Science attainments for children aged 5 to 7 (key stage 1)

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Last updated 5 March 2018 - see all updates

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1. Main facts and figures

  • in 2015/16, there were 641,590 pupils in key stage 1 at state-funded mainstream schools in England, of which ethnicity was known for 634,052 (99%)

  • 75% were White, 11% were Asian, 6% were Black, 6% were Mixed, 2% were from the Other ethnic group, and 0.5% were Chinese

  • 82% of all pupils met the expected standard for science at the end of year 1

  • the best performing pupils were from the Indian, Irish, Mixed White and Asian, and Chinese ethnic groups – 86% of pupils in these groups met the expected standard

  • Gypsy/Roma pupils were least likely to meet the expected standard at 39%

  • 84% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 79% of boys

  • the biggest attainment gap between boys and girls, at 10 percentage points, was found among Traveller of Irish Heritage pupils, where 42% of boys met the expected standard, compared with 52% of girls

  • pupils eligible for free school meals (FSM) performed less well than pupils not eligible in every ethnic group apart from Gypsy/Roma

Things you need to know

The 2016 key stage 1 assessments are the first which assess the new, more challenging national curriculum. The expected standard has also been raised to be higher than the old level 2. As a result, figures for 2016 are not comparable to those for earlier years.

Teacher assessments for year 2 pupils studying the national curriculum are collected and reported by the Department for Education (DfE), but test results for those pupils are not collected.

School level data is not published for key stage 1.

Results for the Isles of Scilly and the City of London, which have only one school each, have been excluded from local authority breakdowns. This is because the very small number of pupils in these local authorities make the results unreliable.

The Department for Education (DfE) has also excluded, or ‘suppressed’, very small numbers (for example, values of 1 or 2, a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or 0, 1 or 2 pupils who did not achieve a particular standard).

This is because, where the size of the ethnic group population is small enough that an individual’s identity could be revealed, information is suppressed to preserve confidentiality. This is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF opens in a new window or tab) (PDF).

Pupil numbers for key stage 1 vary between measures of attainment for different subjects. This is because pupils who don't have a valid teacher assessment for a particular subject are excluded from the total. For more about valid teacher assessments, see the Methodology section.

What the data measures

This data measures the science attainment of children in key stage 1 (years 1 to 2, when pupils are aged between 5 and 7). Children’s ability in science is assessed by their teachers.

The data covers the academic year 2015/16 (September 2015 to July 2016).

The data was collected from 16,337 state-funded mainstream schools (about 650,000 pupils) in England.

This data only measures the expected standard; there is no higher standard for science.

The ethnic categories used in this data

This data uses categories from the Department for Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 national Census, with 3 exceptions:

  • Traveller of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma children have been separated into 2 categories
  • Sri Lankan has been added to the Asian/Asian British group but is not reported separately
  • Chinese pupils have been assigned a separate category

These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.

The categories in the school census are as follows:

White:

  • White British
  • White Irish
  • Traveller of Irish Heritage
  • Gypsy/Roma
  • Other White

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Other Mixed background

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Sri Lankan
  • Other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • Black African
  • Black Caribbean
  • Other Black background

Chinese Other ethnic group

Information is provided for both detailed and broad ethnic groups where possible and when the data is available.

The 6 broad categories used are as follows:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White
  • Other ethnic group

However, local authority data is only provided for 5 broad ethnic groups. Information about the specific ethnic categories is excluded to preserve confidentiality and ensure individuals cannot be identified. Information about the Other ethnic group is not given because DfE does not publish data for this group at the local authority level.

