Renting from a private landlord

The main facts and figures show that:

  • in 2015 to 2017, 4.6 million (20%) of the estimated 23 million households in England rented their home from a private landlord
  • White British households were significantly less likely to rent their home from a private landlord than households from most other ethnic groups
  • across all socio-economic groups and all regions in England, White British households were less likely to rent from a private landlord than those from all other ethnic groups combined
  • similarly, across most income bands and most age groups, White British households were less likely to rent from a private landlord than those from all other ethnic groups combined
Things you need to know

Compared with White British households, ethnic minority households tend to:

To ensure that there is a large enough number of ethnic minority households to produce reliable findings, the data is drawn from the English Housing Survey (EHS) for 2 years combined: 2015/16 and 2016/17.

You should avoid comparing these findings with those from last year. This is because last year’s findings were based on EHS data from 2014/15 and 2015/16, so the source for last year’s and this year’s findings overlap.

Information published in the EHS headline report and other annual reports is usually based on a 12-month period, rather than the 2 years’ combined data used here. As a result, the statistics shown here may not match those in the EHS reports.

The commentary has focused on findings based on subgroups of at least 30 households to ensure that only reliable findings are reported.

The number of Gypsy or Irish Traveller households in the data is very small. To avoid disclosing personal information about individuals in those groups, information about them is not presented in some of the tables and charts.

The English Housing Survey (EHS) is a ‘sample survey’: it collects information from a random sample of the population to make generalisations (reach 'findings’) about the total population.

The commentary for this data only includes reliable, or ‘statistically significant’, findings.

Findings are statistically significant when we can be confident that they can be repeated, and are reflective of the total population rather than just the survey sample.

Specifically, the statistical tests used mean we can be confident that if we carried out the same survey on different random samples of the population, 19 times out of 20 we would get similar findings.

What the data measures

This data measures the number and percentage of households in which the people living there rent their home from a private landlord. The data is broken down by ethnicity, socioeconomic group, age group, income, and area.

Privately rented housing doesn’t include property rented from local authorities (including arm’s length management organisations and housing action trusts), housing associations, local housing companies, co-operatives and charitable trusts.

The private rented sector also includes accommodation that is connected to a job or made available rent-free.

The figures are drawn from the 2015/16 and 2016/17 English Housing Survey (EHS). The survey involves face-to-face interviews with about 13,300 randomly-selected households every year.

These are used to make estimates for the 23 million households in England as a whole.

The EHS is a national survey of people's housing circumstances and the condition and energy efficiency of homes.

The information relates to households. A household is one person or a group of people (not necessarily related) who have the accommodation as their only or main residence. If it is a group, they must share cooking facilities and also share a living room, sitting room or dining area.

Some households contain people from different ethnic backgrounds. In these circumstances, the ethnic background of the ‘household reference person’ (usually the person in whose name the home is owned) is used to define the ethnic background of the household.

Nearly all the household reference persons – more than 99.8% interviewed – gave information on their ethnicity.

Data is shown for the following 9 regions:

  • North East
  • North West
  • Yorkshire and the Humber
  • East Midlands
  • West Midlands
  • East of England
  • London
  • South East
  • South West
The ethnic categories used in this data

For comparisons made at national level, this data uses the following 18 ethnic groups based on the 2011 Census.

White:

  • English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British
  • Irish
  • Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller
  • Any other White background

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Any other Mixed/Multiple ethnic background

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Chinese
  • Any other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • African
  • Caribbean
  • Any other Black/African/Caribbean background

Other ethnic group:

  • Arab
  • Any other ethnic group

For data analysed both by ethnicity and by socio-economic group, income, area and age, the following 2 ethnic categories have been used:

  • White British
  • Other – all other ethnic groups (including White ethnic minorities and all other ethnic minorities)

This is because the number of people surveyed becomes too small to be reliable when broken down by both ethnicity and another factor like socio-economic group or income. Data is therefore grouped to a size where estimates become reliable.

Ethnic groups and how data on ethnicity is collected

Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity

Percentage and number of households (in thousands) privately renting their home, by ethnicity

Ethnicity % Private renters ('000s) All households ('000s)
Asian
Bangladeshi 21 29 135
Chinese 53 58 110
Indian 23 120 524
Pakistani 32 116 361
Asian other 46 95 204
Black
Black African 33 132 406
Black Caribbean 18 54 298
Black other 24 7 29
Mixed
Mixed White/Asian 17 9 57
Mixed White/Black African 31 27 90
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 34 31 93
Mixed other 22 11 48
White
White British 16 3,011 18,816
White Irish 20 37 183
White Gypsy/Traveller withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable
White other 59 717 1,217
Other
Arab 39 29 74
Any other 46 119 258

