Renting from a private landlord

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Last updated 23 February 2018 - see all updates

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1. Main facts and figures

  • 4.4 million (20%) of the estimated 22.6 million households in England rented their home from a private landlord in the time period studied

  • White British households were less likely to rent their home from a private landlord than those from most other ethnic groups

  • across all socio-economic groups, all regions in England, all age groups and most income bands, White British households were less likely to rent from a private landlord than those from other ethnic groups

Things you need to know

Compared with White British households, ethnic minority households tend to:

  • be younger
  • have lived in England for a shorter time
  • be located in urban areas
  • live in larger households
  • live in rented accommodation

To ensure that there is a large enough number of ethnic minority households to produce reliable findings, the data is drawn from the English Housing Survey (EHS) 2014/15 and 2015/16.

Information about households available from the EHS Headline and Annual Reports is normally based on a 12-month period (April to March) of the survey. Because of this some of the statistics cited here may not match those in the Headline and Annual Reports.

The commentary only includes findings based on subgroups of at least 30 households to ensure that we report reliable findings.

The number of people interviewed from Gypsy and Irish Traveller households is very small. To avoid disclosing personal information about individuals in those groups, information about them is not presented in some of the tables or charts.

The EHS is a ‘sample survey’: it collects information from a random sample of the population to make generalisations (reach 'findings’) about the total population.

For example, EHS findings might include the percentage of households who get help from their family to buy their own home.

The commentary for this data only includes reliable, or ‘statistically significant’, findings.

Findings are statistically significant when we can be confident that they are reflective of the total population rather than just the survey sample.

What the data measures

This data measures how likely people from different ethnic groups are to rent their home from a private landlord.

Privately rented housing covers property which is not rented from local authorities (including Arms’ Length Management Organisations and housing action trusts), housing associations, local housing companies, co-operatives and charitable trusts.

The private rented sector also includes accommodation that is tied to a job or made available rent-free.

The figures are drawn from the 2014/15 and 2015/16 English Housing Survey (EHS). The survey involves face-to-face interviews with about 13,300 randomly selected households every year.

These are used to make estimates for the 22.6 million households in England as a whole.

The EHS is a national survey of people's housing circumstances and the condition and energy efficiency of homes in England.

The information relates to households. A household is one person or a group of people (not necessarily related) who have the accommodation as their only or main residence. If they are a group they also must share cooking facilities and a living room, sitting room, or dining area.

The EHS has ethnicity information on the household reference person as well as all other members of the household. The household reference person is the person in whose name the dwelling is owned or rented or who is otherwise responsible for the accommodation.

Some households contain people from different ethnic backgrounds; in these circumstances, we have used the ethnic background of the household reference person to define the ethnic background of the household.

Nearly all the household reference persons – more than 99.8% interviewed – provided information on their ethnicity.

The data is shown for the 9 regions of England: North East, North West, Yorkshire and the Humber, East Midlands, West Midlands, East, London, South East and the South West.

The ethnic categories used in this data

For comparisons made at national level, this data uses the standardised ethnic groups based on the 2011 Census.

White:

  • English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British
  • Irish
  • Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller
  • Any other White background

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Any other Mixed/Multiple ethnic background

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Chinese
  • Any other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • African
  • Caribbean
  • Any other Black/African/Caribbean background

Other ethnic group:

  • Arab
  • Any other ethnic group

For data analysed both by ethnicity and by socio-economic group, income, region and age the following 2 ethnic groups have been used:

  • White British
  • Other – all other ethnic groups (including White ethnic minorities and all other ethnic minorities)

This is because the number of people that were surveyed to generate estimates for the population as a whole becomes too small to be reliable when broken down both by ethnicity (in either detailed or broad categories) and by another factor like socio-economic group or income.

Data is therefore grouped to a size where estimates become reliable. In this case, information broken down by ethnicity and another factor compares White British with Other.

2. Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity

Percentage and number of households privately renting their home by ethnicity
Ethnicity % Private renters All households
Asian
Bangladeshi 19 19,000 98,000
Chinese 53 68,000 129,000
Indian 25 125,000 504,000
Pakistani 26 86,000 333,000
Asian other 44 95,000 218,000
Black
Black African 31 114,000 368,000
Black Caribbean 17 48,000 289,000
Black other 18 7,000 38,000
Mixed
Mixed White/Asian 14 9,000 66,000
Mixed White/Black African 41 33,000 80,000
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 36 36,000 99,000
Mixed other 31 10,000 32,000
White
White British 16 2,995,000 18,808,000
White Irish 16 30,000 184,000
White Gypsy/Traveller withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable
White other 55 594,000 1,078,000
Other
Arab 48 30,000 63,000
Any other 44 100,000 227,000

Download table data for ‘Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Renting from a private landlord Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • 16% of White British households rented their home from a private landlord

  • households from the Other White, Chinese and Arab ethnic groups had the highest rates of renting their home from a private landlord, at 55%, 53%, and 48% respectively

  • although the chart and table show households from the Other Mixed ethnic group have higher rates of private renting than White British households, the sample size for this group was too small to draw firm conclusions

  • similarly, although the chart and table show differences in the rate of private renting for Bangladeshi, Other Black, Black Caribbean, White Irish, and Mixed White and Asian households compared with White British households, the sample sizes for these groups were too small to draw firm conclusions

3. Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and socio-economic group

Percentage and number of households privately renting their home by ethnicity and socio-economic group
White British All other ethnic groups
Socio-economic group White British % White British Private renters White British All households All other ethnic groups % All other ethnic groups Private renters All other ethnic groups All households
Higher managerial, administrative and professional occupations 14 1,036,824 7,635,539 35 490,968 1,400,849
Intermediate occupations 16 624,600 3,857,408 35 243,998 702,682
Routine and manual occupations 18 1,114,270 6,260,530 39 513,697 1,311,313

