Time spent living in current home

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Last updated 23 February 2018 - see all updates

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1. Main facts and figures

  • over the period studied, White British households had lived in their current home for 15 years on average – this was longer than for almost all other ethnic groups

  • in the same period, across all socio-economic groups, income bands, regions in England and types of occupancy, White British households had lived in their current home for longer than any other ethnic group

Things you need to know

Compared with White British households, ethnic minority households tend to:

  • be younger
  • have lived in England for a shorter time
  • be located in urban areas
  • live in larger households
  • live in rented accommodation

To ensure that there is a large enough number of ethnic minority households to produce reliable findings, the data is drawn from the English Housing Survey (EHS) 2014/15 and 2015/16.

Information about households available from the EHS Headline and Annual Reports is normally based on a 12-month period (April to March) of the survey. Because of this some of the statistics cited here may not match those in the Headline and Annual Reports.

The commentary only includes findings based on subgroups of at least 30 households to ensure that we report reliable findings.

The number of people from Gypsy, Traveller and Irish Traveller households is very small. To avoid disclosing personal information about individuals in those groups, information about them is not presented in some of the tables or charts.

The EHS is a ‘sample survey’: it collects information from a random sample of the population to make generalisations (reach 'findings’) about the total population.

For example, EHS findings might include the percentage of households who get help from their family to buy their own home.

The commentary for this data only includes reliable, or ‘statistically significant’, findings.

Findings are statistically significant when we can be confident that they are reflective of the total population rather than just the survey sample.

What the data measures

This data measures the average (mean) length of time, in years and months, that people in England have lived in their current home.

The data is broken down by ethnicity and:

  • whether they own their home, rent privately or rent through social housing
  • the type of occupation they have
  • their level of income
  • which region of England they live in

The figures are drawn from the 2014/15 and 2015/16 English Housing Survey (EHS). The survey involves face-to-face interviews with about 13,300 randomly selected households every year.

These are used to make estimates for the 22.6 million households in England as a whole.

The EHS is a national survey of people's housing circumstances and the condition and energy efficiency of homes in England.

The information relates to households. A household is one person or a group of people (not necessarily related) who have the accommodation as their only or main residence. If they are a group they also must share cooking facilities and a living room, sitting room, or dining area.

The EHS has ethnicity information on the household reference person as well as all other members of the household. The household reference person is the person in whose name the dwelling is owned or rented or who is otherwise responsible for the accommodation.

Some households contain people from different ethnic backgrounds; in these circumstances, we have used the ethnic background of the household reference person to define the ethnic background of the household.

Nearly all the household reference persons – more than 99.8% interviewed – provided information on their ethnicity.

The data is shown for the 9 regions of England: North East, North West, Yorkshire and the Humber, East Midlands, West Midlands, East, London, South East and the South West.

The ethnic categories used in this data

For comparisons made at national level, this data uses the standardised ethnic groups based on the 2011 Census.

White:

  • English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British
  • Irish
  • Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller
  • Any other White background

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Any other Mixed/Multiple ethnic background

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Chinese
  • Any other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • African
  • Caribbean
  • Any other Black/African/Caribbean background

Other ethnic group:

  • Arab
  • Any other ethnic group

For data analysed both by ethnicity and by socio-economic group, income, region and type of occupancy, the following 2 ethnic groups have been used:

  • White British
  • Other – all other ethnic groups (including White ethnic minorities and all other ethnic minorities)

This is because the number of people that were surveyed to generate estimates for the population as a whole becomes too small to be reliable when broken down both by ethnicity (in either detailed or broad categories) and by another factor like socio-economic group or income.

Data is therefore grouped to a size where estimates become reliable. In this case, information broken down by ethnicity and another factor compares White British with Other.

2. Time spent living in current home by ethnicity

Average time (in years and months) spent living in current home by ethnicity
Ethnicity Time in current home
Asian
Bangladeshi 9 years 1 months
Chinese 6 years 0 months
Indian 11 years 1 months
Pakistani 10 years 8 months
Asian other 8 years 1 months
Black
Black African 6 years 5 months
Black Caribbean 14 years 4 months
Black other 8 years 10 months
Mixed
Mixed White/Asian 9 years 8 months
Mixed White/Black African 6 years 2 months
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 8 years 2 months
Mixed other 6 years 2 months
White
White British 15 years 1 months
White Irish 15 years 10 months
White Gypsy/Traveller withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable
White other 5 years 9 months
Other
Arab 5 years 9 months
Any other 7 years 1 months

Download table data for ‘Time spent living in current home by ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Time spent living in current home by ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Time spent living in current home Time spent living in current home by ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • over the period studied, White British households had lived in their current home for 15 years on average – this was longer than for almost all other ethnic groups

  • White Irish households had lived in their current home for longer than White British households – however, the number of households surveyed was too small to draw firm conclusions

  • Black Caribbean households had lived in their current home for a shorter time than White British households – however, the number of households surveyed was too small to draw firm conclusions

3. Time spent living in current home by ethnicity and socio-economic group

Average time (in years and months) spent living in current home by ethnicity and socio-economic group
Ethnicity Higher managerial, administrative and professional occupations Intermediate occupations Routine and manual occupations
White British 13 years 6 months 16 years 0 months 16 years 2 months
All other ethnic groups 7 years 9 months 9 years 4 months 9 years 0 months

