Civil Service pay
1. Main facts and figures
- in 2018, the average (median) annual pay for all civil servants was £26,600 – this figure is based on the annual pay of all civil servants, including the 25% of the workforce whose ethnicity was not known, and includes pay-related allowances such as regional and skills allowances (but not bonuses)
- of civil servants whose ethnicity was known, Asian staff had the lowest average annual pay (£26,700), followed by White staff (£26,800), Black staff (£27,500), staff with Mixed ethnicity (£28,500), and staff from the Chinese ethnic group (£28,600), with staff from the Other ethnic group having the highest (£29,100)
- compared with staff at the same grade, Black staff had among the highest average annual pay of all ethnic groups, and White staff and Mixed staff had among the lowest
- however, compared with staff in the same region, White staff were most commonly the highest paid and Asian staff were most commonly the lowest paid
- the widest differences in average annual pay between the ethnic groups were among Senior Civil Servants (the most senior grades) – pay was highest for Black staff (£90,000) and lowest for staff in the Other ethnic group at (£77,100), a difference of £12,900
- for staff in grades below Senior Civil Service, the widest difference in average annual pay was among administrative officers and assistants (the most junior grade) - pay was highest for Black staff (£22,500) and lowest for staff in the Chinese group (£19,700), a difference of £2,800
The ethnic categories used in this data
This data is broken down into the following 6 broad groups:
- Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
These were chosen because the number of people becomes too small to be reliable when broken down both by ethnicity (in detailed categories) and by another factor like region. Data is therefore grouped to a size where estimates become reliable.
2. By ethnicity
3. By ethnicity and grade
|Ethnicity||Administrative officers and assistants||Executive officer||Senior and higher executive officer||Grades 6 & 7||Senior Civil Service||Unknown grade|
4. By ethnicity and area
|Yorkshire and The Humber||25,400||23,600||24,500||21,600||25,200||26,100||26,100||24,500|
|Northern Ireland||23,800||21,700||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||29,100||23,800||withheld to protect confidentiality||23,200|
All Civil Service departments are asked for details of all their employees on the payroll on a certain date in the year (currently 31st March). They are are also asked to provide details of leavers in the last 12 months. All Civil Service employees are included, so no weighting is required.
The grade categories, from senior to junior are:
- Senior Civil Service (SCS)
- grades 6 and 7
- higher and senior executive officers
- executive officers
- administrative officers and assistants
Government departments use different ways of grading staff - some use numbers, some use pay bands, and others use descriptors (for example, Senior Policy Advisor). The concept of broad ‘responsibility levels’ is therefore used, in which departmental grades have been assigned to levels which are broadly equivalent in terms of pay and job weight.
Statistics are based on employees with an employment contract who are being paid by a Civil Service department. Employees can be permanent, on a fixed-term contract or employed on a casual basis.
Self-employed workers, contract workers and agency workers are excluded. Employees not on the payroll and not being paid as at 31 March 2018 are also excluded, for example, those on unpaid maternity leave, unpaid sick absence and career breaks.
Median gross annual pay includes basic pay (including consolidated performance pay) and pay-related allowances such as regional and skills allowances. It does not include bonuses.
Suppression rules and disclosure control
Values based on fewer than 5 responses have been suppressed.
‘Suppression’ means these figures have not been included in the data, to protect confidentiality and because the numbers involved are too small to draw any reliable conclusions.
Pay data is rounded to the nearest £100.
6. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Purpose of data source
The Annual Civil Service Employment Survey (ACSES) is carried out to measure the numbers employed in the Civil Service, and to measure diversity across the workforce.
7. Download the data
This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, grade, region, value, headcounts