1. Main facts and figures

  • in 2015 to 2017, White British households had lived in their current home for 15 years on average – this was longer than for almost all other ethnic groups
  • in the same period, across all socio-economic groups, income bands, regions in England and types of occupancy, White British households had lived in their current home for longer than all other ethnic groups combined
Things you need to know

Compared with White British households, ethnic minority households tend to:

To ensure that there is a large enough number of ethnic minority households to produce reliable findings, the data is drawn from the English Housing Survey (EHS) for 2 years combined: 2015/16 and 2016/17.

You should avoid comparing these findings with those from last year. This is because last year’s findings were based on EHS data from 2014/15 and 2015/16, so the source for last year’s and this year’s findings overlap.

Information published in the EHS headline report and other annual reports is usually based on a 12-month period, rather than the 2 years’ combined data used here. As a result, the statistics shown here may not match those in the EHS reports.

The commentary has focused on findings based on subgroups of at least 30 households to ensure that only reliable findings are reported.

The number of Gypsy or Irish Traveller households in the data is very small. To avoid disclosing personal information about individuals in those groups, information about them is not presented in some of the tables and charts.

The English Housing Survey (EHS) is a ‘sample survey’: it collects information from a random sample of the population to make generalisations (reach 'findings’) about the total population.

The commentary for this data only includes reliable, or ‘statistically significant’, findings.

Findings are statistically significant when we can be confident that they can be repeated, and are reflective of the total population rather than just the survey sample.

Specifically, the statistical tests used mean we can be confident that if we carried out the same survey on different random samples of the population, 19 times out of 20 we would get similar findings.

What the data measures

This data measures the average (mean) length of time, in years and months, that people in England have lived in their current home. The data is broken down by ethnicity, socioeconomic group, income, area, and type of occupancy (whether they own or rent their home).

The figures are drawn from the 2015/16 and 2016/17 English Housing Survey (EHS). The survey involves face-to-face interviews with about 13,300 randomly-selected households every year.

These are used to make estimates for the 23 million households in England as a whole.

The EHS is a national survey of people's housing circumstances and the condition and energy efficiency of homes.

The information relates to households. A household is one person or a group of people (not necessarily related) who have the accommodation as their only or main residence. If it is a group, they must share cooking facilities and also share a living room, sitting room or dining area.

Some households contain people from different ethnic backgrounds. In these circumstances, the ethnic background of the ‘household reference person’ (usually the person in whose name the home is owned) is used to define the ethnic background of the household.

Nearly all the household reference persons – more than 99.8% interviewed – gave information on their ethnicity.

Data is shown for the following 9 regions:

  • North East
  • North West
  • Yorkshire and the Humber
  • East Midlands
  • West Midlands
  • East of England
  • London
  • South East
  • South West
The ethnic categories used in this data

For comparisons made at national level, this data uses the following 18 ethnic groups based on the 2011 Census.

White:

  • English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British
  • Irish
  • Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller
  • Any other White background

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Any other Mixed/Multiple ethnic background

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Chinese
  • Any other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • African
  • Caribbean
  • Any other Black/African/Caribbean background

Other ethnic group:

  • Arab
  • Any other ethnic group

For data analysed both by ethnicity and by socio-economic group, income, area and type of occupancy, the following 2 ethnic categories have been used:

  • White British
  • Other – all other ethnic groups (including White ethnic minorities and all other ethnic minorities)

This is because the number of people surveyed becomes too small to be reliable when broken down by both ethnicity and another factor like socio-economic group or income. Data is therefore grouped to a size where estimates become reliable.

2. By ethnicity

Average time (in years and months) spent living in current home by ethnicity
Ethnicity Time in current home
Asian
Bangladeshi 9 years 1 month
Chinese 5 years 3 months
Indian 11 years 3 months
Pakistani 10 years
Asian other 7 years 6 months
Black
Black African 6 years 11 months
Black Caribbean 14 years 7 months
Black other 8 years 5 months
Mixed
Mixed White/Asian 9 years 2 months
Mixed White/Black African 6 years 11 months
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 8 years 11 months
Mixed other 8 years 6 months
White
White British 15 years 1 month
White Irish 15 years 5 months
White Gypsy/Traveller withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable
White other 5 years 4 months
Other
Arab 5 years 10 months
Any other 6 years 11 months

