Attainment of development goals by children aged 4 to 5 years

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Last updated 2 March 2018 - see all updates

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1. Main facts and figures

  • in 2015/16 there were 669,052 children at the end of the early years foundation stage, and ethnicity was known for 612,907 (92%) of them

  • 77% were White, 10% were Asian, 6% were Mixed, 5% were Black, 2% were from the Other ethnic group and 0.5% were Chinese

The data for expected standards in development shows that:

  • in 2015/16, two-thirds of all children achieved at least the expected standard in development

  • in the broad ethnic groups, White children and children of Mixed ethnicity were most likely to meet the expected standard

  • in the more specific ethnic groups, children of Indian and Mixed White and Asian ethnic groups were most likely to meet the expected standard

  • children of all ethnicities eligible for free school meals (FSM) were less likely to meet the expected standard than non-eligible children, except Gypsy/Roma children

Things you need to know

Local authorities in England must collect and report the results for all state-funded children at the end of the early years foundation stage (EYFS).

Results are reported for children at maintained schools (including academies) and private, voluntary and independent settings.

The data does not include children whose education is not paid for by the government.

School complete each child's early years foundation stage profile (EYFSP) during the summer term of the academic year in which the child reaches age 5, unless the child:

  • has an exemption from the Secretary of State for education
  • is continuing in EYFS provision beyond the year in which they turn 5
  • has recently arrived from abroad and so an accurate and valid assessment cannot be completed
  • has spent a lengthy period of time away from the setting, for example because of illness or medical treatment

The percentage achieving at least the expected standard in all development goals includes all children except those who are exempt.

Figures for some ethnic groups on local authority level are very small, so these should be interpreted carefully.

In the analysis ‘Attainment of development goals, by ethnicity, gender and local authority’, figures for all ethnic groups except White and Mixed are based on small numbers of pupils and are highly variable over time.

What the data measures

This data measures the percentage of children who met the expected standard in development at the end of the early years foundation stage in England. It is broken down by ethnicity.

The early years foundation stage profile (EYFSP) is an assessment by teachers of children’s development at the end of the school year in which the children turn 5.

Development is assessed against 17 measures (‘early learning goals’) in 7 areas of learning.

This data covers the academic year 2015/16 (September 2015 to July 2016).

Data was collected from about 669,000 children.

Percentages are the number of children who met the expected standard in development from a particular ethnic group out of the total number of children in that particular ethnic group (not including children who are exempt).

The ethnic categories used in this data

This data uses categories from the Department for Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 Census, with 3 exceptions:

  • Travellers of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma children have been separated into 2 categories
  • Sri Lankan has been added to the Asian/Asian British group but is not reported separately
  • Chinese children have been assigned a separate category

These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.

The categories in the school census are as follows:

White:

  • White British
  • White Irish
  • Traveller of Irish Heritage
  • Gypsy/Roma
  • Other White

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Other Mixed background

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Sri Lankan
  • Other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • Black African
  • Black Caribbean
  • Other Black background

Chinese

Other ethnic group

Information is provided for both detailed and broad ethnic groups categories where possible and when the data is available. The 6 broad categories used are:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White
  • Other ethnic group

However, local authority data is only provided for 5 broad ethnic groups. Information about the specific ethnic categories is excluded to preserve confidentiality and ensure individuals cannot be identified. Information about the Other ethnic group is not given because DfE does not publish data for this group at these levels.

The 5 broad categories are:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White

2. Attainment of development goals by ethnicity

Percentage of early years pupils who met the expected standard in development, and total number of pupils, by ethnicity
Ethnicity % All pupils
All 67 669,052
Asian 65 61,999
Bangladeshi 62 9,065
Indian 73 18,457
Pakistani 59 23,710
Asian other 65 10,767
Black 66 30,676
Black African 67 20,837
Black Caribbean 65 5,532
Black other 65 4,307
Chinese 66 2,928
Mixed 69 37,862
Mixed White/Asian 73 9,153
Mixed White/Black African 69 5,474
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 65 9,501
Mixed other 69 13,734
White 69 469,032
White British 70 422,359
White Irish 70 1,598
White Irish Traveller 36 644
White Gypsy/Roma 24 1,793
White other 59 42,638
Other 58 10,410

Download table data for ‘Attainment of development goals by ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Attainment of development goals by ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Attainment of development goals by children aged 4 to 5 years Attainment of development goals by ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • overall, 67% of children met the expected standard in development in the early years foundation stage in 2015/16