Download table data for ‘Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and socio-economic group’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and socio-economic group’ (CSV)

Summary of Renting from a private landlord Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and socio-economic group Summary

This data shows that:

  • across every socio-economic group, White British households were less likely to rent their home from a private landlord than ethnic minority households

4. Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and income

Percentage and number of households privately renting their home by ethnicity and weekly income
White British All other ethnic groups
[None] White British % White British Private renters White British All households All other ethnic groups % All other ethnic groups Private renters All other ethnic groups All households
Up to £99 33 59,711 183,039 36 23,448 64,744
£100 to £199 18 294,709 1,623,813 39 123,561 319,019
£200 to £299 18 413,386 2,290,104 28 108,725 382,066
£300 to £399 19 395,618 2,121,559 44 216,102 490,875
£400 to £499 19 339,283 1,793,046 38 150,078 399,204
£500 to £599 19 315,439 1,641,076 46 156,464 343,358
£600 to £699 16 251,076 1,521,753 39 122,579 312,920
£700 to £799 16 193,288 1,234,900 42 110,892 266,681
£800 to £899 13 147,330 1,099,098 37 77,255 209,729
£900 to £999 13 111,590 875,735 35 65,557 188,360
£1000 and above 11 474,060 4,424,028 30 248,789 831,408

Download table data for ‘Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and income’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and income’ (CSV)

Summary of Renting from a private landlord Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and income Summary

This data shows that:

  • in all income bands except the lowest (up to £99 a week), White British households were less likely to rent from a private landlord than ethnic minority households

  • although the chart and table show differences in the rates of private renting for those earning less than £99 a week, the sample sizes for these groups were too small to draw firm conclusions

5. Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and area

Percentage and number of households privately renting their own home by ethnicity and area
White British All other ethnic groups
Region White British % White British Private renters White British All households All other ethnic groups % All other ethnic groups Private renters All other ethnic groups All households
North East 15 166,112 1,082,079 33 20,254 60,660
North West 16 448,408 2,726,087 29 96,736 332,876
Yorkshire and the Humber 18 358,938 1,993,215 33 83,830 251,038
East Midlands 15 263,127 1,716,315 35 77,504 223,700
West Midlands 14 283,525 1,973,387 29 102,212 355,356
East 15 316,312 2,179,257 39 124,001 316,271
London 19 326,889 1,721,643 37 599,610 1,615,633
South East 15 470,422 3,196,339 46 228,055 492,775
South West 16 361,757 2,220,374 45 71,249 160,054

Download table data for ‘Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and area’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and area’ (CSV)

Summary of Renting from a private landlord Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and area Summary

This data shows that:

  • in all regions in England, ethnic minority households were more likely to privately rent their home than White British households

6. Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and age group

Percentage of households privately renting their home by ethnicity and age group
White British All other ethnic groups
Age group White British % White British Private renters White British All households All other ethnic groups % All other ethnic groups Private renters All other ethnic groups All households
16 - 24 yrs old 64 349,592 547,604 78 163,159 209,064
25 - 34 yrs old 40 959,728 2,400,150 62 546,719 888,814
35 - 44 yrs old 21 613,464 2,909,500 37 384,650 1,043,931
45 - 54 yrs old 12 454,510 3,746,787 24 193,390 795,069
55 - 64 yrs old 9 293,670 3,240,797 17 74,074 426,164
65 yrs old or over 5 324,525 5,963,859 9 41,457 445,322

Download table data for ‘Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and age group’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and age group’ (CSV)

Summary of Renting from a private landlord Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and age group Summary

  • across all age groups, White British households were less likely to rent from a private landlord than ethnic minority households

7. Methodology

The EHS consists of:

  • face-to-face interviews with a random sample of about 13,300 households a year
  • a physical inspection of the homes of about 6,000 of the interviewed households – these are selected at random and carried out by a surveyor

The surveyor also inspects a random sample of about 200 properties identified by the interviewer as vacant.

Weighting:

Weighting is used to adjust the results of a survey to make them representative of the population.

For example, a survey which contains 25% females and 75% males will not accurately reflect the views of the general population, which we know is around 50% male and 50% female.

Statisticians rebalance or ‘weight’ the survey results to more accurately represent the general population. This helps to make them more reliable.

Survey weights are usually applied to make sure the survey sample has broadly the same gender, age, ethnic and geographic make up as the general population.

In the EHS, weighting makes the results more representative of the 22.6 million households in England.

Suppression rules and disclosure control

Estimates based on less than 30 households have not been included in these statistics, because small numbers of households make it impossible to draw meaningful conclusions. The analysis has been done by binary classification only where broken down by socio-economic group, income, region or age. This prevents small numbers appearing in the table and avoids the potential for identification of individuals.

More detailed data, including some potentially disclosive data, is protected by a range of disclosure controls. See the guidance on English Housing Survey: datasets for information accessing this data.

Rounding

Estimates in the charts and tables are given to the nearest whole number. You can get more detailed estimates to 1 decimal place if you download the data.

Quality and methodology information

8. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Survey data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government

Note on corrections or updates

Information published in the EHS headline report and other annual reports is usually based on a 12-month period, rather than the 2 years’ combined data used here. As a result, the statistics shown here may not match those in the EHS reports.

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

The English Housing Survey is a continuous national survey commissioned by the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government. It collects information about people’s housing circumstances and the condition and energy efficiency of housing in England.

9. Download the data

Renting from a private landlord - Spreadsheet (csv) 16 KB

This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, geography, age group, NS-SEC (socio-economic group), income, region, value, denominator, numerator and sample size