Destinations of school pupils after GCSEs (and equivalent qualifications)
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1. Main facts and figures
- 94% of pupils went into education, apprenticeships or employment for at least 2 terms after finishing their GCSEs (or equivalent) in July 2017
- 5% of pupils had no sustained education, apprenticeship or employment, and the destination was unknown for 1%
- in nearly every ethnic group, over 90% of pupils went into education, apprenticeships or employment – this is except for the White Gypsy and Roma (67%) and Traveller of Irish heritage (72%) ethnic groups, but the small number of pupils makes this data less reliable
- the percentage of Mixed White and Black Caribbean, and White British pupils who stayed in education after July 2017 was lower than the national average
- the percentage of pupils going into education, apprenticeships or employment has increased from 89% in the school year ending July 2011
- in every ethnic group except White Gypsy and Roma, a higher percentage of pupils went into education, apprenticeships or employment compared with the school year ending July 2011
- pupils from the Chinese and Indian ethnic groups were consistently the most likely out of all ethnic groups to go into education, apprenticeships or employment
The ethnic categories used in this data
This data uses the ethnic categories used in the school census.
2. By ethnicity
|Ethnicity||Education, apprenticeships or employment||Education||Apprenticeships||Employment||No sustained education/employment||Unknown|
|Mixed White/Black African||93||89||2||2||6||1|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||91||84||3||3||8||1|
Summary of Destinations of school pupils after GCSEs (and equivalent qualifications) By ethnicity Summary
3. By ethnicity over time
|Mixed White/Black African||87||89||91||93||94||94||94||93|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||86||86||87||89||91||91||91||91|
Summary of Destinations of school pupils after GCSEs (and equivalent qualifications) By ethnicity over time Summary
Data from the national pupil database (NPD) is used to calculate education destinations. The NPD links pupil and student characteristics (for example, age, gender, and ethnicity) to school and college learning aims and attainment information for children in schools in England.
The following data sources have been used to determine pupils’ education destinations:
- individualised learner records covering English further education providers and specialist post-16 institutions
- the school census covering English schools (including pupil referral units)
- awarding body data
- alternative provision census
- Higher Education Statistics Authority (HESA) data covering UK universities
Since the 2014 to 2015 school year, employment data and out-of-work benefit data has been linked to the national pupil database to form the longitudinal education outcomes (LEO) dataset. Along with local authority data, LEO data is used to calculate employment destinations.
HM Revenue and Customs supplies employment data, and the Department for Work and Pensions supplies out-of-work benefit data.
For all years, information on employment, training, and NEET (not in education, employment or training) comes from local authority data from the National Client Caseload Information System (NCCIS).
The matching of these databases was done using personal characteristics such as name, date of birth and postcode.
These statistics shown only include pupils who went to state-funded mainstream schools.
Suppression rules and disclosure control
The Code of Practice for Statistics requires the Department for Education (DfE) to take reasonable steps to ensure that their published or disseminated statistics protect confidentiality.
For more information about DfE’s disclosure control procedures for its statistical releases please see DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality.
No rounding is applied to pupil numbers in the data download. Percentages are calculated using unrounded data.
5. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Department for Education
Purpose of data source
The data is collected to help provide clear and comparable information on the success of schools and colleges in helping their students continue in education or employment.
6. Download the data
This file contains: Measure, Ethnicity, Ethnicity type, Time, Time type, Geography, Geography type, Geography code, Gender, Gender type, Destination, Value, Value type, Denominator, Numerator