The 5 broad categories are as follows:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White

2. Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in science by ethnicity
Ethnicity Expected standard
All 82
Asian 80
Bangladeshi 79
Indian 86
Pakistani 75
Asian other 82
Black 80
Black African 81
Black Caribbean 78
Black other 78
Chinese 86
Mixed 83
Mixed White/Asian 86
Mixed White/Black African 83
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 79
Mixed other 83
White 83
White British 84
White Irish 86
White Irish Traveller 47
White Gypsy/Roma 39
White other 76
Other 75

Download table data for ‘Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Science attainments for children aged 5 to 7 (key stage 1) Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity Summary

The data shows that:

  • overall, 82% of pupils met the expected standard (making this the national average)

  • 84% of White British pupils met the expected standard

  • the pupils most likely to achieve were Irish, Mixed White and Asian, Indian, and Chinese: 86% of all these groups met the expected standard

3. Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in science by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals
Ethnicity FSM Non-FSM
All 69 84
Asian 72 81
Bangladeshi 74 80
Indian 77 87
Pakistani 69 77
Asian other 73 83
Black 73 82
Black African 74 83
Black Caribbean 71 81
Black other 73 80
Chinese 83 86
Mixed 73 86
Mixed White/Asian 73 88
Mixed White/Black African 74 86
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 71 83
Mixed other 74 85
White 67 85
White British 67 86
White Irish 67 89
White Irish Traveller 45 50
White Gypsy/Roma 43 38
White other 67 77
Other 71 77

Download table data for ‘Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)’ (CSV)

Summary of Science attainments for children aged 5 to 7 (key stage 1) Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM) Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

The data shows that:

  • 69% of FSM-eligible pupils met the expected standard, compared with 84% who were not eligible (making these the national averages)

  • Gypsy/Roma FSM-eligible pupils were least likely to meet the expected standard – 43% did so, the lowest percentage of any ethnic group

  • of FSM-eligible pupils, Chinese FSM-eligible pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard – 83% did so, the highest percentage of any ethnic group

  • 67% of FSM-eligible Irish pupils met the expected standard, compared with 89% of those not eligible (the biggest attainment gap, at 22 percentage points)

  • 67% of FSM-eligible White British pupils met the expected standard, compared with 86% of those not eligible (an attainment gap of 19 percentage points)

  • FSM-eligible pupils performed less well than those not eligible in every ethnic group, except Gypsy/Roma, where 43% of FSM-eligible pupils met the expected standard, compared with 38% not eligible (a gap of 5 percentage points)

4. Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and area

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard for science by ethnicity and area
Local authority All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Barking and Dagenham 82 84 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 79
Barnet 83 86 78 88 83 85
Barnsley 80 82 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 80
Bath and North East Somerset 83 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 83
Bedford 81 74 82 100 83 82
Bexley 86 92 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 84
Birmingham 74 74 74 83 76 75
Blackburn with Darwen 82 81 70 100 83 83
Blackpool 84 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 60 86 85
Bolton 79 81 69 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 81
Bournemouth 84 77 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 88 85
Bracknell Forest 86 94 88 withheld to protect confidentiality 91 85
Bradford 76 75 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 77
Brent 80 82 80 100 87 79
Brighton and Hove 85 81 81 100 84 86
Bristol, City of 80 76 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 82
Bromley 87 91 87 94 89 86
Buckinghamshire 82 74 75 84 83 84
Bury 81 78 72 100 79 82
Calderdale 75 58 withheld to protect confidentiality 57 73 78
Cambridgeshire 82 77 74 91 83 82
Camden 82 77 78 71 83 87
Central Bedfordshire 85 92 80 100 79 85
Cheshire East 82 76 73 73 86 82
Cheshire West and Chester 82 75 77 100 89 82
City of London withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Cornwall 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 86 85
County Durham 84 92 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 84
Coventry 77 82 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 76
Croydon 83 87 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 83
Cumbria 83 87 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 83
Darlington 84 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 89 84
Derby 75 80 81 87 80 74
Derbyshire 86 88 74 86 88 86
Devon 82 77 57 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 82
Doncaster 78 78 71 68 83 79
Dorset 81 81 100 70 83 81
Dudley 81 76 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 82
Ealing 79 78 75 100 88 81
East Riding of Yorkshire 85 85 100 100 86 85
East Sussex 84 89 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 84
Enfield 77 86 76 77 83 76
Essex 83 81 80 86 83 83
Gateshead 83 74 81 75 79 84
Gloucestershire 82 86 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 82
Greenwich 86 90 88 86 87 84
Hackney 85 88 83 83 88 86
Halton 78 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 78
Hammersmith and Fulham 83 88 78 100 82 88
Hampshire 88 85 84 88 85 88
Haringey 83 87 82 88 88 84
Harrow 85 90 81 100 87 80
Hartlepool 80 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 80
Havering 86 89 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 89 86
Herefordshire, County of 85 70 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 93 85
Hertfordshire 85 84 83 95 88 85
Hillingdon 81 84 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 81
Hounslow 86 90 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 88 85
Isle of Wight 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 82
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Islington 80 75 76 70 85 83
Kensington and Chelsea 88 89 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 89 91
Kent 86 88 85 90 88 86
Kingston upon Hull, City of 77 89 65 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 78
Kingston upon Thames 85 81 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 87
Kirklees 79 75 75 81 77 82
Knowsley 77 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 84 76
Lambeth 84 85 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 87 86
Lancashire 82 79 81 76 79 82
Leeds 74 73 69 75 71 76
Leicester 74 81 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 73 69
Leicestershire 85 86 87 90 85 85
Lewisham 84 84 80 80 87 87
Lincolnshire 81 93 85 82 86 81
Liverpool 71 71 71 71 76 72
Luton 77 77 78 58 81 77
Manchester 77 74 79 92 79 78
Medway 82 84 88 100 87 81
Merton 85 87 88 83 86 85
Middlesbrough 75 72 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 76
Milton Keynes 82 81 83 74 85 82
Newcastle upon Tyne 81 78 79 88 85 83
Newham 82 86 83 75 88 76
Norfolk 85 90 81 92 87 85
North East Lincolnshire 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 90 78
North Lincolnshire 87 90 60 100 86 87
North Somerset 85 90 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 88 85
North Tyneside 83 87 83 80 84 83
North Yorkshire 84 80 73 82 85 84
Northamptonshire 81 81 75 89 80 82
Northumberland 87 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 90 87
Nottingham 75 79 79 81 77 75
Nottinghamshire 81 76 75 82 84 82
Oldham 72 66 65 81 78 77
Oxfordshire 83 75 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 84
Peterborough 74 74 81 100 76 74
Plymouth 79 88 81 73 75 79
Poole 86 81 69 100 85 86
Portsmouth 82 81 82 100 79 82
Reading 76 78 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 77
Redbridge 80 85 76 86 81 76
Redcar and Cleveland 82 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 82
Richmond upon Thames 89 83 87 withheld to protect confidentiality 88 90
Rochdale 79 77 68 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 81
Rotherham 79 78 69 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 80
Rutland 86 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 86
Salford 81 82 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 83
Sandwell 74 75 73 55 75 75
Sefton 81 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 81
Sheffield 79 74 77 89 76 81
Shropshire 84 88 57 100 89 84
Slough 81 86 81 100 84 76
Solihull 83 78 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 84
Somerset 86 77 64 75 86 86
South Gloucestershire 86 87 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 87 87
South Tyneside 82 84 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 67 83
Southampton 81 83 82 85 82 81
Southend-on-Sea 82 85 79 82 79 83
Southwark 82 82 81 84 81 85
St. Helens 77 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 77
Staffordshire 84 80 76 83 86 85
Stockport 84 82 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 84
Stockton-on-Tees 87 88 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 87
Stoke-on-Trent 77 77 83 70 81 77
Suffolk 81 84 75 100 79 81
Sunderland 84 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 84
Surrey 86 84 85 88 86 87
Sutton 81 83 77 82 88 80
Swindon 78 78 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 78
Tameside 82 77 78 60 83 83
Telford and Wrekin 83 77 89 100 87 83
Thurrock 79 84 84 80 83 77
Torbay 81 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 84 81
Tower Hamlets 80 80 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 79
Trafford 86 85 83 90 82 86
Wakefield 80 70 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 81
Walsall 78 81 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 78
Waltham Forest 86 87 86 84 88 86
Wandsworth 85 86 79 84 83 90
Warrington 86 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 90 86
Warwickshire 84 85 75 84 85 84
West Berkshire 85 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 88 85
West Sussex 78 78 65 85 79 78
Westminster 80 84 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 84
Wigan 81 72 68 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 81
Wiltshire 83 88 80 79 85 83
Windsor and Maidenhead 88 87 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 89
Wirral 81 87 56 76 83 81
Wokingham 90 90 89 withheld to protect confidentiality 90 90
Wolverhampton 75 77 79 88 78 74
Worcestershire 84 73 70 78 84 85
York 83 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 57 86 84

