1. Main facts and figures

  • in 2017/18 there were 652,349 pupils at the end of the early years foundation stage, and ethnicity was known for 632,430 (97%) of them
  • 73% were White, 11% were Asian, 6% were Mixed, 5% were Black, 5% were from the Other ethnic group and 0.5% were Chinese
  • 70% of all pupils achieved at least the expected standard in development
  • in the broad ethnic groups, Chinese pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard
  • in the more specific ethnic groups, pupils of Indian ethnicity were most likely to meet the expected standard
  • pupils of all ethnicities eligible for free school meals (FSM) were less likely to meet the expected standard than non-eligible pupils
  • in all ethnic groups, boys were less likely to meet the expected standard than girls
Things you need to know

Local authorities in England must collect and report the results for all state-funded pupils at the end of the early years foundation stage (EYFS), when pupils are usually 5 years old.

Results are reported for pupils at maintained schools (including academies) and private, voluntary and independent settings.

The data does not include pupils whose education is not paid for by the government.

Schools complete each child's early years foundation stage profile (EYFSP) during the summer term of the academic year in which the child reaches age 5, unless the child:

  • has an exemption from the Secretary of State for Education
  • is continuing in EYFS provision beyond the year in which they turn 5
  • has recently arrived from abroad and so an accurate and valid assessment cannot be completed
  • has spent a long time away from schooling, for example because of illness or medical treatment

The percentage achieving at least the expected standard in all development goals includes all pupils except those who are exempt.

Figures for some ethnic groups at the local authority level are very small, so these should be interpreted carefully.

In the analysis ‘Attainment of development goals, by ethnicity, gender and local authority’, figures for all ethnic groups except White and Mixed are based on small numbers of pupils and are highly variable over time.

What the data measures

This data measures the percentage of pupils who met the expected standard in development at the end of the early years foundation stage in England.

The early years foundation stage profile (EYFSP) is an assessment by teachers of pupils’s development at the end of the school year in which the pupils turn 5. Development is assessed against 17 measures (‘early learning goals’) in 7 areas of learning.

This data covers the academic year 2017/18 (September 2017 to July 2018).

Data was collected from about 652,349 pupils.

Percentages are the number of pupils who met the expected standard in development from a particular ethnic group out of the total number of pupils in that particular ethnic group (not including pupils who are exempt).

The ethnic categories used in this data

This data uses categories from the Department for Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 Census, with 3 exceptions:

  • Travellers of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma pupils have been separated into 2 categories
  • Sri Lankan has been added to the Asian/Asian British group but is not reported separately
  • Chinese pupils have been assigned a separate category

These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.

The categories in the school census are as follows:

White:

  • White British
  • White Irish
  • Traveller of Irish Heritage
  • Gypsy/Roma
  • Other White

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Other Mixed background

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Sri Lankan
  • Other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • Black African
  • Black Caribbean
  • Other Black background

Chinese

Other ethnic group

Information is provided for both detailed and broad ethnic groups categories where possible and when the data is available. The 6 broad categories used are:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White
  • Other ethnic group

However, local authority data is only provided for 5 broad ethnic groups. Information about the specific ethnic categories is excluded to preserve confidentiality and ensure individuals cannot be identified. Information about the Other ethnic group is not given because DfE does not publish data for this group at these levels.

The 5 broad categories are:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White

2. By ethnicity

Percentage of early years pupils who met the expected standard in development, and total number of pupils, by ethnicity
Ethnicity % All pupils
All 70 652,349
Asian 68 69,154
Bangladeshi 66 10,271
Indian 77 20,190
Pakistani 63 27,076
Asian other 69 11,617
Black 68 32,342
Black African 69 22,099
Black Caribbean 67 5,659
Black other 67 4,584
Chinese 76 3,278
Mixed 72 41,621
Mixed White/Asian 74 10,288
Mixed White/Black African 72 5,683
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 68 9,973
Mixed other 72 15,677
White 71 473,998
White British 72 424,179
White Irish 74 1,598
Gypsy/Roma 33 2,024
Irish Traveller 31 591
White other 64 45,606
Other 62 12,037

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • overall, 70% of pupils met the expected standard in development in the early years foundation stage in 2017/18
  • pupils from the Indian ethnic group were most likely to meet the expected standard at 77%
  • Travellers of Irish Heritage pupils were least likely to meet the expected standard at 31%
  • pupils performing better than the national average of 70% include those from the Chinese group (76%), Mixed White and Asian, and White Irish ethnic groups (both at 74%); and those from White British, Mixed White and Black African and Other Mixed backgrounds (all at 72%)

