Social housing lettings
- 1. Navigate toMain facts and figures section
- 2. Navigate toThings you need to know section
- 3. Navigate to By ethnicity (new social housing lettings) section
- 4. Navigate to By ethnicity (routes into social housing) section
- 5. Navigate to By ethnicity (vulnerable households by priority need) section
- 6. Navigate to By ethnicity (income spent on rent) section
- 7. Navigate to By ethnicity (length of new fixed-term tenancies) section
- 8. Navigate toData sources section
- 9. Navigate toDownload the data section
1. Main facts and figures
- in the year to March 2017, Asian households made up 4.5% of new social housing lettings, and 7.7% of the overall population of England in 2016
- black households made up 7.1% of new social housing lettings, and 3.4% of the overall population
- in the year to March 2018, the most likely route into social housing for every ethnic group was by applying directly – 46.3% of all households got into social housing this way
- for all ethnic groups except the Bangladeshi group, homelessness was the most common reason why vulnerable households were given priority for social housing
- for Bangladeshi households, the most common reason for being given priority for social housing was living in unsanitary, unsatisfactory or overcrowded conditions
- the percentage of income (including benefits) spent on rent for new social housing lettings was similar across all ethnic groups, ranging from 33% to 40% – by comparison, the percentages in the previous year ranged from 34% to 41%
- for all ethnic groups, the most common length of new fixed-term tenancies was 3 to 5 years – overall, the percentage of fixed tenancies of 3 to 5 years went up from 54.9% to 65.4%
2. Things you need to know
What the data measures
The data measures different aspects of social housing lettings in England, by ethnicity.
- the number and percentage of new social housing lettings
- the percentage of new social housing lettings by type of referral
- the number and percentage of new social housing lettings given to vulnerable households
- the amount of rent paid for social housing lettings as a percentage of total household income
- the number and percentage of new, permanent fixed-term lettings in social housing by the length of the tenancy
The information relates to households of either one person or a group of people sharing cooking facilities and a living room or dining area. It must be their main or only home.
Percentages have been rounded to the nearest whole number.
Not included in the data
The data does not include:
- lettings where a tenant started a new tenancy agreement but stayed in the same property
- lettings where the ethnicity of the main tenant was not known (5% of households)
- households who did not give details of their income (43% of households)
- lifetime tenancies, which made up the majority of new social housing lettings in the year ending March 2018
- mutual exchanges, conversions of starter or introductory tenancies to assured or secure tenancies, successions by assignment, and temporary general needs housing
Data is not shown if there are only 1 or 2 people in a particular ethnic group. This is to protect people’s confidentiality.
The ethnic groups used in the data
The data uses the 18 ethnic groups from the 2011 Census.
Each household’s ethnic group is the ethnicity of the main tenant. In joint tenancies, the main tenant is the person who is either employed, or unemployed and looking for work. If both tenants have the same employment status, the main tenant is the oldest person.
The ethnicity of the main tenant was not known for 5% of all new social housing lettings.
Read the detailed methodology document for the data used on this page.
This data has not been adjusted to take into account the number of people living in a household, or their employment status. For example, a household of 4 people could be made up of 2 working adults and 2 dependent children, or it could include 4 working adults.
You can see data about families and households by ethnicity.
The data has been weighted so it is representative of the population of England. Read more about how weighting is used to make survey data more representative of the whole group being studied.
In the data file
See Download the data for data by local authority and income band.
3. By ethnicity (new social housing lettings)
|Ethnicity||%||Social housing lettings||Population (2016 estimate)|
|Mixed White/Black African||0.5||1,555||0.2|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||1.4||4,510||0.7|
4. By ethnicity (routes into social housing)
|Ethnicity||Tenant applied direct||Nominated by local housing authority||Internal transfer||Referred by local authority housing department||Social services||Voluntary agency||Police, probation, prison||Other social landlord||Other|
|Mixed White/Black African||44.3||27.6||10.9||5.3||2.9||1.7||0.6||0.6||6.0|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||36.9||28.1||11.8||7.1||3.5||3.0||1.0||0.7||8.0|
|White Gypsy/Traveller||44.2||27.4||10.0||5.6||2.4||2.4||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||6.7|
5. By ethnicity (vulnerable households by priority need)
|Hardship||Homelessness||Insanitary/Unsatisfactory Housing||Medical Welfare||Multiple|
|Ethnicity||Hardship %||Hardship Number||Homelessness %||Homelessness Number||Insanitary/Unsatisfactory Housing %||Insanitary/Unsatisfactory Housing Number||Medical Welfare %||Medical Welfare Number||Multiple %||Multiple Number|
|Mixed White/Black African||13.9||61||39.4||173||25.3||111||16.4||72||5.0||22|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||14.5||166||44.7||513||22.8||262||14.5||166||3.5||40|
|White Gypsy/Traveller||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||48.0||47||19.4||19||16.3||16||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality|
|Arab||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||48.8||202||23.9||99||15.0||62||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality|
6. By ethnicity (income spent on rent)
|Mixed White/Black African||39||38||37|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||40||39||39|
7. By ethnicity (length of new fixed-term tenancies)
|2 years or less||3 to 5 years||6 to 9 years||10 or more years|
|Ethnicity||2 years or less %||2 years or less Number||3 to 5 years %||3 to 5 years Number||6 to 9 years %||6 to 9 years Number||10 or more years %||10 or more years Number|
|Mixed White/Black African||24.7||81||65.9||216||7.9||26||1.5||5|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||23.4||223||66.8||636||8.3||79||1.5||14|
|Any other||18.8||56||71.8||214||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality|
8. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government
Purpose of data source
The aim of Continuous Recording of Lettings and Sales in Social Housing in England (CORE) is to provide information about new social housing lettings, sales, tenants and buyers across England.
This information is used by government bodies and organisations to inform social housing funding, regulatory and housing policy decisions.
9. Download the data
This file contains the following variables: Measure Time Time_type Ethnicity Ethnicity_type Income Geography_code Geography_name Geography_type Age Value Numerator Population estimate
This file contains the following variables: Measure Time Time_type Ethnicity Ethnicity_type Source of Referral Value Numerator
This file contains the following variables: Measure Time Time_type Ethnicity Ethnicity_type Reasonable Preference Value Numerator
This file contains the following variables: Measure Time Time_type Geography_code Geography_name Geography_type Ethnicity Ethnicity_type Value
This file contains the following variables: Measure Time Time_type Ethnicity Ethnicity_type Tenancy Length Value Numerator