Science results for 6 to 7 year olds

Published

1. Main facts and figures

  • 82% of pupils in year 2 met the expected standard in science in the 2018 to 2019 school year
  • pupils from the Chinese ethnic group were the most likely out of all ethnic groups to meet the expected standard
  • White Gypsy and Roma pupils were the least likely out of all ethnic groups to meet the expected standard
  • in every ethnic group, girls were more likely than boys to meet the expected standard
  • in every ethnic group, pupils eligible for free school meals were less likely to meet the expected standard than other pupils
Things you need to know

In the 2018 to 2019 school year, 666,394 pupils were assessed for science in year 2 (when they were 6 or 7 years old).

Ethnicity was known for 98.6% of pupils. Of those:

  • 74% were White
  • 11% were Asian
  • 6% had Mixed ethnic backgrounds
  • 5% were Black
  • 0.5% were from the Chinese ethnic group
  • 2% were from Other ethnic groups

At the end of year 2, teachers assess pupils in reading, writing, maths and science. Pupils also take tests in reading and maths. This data only includes teacher assessments, as schools don’t submit test data to the Department of Education.

Results for the Isles of Scilly and the City of London are not included in local authority breakdowns as they only have 1 school each.

There were 2,529 Gypsy and Roma pupils and 682 Traveller of Irish Heritage pupils. Please use caution when interpreting figures for these groups as they are based on small numbers of pupils.

This data only includes pupils in state-funded schools.

107,158 pupils (16%) were eligible for free school meals.

School-level data is not published for key stage 1 subjects.

What the data measures

This data measures the percentage of pupils who met the expected standard in science.

Teachers assess pupils at the end of key stage 1 (year 2), when children are 6 or 7 years old.

To reach the expected standard, pupils must have been assessed by a teacher as 'working at the expected standard'.

The ethnic categories used in this data

This data groups ethnicities from the Department for Education’s school census. These groupings are based on the 2001 Census of England and Wales, with 2 exceptions:

  • Traveller of Irish Heritage and Gypsy and Roma pupils are in separate categories
  • the Chinese ethnic group is a separate category from Asian

These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.

Local authority data is only provided for 6 ethnic groups:

  • Asian
  • Black
  • Chinese
  • Mixed
  • White
  • Other

2. By ethnicity

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in science by ethnicity
Ethnicity Expected standard
All 82
Asian 81
Bangladeshi 80
Indian 87
Pakistani 78
Asian other 82
Black 80
Black African 81
Black Caribbean 77
Black other 79
Chinese 89
Mixed 83
Mixed White/Asian 87
Mixed White/Black African 83
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 80
Mixed other 83
White 83
White British 84
White Irish 87
Gypsy/Roma 43
Irish Traveller 45
White other 79
Other 75
Unknown 63

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Science results for 6 to 7 year olds By ethnicity Summary

The data shows that:

  • 82% of pupils met the expected standard in science in year 2 (when they were 6 or 7 years old)
  • 89% of pupils from the Chinese ethnic group met the expected standard, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • 43% of White Gypsy and Roma pupils met the expected standard, the lowest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • 84% of White British pupils met the expected standard

3. By ethnicity and gender

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in science by ethnicity and gender
Ethnicity Boys Girls
% %
All 80 85
Asian 78 85
Bangladeshi 76 84
Indian 84 90
Pakistani 74 81
Asian other 79 86
Black 76 85
Black African 77 86
Black Caribbean 72 82
Black other 75 83
Chinese 87 91
Mixed 81 86
Mixed White/Asian 85 89
Mixed White/Black African 81 86
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 77 83
Mixed other 81 87
White 81 85
White British 81 86
White Irish 84 89
Gypsy/Roma 42 44
Irish Traveller 39 50
White other 76 82
Other 72 78
Unknown 60 65

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and gender’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and gender’ (CSV)

Summary of Science results for 6 to 7 year olds By ethnicity and gender Summary

This data shows that:

  • 85% of girls and 80% of boys met the expected standard
  • in every ethnic group, girls were more likely than boys to meet the expected standard
  • girls from the Chinese ethnic group were the most likely to meet the expected standard (91%)
  • boys from the White Irish Traveller ethnic group were the least likely to meet the expected standard (39%)
  • in the White Irish Traveller ethnic group, 50% of girls and 39% of boys met the expected standard (the biggest gap)
  • in the White Gypsy and Roma ethnic group, 44% of girls and 42% of boys met the standard (the smallest gap)
  • among White British pupils, 86% of girls and 81% of boys met the expected standard

4. By ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in science by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals
Ethnicity FSM Non-FSM
% %
All 69 85
Asian 74 83
Bangladeshi 76 81
Indian 79 88
Pakistani 73 78
Asian other 72 84
Black 76 82
Black African 78 82
Black Caribbean 71 80
Black other 74 81
Chinese 86 89
Mixed 73 86
Mixed White/Asian 75 89
Mixed White/Black African 77 85
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 72 84
Mixed other 73 86
White 67 86
White British 68 87
White Irish 63 91
Gypsy/Roma 41 44
Irish Traveller 41 51
White other 68 80
Other 68 77
Unknown 65 63

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals’ (CSV)

Summary of Science results for 6 to 7 year olds By ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) in England is used as an indicator of deprivation.

The data for FSM-eligible pupils shows that:

  • 69% met the expected standard, compared with 85% of non-eligible pupils
  • 86% from the Chinese ethnic group met the standard, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • 41% from the White Irish Traveller and White Gypsy and Roma groups met the standard, the lowest percentage
  • in every ethnic group, they were less likely to meet the expected standard than non-eligible pupils
  • White Irish pupils had the largest gap between FSM-eligible (63%) and non-FSM pupils (91%)
  • pupils from the Chinese ethnic group had the smallest gap between FSM-eligible (86%) and non-eligible pupils (89%), along with White Gypsy and Roma pupils (41% and 44%)
  • 68% of White British pupils met the expected standard, compared with 87% of non-eligible White British pupils