3. By ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals

Percentage of early years pupils who met the expected standard in development by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)
All other pupils FSM eligible
Ethnicity % Pupils % Pupils
All 73 565,159 55 87,190
Asian
Bangladeshi 67 8,802 59 1,469
Indian 77 19,484 63 706
Pakistani 63 23,730 58 3,346
Asian other 70 10,427 61 1,190
Black
Black African 70 17,743 63 4,356
Black Caribbean 69 4,144 64 1,515
Black other 68 3,654 60 930
Chinese 77 3,092 62 186
Mixed
Mixed White/Asian 77 8,958 59 1,330
Mixed White/Black African 74 4,534 61 1,149
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 73 7,012 58 2,961
Mixed other 74 13,144 63 2,533
White
White British 75 365,721 53 58,458
White Irish 78 1,383 44 215
Gypsy/Roma 34 1,462 32 562
Irish Traveller 37 301 24 290
White other 65 42,933 55 2,673
Other 63 9,817 56 2,220

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Summary

In 2017/18 there were 87,190 pupils eligible for FSM in early years foundation stage (13% of pupils).

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see Methodology.

This data shows that:

  • overall, 55% of pupils who were eligible for free school meals (FSM-eligible) met the expected standard in 2017/18 compared with 73% of non-eligible pupils (a gap of 18 percentage points)
  • attainment was lower for FSM-eligible pupils than for non-eligible pupils in all ethnic groups
  • Traveller of Irish heritage pupils had the lowest attainment of all FSM-eligible pupils, at 24%
  • Black Caribbean pupils had the highest attainment of all FSM-eligible pupils, at 64%
  • 44% of White Irish pupils eligible for FSM met the expected standard, compared with 78% of White Irish pupils who were not eligible – a gap of 34 percentage points, the largest of all ethnic groups
  • 32% of Gypsy/Roma pupils eligible for FSM met the expected standard compared with 34% of Gypsy/Roma pupils who were not eligible – a gap of 2 percentage points, the smallest of all ethnic groups
  • attainment of FSM-eligible pupils was lower than the national average in these groups: White British (53%), White Irish (44%), Gypsy/Roma (32%) and Traveller of Irish Heritage (24%)