Download table data for ‘Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and area’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and area’ (CSV)

Summary of Science attainments for children aged 5 to 7 (key stage 1) Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and area Summary

  • Asian pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard in Halton and Knowsley in the North West and Rutland in the East Midlands, and least likely to meet it in Calderdale in Yorkshire and the Humber

  • Black pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard in Cumbria in the North West, East Riding of Yorkshire in Yorkshire in The Humber, in the County of Herefordshire in the West Midlands, and in Dorset in the South West, and least likely to meet it in Wirral in the North West

  • 100% of Chinese pupils met the expected standard in 25 local authorities

  • Chinese pupils were least likely to meet the expected standard in Sandwell in the West Midlands

  • pupils of Mixed ethnicity were most likely to meet the expected standard in Herefordshire in the West Midland, and least likely to meet it in South Tyneside in the North East

  • White pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard in Kensington and Chelsea in London, and least likely to meet it in Leicester in the East Midlands

5. Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and gender

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard for science by ethnicity and gender
Ethnicity Boys Girls
All 79 84
Asian 77 83
Bangladeshi 75 82
Indian 84 89
Pakistani 73 78
Asian other 79 86
Black 76 83
Black African 77 84
Black Caribbean 75 81
Black other 75 82
Chinese 83 88
Mixed 80 86
Mixed White/Asian 84 89
Mixed White/Black African 81 85
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 76 83
Mixed other 80 86
White 80 85
White British 81 86
White Irish 84 88
White Irish Traveller 42 52
White Gypsy/Roma 37 42
White other 74 78
Other 73 78

Download table data for ‘Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and gender’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and gender’ (CSV)

Summary of Science attainments for children aged 5 to 7 (key stage 1) Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and gender Summary

The data shows that:

  • 84% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 79% of boys

  • 86% of White British girls met the expected standard, compared with 81% of White British boys (an attainment gap of 5 percentage points)

  • Mixed White and Asian girls and Indian girls were most likely to meet the expected standard – 89% did so, the highest percentage of any ethnic group

  • Gypsy/Roma boys were least likely to meet the expected standard – 37% did so, the lowest percentage of any ethnic group

  • the smallest attainment gap between boys and girls, at 4 percentage points, was found in the following ethnic groups: Irish, Mixed White and Black African, and Other White (girls did better than boys in all these groups)

  • the biggest attainment gap between boys and girls, at 10 percentage points, was found among Traveller of Irish Heritage pupils, where 42% of boys met the expected standard, compared with 52% of girls

6. Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard for science by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals
Ethnicity FSM Boys FSM Girls Non-FSM Boys Non-FSM Girls
All 65 72 82 86
Asian 68 76 79 84
Bangladeshi 69 79 77 82
Indian 75 80 85 89
Pakistani 65 73 74 79
Asian other 69 78 80 87
Black 69 78 79 85
Black African 70 79 79 86
Black Caribbean 66 75 78 83
Black other 68 78 77 83
Chinese 82 83 83 88
Mixed 69 77 83 88
Mixed White/Asian 69 78 87 90
Mixed White/Black African 71 78 84 87
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 65 77 80 86
Mixed other 71 77 82 88
White 64 71 83 87
White British 64 71 84 88
White Irish 64 70 87 91
White Irish Traveller 40 50 47 54
White Gypsy/Roma 38 47 37 39
White other 65 68 75 79
Other 67 74 74 79

Download table data for ‘Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)’ (CSV)

Summary of Science attainments for children aged 5 to 7 (key stage 1) Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM) Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

The data shows that:

  • overall, 72% of FSM-eligible girls met the expected standard, compared with 65% of FSM-eligible boys

  • among both boys and girls, FSM-eligible Gypsy/Roma pupils were least likely to meet the expected standard – 38% of boys and 47% of girls did so

  • of all FSM-eligible pupils, Chinese boys and girls were most likely to meet the expected standard – 82% and 83% did so respectively

  • the biggest attainment gap between FSM-eligible girls and boys, at 12 percentage points, was found among Mixed White and Black Caribbean pupils, where 77% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 65% of boys

  • 64% of FSM-eligible White British boys met the expected standard, compared with 71% of FSM-eligible White British girls

  • the biggest attainment gap between children eligible and non-eligible for FSM was found among Irish pupils: here, there was a 23 percentage point difference in the attainment of boys and 21 percentage point difference in the attainment of girls

7. Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity, area and gender

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard for science by ethnicity, gender and area
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Local authority All Boys All Girls Asian Boys Asian Girls Black Boys Black Girls Chinese Boys Chinese Girls Mixed Boys Mixed Girls White Boys White Girls
Barking and Dagenham 80 84 81 88 83 90 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 85 78 80
Barnet 82 84 86 86 77 79 84 90 81 84 84 87
Barnsley 77 83 70 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 88 79 77 84
Bath and North East Somerset 82 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 82 82 84
Bedford 79 83 70 79 72 91 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 80 86 81 83
Bexley 84 87 90 95 89 92 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 89 83 85
Birmingham 71 77 72 77 73 76 78 90 71 81 72 79
Blackburn with Darwen 80 84 79 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 83 82 85
Blackpool 82 86 71 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 86
Bolton 77 82 80 82 68 70 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 83 78 84
Bournemouth 81 87 74 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 92 82 88
Bracknell Forest 86 86 95 93 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 85
Bradford 73 79 73 78 68 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 74 84 74 80
Brent 77 82 79 86 77 83 100 100 81 91 79 80
Brighton and Hove 84 87 81 80 77 86 100 100 83 85 85 88
Bristol, City of 77 83 74 78 66 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 76 81 80 85
Bromley 85 89 91 91 86 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 94 84 89
Buckinghamshire 80 84 73 75 73 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 86 82 87
Bury 77 84 76 81 72 71 100 100 68 88 78 85
Calderdale 72 77 57 59 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 78 76 81
Cambridgeshire 80 84 78 77 74 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 90 81 84
Camden 81 84 73 81 76 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 82 87 87
Central Bedfordshire 83 87 91 93 79 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 74 84 83 87
Cheshire East 80 84 79 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 90 83 80 85
Cheshire West and Chester 80 85 63 90 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 85 93 80 84
City of London withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Cornwall 83 87 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 86 86 83 87
County Durham 81 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 82 89 82 87
Coventry 74 80 79 86 71 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 71 87 75 78
Croydon 80 86 84 89 76 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 79 87 82 85
Cumbria 81 86 84 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 89 81 86
Darlington 83 85 65 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 85
Derby 72 79 77 83 75 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 83 71 78
Derbyshire 84 88 87 90 73 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 87
Devon 80 84 71 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 86 80 85
Doncaster 76 81 77 78 65 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 88 77 81
Dorset 80 83 78 85 100 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 88 80 83
Dudley 77 85 72 81 79 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 79 89 78 86
Ealing 76 82 74 83 71 79 100 100 85 90 79 84
East Riding of Yorkshire 82 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 89 84 82 88
East Sussex 82 86 87 93 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 88 83 86
Enfield 74 80 84 89 72 80 77 77 78 87 74 78
Essex 80 85 78 84 76 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 86 81 85
Gateshead 81 86 77 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 79 81 87
Gloucestershire 81 83 80 92 77 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 82 81 84
Greenwich 84 89 90 91 86 90 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 89 81 88
Hackney 82 89 87 89 77 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 89 84 89
Halton 76 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 80
Hammersmith and Fulham 81 86 83 91 76 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 87 87 89
Hampshire 86 90 84 86 78 90 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 88 87 90
Haringey 81 86 80 93 78 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 88 87 82 85
Harrow 81 89 87 93 76 87 100 100 86 88 73 87
Hartlepool 76 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 85
Havering 84 89 85 93 78 93 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 88 91 85 88
Herefordshire, County of 84 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 86
Hertfordshire 83 87 81 88 81 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 91 84 87
Hillingdon 78 84 80 87 74 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 85 78 84
Hounslow 84 88 89 92 80 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 90 83 88
Isle of Wight 80 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 100 81 83
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Islington 78 82 70 79 73 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 86 82 84
Kensington and Chelsea 86 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 93 90 91
Kent 84 88 88 88 82 88 87 91 84 94 84 88
Kingston upon Hull, City of 75 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 82 75 81
Kingston upon Thames 84 87 81 80 83 78 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 84 84 89
Kirklees 77 82 72 78 70 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 81 81 84
Knowsley 74 81 100 100 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 80
Lambeth 81 86 83 87 77 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 85 89 85 87
Lancashire 79 84 78 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 83 80 85
Leeds 72 76 73 73 61 77 82 67 70 72 74 77
Leicester 72 77 79 83 69 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 79 67 71
Leicestershire 83 86 85 87 81 91 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 88 83 83 87
Lewisham 82 86 84 84 76 85 79 81 86 88 86 89
Lincolnshire 79 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 100 85 87 79 84
Liverpool 68 75 71 71 68 74 61 83 67 85 69 75
