Routes into social housing
Last updated 14 May 2019 - see all updates
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1. Main facts and figures
- in 2016/17, there were 318,150 new social housing lettings where the ethnicity of the main tenant was known
- the most likely route for getting into social housing for all ethnic groups was the tenant applying directly – overall, 45.5% of households got into social housing this way
- the second most likely route for all ethnic groups was being nominated by a local housing authority, with 24.9% of households getting into social housing this way
The ethnic categories used in this data
This data uses the standardised ethnic groups based on the 2011 Census.
- English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British
- Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller
- Any other White background
Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:
- White and Black Caribbean
- White and Black African
- White and Asian
- Any other Mixed/Multiple ethnic background
- Any other Asian background
- Any other Black/African/Caribbean background
Other ethnic group:
- Any other ethnic group
2. By ethnicity
|Ethnicity||Internal transfer||Tenant applied direct||Nominated by local housing authority||Referred by local authority housing department||Voluntary agency||Social services||Other social landlord||Police, probation, prison||Other|
|Mixed White/Black African||12.1||41.9||24.6||5.7||2.4||3.3||0.4||0.5||9.0|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||10.7||36.6||26.0||7.8||3.2||3.4||0.9||1.8||9.6|
Summary of Routes into social housing By ethnicity Summary
The three main types of housing tenure in England are:
- owner occupiers
- private renters
- social renters
This data refers to new lettings to social renters only. The data is based on the data collected from providers via the on-line Continuous Recording of Lettings and Sales in Social Housing in England (CORE) system. CORE was first set up in 1989 and initially only required private registered providers (PRPs) to submit social housing lettings and sales information to support the government’s regulatory function. CORE’s remit expanded in 2004 to include local authority information.
Some questions on the CORE questionnaire are not compulsory. In particular, data on household characteristics (age, sex, economic status, ethnicity and nationality) may not be available to the housing officer or may be refused by the tenant.
The totals for new lettings used in this data differs from other published totals for new lettings, as this data does not use estimated data for ethnicity and excludes those where ethnicity was refused.
Information on lettings of social housing in England is provided by local authorities and private registered providers (previously known as housing associations). Information about the tenancy, the tenants and the property is collected by data providers each time there is a new letting of a social housing property.
Weighting is used to adjust the results of a survey to make them representative of the population and improve their accuracy.
For example, a survey which contains 25% females and 75% males will not accurately reflect the views of the general population which we know is around 50% male and 50% female.
Data here has been weighted at the national level, but not at the regional or local authority area level. Weights are calculated for groups of similar local authorities, where these groups are defined by the Office of National Statistics UK area classifications, and they are based on the comparison with data from another Department for Communities and Local Government source on social housing data (Local Authority Housing Statistics).
For further information on weighting, see the Quality Report (PDF opens in a new window or tab) (PDF).
Suppression rules and disclosure control
Values of 1 or 2 have been suppressed, mainly to avoid possible risk of disclosure. This is consistent with the way the confidentiality of data within the Continuous Recording (CORE) system is maintained.
The CORE system records information anonymously and maintains absolute confidentiality on tenants’ circumstances. Access to record-level information is only available through a licence agreement.
Further information on CORE disclosure practices can be found on the CORE website (PDF opens in a new window or tab) (PDF).
Percentages have been rounded to 1 decimal place. Due to rounding, some totals may not add up to 100%.
4. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government
Purpose of data source
The aim of Continuous Recording of Lettings and Sales in Social Housing in England (CORE) is to provide information about new social housing lettings, sales, tenants and buyers across England.
This information is used by government bodies and organisations to inform social housing funding, regulatory and housing policy decisions.
5. Download the data
This files contains the following: Measure, Time, Time_type, Ethnicity, Ethnicity_type, Source of Referral, Value, Numerator