Length of fixed-term tenancies in social housing
1. Main facts and figures
- in 2017/18, there were 53,827 new social housing lettings with a fixed period tenancy length where the ethnicity of the household was known
- for all ethnic groups, the most common length of new fixed-term tenancies was 3 to 5 years – overall, the percentage of fixed tenancies of 3 to 5 years has risen from 54.9% to 65.4% since 2015/16
- Bangladeshi households were most likely out of all ethnic groups to have a new fixed period tenancy of 3 to 5 years, and least likely to have one longer than 5 years – this has remained the same since 2015/16
- between 2015/16 and 2017/18, there was an increase in shorter fixed-term tenancies for most ethnic groups
- overall, 22.1% of fixed-term tenancies were for 2 years or less, 65.4% were for 3 to 5 years, 10.6% were for 6 to 9 years, and 1.9% were for 10 or more years
The ethnic categories used in this data
This data uses the standardised ethnic groups based on the 2011 Census.
- English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British
- Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller
- Any other White background
Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:
- White and Black Caribbean
- White and Black African
- White and Asian
- Any other Mixed/Multiple ethnic background
- Any other Asian background
- Black African
- Black Caribbean
- Any other Black background
Other ethnic group:
- Any other ethnic group
2. By ethnicity
|2 years or less||3 to 5 years||6 to 9 years||10 or more years|
|Ethnicity||2 years or less %||2 years or less Number||3 to 5 years %||3 to 5 years Number||6 to 9 years %||6 to 9 years Number||10 or more years %||10 or more years Number|
|Mixed White/Black African||24.7||81||65.9||216||7.9||26||1.5||5|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||23.4||223||66.8||636||8.3||79||1.5||14|
|Any other||18.8||56||71.8||214||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality|
3. By ethnicity over time
|2 years or less||3 to 5 years||6 to 9 years||10 or more years|
|Ethnicity||2 years or less 2015/16 %||2 years or less 2016/17 %||2 years or less 2017/18 %||3 to 5 years 2015/16 %||3 to 5 years 2016/17 %||3 to 5 years 2017/18 %||6 to 9 years 2015/16 %||6 to 9 years 2016/17 %||6 to 9 years 2017/18 %||10 or more years 2015/16 %||10 or more years 2016/17 %||10 or more years 2017/18 %|
|Indian||23.3||22.0||30.3||57.1||65.6||57.1||17.6||12.1||11.3||2.0||withheld to protect confidentiality||1.3|
|Pakistani||23.4||20.7||25.4||59.1||69.9||62.4||15.3||9.1||11.8||2.2||withheld to protect confidentiality||0.4|
|Mixed White/Black African||22.6||19.2||24.7||55.0||67.3||65.9||18.4||11.5||7.9||4.0||2.0||1.5|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||27.1||28.6||23.4||54.1||62.9||66.8||17.3||7.8||8.3||1.4||0.8||1.5|
|White Irish||28.5||25.4||30.5||52.2||63.8||60.6||17.0||10.5||7.6||2.4||withheld to protect confidentiality||1.2|
|White Gypsy/Traveller||17.9||21.7||23.7||51.3||62.7||67.1||30.8||14.4||9.2||0.0||withheld to protect confidentiality||0.0|
|Any other||23.6||24.6||18.8||58.0||65.7||71.8||17.1||8.5||withheld to protect confidentiality||1.4||1.2||withheld to protect confidentiality|
The 3 main types of housing tenure in England are:
- owner occupiers
- private renters
- social renters
This data refers to new lettings to social renters only. The data is based on the data collected from providers via the on-line Continuous Recording of Lettings and Sales in Social Housing in England (CORE) system. CORE was first set up in 1989 and initially only required private registered providers (PRPs) to submit social housing lettings and sales information to support the government’s regulatory function. CORE’s remit expanded in 2004 to include local authority information.
Some questions on the CORE questionnaire are not compulsory. In particular, data on household characteristics (age, sex, economic status, ethnicity and nationality) may not be available to the housing officer or may be refused by the tenant.
The totals for new lettings used in this data differ from other published totals for new lettings, as they exclude lettings where ethnicity was refused.
Information on lettings of social housing in England is provided by local authorities and private registered providers (previously known as housing associations). Information about the tenancy, the tenants and the property is collected by data providers each time there is a new letting of a social housing property.
Weighting is used to adjust the results of a survey to make them representative of the population and improve their accuracy.
For example, a survey which contains 25% females and 75% males will not accurately reflect the views of the general population which we know is around 50% male and 50% female.
Data here has been weighted at the national level, but not at the regional or local authority area level. Weights are calculated for groups of similar local authorities, where these groups are defined by the Office of National Statistics UK area classifications, and they are based on the comparison with data from another Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government source on social housing data (Local Authority Housing Statistics).
For further information on weighting, see the Quality Report (PDF).
Suppression rules and disclosure control
Data has been suppressed if the number of new lettings in a category (for example ethnicity and income bracket) is either 1 or 2. This is mainly to avoid possible risk of disclosure and is consistent with confidentiality and disclosure practices for the Continuous Recording (CORE) system.
The CORE system records information anonymously and maintains absolute confidentiality on tenants’ circumstances. Access to record-level information is only available through a licence agreement.
Percentages have been rounded to 1 decimal place. Due to rounding, some totals may not add up to 100%.
5. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government
Purpose of data source
The aim of Continuous Recording of Lettings and Sales in Social Housing in England (CORE) is to provide information about new social housing lettings, sales, tenants and buyers across England.
This information is used by government bodies and organisations to inform social housing funding, regulatory and housing policy decisions.
6. Download the data
This files contains the following: Measure, Time, Time_type, Ethnicity, Ethnicity_type, Tenancy Length, Value, Numerator