People living in deprived neighbourhoods
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- 1. Navigate to Main facts and figures section
- 2. Navigate toOverall most deprived 10% of neighbourhoods, by ethnicity section
- 3. Navigate toMost income-deprived 10% of neighbourhoods, by ethnicity section
- 4. Navigate toMost employment-deprived 10% of neighbourhoods, by ethnicity section
- 5. Navigate toMost deprived 10% of neighbourhoods, by type of deprivation and ethnicity section
- 6. Navigate to Methodology section
- 7. Navigate to Data sources section
- 8. Navigate to Download the data section
1. Main facts and figures
- in 2019, people from all ethnic minority groups except the Indian, Chinese, White Irish and White Other groups were more likely than White British people to live in the most overall deprived 10% of neighbourhoods in England
- the most overall deprived 10% of neighbourhoods are measured based on the index of multiple deprivation, which combines 7 types of deprivation
- people from the Pakistani ethnic group were over 3 times as likely as White British people to live in the most overall deprived 10% of neighbourhoods
- people from the Pakistani and Bangladeshi ethnic groups were over 3 times as likely as White British people to live in the most income-deprived 10% of neighbourhoods
- people from the White British, White Irish and White Other ethnic groups were the least likely out of all ethnic groups to live in the most income-deprived 10% of neighbourhoods
- people from the Pakistani ethnic group were more than twice as likely as White British people to live in the most employment-deprived 10% of neighbourhoods
- people from the Indian ethnic group were the least likely out of all ethnic groups to be living in the most deprived 10% of neighbourhoods and the most employment-deprived 10% of neighbourhoods
The ethnic categories used in this data
This data uses the 18 standardised ethnic groups based on the 2011 Census.
2. Overall most deprived 10% of neighbourhoods, by ethnicity
|Mixed White/Black African||13.7||22,143|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||17.4||72,293|
Summary of People living in deprived neighbourhoods Overall most deprived 10% of neighbourhoods, by ethnicity Summary
3. Most income-deprived 10% of neighbourhoods, by ethnicity
|Mixed White/Black African||15.5||25,094|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||18.8||78,102|
Summary of People living in deprived neighbourhoods Most income-deprived 10% of neighbourhoods, by ethnicity Summary
4. Most employment-deprived 10% of neighbourhoods, by ethnicity
|Mixed White/Black African||12.2||19,781|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||15.7||65,278|
Summary of People living in deprived neighbourhoods Most employment-deprived 10% of neighbourhoods, by ethnicity Summary
5. Most deprived 10% of neighbourhoods, by type of deprivation and ethnicity
|Ethnicity||Education, training and skills %||Health deprivation and disability %||Crime %||Barriers to housing & services %||Living Environment %|
|Mixed White/Black African||10.4||12.0||15.5||19.5||12.2|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||14.2||13.8||15.1||14.8||12.2|
Download table data for ‘Most deprived 10% of neighbourhoods, by type of deprivation and ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Most deprived 10% of neighbourhoods, by type of deprivation and ethnicity’ (CSV)
Summary of People living in deprived neighbourhoods Most deprived 10% of neighbourhoods, by type of deprivation and ethnicity Summary
The index of multiple deprivation (IMD) 2019 ranks each of the 32,844 small areas in England. We refer to them here as neighbourhoods. The areas are ranked from the most deprived (ranked 1st) to the least deprived (ranked 32,844th).
Each neighbourhood contains about 1,500 people. The 2011 Census shows the number of people from each ethnic group that live in each one.
The IMD combines information about 7 different types of deprivation to produce an overall relative measure of deprivation.
Each of the 7 deprivation indices is based on a set of indicators, with 39 different data sources.
The details of the indicators used to compile the indices of deprivation, and more information on how the index of multiple deprivation is calculated, can be found in the technical report (PDF opens in a new window or tab) (PDF, 1.9MB).
The data downloads provide information on the percentage of people in each ethnic group who lived in the most deprived 10% of neighbourhoods according to the IMD and each of the 7 individual indices of deprivation.
Data is also provided on the percentages of people in each ethnic group who live in less deprived areas.
All percentages are rounded to one decimal place.
English indices of deprivation collection of publications.
Further technical information
7. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government
Every 3 to 5 years
Purpose of data source
The English indices of deprivation 2019 measure relative deprivation in small areas in England called ‘lower-layer super output areas’. The index of multiple deprivation (IMD) is the most widely used of these indices and is the official measure of relative deprivation in England. A range of measures which summarise the indices at local authority district level, and other geographies, are also available online.
National and local organisations use the IMD, sometimes in conjunction with other data, to distribute funding or target resources to areas. It is widely used across central government to focus programmes on the most deprived areas.
Locally, it is often used as evidence in the development of strategies, to target interventions, and in bids for funding. The voluntary and community sectors also use the IMD to identify areas where people may benefit from the services they provide.
The neighbourhoods can be viewed on an interactive map showing the location of the most and least deprived areas of England – which is also searchable by postcode.
Type of data
Type of statistic
Office for National Statistics
Every 10 years
Purpose of data source
The Census is carried out every 10 years. Data from the March 2021 Census will not be available until 2022, so 2011 Census data is used instead.
Census data gives the government the information it needs to plan and run public services. It is also used as a benchmark for other statistical estimates, and it can help illustrate differences between various groups in the population.
8. Download the data
This file contains the following: measure, domain of deprivation, decile of deprivation, ethnicity, value, numerator, denominator