Luton 74 80 73 82 77 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 86 77 78
Manchester 73 80 69 79 74 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 81 76 81
Medway 80 84 88 79 85 90 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 89 84 79 84
Merton 83 88 86 89 84 92 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 89 83 86
Middlesbrough 72 78 68 78 81 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 79 74 79
Milton Keynes 79 85 77 86 81 85 77 71 81 88 79 85
Newcastle upon Tyne 78 84 74 82 75 84 76 100 82 89 80 86
Newham 79 86 83 88 78 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 91 75 77
Norfolk 83 87 87 92 78 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 90 83 87
North East Lincolnshire 75 83 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 83
North Lincolnshire 84 90 88 92 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 90
North Somerset 84 86 100 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 91 84 84 86
North Tyneside 80 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 86 81 85
North Yorkshire 82 86 70 93 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 88 83 86
Northamptonshire 78 84 77 86 69 81 81 100 77 83 79 84
Northumberland 84 90 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 90
Nottingham 72 79 76 82 75 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 80 71 78
Nottinghamshire 79 84 72 80 58 91 79 86 85 83 79 84
Oldham 69 75 62 70 66 65 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 78 74 81
Oxfordshire 82 85 73 77 74 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 86 82 86
Peterborough 71 78 71 78 76 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 80 71 77
Plymouth 77 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 73 77 81
Poole 84 88 77 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 91 84 88
Portsmouth 79 84 79 82 81 83 100 100 75 84 80 85
Reading 73 80 73 83 74 78 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 73 79 73 81
Redbridge 78 83 83 87 74 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 82 72 81
Redcar and Cleveland 78 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 86
Richmond upon Thames 87 91 80 86 88 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 85 92 89 92
Rochdale 76 82 76 79 70 66 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 86 77 76 85
Rotherham 76 83 73 83 67 70 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 89 77 83
Rutland 85 87 100 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 87
Salford 79 84 80 85 76 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 78 89 81 85
Sandwell 71 78 71 80 68 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 80 72 77
Sefton 79 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 84 79 84
Sheffield 76 82 71 77 74 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 78 77 84
Shropshire 82 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 86
Slough 78 85 83 89 74 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 90 74 78
Solihull 80 87 74 82 79 79 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 91 81 87
Somerset 84 88 66 90 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 92 85 88
South Gloucestershire 85 88 83 89 70 86 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 89 85 88
South Tyneside 78 85 86 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 60 79 87
Southampton 78 84 77 88 80 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 84 78 83
Southend-on-Sea 79 86 78 92 80 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 88 80 86
Southwark 80 84 83 82 78 85 85 84 78 85 85 85
St. Helens 74 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 64 83 75 80
Staffordshire 82 87 77 84 69 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 91 83 87
Stockport 83 85 84 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 91 83 85
Stockton-on-Tees 84 89 79 96 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 83 84 90
Stoke-on-Trent 73 81 70 83 74 91 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 86 74 80
Suffolk 79 83 88 79 72 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 79 79 83
Sunderland 81 87 74 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 88
Surrey 85 88 83 86 80 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 91 85 89
Sutton 77 84 79 87 76 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 89 87 76 84
Swindon 75 80 76 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 83 76 80
Tameside 80 84 75 79 80 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 86 80 85
Telford and Wrekin 80 86 74 80 85 92 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 89 84 81 86
Thurrock 77 81 77 92 80 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 85 76 78
Torbay 79 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 83
Tower Hamlets 76 83 76 83 79 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 89 77 81
Trafford 83 88 80 89 80 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 83 84 89
Wakefield 76 84 62 77 77 83 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 84 77 84
Walsall 75 81 78 83 78 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 70 86 76 82
Waltham Forest 84 89 84 90 82 90 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 90 84 88
Wandsworth 83 87 80 93 77 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 81 89 91
Warrington 84 87 80 88 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 89 90 84 87
Warwickshire 81 86 82 88 70 81 70 100 86 85 81 87
West Berkshire 83 88 79 91 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 89 83 88
West Sussex 76 80 75 81 72 58 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 79 76 81
Westminster 78 83 80 88 85 81 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 90 83 86
Wigan 78 84 69 73 62 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 81 83 78 85
Wiltshire 81 85 86 89 76 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 89 82 85
Windsor and Maidenhead 86 89 82 93 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 86 83 88 90
Wirral 76 85 84 90 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 85
Wokingham 88 92 85 96 90 88 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 89 91 89 91
Wolverhampton 72 78 73 82 75 83 80 100 75 81 71 76
Worcestershire 82 87 71 75 74 63 60 100 81 89 82 88
York 82 84 73 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 89 83 85