  • children from the Indian and Mixed White and Asian ethnic groups were most likely to meet the expected standard (both at 73%); those from White British (70%) and White Irish (70%) ethnic groups, Mixed White and Black African (69%), and children of other Mixed ethnicity (69%) also performed better than the national average

  • 24% of White Gypsy/Roma children met the expected standard – the lowest level of attainment

3. Attainment of development goals by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)

Percentage of early years pupils who met the expected standard in development by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)
All FSM eligible All other pupils
Ethnicity All % All Pupils FSM eligible % FSM eligible Pupils All other pupils % All other pupils Pupils
All 67 669,052 52 93,538 70 575,514
Asian 65 61,999 55 5,932 66 56,067
Bangladeshi 62 9,065 59 1,401 62 7,664
Indian 73 18,457 62 652 74 17,805
Pakistani 59 23,710 52 2,797 60 20,913
Asian other 65 10,767 54 1,082 67 9,685
Black 66 30,676 60 7,036 68 23,640
Black African 67 20,837 61 4,485 68 16,352
Black Caribbean 65 5,532 58 1,519 68 4,013
Black other 65 4,307 60 1,032 66 3,275
Chinese 66 2,928 58 256 67 2,672
Mixed 69 37,862 58 7,542 72 30,320
Mixed White/Asian 73 9,153 58 1,168 76 7,985
Mixed White/Black African 69 5,474 59 1,137 72 4,337
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 65 9,501 56 2,777 69 6,724
Mixed other 69 13,734 59 2,460 71 11,274
White 69 469,032 50 63,227 72 405,805
White British 70 422,359 50 59,641 73 362,718
White Irish 70 1,598 48 215 73 1,383
White Irish Traveller 36 644 25 277 44 367
White Gypsy/Roma 24 1,793 27 518 23 1,275
White other 59 42,638 50 2,576 60 40,062
Other
Any other 58 10,410 53 1,922 60 8,488

Download table data for ‘Attainment of development goals by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Attainment of development goals by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)’ (CSV)

Summary of Attainment of development goals by children aged 4 to 5 years Attainment of development goals by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM) Summary

In 2015/16 there were 93,538 children eligible for FSM in early years foundation stage (14% of children).

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

This data shows that:

  • overall, 52% of FSM-eligible children met the expected standard in 2015/16 compared with 70% of non-eligible children (a gap of 18 percentage points)

  • attainment was lower for FSM-eligible children than for non-eligible children in all ethnic groups except the Gypsy/Roma group

  • Traveller children of Irish heritage, at 25%, had the lowest attainment of all FSM-eligible children

  • Indian children, at 62%, had the highest attainment of all FSM-eligible children

  • 48% of White Irish children eligible for FSM met the expected standard, compared with 73% of White Irish children who were not eligible – a gap of 25 percentage points, the largest of all ethnic groups

  • 59% of Bangladeshi children eligible for FSM met the expected standard compared with 62% of Bangladeshi children who were not eligible – a gap of 3 percentage points, the smallest in all ethnic groups

  • attainment of FSM-eligible children in these groups was lower than the national average: White British (50%), Other White ethnicity (50%), White Irish (48%), Gypsy/Roma (27%) and Traveller of Irish Heritage (25%)