4. By ethnicity and area

Percentage of early years pupils who met the expected standard in development by ethnicity and local authority
Local authority All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Value Value Value Value Value Value
All- England 70 68 68 76 72 71
Barking and Dagenham 69 72 70 100 69 67
Barnet 73 78 65 84 75 76
Barnsley 69 82 57 not collected 63 70
Bath and North East Somerset 71 63 64 not collected 72 72
Bedford 67 63 65 44 67 70
Bexley 75 78 75 77 77 75
Birmingham 66 65 65 60 69 68
Blackburn with Darwen 64 63 73 57 60 66
Blackpool 67 69 50 not collected 67 67
Bolton 66 66 54 61 63 68
Bournemouth 76 81 not collected not collected 74 77
Bracknell Forest 75 79 75 100 85 74
Bradford 65 64 64 not collected 63 67
Brent 69 74 67 100 73 69
Brighton and Hove 72 52 63 not collected 71 74
Bristol, City of 68 57 56 71 68 71
Bromley 77 83 69 89 77 77
Buckinghamshire 73 62 67 69 70 76
Bury 70 64 57 not collected 74 71
Calderdale 69 57 79 73 74 71
Cambridgeshire 69 68 58 75 69 69
Camden 70 66 61 85 72 74
Central Bedfordshire 72 71 65 100 72 73
Cheshire East 71 71 75 63 70 71
Cheshire West and Chester 71 56 72 38 75 71
City of London 79 75 . . not collected 70
Cornwall 67 56 not collected 60 71 67
Coventry 67 70 72 71 63 66
Croydon 72 72 68 71 76 74
Cumbria 69 62 not collected 63 70 69
Darlington 71 76 43 100 78 70
Derby 68 67 73 79 74 69
Derbyshire 69 67 81 68 69 70
Devon 71 65 not collected 81 67 71
Doncaster 69 68 61 62 72 70
Dorset 70 47 48 50 66 70
Dudley 64 59 43 73 62 66
Durham 71 68 not collected 70 74 71
Ealing 71 73 67 not collected 78 74
East Riding of Yorkshire 72 not collected not collected not collected 73 73
East Sussex 76 71 81 61 77 76
Enfield 68 76 66 76 75 66
Essex 73 74 69 73 76 73
Gateshead 69 75 80 100 63 70
Gloucestershire 68 61 56 not collected 65 69
Greenwich 77 77 81 84 79 76
Hackney 69 75 73 not collected 82 78
Halton 63 not collected not collected . 68 63
Hammersmith and Fulham 74 75 71 100 76 80
Hampshire 76 70 77 83 75 77
Haringey 75 72 76 77 77 76
Harrow 72 79 59 74 73 69
Hartlepool 68 65 not collected not collected 58 68
Havering 71 74 68 not collected 70 71
Herefordshire 74 71 not collected not collected 68 75
Hertfordshire 72 69 63 85 75 72
Hillingdon 72 77 69 100 79 69
Hounslow 70 75 66 81 72 70
Isle of Wight 72 79 not collected not collected 67 72
Isles of Scilly not collected . . . not collected not collected
Islington 68 68 67 not collected 70 69
Kensington and Chelsea 69 61 66 not collected 68 75
Kent 74 74 79 83 78 75
Kingston Upon Hull, City of 61 56 67 not collected 64 62
Kingston upon Thames 76 68 64 89 80 79
Kirklees 68 62 71 53 66 71
Knowsley 67 52 not collected 100 66 68
Lambeth 70 71 67 84 68 76
Lancashire 68 59 63 59 67 70
Leeds 64 59 60 68 66 67
Leicester 64 71 63 65 69 61
Leicestershire 70 73 69 74 71 70
Lewisham 77 74 73 79 81 82
Lincolnshire 68 78 76 70 70 68
Liverpool 65 62 60 65 65 66
Luton 66 68 72 56 68 64
Manchester 65 63 67 71 67 67
Medway 71 69 72 73 70 72
Merton 73 71 67 83 75 74
Middlesbrough 62 60 66 100 64 64
Milton Keynes 72 75 67 77 77 73
Newcastle upon Tyne 70 64 57 85 70 72
Newham 74 75 74 84 78 74
Norfolk 70 69 62 75 68 71
North East Lincolnshire 69 70 not collected not collected 69 70
North Lincolnshire 69 71 64 not collected 75 69
North Somerset 75 77 43 not collected 69 76
North Tyneside 71 66 not collected 60 67 72
North Yorkshire 71 64 52 not collected 75 72
Northamptonshire 69 66 68 70 71 70
Northumberland 74 73 not collected 77 84 74
Nottingham 65 65 68 71 66 66
Nottinghamshire 68 66 69 80 71 69
Oldham 61 52 67 63 62 68
Oxfordshire 72 63 69 83 73 74
Peterborough 63 62 59 not collected 68 65
Plymouth 67 72 69 53 68 68
Poole 74 79 not collected not collected 72 74
Portsmouth 70 69 64 81 72 71
Reading 69 71 70 100 69 70
Redbridge 74 78 66 70 74 70
Redcar and Cleveland 70 56 not collected . 81 70
Richmond upon Thames 80 74 61 77 81 83
Rochdale 64 62 58 60 67 66
Rotherham 72 69 63 not collected 71 73
Rutland 72 100 not collected not collected 70 73
Salford 65 62 68 50 71 68
Sandwell 64 63 63 54 67 66
Sefton 70 59 67 not collected 64 70
Sheffield 70 67 73 86 67 71
Shropshire 69 50 not collected 55 69 70
Slough 72 76 73 not collected 74 64
Solihull 70 69 65 68 61 72
Somerset 71 67 59 60 75 72
South Gloucestershire 76 78 80 83 76 77
South Tyneside 71 51 57 100 73 72
Southampton 70 73 67 83 73 70
Southend-on-Sea 73 76 73 63 71 74
Southwark 74 75 71 84 74 79
St. Helens 68 68 not collected not collected 75 68
Staffordshire 74 68 71 72 70 74
Stockport 68 53 62 71 66 71
Stockton-on-Tees 69 56 59 54 70 70
Stoke-on-Trent 64 60 66 79 69 66
Suffolk 70 70 66 not collected 71 71
Sunderland 71 57 71 56 78 71
Surrey 78 75 65 86 80 79
Sutton 71 72 69 85 70 71
Swindon 69 72 72 not collected 70 69
Tameside 63 59 57 67 68 64
Telford and Wrekin 70 63 70 not collected 72 70
Thurrock 73 76 72 not collected 75 73
Torbay 70 45 not collected not collected 63 70
Tower Hamlets 67 67 64 73 74 69
Trafford 74 68 62 77 77 76
Wakefield 68 57 66 not collected 72 68
Walsall 66 66 73 not collected 68 66
Waltham Forest 74 74 71 74 78 76
Wandsworth 76 69 69 74 77 81
Warrington 72 74 68 82 70 73
Warwickshire 71 68 68 81 72 72
West Berkshire 74 71 64 not collected 80 74
West Sussex 70 68 60 84 71 71
Westminster 71 71 68 not collected 77 76
Wigan 67 59 51 67 66 67
Wiltshire 71 68 76 not collected 68 72
Windsor and Maidenhead 73 73 65 100 72 75
Wirral 68 65 70 77 65 69
Wokingham 74 74 72 81 75 75
Wolverhampton 66 69 65 65 68 65
Worcestershire 70 57 65 50 69 71
York 74 78 43 57 69 75