Download table data for ‘Time spent living in current home by ethnicity and socio-economic group’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Time spent living in current home by ethnicity and socio-economic group’ (CSV)

Summary of Time spent living in current home Time spent living in current home by ethnicity and socio-economic group Summary

This data shows that:

  • over the period studied, across all socio-economic groups, White British households had lived in their current home for longer than ethnic minority households

4. Time spent living in current home by ethnicity and income

Average time (in years and months) spent living in current home by ethnicity and weekly income
Weekly income White British All other ethnic groups
Time Time
Up to £99 8 years 2 months 4 years 11 months
£100 to £199 16 years 1 months 9 years 2 months
£200 to £299 19 years 3 months 10 years 6 months
£300 to £399 17 years 4 months 8 years 5 months
£400 to £499 16 years 7 months 9 years 3 months
£500 to £599 15 years 2 months 7 years 6 months
£600 to £699 15 years 2 months 8 years 5 months
£700 to £799 14 years 3 months 7 years 9 months
£800 to £899 13 years 4 months 8 years 0 months
£900 to £999 13 years 7 months 8 years 1 months
£1000 and above 12 years 1 months 8 years 7 months

Download table data for ‘Time spent living in current home by ethnicity and income’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Time spent living in current home by ethnicity and income’ (CSV)

Summary of Time spent living in current home Time spent living in current home by ethnicity and income Summary

This data shows that:

  • over the period studied, across all income groups, White British households had lived in their current home for longer than ethnic minority households

5. Time spent living in current home by ethnicity and area

Average time (in years and months) spent living in current home by ethnicity and area
Region White British All other ethnic groups
Time Time
North East 15 years 6 months 7 years 5 months
North West 15 years 8 months 9 years 3 months
Yorkshire and the Humber 14 years 9 months 8 years 6 months
East Midlands 14 years 10 months 8 years 7 months
West Midlands 16 years 11 months 9 years 8 months
East 15 years 2 months 7 years 4 months
London 15 years 3 months 9 years 2 months
South East 14 years 0 months 7 years 3 months
South West 14 years 4 months 6 years 4 months

Download table data for ‘Time spent living in current home by ethnicity and area’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Time spent living in current home by ethnicity and area’ (CSV)

Summary of Time spent living in current home Time spent living in current home by ethnicity and area Summary

This data shows that:

  • over the period studied, in all regions of England, White British households had lived in their current home for longer than ethnic minority households

6. Time spent living in current home by ethnicity and type of occupancy

Average time (in years and months) spent living in current home by ethnicity and type of occupancy
Ethnicity Owner occupiers Social rented housing Private rented housing
White British 18 years and 2 months 12 years and 2 months 4 years and 10 months
All other ethnic groups 13 years and 8 months 8 years and 10 months 2 years and 8 months

Download table data for ‘Time spent living in current home by ethnicity and type of occupancy’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Time spent living in current home by ethnicity and type of occupancy’ (CSV)

Summary of Time spent living in current home Time spent living in current home by ethnicity and type of occupancy Summary

This data shows that:

  • over the period studied, across all types of occupancy, White British households had lived in their current home for longer than ethnic minority households

7. Methodology

The EHS consists of:

  • face-to-face interviews with a random sample of about 13,300 households a year
  • a physical inspection of the homes of about 6,000 of the interviewed households – these are selected at random and carried out by a surveyor

The surveyor also inspects a random sample of about 200 properties identified by the interviewer as vacant.

Weighting:

Weighting is used to adjust the results of a survey to make them representative of the population.

For example, a survey which contains 25% females and 75% males will not accurately reflect the views of the general population, which we know is around 50% male and 50% female.

Statisticians rebalance or ‘weight’ the survey results to more accurately represent the general population. This helps to make them more reliable.

Survey weights are usually applied to make sure the survey sample has broadly the same gender, age, ethnic and geographic make up as the general population.

In the EHS, weighting makes the results more representative of the 22.6 million households in England.

Suppression rules and disclosure control

Estimates based on less than 30 households have not been included in these statistics, because small numbers of households make it impossible to draw meaningful conclusions. The analysis has been done by binary classification only where broken down by socio-economic group, income, region or age. This prevents small numbers appearing in the table and avoids the potential for identification of individuals.

More detailed data, including some potentially disclosive data, is protected by a range of disclosure controls. See the guidance on English Housing Survey: datasets for information accessing this data.

Rounding

Estimates in the charts are rounded to the nearest year. Estimates in the tables are given to the nearest year and month.

Quality and methodology information

8. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Survey data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government

Note on corrections or updates

Information published in the EHS headline report and other annual reports is usually based on a 12-month period, rather than the 2 years’ combined data used here. As a result, the statistics shown here may not match those in the EHS reports.

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

The English Housing Survey is a continuous national survey commissioned by the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government. It collects information about people’s housing circumstances and the condition and energy efficiency of housing in England.

9. Download the data

Average time spent living in current home - Spreadsheet (csv) 13 KB

This file contains: ethnicity, period, NS-SEC, income band, region, tenure, standard deviation, sample size