4. Attainment of development goals by ethnicity and area

Percentage of early years pupils who met the expected standard in development by ethnicity and local authority
Local authority All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Value Value Value Value Value Value
All- England 67 65 66 66 69 69
Barking and Dagenham 67 71 71 not collected 75 63
Barnet 68 72 59 81 73 70
Barnsley 63 33 59 not collected 61 64
Bath and North East Somerset 68 74 56 not collected 67 68
Bedford 60 52 66 60 67 62
Bexley 77 77 80 79 79 77
Birmingham 61 not collected not collected not collected not collected not collected
Blackburn with Darwen 59 60 50 36 66 59
Blackpool 63 52 not collected not collected 65 64
Bolton 61 61 47 31 69 64
Bournemouth 70 77 not collected 57 71 72
Bracknell Forest 72 80 59 75 69 73
Bradford 63 61 65 not collected 65 66
Brent 66 70 64 67 70 66
Brighton and Hove 65 60 56 47 65 66
Bristol, City of 65 52 53 87 66 68
Bromley 75 80 71 67 76 76
Buckinghamshire 69 55 65 76 73 72
Bury 68 60 72 50 66 69
Calderdale 65 53 67 44 61 68
Cambridgeshire 67 65 51 78 68 68
Camden 63 61 53 64 61 66
Central Bedfordshire 67 62 67 50 66 68
Cheshire East 69 68 not collected not collected 64 70
Cheshire West and Chester 69 67 50 not collected 72 70
City of London 79 73 not collected not collected not collected not collected
Cornwall 65 56 not collected 53 70 66
County Durham 66 72 55 52 70 67
Coventry 64 68 68 70 67 62
Croydon 68 67 67 77 69 71
Cumbria 63 not collected not collected not collected not collected not collected
Darlington 67 45 57 not collected 75 68
Derby 64 54 65 50 72 67
Derbyshire 68 66 69 62 71 68
Devon 71 70 not collected 67 75 72
Doncaster 68 59 56 77 65 68
Dorset 69 54 not collected not collected 67 69
Dudley 62 54 57 36 65 63
Ealing 68 69 64 not collected 76 70
East Riding of Yorkshire 68 75 not collected not collected 76 68
East Sussex 75 78 67 83 73 75
Enfield 64 not collected not collected not collected not collected not collected
Essex 70 70 72 60 71 71
Gateshead 67 81 67 47 67 68
Gloucestershire 65 60 52 53 63 66
Greenwich 77 80 79 83 79 76
Hackney 68 77 73 81 80 74
Halton 58 not collected not collected not collected 62 58
Hammersmith and Fulham 69 75 62 not collected 71 71
Hampshire 74 74 67 74 73 74
Haringey 71 80 72 66 80 71
Harrow 71 76 67 not collected 73 68
Hartlepool 65 54 not collected not collected 70 65
Havering 69 69 61 not collected 71 70
Herefordshire 71 59 not collected 100 63 71
Hertfordshire 68 63 63 77 68 69
Hillingdon 68 72 66 57 72 68
Hounslow 67 68 61 73 80 68
Isle of Wight 71 not collected not collected not collected 77 71
Isles of Scilly not collected not collected not collected not collected not collected not collected
Islington 64 68 58 not collected 63 69
Kensington and Chelsea 62 68 51 not collected 60 69
Kent 74 73 77 59 77 74
Kingston Upon Hull, City of 60 59 40 not collected 58 61
Kingston upon Thames 75 68 63 85 76 76
Kirklees 65 59 57 73 66 68
Knowsley 65 71 45 100 63 65
Lambeth 67 63 64 64 71 70
Lancashire 67 58 69 52 66 69
Leeds 60 53 56 56 59 62
Leicester 58 62 55 56 59 56
Leicestershire 66 70 59 73 68 66
Lewisham 78 75 76 74 78 83
Lincolnshire 69 74 not collected 82 67 69
Liverpool 58 54 54 45 55 60
Luton 63 63 68 58 66 63
Manchester 60 56 64 63 63 63
Medway 71 72 76 73 71 72
Merton 70 72 69 64 77 70
Middlesbrough 57 58 81 not collected 61 59
Milton Keynes 70 73 66 81 73 69
Newcastle upon Tyne 68 66 57 62 71 70
Newham 70 73 70 69 75 68
Norfolk 67 61 65 50 66 67
North East Lincolnshire 68 56 not collected not collected 64 68
North Lincolnshire 73 68 63 not collected 83 74
North Somerset 73 59 64 not collected 74 73
North Tyneside 68 56 50 70 71 69
North Yorkshire 67 61 45 not collected 72 68
Northamptonshire 66 59 61 62 67 67
Northumberland 72 63 not collected 57 76 72
Nottingham 62 64 62 not collected 61 63
Nottinghamshire 64 62 71 61 64 65
Oldham 57 44 49 not collected 65 65
Oxfordshire 69 56 63 75 70 71
Peterborough 61 56 69 57 61 62
Plymouth 63 72 54 73 67 63
Poole 71 77 58 not collected 71 72
Portsmouth 69 62 77 75 72 70
Reading 69 69 73 64 66 71
Redbridge 70 73 63 88 70 67
Redcar and Cleveland 65 71 not collected not collected 63 65
Richmond upon Thames 77 75 63 68 80 78
Rochdale 59 55 60 42 59 61
Rotherham 69 67 52 53 70 70
Rutland 69 not collected 43 not collected 67 70
Salford 62 68 67 57 63 65
Sandwell 57 57 61 75 63 58
Sefton 68 72 50 not collected 66 69
Sheffield 68 65 67 69 67 69
Shropshire 68 77 56 not collected 67 69
Slough 68 72 61 not collected 70 62
Solihull 69 69 63 67 71 69
Somerset 68 62 not collected 75 73 68
South Gloucestershire 75 72 76 not collected 75 76
South Tyneside 66 57 60 not collected 62 67
Southampton 68 73 69 80 67 69
Southend-on-Sea 70 66 73 63 72 71
Southwark 70 71 68 71 70 74
St. Helens 64 43 not collected 100 57 64
Staffordshire 72 65 70 67 77 73
Stockport 67 61 71 not collected 63 69
Stockton-on-Tees 63 52 59 not collected 62 64
Stoke-on-Trent 61 51 67 61 70 63
Suffolk 68 64 70 not collected 67 70
Sunderland 67 52 83 47 75 68
Surrey 75 73 67 78 77 76
Sutton 68 70 68 64 64 69
Swindon 67 66 75 75 70 68
Tameside 61 54 56 50 63 62
Telford and Wrekin 67 not collected not collected not collected not collected not collected
Thurrock 74 76 75 not collected 75 74
Torbay 68 55 not collected not collected 68 69
Tower Hamlets 64 64 66 72 68 62
Trafford 72 68 59 67 67 76
Wakefield 63 62 53 56 58 64
Walsall 61 60 63 60 63 62
Waltham Forest 70 70 66 67 74 73
Wandsworth 72 66 68 63 71 76
Warrington 71 64 70 100 67 71
Warwickshire 69 70 67 79 71 69
West Berkshire 75 71 67 100 80 75
West Sussex 67 60 53 72 68 68
Westminster 68 70 66 81 74 73
Wigan 62 51 61 28 69 64
Wiltshire 70 65 68 40 67 70
Windsor and Maidenhead 73 73 58 not collected 73 75
Wirral 68 67 77 60 72 68
Wokingham 74 77 77 63 71 75
Wolverhampton 57 61 63 45 56 56
Worcestershire 67 63 52 54 70 68
York 73 63 not collected 44 60 74