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • at local authority level, Asian pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard in Rutland (100%) and least likely to meet the standard in Torbay (45%)
  • Black pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard in Greenwich, Derbyshire and East Sussex (81%) and least likely in Darlington, York, North Somerset and Dudley (43%)
  • 100% of Chinese pupils met the expected standard in Middlesbrough, Darlington, Bracknell Forest, Reading, Windsor and Maidenhead, Central Bedfordshire, Knowsley, South Tyneside, Gateshead, Barking and Dagenham, Brent, Hammersmith and Fulham and Hillingdon – they were least likely to meet the standard in Cheshire West and Chester (38%)
  • pupils of Mixed ethnicity were most likely to meet the expected standard in Bracknell Forest (85%) and least likely to in Hartlepool (58%)
  • White pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard in Richmond Upon Thames (83%) and least likely to in Leicester (61%)

5. By ethnicity and gender

Percentage of early years pupils who met the expected standard in development, and total number of pupils, by ethnicity and gender
Boys Girls
Ethnicity % All pupils % All pupils
All 63 334,079 77 318,270
Asian
Bangladeshi 58 5,180 74 5,091
Indian 70 10,236 84 9,954
Pakistani 55 13,813 71 13,263
Asian other 61 5,930 76 5,687
Black
Black African 61 11,158 77 10,941
Black Caribbean 59 2,861 75 2,798
Black other 59 2,368 75 2,216
Chinese 69 1,683 83 1,595
Mixed
Mixed White/Asian 67 5,288 82 5,000
Mixed White/Black African 65 2,932 79 2,751
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 60 5,133 77 4,840
Mixed other 66 8,044 79 7,633
White
White British 65 217,461 79 206,718
White Irish 68 807 80 791
Gypsy/Roma 28 1,067 40 957
Irish Traveller 23 312 39 279
White other 58 23,487 71 22,119
Other 54 6,193 70 5,844

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • overall, 77% of girls and 63% of boys met the expected standard in development in 2017/18 - a difference of 14 percentage points
  • of all groups, Indian girls were most likely to meet the expected standard, at 84%
  • Traveller of Irish heritage boys were least likely to meet the expected standard, at 23%
  • White British girls (79%) did better than White British boys (65%) – a difference of 14 percentage points
  • the smallest attainment gap between girls and boys was between Irish girls (80%) and Irish boys (68%) – a difference of 11 percentage points
  • the largest gap in attainment between girls and boys (17 percentage points) was for Mixed White and Black Caribbean (77% of girls met the expected standard and 60% of boys)

6. By ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals

Percentage of early years pupils who met the expected standard in development by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)
Boys Girls
Ethnicity FSM Non- FSM FSM Non- FSM
All 47 66 64 80
Asian 51 62 68 77
Bangladeshi 53 59 66 76
Indian 55 71 71 84
Pakistani 49 56 68 71
Asian other 52 62 70 77
Black 55 62 71 78
Black African 55 62 71 78
Black Caribbean 55 61 72 77
Black other 51 61 70 76
Chinese 54 70 71 84
Mixed 52 67 69 82
Mixed White/Asian 50 69 68 84
Mixed White/Black African 53 68 70 82
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 49 65 68 81
Mixed other 56 68 70 81
White 45 67 62 81
White British 45 69 62 82
White Irish 36 74 54 83
Gypsy/Roma 23 29 41 39
Irish Traveller 17 30 32 45
White other 49 58 62 72
Other 46 56 65 71

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see Methodology.