Download table data for ‘Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity, area and gender’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity, area and gender’ (CSV)

Summary of Science attainments for children aged 5 to 7 (key stage 1) Science attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity, area and gender Summary

The data shows that:

  • overall, girls outperformed boys in every local authority except Barking and Dagenham in London where attainment was the same

  • for Asian pupils, the largest attainment gap was in Central Bedfordshire in the East of England, where 100% of girls met the expected standard, compared with only 70% of boys

  • for Black pupils, the biggest attainment gap was in Harrow in London, where 91% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 58% of boys

  • for Chinese pupils, the biggest attainment gap was in Worcestershire in the West Midlands, where 100% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 60% of boys

  • for pupils of Mixed ethnicity, the biggest attainment gap was in Calderdale in Yorkshire and the Humber, where 100% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 71% of boys

  • for White pupils, the biggest attainment gap was in Barnsley in Yorkshire and the Humber, where 87% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 73% of boys

  • please be aware except for the information for White pupils, the statistics quoted for attainment by ethnicity, gender and local authority are based on small numbers of pupils and are highly variable over time

8. Methodology

The key stage 1 dataset is compiled using information matched together from 3 data sources:

  • key stage 1 teacher assessment results
  • prior attainment results in phonics
  • school census records

Key stage 1 results received from local authorities are combined with pupil characteristics from the school census. Records are matched using identifiers such as surname, forename, date of birth, unique pupil number, gender and postcode. This successfully matches around 98% of results.

Key stage 1 assessment results are not published at school level. The coverage of the local authority and regional statistics is for state-funded mainstream schools only in England. This includes schools and academies but excludes hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision.

The information is collected from 16,337 schools (approximately 650,000 pupils).

Pupils are included in the figures for free school meals (FSM) if their families have claimed eligibility for FSM at the time of the annual spring school census. This FSM definition includes all who were eligible to receive FSM, not only those who actually received FSM. Pupils not eligible for FSM or unclassified pupils are described as ‘non-FSM’ or ‘all other pupils’.

Parents are able to claim FSM if they receive a qualifying benefit.

FSM is used as an indicator of disadvantage, but when drawing conclusions, it should be remembered that not all eligible parents apply for FSM. Families who don’t quite reach the eligibility threshold for FSM may still be suffering deprivation.

Any pupils who do not have a valid key stage 1 outcome for a subject are excluded from the calculations for that subject and do not appear in the number of eligible pupils or in the outcome percentages. For reading, writing and mathematics, the valid outcomes are:

  • below the pre-key stage standard
  • foundations for the expected standard
  • working towards the expected standard
  • working at the expected standard
  • working at greater depth within the expected standard
  • absent
  • disapplied

For science, the valid outcomes are:

  • has not met the expected standard
  • working at the expected standard
  • absent
  • disapplied

Pupils with an outcome of ‘absent’ or ‘disapplied’ are included to ensure complete coverage of the cohort. In the 2016 data, there were no pupils with maladministration in any subject.

Suppression rules and disclosure control

Values of 1 or 2 or a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or did not achieve, a particular standard are suppressed. Some additional figures may be suppressed to prevent the possibility of a suppressed figure being revealed. This suppression is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF opens in a new window or tab) (PDF) .

Figures for the Isles of Scilly and City of London are suppressed in DfE’s key stage 2 provisional Statistical First Release as these local authorities have a single school and DfE do not publish school-level information in the performance tables at the time of the provisional release. These figures are unsuppressed in the revised release as school-level figures are already published in the performance tables.

Regional eligible pupil figures are rounded to the nearest 10 so that it is not possible to derive figures for these local authorities by summing the figures for the other local authorities in the region.

In the school-level data, any figures relating to a cohort of 5 pupils or fewer are suppressed. This applies to sub-groups of pupils as well as the whole cohort. For example, if there were five boys and three girls in a school, DfE would not publish attainment for boys or girls separately but would publish attainment for all pupils as this is based on 8 pupils. The Code of Practice for Official Statistics requires DfE to take reasonable steps to ensure that their published or disseminated statistics protect confidentiality.

For more information about DfE’s disclosure control procedures for its statistical releases please see DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF opens in a new window or tab) (PDF).

Rounding

All charts, tables and downloads are rounded to the nearest whole number.

Related publications

Schools, pupils and their characteristics: January 2016

Quality and methodology information

9. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Administrative data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Department for Education

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

This data provides results for the 2016 phonics screening checks and key stage 1 national curriculum assessments for pupils in schools in England. The results are used to monitor pupils’ attainment and progress in reading, writing, science and mathematics.

10. Download the data

Expected standard in science for children aged 5 to 7 - local authority - Spreadsheet (csv) 577 KB

This file contains: ethnicity, year, gender, denominator, region, local authority


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