Download table data for ‘Attainment of development goals by ethnicity and area’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Attainment of development goals by ethnicity and area’ (CSV)

Summary of Attainment of development goals by children aged 4 to 5 years Attainment of development goals by ethnicity and area Summary

This data shows that:

  • at local authority level, Asian children were most likely to meet the expected standard in Gateshead (81%) and least likely to meet the standard in Barnsley (33%)

  • Black children were most likely to meet the expected standard in Sunderland (83%) and least likely in Kingston Upon Hull (40%)

  • 100% of Chinese children met the expected standard in Warrington, Herefordshire, West Berkshire, Knowsley and St Helens – they were least likely to meet the standard in Wigan (28%)

  • children of Mixed ethnicity were most likely to meet the expected standard in North Lincolnshire (83%) and least likely to in Liverpool (55%)

  • White children were most likely to meet the expected standard in Lewisham (83%) and least likely to in Leicester and Wolverhampton (both 56%)

5. Attainment of development goals by ethnicity and gender

Percentage of early years pupils who met the expected standard in development, and total number of pupils, by ethnicity and gender
All Boys Girls
Ethnicity All % All All pupils Boys % Boys All pupils Girls % Girls All pupils
All 67 669,052 60 342,947 75 326,105
Asian 65 61,999 57 31,669 72 30,330
Bangladeshi 62 9,065 53 4,596 70 4,469
Indian 73 18,457 66 9,516 81 8,941
Pakistani 59 23,710 51 12,046 67 11,664
Asian other 65 10,767 58 5,511 73 5,256
Black 66 30,676 58 15,458 75 15,218
Black African 67 20,837 58 10,506 75 10,331
Black Caribbean 65 5,532 56 2,767 74 2,765
Black other 65 4,307 56 2,185 73 2,122
Chinese 66 2,928 58 1,540 75 1,388
Mixed 69 37,862 61 19,233 77 18,629
Mixed White/Asian 73 9,153 66 4,626 80 4,527
Mixed White/Black African 69 5,474 61 2,730 77 2,744
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 65 9,501 56 4,812 74 4,689
Mixed other 69 13,734 62 7,065 77 6,669
White 69 469,032 61 240,962 77 228,070
White British 70 422,359 62 217,016 78 205,343
White Irish 70 1,598 64 862 77 736
White Irish Traveller 36 644 27 328 45 316
White Gypsy/Roma 24 1,793 18 891 30 902
White other 59 42,638 52 21,865 67 20,773
Other 58 10,410 52 5,471 66 4,939