This data shows that, for FSM-eligible pupils:

  • girls were more likely to meet the expected standard than boys in all ethnic groups
  • 17% of boys of White Irish Traveller heritage met the expected standard – the lowest attainment of all eligible pupils
  • girls of Black Caribbean ethnicities were most likely to meet the expected standard at 72% compared with all other groups
  • the attainment gap between girls and boys was largest for pupils from the Other ethnic group, and Pakistani, and Mixed White and Black Caribbean pupils (19 percentage points), and smallest for Bangladeshi and Other White pupils (13 percentage points)
  • 36% of White Irish boys met the expected standard compared with 74% of White Irish boys who were not eligible – a gap of 38 percentage points (larger than for any other group)
  • 54% of White Irish girls met the expected standard compared with 83% of White Irish girls who were not eligible – a gap of 29 percentage points (larger than for any other group)
  • girls and boys were less likely to meet the expected standard than pupils who were not eligible for free school meals across all ethnic groups, except for Gypsy/Roma girls

7. By ethnicity, gender and area

Percentage of early years pupils who met the expected standard in development, by ethnicity, gender and local authority
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Local Authority Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys
North East 78 63 73 54 72 56 84 67 79 65 78 64
County Durham 78 64 83 50 100 not collected 75 63 77 73 78 64
Darlington 78 64 81 72 not collected not collected . 100 not collected not collected 78 64
Gateshead 78 61 88 63 81 79 100 100 78 52 78 61
Hartlepool 75 61 71 56 100 not collected not collected not collected not collected not collected 76 61
Middlesbrough 73 52 74 46 74 50 . 100 78 56 73 55
Newcastle upon Tyne 76 64 67 62 69 48 not collected not collected 76 63 78 66
North Tyneside 78 65 77 58 not collected not collected not collected not collected 75 59 79 65
Northumberland 82 67 85 60 not collected not collected 100 57 88 80 83 66
Redcar and Cleveland 78 62 not collected not collected not collected not collected . . 83 78 78 62
South Tyneside 79 63 70 37 not collected not collected not collected not collected 78 69 80 64
Stockton-on-Tees 78 61 78 37 70 43 not collected not collected 77 65 79 63
Sunderland 77 65 67 51 not collected not collected not collected not collected 84 71 77 66
North West 75 60 69 53 72 56 77 59 76 60 76 62
Blackburn with Darwen 72 57 72 55 not collected not collected not collected not collected 67 54 74 59
Blackpool 74 60 67 72 50 . 100 not collected 76 57 74 60
Bolton 74 57 73 60 67 42 63 60 76 52 77 59
Bury 75 64 71 58 78 42 not collected 100 77 72 76 66
Cheshire East 77 66 78 62 100 57 not collected not collected 70 70 77 66
Cheshire West and Chester 78 64 54 57 not collected not collected not collected not collected 86 60 78 65
Cumbria 75 63 81 44 not collected not collected not collected not collected 82 61 75 63
Halton 71 54 not collected not collected . not collected . . 76 60 71 55
Knowsley 74 61 not collected not collected not collected 100 not collected not collected 68 63 74 62
Lancashire 76 60 67 50 69 56 65 50 75 60 78 62
Liverpool 72 57 72 51 67 54 77 50 68 61 74 59
Manchester 73 57 73 54 75 60 85 59 78 58 73 61
Oldham 69 54 60 44 74 59 77 45 75 48 75 62
Rochdale 71 57 71 52 63 54 not collected not collected 72 61 73 59
Salford 74 58 71 53 74 62 not collected not collected 79 63 76 61
Sefton 77 63 not collected not collected not collected not collected not collected not collected 78 54 77 64
St. Helens 76 60 60 75 not collected not collected not collected not collected 81 70 76 60
Stockport 76 62 61 46 71 47 not collected not collected 68 64 78 64
Tameside 71 56 62 56 70 43 not collected not collected 75 60 72 56
Trafford 81 67 73 64 69 53 not collected not collected 90 64 83 70
Warrington 78 66 75 73 73 64 100 57 79 59 79 66
Wigan 76 57 64 47 57 43 not collected not collected 71 60 77 58
Wirral 77 60 72 55 not collected not collected not collected not collected 76 54 78 60
Yorkshire and the Humber 75 61 71 55 73 56 81 61 76 59 77 62