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • in 2015 to 2017, 16% of White British households rented their home from a private landlord – significantly lower than most other ethnic groups
  • households from the Other White (59%), Chinese (53%), Arab (39%), Any other Asian (47%) and Any other (46%) ethnic groups had the highest percentage of those renting their home from a private landlord

Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and socio-economic group

Percentage and number of households (in thousands) privately renting their home, by ethnicity and socio-economic group

White British Other than White British
Socio-economic group % Private renters ('000s) All households ('000s) % Private renters ('000s) All households ('000s)
Higher managerial, administrative and professional occupations 14 1,112 7,758 38 586 1,531
Intermediate occupations 16 623 3,850 38 297 775
Routine and manual occupations 18 1,082 6,111 41 567 1,383

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • across every socio-economic group, White British households were less likely to rent their home from a private landlord than households from all other ethnic groups combined

Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and income

Percentage and number of households (in thousands) privately renting their home, by ethnicity and weekly income

White British Other than White British
income % Private renters ('000s) All households ('000s) % Private renters ('000s) All households ('000s)
Up to £99 31 61 195 38 20 51
£100 to £199 17 254 1,524 34 103 305
£200 to £299 18 370 2,021 33 140 425
£300 to £399 18 379 2,154 40 193 481
£400 to £499 21 365 1,768 41 155 378
£500 to £599 19 305 1,619 48 184 386
£600 to £699 16 253 1,559 42 150 354
£700 to £799 15 194 1,289 46 123 269
£800 to £899 14 161 1,113 43 106 245
£900 to £999 15 134 891 28 52 186
£1000 and above 11 515 4,562 37 355 975

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • in all income bands except the lowest (up to £99 a week), White British households were significantly less likely to rent from a private landlord than households from all other ethnic groups combined

Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and area

Percentage and number of households (in thousands) privately renting their own home, by ethnicity and area

White British Other than White British
Region % Private renters ('000s) All households ('000s) % Private renters ('000s) All households ('000s)
North East 16 169 1,086 29 18 61
North West 17 460 2,748 33 115 352
Yorkshire and the Humber 18 366 1,986 36 103 283
East Midlands 14 246 1,695 39 100 257
West Midlands 15 295 1,968 31 122 394
East 15 326 2,197 40 132 331
London 19 324 1,706 40 671 1,713
South East 14 466 3,215 47 241 516
South West 16 359 2,215 49 91 187

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • in all regions in England, White British households were less likely to rent their home from a private landlord than households from all other ethnic groups combined

Households renting from a private landlord by ethnicity and age group

Percentage of and number of households (in thousands) privately renting their home, by ethnicity and age group

White British Other than White British
Age group % Private renters ('000s) All households ('000s) % Private renters ('000s) All households ('000s)
16 - 24 62 344 555 75 147 197
25 - 34 38 901 2,359 64 628 976
35 - 44 22 626 2,786 39 461 1,174
45 - 54 13 467 3,724 28 232 829
55 - 64 9 315 3,380 20 91 444
65 or over 6 358 6,012 7 34 472

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • except for the 65 and over age group, White British households were significantly less likely to rent from a private landlord than households from all other ethnic groups combined

Methodology

Methodology

The English Housing Survey involves face-to-face interviews with a random sample of about 13,300 households a year.

The dwellings of about 6,000 of the interviewed households are randomly selected to take part in the physical survey element carried out by a qualified surveyor. In addition, a random sample of around 200 of the dwellings identified by the interviewer as vacant are also included in the physical survey element.

Weighting:

Weights are applied to the sample to produce estimates for the 23 million households in England as a whole.

Suppression rules and disclosure control

Estimates based on less than 30 households have not been included in these statistics, because small numbers of households make it impossible to draw meaningful conclusions. The analysis has been done using 2 broad ethnic groups only where broken down by socio-economic group, income, region or age. This prevents small numbers appearing in the table and avoids the potential for identification of individuals.

More detailed data, including some potentially disclosive data, is protected by a range of disclosure controls. See the guidance on English Housing Survey datasets for information accessing this data.

Rounding

Percentages shown in the charts and tables are rounded to the nearest whole number. Download the data to see figures rounded to 1 decimal place.

Figures for the numerator and denominator are weighted and rounded to the nearest whole number in the download files. Therefore, calculations of the percentages using these values may differ to the percentage figures shown on this page, which have been calculated using unrounded figures.

Related publications

English Housing Survey information and publications.

Quality and methodology information

Data sources

Source

Type of data

Survey data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

The English Housing Survey is a continuous national survey commissioned by the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG). It collects information about people’s housing circumstances and the condition and energy efficiency of housing in England.

Download the data

Renting from a private landlord - Spreadsheet (csv) 16 KB

This file contains the following: ethnicity, ethnicity type, year, geography, age group, NS-SEC (socio-economic group), income, region, value, denominator, numerator and sample size