Download table data for ‘Attainment of development goals by ethnicity and gender’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Attainment of development goals by ethnicity and gender’ (CSV)

Summary of Attainment of development goals by children aged 4 to 5 years Attainment of development goals by ethnicity and gender Summary

This data shows that:

  • overall, 75% of girls and 60% of boys met the expected standard in development in 2015/16 (a gap of 15 percentage points)

  • out of all groups, Indian girls were most likely to meet the expected standard, at 81%

  • Gypsy/Roma boys were least likely to meet the expected standard, at 18%

  • White British girls (78%) did better than White British boys (62%) – a difference of 16 percentage points

  • the smallest attainment gap between girls and boys was between Gypsy/Roma girls (30%) and Gypsy/Roma boys (18%) – a difference of 12 percentage points

  • the largest gap in attainment between girls and boys (18 percentage points) was for children in these ethnic groups: Mixed White and Black Caribbean (74% of girls met the expected standard and 56% of boys), Traveller of Irish Heritage (45% of girls and 27% of boys) and Black Caribbean (74% of girls and 56% of boys)

6. Attainment of development goals by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)

Percentage of early years pupils who met the expected standard in development by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)
Boys Girls
Ethnicity Boys FSM Boys Non- FSM Girls FSM Girls Non- FSM
All 43 62 61 78
Asian 49 58 62 73
Bangladeshi 52 54 65 71
Indian 56 67 69 81
Pakistani 46 52 60 68
Asian other 48 59 61 74
Black 52 59 69 76
Black African 53 60 68 77
Black Caribbean 47 60 69 76
Black other 52 58 70 74
Chinese 50 59 68 76
Mixed 49 65 67 80
Mixed White/Asian 48 69 69 82
Mixed White/Black African 49 64 68 79
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 47 60 64 78
Mixed other 50 65 68 79
White 41 64 60 79
White British 41 66 60 81
White Irish 39 67 57 80
White Irish Traveller 19 34 32 54
White Gypsy/Roma 22 17 31 30
White other 40 52 59 68
Other 45 53 62 67

Download table data for ‘Attainment of development goals by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Attainment of development goals by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)’ (CSV)

Summary of Attainment of development goals by children aged 4 to 5 years Attainment of development goals by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM) Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

This data shows that, for FSM-eligible children:

  • girls were more likely to meet the expected standard than boys in all ethnic groups

  • 19% of boys of White Irish Traveller heritage met the expected standard – the lowest attainment of all eligible children

  • girls of Other Black ethnicities were most likely to meet the expected standard at 70% compared with all other groups

  • the attainment gap between girls and boys was largest for Black Caribbean children (22 percentage points), and smallest for Gypsy/Roma children (9 percentage points)

  • 39% of White Irish boys met the expected standard compared with 67% of White Irish boys who were not eligible – a gap of 28 percentage points (larger than for any other group)

  • 57% of White Irish girls met the expected standard compared with 80% of White Irish girls who were not eligible – a gap of 23 percentage points (larger than for any other group)

  • girls and boys were less likely to meet the expected standard than those who were not eligible across all ethnic groups, except for Gypsy/Roma children

