The early years foundation stage profile (EYFSP) is an assessment by teachers of pupils’s development. Pupils are assessed at the end of the school year in which they turn 5.
The EYFSP dataset is a statutory annual collection of child-level data from all local authorities in England, which runs from June to the end of August.
In the 2017/18 EYFSP collection, valid results for 652,400 pupils were reported.
Ethnicity isn’t collected as part of the EYFSP collection so the EYFSP attainment data is matched to data on the National Pupil Database (NPD) to get information broken down by ethnic group. The NPD is linked to the school census, which provides information on ethnicity.
There were discrepancies between the two sets of data. Of the 652,400 pupils for whom valid results were reported in the EYFSP dataset, 652,349 were found in the NPD. Of these 652,349 pupils, ethnicity was not found for 19,919 pupils (3%).
A new profile was introduced in September 2012. The first assessments using the new profile took place in summer 2013, so comparisons cannot be made with profile results from before 2013.
Pupils are included in the figures for free school meals (FSM) if their families have claimed eligibility for FSM at the time of the annual spring school census. This FSM definition includes all who were eligible to receive FSM, not only those who actually received FSM. Pupils not eligible for FSM or unclassified pupils are described as ‘non-FSM’ or ‘all other pupils’.
Parents are able to claim FSM if they receive a qualifying benefit. FSM is used as an indicator of disadvantage, but when drawing conclusions, it should be remembered that not all eligible parents apply for FSM. Families who don’t quite reach the eligibility threshold for FSM may still be suffering deprivation.
Suppression rules and disclosure control
Values of 1 or 2 or percentages based on 1 or 2 pupils are suppressed. Where the publication of certain figures may lead to a suppressed figure being revealed, these figures will also be suppressed. This is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF) .
Regional eligible pupil figures are rounded to the nearest 10 so that it is not possible to derive figures for these local authorities by adding up the figures for the other local authorities in the region. The Code of Practice for Official Statistics requires DfE to take reasonable steps to ensure that their published or disseminated statistics protect confidentiality.
For more information about DfE’s disclosure control procedures for its statistical releases please see DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF) .
Percentages are rounded to the nearest whole number.
Statistics: early years foundation stage profile – includes previous years' data.Quality and methodology information