Barnsley 77 62 not collected not collected not collected not collected not collected not collected 80 48 78 62
Bradford 72 58 72 56 75 52 not collected not collected 72 53 73 61
Calderdale 75 63 65 50 not collected not collected not collected not collected 77 70 77 67
Doncaster 78 61 71 65 58 63 not collected not collected 76 70 79 61
East Riding of Yorkshire 77 68 not collected 100 not collected not collected . not collected 74 72 78 68
Kingston Upon Hull, City of 69 54 66 46 76 52 not collected not collected 73 56 69 55
Kirklees 75 61 71 54 78 63 not collected not collected 73 61 77 65
Leeds 72 57 68 52 68 52 81 55 76 56 74 60
North East Lincolnshire 76 62 80 58 not collected not collected not collected . 83 60 76 63
North Lincolnshire 78 60 77 63 not collected not collected not collected not collected 75 75 79 60
North Yorkshire 79 64 73 52 67 36 not collected 100 85 65 79 64
Rotherham 79 64 73 65 76 50 not collected not collected 79 63 80 65
Sheffield 77 63 73 60 80 67 not collected not collected 76 60 78 65
Wakefield 77 59 67 48 77 53 not collected not collected 83 59 77 60
York 81 67 88 65 . 43 not collected not collected 86 58 82 68
East Midlands 76 61 76 62 75 60 81 64 78 63 76 62
Derby 77 59 77 59 85 61 not collected not collected 84 65 79 59
Derbyshire 77 61 77 55 not collected not collected not collected not collected 76 61 78 62
Leicester 73 56 77 65 73 52 not collected not collected 76 62 71 51
Leicestershire 77 64 84 64 78 62 not collected not collected 81 62 76 64
Lincolnshire 75 61 not collected not collected not collected not collected not collected not collected 74 66 75 61
Northamptonshire 77 62 71 60 75 60 69 71 79 64 78 62
Nottingham 71 59 71 59 74 62 not collected not collected 74 60 70 61
Nottinghamshire 76 61 74 60 72 65 not collected not collected 78 63 77 62
Rutland 76 69 not collected not collected not collected not collected not collected . 100 50 78 69
West Midlands 76 61 74 58 74 58 75 58 77 59 77 63
Birmingham 73 59 73 58 74 57 67 55 75 63 75 61
Coventry 74 61 79 62 78 66 70 71 72 56 73 60
Dudley 73 56 69 51 53 33 not collected not collected 76 50 75 59
Herefordshire 81 67 not collected not collected . not collected . not collected 75 62 82 68
Sandwell 72 56 71 56 71 55 71 36 78 56 73 58
Shropshire 78 61 62 38 not collected not collected not collected not collected 76 59 78 62
Solihull 78 63 77 64 not collected not collected 73 64 73 50 79 64
Staffordshire 82 66 81 56 83 63 73 71 81 62 82 67
Stoke-on-Trent 73 56 73 48 77 56 not collected not collected 81 54 74 59
Telford and Wrekin 77 63 70 57 71 69 not collected not collected 80 63 78 64
Walsall 73 60 73 61 78 68 not collected not collected 79 58 73 59
Warwickshire 78 64 81 58 73 63 86 67 82 62 79 65
Wolverhampton 73 59 76 63 74 57 not collected not collected 76 62 72 58
Worcestershire 79 62 71 46 71 59 not collected not collected 79 61 79 63
East of England 78 64 76 61 76 57 83 73 80 65 79 65
Bedford 73 62 67 58 77 51 not collected not collected 79 56 75 66
Cambridgeshire 77 61 81 55 73 42 not collected not collected 78 61 77 62
Central Bedfordshire 80 65 76 69 74 51 not collected not collected 78 66 80 66
Essex 80 66 85 64 79 58 70 75 82 69 80 67
Hertfordshire 78 65 75 62 70 56 88 83 83 67 79 66
Luton 75 58 75 62 81 62 not collected not collected 78 60 77 52
Norfolk 78 63 80 62 68 55 not collected not collected 78 59 78 63
Peterborough 72 56 69 56 76 42 100 not collected 72 63 74 56
Southend-on-Sea 80 66 81 68 71 75 not collected not collected 81 62 81 67
Suffolk 77 63 76 63 72 58 not collected not collected 77 66 78 64
Thurrock 81 65 82 70 81 64 100 not collected 80 70 81 65
Inner London 79 66 79 64 79 62 84 81 82 69 83 72
Camden 77 63 74 58 73 51 not collected not collected 85 55 77 71
City of London 89 65 not collected not collected . . . . not collected not collected not collected not collected
Hackney 75 63 81 69 80 65 not collected 100 86 78 84 72
Hammersmith and Fulham 80 68 80 71 79 62 not collected not collected 83 67 85 76
Haringey 82 68 80 62 84 68 not collected not collected 86 69 82 71
Islington 76 61 77 60 78 54 not collected not collected 77 64 76 63
Kensington and Chelsea 74 65 75 36 68 64 not collected not collected 77 61 81 70