7. Attainment of development goals by ethnicity, gender and area

Percentage of early years pupils who met the expected standard in development, by ethnicity, gender and local authority
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Local authority All Girls All Boys Asian Girls Asian Boys Black Girls Black Boys Chinese Girls Chinese Boys Mixed Girls Mixed Boys White Girls White Boys
North East 75 59 68 53 76 49 54 52 76 61 76 59
County Durham 74 59 67 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 57 78 66 74 59
Darlington 74 60 68 28 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 60
Gateshead 75 60 84 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 43 50 79 59 76 61
Hartlepool 72 58 47 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 58
Middlesbrough 66 49 66 48 82 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 51 67 50
Newcastle upon Tyne 75 61 74 57 75 40 77 52 76 65 76 65
North Tyneside 76 61 65 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 88 53 77 62
Northumberland 80 64 62 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 71 81 64
Redcar and Cleveland 76 56 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 71 76 55
South Tyneside 75 58 61 52 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 47 77 59
Stockton-on-Tees 72 54 63 43 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 60 74 56
Sunderland 76 58 57 49 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 67 77 59
North West 73 56 65 49 70 52 65 48 73 56 75 58
Blackburn with Darwen 68 51 70 51 45 60 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 50 68 52
Blackpool 70 56 48 58 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 63 71 56
Bolton 69 53 70 52 54 40 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 57 71 57
Bury 72 63 69 54 73 70 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 60 73 64
Cheshire East 77 61 72 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 66 62 79 61
Cheshire West and Chester 78 61 77 58 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 60 78 61
Cumbria 71 55 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Halton 67 48 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 52 67 49
Knowsley 74 56 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 60 75 55
Lancashire 75 60 66 50 76 60 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 59 77 62
Liverpool 68 49 60 48 64 45 55 37 62 48 69 51
Manchester 70 51 67 46 74 55 76 53 76 51 73 54
Oldham 65 48 52 36 55 43 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 55 74 56
Rochdale 69 50 65 44 67 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 54 72 51
Salford 74 52 84 53 80 56 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 53 77 54
Sefton 78 59 77 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 56 78 59
St. Helens 74 55 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 38 74 55
Stockport 75 59 63 60 84 44 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 56 77 61
Tameside 71 51 58 50 74 39 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 54 73 52
Trafford 80 65 74 62 62 56 80 54 75 56 83 69
Warrington 79 62 65 64 100 57 100 100 72 62 80 63
Wigan 71 54 68 35 75 45 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 56 73 56
Wirral 78 59 74 58 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 58 77 69 78 59
Yorkshire and The Humber
Yorkshire and the Humber 74 57 68 52 68 49 66 49 72 58 75 59
Barnsley 74 53 withheld to protect confidentiality 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 63 75 53
Bradford 71 56 69 53 76 47 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 62 74 59
Calderdale 74 55 61 45 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 45 78 58
Doncaster 76 59 65 53 79 44 100 57 81 50 77 60
East Riding of Yorkshire 76 61 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 72 76 61
Kingston Upon Hull, City of 68 52 69 52 40 41 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 49 70 53
Kirklees 75 57 69 50 68 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 56 77 60
Leeds 68 52 60 46 63 48 68 46 66 52 71 54
North East Lincolnshire 76 61 50 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 66 76 62
North Lincolnshire 82 63 73 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 64
North Yorkshire 76 59 69 53 60 33 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 65 76 60
Rotherham 77 61 77 58 61 37 57 50 81 60 78 63
Sheffield 75 61 71 60 76 57 78 56 73 61 77 62
Wakefield 72 54 74 53 65 35 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 53 73 55
York 79 68 72 57 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 51 79 69
East Midlands 73 57 70 55 69 52 79 55 74 57 75 59
Derby 72 56 62 47 75 53 57 46 81 63 74 59
Derbyshire 76 60 69 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 73 82 59 76 61
Leicester 66 50 69 56 65 45 63 50 69 48 65 47
Leicestershire 74 58 79 59 65 54 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 61 75 58
Lincolnshire 76 62 88 59 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 57 71 62 76 63
Northamptonshire 74 58 66 52 66 55 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 61 75 60
Nottingham 70 54 72 57 73 52 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 71 52 71 54
Nottinghamshire 73 56 69 55 77 63 76 48 75 56 74 56
Rutland 81 60 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 60
West Midlands 73 56 70 53 71 56 79 50 75 57 75 59
Birmingham 68 53 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Coventry 73 55 78 59 78 60 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 60 72 54
