from the South West
- the widest differences in average annual pay between the ethnic groups were among staff at Senior Civil Service Level (the most senior grades) – pay was highest for Chinese staff (£90,500) and lowest for staff in the Mixed ethnic group at (£77,000), a difference of £13,500
- at every grade except Senior Civil Service level, all ethnic minority groups were paid £1 or more for every £1 paid to White staff
2. Things you need to know
What the data measures
The data measures the average annual pay for civil servants from different ethnic groups. Pay includes allowances such as regional allowances (for example, London weighting) and skills allowances. It does not include bonuses.
The data includes everyone with a Civil Service employment contract. Employees can be permanent, on a fixed-term contract or employed on a casual basis.
The data is based on a snapshot taken on 31 March.
Pay estimates are rounded to the nearest £100.
Not included in the data
The data does not include people working for:
- the NHS
- non-departmental public bodies
- the Civil Service abroad
- the Northern Ireland Civil Service
- central government in security posts
It also does not include people who were:
- not on the payroll, such as contractors
- not paid during the period covered, such as staff taking unpaid leave
Percentages based on fewer than 5 people are not shown. This is to protect people’s confidentiality, and because the numbers are too small to make reliable generalisations.
The ethnic groups used in the data
Figures are shown for the following 6 ethnic groups:
This is because the number of people surveyed was too small to make any reliable conclusions about the 18 ethnic groups used in the 2011 Census.
22% of civil servants did not report their ethnicity in 2019.
The figures for ‘All’ include the pay of civil servants whose ethnicity was not known.
Read the detailed methodology document for the data on this page.
3. By ethnicity over time
|Ethnicity||2015 £||2015 Headcount||2016 £||2016 Headcount||2017 £||2017 Headcount||2018 £||2018 Headcount||2019 £||2019 Headcount|
Summary of Civil Service pay By ethnicity over time Summary
4. By ethnicity and grade
|Administrative officers and assistants||Executive officer||Senior and higher executive officer||Grades 6 & 7||Senior Civil Service Level||Unknown grade|
|Ethnicity||Administrative officers and assistants Average (mean) annual pay||Administrative officers and assistants Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Executive officer Average (mean) annual pay||Executive officer Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Senior and higher executive officer Average (mean) annual pay||Senior and higher executive officer Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Grades 6 & 7 Average (mean) annual pay||Grades 6 & 7 Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Senior Civil Service Level Average (mean) annual pay||Senior Civil Service Level Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Unknown grade Average (mean) annual pay||Unknown grade Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff|
Summary of Civil Service pay By ethnicity and grade Summary
5. By ethnicity and area
|Region||All Average (mean) annual pay||All Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Asian Average (mean) annual pay||Asian Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Black Average (mean) annual pay||Black Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Chinese Average (mean) annual pay||Chinese Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Mixed Average (mean) annual pay||Mixed Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||White Average (mean) annual pay||White Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Other Average (mean) annual pay||Other Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff||Unknown Average (mean) annual pay||Unknown Average pay for every £1 paid to White staff|
|Yorkshire and The Humber||25,700||N/A*||24,300||92p||24,300||92p||22,300||84p||25,700||97p||26,500||N/A*||25,900||98p||24,300||92p|
|Northern Ireland||24,300||N/A*||20,700||85p||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||24,300||£1||24,300||N/A*||24,300||£1||23,400||96p|
|Unknown||32,000||N/A*||25,700||81p||25,700||81p||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||32,400||£1.02||31,700||N/A*||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||32,800||£1.03|
Summary of Civil Service pay By ethnicity and area Summary
6. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Purpose of data source
The Annual Civil Service Employment Survey (ACSES) measures the number of civil servants and diversity across the workforce.