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • in 2015 to 2017, White British households had lived in their current home for 15 years on average – this was longer than for almost all other ethnic groups
  • on average, White Irish, and Black Caribbean households had lived in their current home for around the same length of time as White British households

3. By ethnicity and socio-economic group

Average time (in years and months) spent living in current home by ethnicity and socio-economic group
Ethnicity Higher managerial, administrative and professional occupations Intermediate occupations Routine and manual occupations
White British 13 years 6 months 15 years 11 months 16 years 0 months
Other than White British 7 years 5 months 9 years 6 months 8 years 5 months

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • across all socio-economic groups, White British households had lived in their current home for longer than households from all other ethnic groups combined

4. By ethnicity and income

Average time (in years and months) spent living in current home by ethnicity and weekly income
Weekly income White British Other than White British
Time Time
Up to £99 9 years 5 months 6 years 5 months
£100 to £199 17 years 5 months 10 years
£200 to £299 18 years 11 months 9 years 11 months
£300 to £399 17 years 1 month 8 years 11 months
£400 to £499 16 years 8 years 6 months
£500 to £599 15 years 5 months 7 years 6 months
£600 to £699 15 years 4 months 8 years
£700 to £799 14 years 3 months 7 years 8 months
£800 to £899 13 years 8 months 7 years 9 months
£900 to £999 13 years 1 month 8 years 8 months
£1000 and above 12 years 4 months 7 years 10 months

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • across all income groups, White British households had lived in their current home for longer than households from all other ethnic groups combined

5. By ethnicity and area

Average time (in years and months) spent living in current home by ethnicity and area
Region White British Other than White British
Time Time
North East 15 years 10 months 8 years 11 months
North West 15 years 8 months 8 years 8 months
Yorkshire and the Humber 14 years 10 months 8 years 10 months
East Midlands 14 years 7 months 8 years
West Midlands 16 years 9 months 9 years 5 months
East 15 years 7 years 9 months
London 15 years 10 months 8 years 8 months
South East 14 years 7 years 4 months
South West 14 years 2 months 6 years 1 month

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • across all regions in England, White British households had lived in their current home for longer than households from all other ethnic groups combined

6. By ethnicity and type of occupancy (renting or owning)

Average time (in years and months) spent living in current home by ethnicity and type of occupancy
Ethnicity Owner occupiers Social rented housing Private rented housing
White British 18 years 2 months 12 years 2 months 4 years 9 months
Other than White British 13 years 7 months 8 years 9 months 2 years 10 months

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • White British households had lived in their current home for longer than households from all other ethnic groups combined, regardless of whether they owned or rented their home

7. Methodology

The English Housing Survey involves face-to-face interviews with a random sample of about 13,300 households a year.

The dwellings of about 6,000 of the interviewed households are randomly selected to take part in the physical survey element carried out by a qualified surveyor. In addition, a random sample of around 200 of the dwellings identified by the interviewer as vacant are also included in the physical survey element.

Weighting:

Weights are applied to the sample to produce estimates for the 23 million households in England as a whole.

Suppression rules and disclosure control

Estimates based on fewer than 30 households have not been included in these statistics, because small numbers of households make it impossible to draw meaningful conclusions. The analysis has been done using 2 broad ethnic groups only where broken down by socio-economic group, income, region or age. This prevents small numbers appearing in the table and avoids the potential for identification of individuals.

More detailed data, including some potentially disclosive data, is protected by a range of disclosure controls. See the guidance on English Housing Survey datasets for information accessing this data.

Rounding

Percentages shown in the charts and tables are rounded to the nearest whole number. Download the data to see figures rounded to 1 decimal place.

Figures for the numerator and denominator are weighted and rounded to the nearest whole number in the download files. Therefore, calculations of the percentages using these values may differ to the percentage figures shown on this page, which have been calculated using unrounded figures.

Related publications

English Housing Survey information and publications.

Quality and methodology information

8. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Survey data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

The English Housing Survey (EHS) is a continuous national survey commissioned by the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG). It collects information about people’s housing circumstances and the condition and energy efficiency of housing in England.

9. Download the data

Average time spent living in current home - Spreadsheet (csv) 13 KB

This file contains: time, time type, NS-SEC (socio-economic group), income band, region, tenure, value, sample size