Lambeth 77 64 76 65 75 60 not collected not collected 73 63 82 71
Lewisham 84 71 80 68 82 64 88 71 85 76 89 76
Newham 81 67 82 68 82 67 not collected not collected 81 75 84 65
Southwark 81 67 84 66 79 63 82 87 84 65 84 75
Tower Hamlets 74 60 75 60 71 56 71 75 77 70 75 63
Wandsworth 81 70 75 63 77 61 not collected not collected 82 72 86 76
Westminster 78 64 78 63 77 61 100 not collected 85 69 81 71
Outer London 80 66 82 69 78 62 89 77 83 69 80 67
Barking and Dagenham 76 62 79 65 78 63 not collected not collected 73 66 74 60
Barnet 81 66 86 69 76 56 88 81 84 65 83 69
Bexley 83 68 86 71 84 67 87 68 78 76 83 68
Brent 75 63 81 68 74 61 100 100 78 69 76 62
Bromley 83 70 87 80 79 61 91 88 84 70 83 71
Croydon 80 64 81 64 77 60 84 50 83 67 83 65
Ealing 78 65 78 69 71 63 100 not collected 88 69 82 66
Enfield 76 61 82 70 78 57 not collected not collected 82 70 74 59
Greenwich 84 71 83 71 87 75 88 81 86 71 82 70
Harrow 79 67 84 73 59 58 not collected not collected 85 62 76 62
Havering 77 64 85 65 78 57 not collected not collected 75 64 77 65
Hillingdon 80 64 84 69 77 60 100 100 86 73 78 61
Hounslow 77 63 83 67 77 54 not collected not collected 79 67 76 63
Kingston upon Thames 81 72 69 66 61 66 not collected not collected 85 76 84 74
Merton 79 66 78 65 74 59 not collected not collected 82 68 80 68
Redbridge 81 67 85 72 75 59 67 71 84 65 76 65
Richmond upon Thames 86 75 81 66 73 52 not collected not collected 89 71 87 79
Sutton 78 64 81 62 82 59 92 74 75 65 77 65
Waltham Forest 81 68 82 65 81 62 82 60 81 74 82 71
South East 81 67 78 64 78 63 91 74 82 68 81 68
Bracknell Forest 82 68 87 72 83 65 100 100 91 79 81 68
Brighton and Hove 79 64 63 44 63 63 100 not collected 78 63 82 66
Buckinghamshire 80 66 72 52 77 55 100 50 78 64 82 69
East Sussex 82 70 80 63 83 78 100 42 82 72 82 71
Hampshire 83 69 78 61 82 72 88 79 80 70 83 70
Isle of Wight 79 65 not collected not collected . not collected not collected not collected 75 56 80 65
Kent 81 68 82 66 85 72 not collected not collected 84 73 81 68
Medway 79 64 77 59 81 66 not collected not collected 79 61 79 64
Milton Keynes 80 65 84 65 75 60 not collected not collected 86 69 80 67
Oxfordshire 79 66 69 57 81 55 86 80 81 65 80 69
Portsmouth 77 63 75 62 67 59 not collected not collected 84 64 78 64
Reading 77 60 78 63 79 62 100 100 80 58 78 61
Slough 79 65 83 70 86 59 not collected . 79 69 72 57
Southampton 79 62 78 67 71 60 100 57 87 61 80 62
Surrey 84 72 81 69 70 60 not collected not collected 86 73 85 73
West Berkshire 81 68 80 64 not collected not collected not collected not collected 88 68 80 69
West Sussex 78 63 76 60 70 50 not collected not collected 81 63 78 64
Windsor and Maidenhead 79 67 77 67 not collected not collected not collected not collected 81 65 81 69
Wokingham 80 69 79 70 77 68 not collected not collected 83 68 81 69
South West 77 63 75 58 70 53 80 71 77 63 78 64
Bath and North East Somerset 77 65 69 58 not collected not collected not collected 100 75 67 78 66
Bournemouth 84 68 91 69 not collected not collected not collected 100 78 71 85 70
Bristol, City of 74 62 66 46 64 50 69 72 72 63 77 66
Cornwall 75 59 50 63 not collected not collected not collected not collected 74 68 75 60
Devon 79 64 80 52 100 not collected not collected not collected 76 60 79 64
Dorset 77 63 58 42 43 56 not collected not collected 71 62 78 63
Gloucestershire 75 62 72 51 73 45 not collected not collected 75 57 75 63
Isles of Scilly not collected 100 . . . . . . not collected not collected not collected 100
North Somerset 80 69 not collected not collected not collected not collected not collected not collected 74 65 81 70
Plymouth 74 60 not collected not collected not collected not collected not collected not collected 85 51 74 61
Poole 81 67 84 74 not collected 100 not collected 100 85 64 81 67
Somerset 78 64 81 53 60 58 not collected not collected 83 68 79 65
South Gloucestershire 82 71 81 75 89 71 not collected not collected 80 72 82 71
Swindon 77 62 78 66 77 65 100 not collected 74 66 77 61
Torbay 78 62 not collected not collected not collected . not collected not collected not collected not collected 78 63
Wiltshire 80 63 78 54 82 66 not collected not collected 83 58 80 64

