Destinations of school pupils after key stage 4 (usually aged 16 years)
Last updated 9 February 2018 - see all updates
- 1. Navigate to Main facts and figures section
- 2. Navigate toPupils going into sustained education, employment or training by ethnicity section
- 3. Navigate toPupils going into sustained education, employment or training by ethnicity over time section
- 4. Navigate to Methodology section
- 5. Navigate to Data sources section
- 6. Navigate to Download the data section
1. Main facts and figures
in 2014/15, over 90% of pupils from nearly every ethnic group went into education, employment or training for at least two terms after key stage 4 – the exceptions were White Gypsy/Roma and White Irish Traveller pupils, where the figure was about two-thirds
in 2014/15, a higher percentage of pupils from every ethnic group went into education, employment or training compared to 2010/11 – the percentage of all pupils doing this went up by 5 percentage points over this period (from 89% to 94%)
Chinese and Indian pupils were consistently the most likely to stay in education, employment or training every year from 2010/11 to 2014/15
White British pupils and Mixed White and Black Caribbean pupils were less likely to stay in education in 2014/15, compared to the national average for all pupils
in 2014/15, White Gypsy/Roma and White Irish Traveller pupils were the least likely to stay in education (at 62% and 58% respectively), but the most likely to go into employment or training (at 6% and 9% respectively)
The ethnic categories used in this data
This data uses categories from the Department for Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 national census, with 3 exceptions:
- Traveller of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma pupils have been separated into 2 categories
- Sri Lankan has been added to the Asian/Asian British group but is not reported separately
- Chinese pupils have been assigned a separate category
These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.
The categories in the school census are as follows:
- Gypsy Roma
- Irish Traveller
- Any Other White background
Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:
- White and Black Caribbean
- White and Black African
- White and Asian
- Any Other Mixed/Multiple ethnic background
- Sri Lankan
- Any Other Asian background
- Any Other Black/African/Caribbean background
Other ethnic group
Unclassified (where no ethnicity is recorded)
Information about destinations is provided for both detailed and broad ethnic groups where possible and when the data is available.
The 6 broad categories used are as follows:
- Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
- Asian/Asian British
- Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
- Other ethnic group
2. Pupils going into sustained education, employment or training by ethnicity
|Ethnicity||Education, employment or training||Education||Employment||No sustained education/employment||Unknown|
|Mixed White/Black African||93||92||2||6||1|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||91||88||3||8||1|
|White Irish Traveller||67||58||9||25||8|
Download table data for ‘Pupils going into sustained education, employment or training by ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Pupils going into sustained education, employment or training by ethnicity’ (CSV)
Summary of Destinations of school pupils after key stage 4 (usually aged 16 years) Pupils going into sustained education, employment or training by ethnicity Summary
3. Pupils going into sustained education, employment or training by ethnicity over time
|Mixed White/Black African||87||88||91||92||93|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||86||86||87||89||91|
|White Irish Traveller||59||50||60||55||67|
Download table data for ‘Pupils going into sustained education, employment or training by ethnicity over time’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Pupils going into sustained education, employment or training by ethnicity over time’ (CSV)
Summary of Destinations of school pupils after key stage 4 (usually aged 16 years) Pupils going into sustained education, employment or training by ethnicity over time Summary
Data from the national pupil database (NPD) is used to calculate education destinations. The NPD links pupil and student characteristics (for example, age, gender, and ethnicity) to school and college learning aims and attainment information for children in schools in England. Five administrative data sources are used in compiling the NPD and have been used to determine pupils’ education destinations:
- individualised learner record (ILR) covering English further education providers and specialist post-16 institutions
- school census covering English schools (including pupil referral units)
- awarding body data
- alternative provision census
- Higher Education Statistics Authority (HESA) data covering UK universities
In 2014/15, employment data and out-of-work benefit data were linked to the national pupil database to form the longitudinal education outcomes (LEO) dataset.
Along with local authority data, LEO data is used to calculate employment destinations.
Employment data came from HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC). Out-of-work benefit data came from the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP).
For all years, information on employment, training and NEET (not in education, employment or training) comes from local authority data from the National Client Caseload Information System (NCCIS).
The matching of these databases was undertaken at individual level using personal characteristics such as name, date of birth and postcode.
Suppression rules and disclosure control
Suppression is applied to the destination data to ensure that individual pupils cannot be identified, as follows:
- any total with fewer than 11 pupils has had all of their data suppressed
- figures referring to outcomes for 1 or 2 individuals have been suppressed – in some cases, more figures are suppressed if publishing them would affect the suppression of those figures referring to outcomes for 1 or 2 individuals
Zeros remain zeros unless they reveal information about employment destinations.
These rules are also applied to percentages relating to small numbers, so that numerators of less than 3 are suppressed. Percentages are calculated using unrounded data. The Code of Practice for Official Statistics requires the Department for Education (DfE) to take reasonable steps to ensure that their published or disseminated statistics protect confidentiality.
For more information about DfE’s disclosure control procedures for its statistical releases please see DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality
To help preserve confidentiality, numbers have been rounded to the nearest 5.
Percentages are calculated using unrounded data.
All pupil numbers have been rounded to the nearest 5.
5. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Department for Education
Purpose of data source
The data is collected to help provide clear and comparable information on the success of schools and colleges in helping their young pupils continue in education, employment or training.
6. Download the data
This file contains: ethnicity, year, destination, value, numerator and denominator