Dudley 73 52 67 42 63 48 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 54 74 53
Herefordshire 79 63 56 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 65 62 80 63
Sandwell 64 49 63 51 66 56 100 43 73 52 66 50
Shropshire 77 60 79 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 54 78 60
Solihull 76 61 79 58 72 53 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 60 76 63
Staffordshire 80 65 78 53 77 63 82 50 82 72 80 66
Stoke-on-Trent 70 52 58 44 73 60 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 62 73 53
Telford and Wrekin 76 57 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Walsall 70 52 72 48 71 56 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 51 70 54
Warwickshire 78 61 80 58 73 52 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 63 78 62
Wolverhampton 66 48 69 53 74 52 50 43 63 47 66 47
Worcestershire 74 60 73 55 67 43 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 59 75 61
East of England 76 60 70 55 76 60 70 62 76 60 77 61
Bedford 69 52 59 46 64 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 57 72 53
Cambridgeshire 75 60 73 57 58 46 76 80 76 61 75 61
Central Bedfordshire 75 60 70 56 82 56 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 58 75 60
Essex 78 63 76 64 83 62 63 59 76 66 79 64
Hertfordshire 76 61 71 54 72 54 86 71 77 59 76 62
Luton 71 54 71 55 75 61 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 55 71 55
Norfolk 75 59 68 51 75 55 59 38 70 61 76 60
Peterborough 69 53 66 47 70 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 48 69 55
Southend-on-Sea 79 62 62 70 87 62 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 66 80 62
Suffolk 77 60 74 54 78 58 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 57 78 61
Thurrock 82 66 88 64 83 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 67 82 66
Inner London 76 62 77 61 76 60 82 60 80 65 79 66
Camden 70 56 69 51 59 48 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 54 74 58
City of London 86 70 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality
Hackney 74 62 82 73 80 66 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 86 74 82 66
Hammersmith and Fulham 75 63 79 70 71 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 64 77 65
Haringey 78 65 82 78 79 65 84 47 86 74 78 64
Islington 74 55 75 61 69 46 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 53 79 61
Kensington and Chelsea 70 54 75 58 63 39 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 61 60 77 62
Lambeth 74 60 63 63 74 54 64 64 75 66 77 64
Lewisham 84 73 87 66 84 69 84 63 85 72 85 80
Newham 77 64 81 65 75 64 73 64 83 67 74 62
Southwark 78 62 79 62 77 58 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 60 79 69
Tower Hamlets 72 56 73 56 73 59 80 58 74 62 72 54
Wandsworth 81 64 79 54 76 60 67 57 82 63 83 70
Westminster 77 60 77 63 71 62 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 65 84 63
Outer London 77 63 79 65 77 60 83 70 80 68 79 64
Barking and Dagenham 74 61 78 64 79 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 73 71 53
Barnet 75 61 77 67 67 52 93 61 78 68 77 63
Bexley 83 71 83 70 86 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 86 73 83 71
Brent 73 59 77 65 74 54 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 65 74 59
Bromley 81 69 88 73 79 62 79 61 82 71 81 70
Croydon 76 61 77 58 74 60 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 66 79 63
Ealing 75 62 74 64 74 55 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 84 67 77 63
Enfield 72 56 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Greenwich 84 71 88 73 86 71 88 79 88 71 83 70
Harrow 79 64 82 69 78 54 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 86 60 77 59
Havering 78 61 80 60 77 47 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 83 61 78 63
Hillingdon 77 60 81 63 75 58 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 66 78 58
Hounslow 75 60 76 61 70 52 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 72 76 61
Kingston upon Thames 81 68 75 60 67 58 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 76 83 70
Merton 77 63 78 65 75 63 63 64 84 70 77 63
Redbridge 76 63 79 68 70 57 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 63 75 60
Richmond upon Thames 84 70 81 72 70 58 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 73 85 71
Sutton 78 59 79 61 80 56 85 42 74 53 80 60
Waltham Forest 77 64 76 64 75 56 67 67 80 69 81 65
South East 80 64 76 62 76 60 80 65 81 65 81 65
Bracknell Forest 81 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 61 80 66
Brighton and Hove 73 56 65 56 65 46 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 58 75 57
Buckinghamshire 77 61 61 50 74 56 79 73 82 63 81 64
East Sussex 83 67 79 76 63 69 100 50 86 60 83 68
Hampshire 81 68 79 69 75 58 86 62 79 67 81 68
Isle of Wight 80 62 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 73 80 62
Kent 82 67 84 64 87 69 73 44 84 69 82 67
Medway 80 63 81 63 80 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 61 81 64
Milton Keynes 79 61 78 69 77 56 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 86 62 80 60
Oxfordshire 77 61 64 47 71 51 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 64 79 63
Portsmouth 75 62 74 51 81 72 100 43 75 69 77 63
Reading 76 63 73 65 82 66 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 57 78 64
Slough 76 60 81 64 67 54 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 58 70 54
Southampton 78 60 79 67 77 62 100 64 72 61 79 60
Surrey 83 68 81 65 77 57 78 77 84 71 83 69