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Please note that the statistics quoted for all ethnic groups except White and Mixed are based on small numbers of pupils and are highly variable over time.

This data shows that:

  • overall, girls were more likely to meet the expected standard than boys in every local authority
  • White girls were more likely to meet the expected standard than White boys in all local authorities – the largest attainment gap was in Luton where 52% of boys and 77% of girls met the expected standard (a gap of 25 percentage points); the smallest gap (6 percentage points) was in Camden where 71% of boys and 77% of girls met the expected standard
  • Asian girls did better than Asian boys in 133 out of 137 local authorities where data were available – the largest gap (41 percentage points) was in Stockton-on-Tees and the smallest gap was in Warrington (2 percentage points)
  • Black girls did better than Black boys in 105 out of 110 local authorities where data were available – the largest gap (43 percentage points) was in Cheshire East and the smallest gap was in Brighton and Hove (no difference)
  • Chinese girls did better than Chinese boys in 28 out of 40 local authorities where data were available – the largest gap (58 percentage points) was in East Sussex, and the smallest gap was in Bracknell Forest, Brent, Gateshead, Hillingdon and Reading (all no difference between boys and girls)
  • girls of Mixed ethnicity did better than boys of Mixed ethnicity in 145 out of 147 local authorities where data were available – the largest gap (50 percentage points) was in Rutland and the smallest gap was in North Lincolnshire and Cheshire East (both no difference)

8. Methodology

The early years foundation stage profile (EYFSP) is an assessment by teachers of pupils’s development. Pupils are assessed at the end of the school year in which they turn 5.

The EYFSP dataset is a statutory annual collection of child-level data from all local authorities in England, which runs from June to the end of August.

In the 2017/18 EYFSP collection, valid results for 652,400 pupils were reported.

Ethnicity isn’t collected as part of the EYFSP collection so the EYFSP attainment data is matched to data on the National Pupil Database (NPD) to get information broken down by ethnic group. The NPD is linked to the school census, which provides information on ethnicity.

There were discrepancies between the two sets of data. Of the 652,400 pupils for whom valid results were reported in the EYFSP dataset, 652,349 were found in the NPD. Of these 652,349 pupils, ethnicity was not found for 19,919 pupils (3%).

A new profile was introduced in September 2012. The first assessments using the new profile took place in summer 2013, so comparisons cannot be made with profile results from before 2013.

Pupils are included in the figures for free school meals (FSM) if their families have claimed eligibility for FSM at the time of the annual spring school census. This FSM definition includes all who were eligible to receive FSM, not only those who actually received FSM. Pupils not eligible for FSM or unclassified pupils are described as ‘non-FSM’ or ‘all other pupils’.

Parents are able to claim FSM if they receive a qualifying benefit. FSM is used as an indicator of disadvantage, but when drawing conclusions, it should be remembered that not all eligible parents apply for FSM. Families who don’t quite reach the eligibility threshold for FSM may still be suffering deprivation.

Suppression rules and disclosure control

Values of 1 or 2 or percentages based on 1 or 2 pupils are suppressed. Where the publication of certain figures may lead to a suppressed figure being revealed, these figures will also be suppressed. This is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF) .

Regional eligible pupil figures are rounded to the nearest 10 so that it is not possible to derive figures for these local authorities by adding up the figures for the other local authorities in the region. The Code of Practice for Official Statistics requires DfE to take reasonable steps to ensure that their published or disseminated statistics protect confidentiality.

For more information about DfE’s disclosure control procedures for its statistical releases please see DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF) .

Rounding

Percentages are rounded to the nearest whole number.

Related publications

Statistics: early years foundation stage profile – includes previous years' data.

Quality and methodology information

9. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Administrative data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Department for Education

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

The early years foundation stage profile (EYFSP) supports pupils's transition to key stage 1 (KS1). It should improve professional dialogue between EYFS and KS1 teachers, helping teachers to plan an effective, responsive and appropriate curriculum to meet the needs of all pupils.

The profile also informs parents or carers about their child’s development against early learning goals.

10. Download the data

Early learning goals- national - Spreadsheet (csv) 23 KB

This file contains the following: ethnicity, gender, FSM eligibility, value and denominator.

Early learning goals- local authority - Spreadsheet (csv) 630 KB

This file contains the following: ethnicity, geography, gender, value, denominator, value notes and geography name.