5. By ethnicity and area

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in science by ethnicity and area
Local authority All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White Other
% % % % % % %
Barking and Dagenham 81 83 84 94 81 79 85
Barnet 85 86 84 88 86 87 78
Barnsley 79 100 67 N/A* 78 79 67
Bath and North East Somerset 86 79 90 89 91 87 45
Bedford 75 66 74 100 70 78 84
Bexley 84 87 87 90 89 82 80
Birmingham 77 78 77 91 78 77 74
Blackburn with Darwen 81 81 67 100 86 81 79
Blackpool 79 81 64 80 80 79 70
Bolton 78 80 70 81 78 80 70
Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole 84 84 81 96 84 84 79
Bracknell Forest 87 89 100 100 92 87 78
Bradford 78 79 74 78 79 78 69
Brent 79 82 78 93 82 80 72
Brighton and Hove 87 76 86 83 89 89 62
Bristol, City of 81 75 74 94 79 83 66
Bromley 86 92 79 96 85 86 80
Buckinghamshire 86 80 86 92 85 87 87
Bury 81 75 71 93 82 82 68
Calderdale 79 73 71 70 76 81 69
Cambridgeshire 83 82 81 82 83 83 81
Camden 83 82 82 83 84 85 80
Central Bedfordshire 85 91 80 90 87 85 79
Cheshire East 84 80 67 78 85 85 73
Cheshire West and Chester 82 88 62 86 84 82 57
City of London withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Cornwall 81 94 57 73 88 81 57
County Durham 83 78 100 87 88 83 73
Coventry 81 84 80 96 83 81 71
Croydon 84 86 85 86 84 84 79
Cumbria 85 76 83 71 93 85 71
Darlington 81 68 91 100 91 82 64
Derby 79 81 83 89 81 79 70
Derbyshire 83 80 86 79 87 83 76
Devon 85 73 85 88 88 85 67
Doncaster 79 74 70 87 76 79 63
Dorset 84 92 75 100 88 84 76
Dudley 79 77 81 93 78 80 64
Ealing 81 82 78 87 86 84 78
East Riding of Yorkshire 86 91 100 100 88 86 81
East Sussex 85 82 78 84 84 85 53
Enfield 78 84 77 95 86 75 77
Essex 83 84 82 87 84 83 83
Gateshead 82 83 84 80 92 82 64
Gloucestershire 83 80 76 92 82 84 79
Greenwich 84 92 87 93 88 80 87
Hackney 85 89 84 88 86 86 78
Halton 79 80 100 N/A* 88 78 56
Hammersmith and Fulham 85 84 79 86 88 89 79
Hampshire 88 85 89 89 88 88 81
Haringey 83 89 82 89 89 83 78
Harrow 85 90 80 90 86 80 78
Hartlepool 80 72 83 100 93 81 56
Havering 85 87 86 92 86 85 80
Herefordshire, County of 86 88 85 100 88 87 60
Hertfordshire 84 85 79 90 86 84 73
Hillingdon 82 84 81 82 81 82 80
Hounslow 85 88 79 100 86 84 82
Isle of Wight 79 86 75 100 82 80 50
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Islington 81 77 78 92 83 83 78
Kensington and Chelsea 86 83 84 88 86 88 84
Kent 85 87 89 94 87 85 78
Kingston upon Hull, City of 79 78 75 67 80 80 70
Kingston upon Thames 87 86 83 100 88 87 83
Kirklees 81 80 82 100 79 82 71
Knowsley 78 88 86 86 85 78 86
Lambeth 84 82 80 91 88 88 77
Lancashire 81 76 83 82 80 82 60
Leeds 77 74 75 83 76 79 72
Leicester 78 82 80 88 80 75 80
Leicestershire 84 88 76 79 83 83 78
Lewisham 83 83 79 92 84 87 89
Lincludingolnshire 80 91 77 83 83 80 74
Liverpool 76 75 75 85 75 77 66
Luton 76 79 74 82 76 72 80
Manchester 78 77 79 91 83 78 72
Medway 81 90 88 92 82 80 76
Merton 87 87 81 93 86 89 88
Middlesbrough 76 70 73 100 79 78 61
Milton Keynes 83 86 83 88 87 83 61
Newcastle upon Tyne 81 80 81 83 81 82 75
Newham 82 84 81 92 88 77 83
Norfolk 83 85 72 84 87 83 81
North East Lincludingolnshire 82 75 50 100 72 83 61
North Lincludingolnshire 82 78 71 100 82 82 50
North Somerset 87 88 75 80 88 87 100
North Tyneside 85 75 91 93 85 85 67
North Yorkshire 84 76 67 93 86 84 62
Northamptonshire 82 84 81 94 81 83 72
Northumberland 85 88 60 100 82 85 70
Nottingham 76 76 79 88 80 75 71
Nottinghamshire 83 82 78 95 81 83 78
Oldham 76 75 74 88 76 79 55
Oxfordshire 86 82 84 91 84 86 78
Peterborough 76 75 73 100 79 76 66
Plymouth 80 88 81 69 80 80 72
Portsmouth 84 85 71 81 85 84 76
Reading 78 78 78 92 77 81 74
Redbridge 83 86 80 83 87 80 79
Redcar and Cleveland 82 88 100 100 78 82 44
Richmond upon Thames 91 87 87 96 89 92 85
Rochdale 77 75 79 94 76 79 67
Rotherham 80 75 76 88 87 81 58
Rutland 85 67 83 100 75 86 75
Salford 80 77 78 100 86 81 66
Sandwell 77 79 79 87 82 76 62
Sefton 84 78 62 80 83 84 43
Sheffield 79 75 78 80 80 81 73
Shropshire 84 68 100 88 81 85 75
Slough 83 87 81 100 82 79 78
Solihull 85 85 79 100 87 85 87
Somerset 85 88 83 100 86 85 63
South Gloucestershire 86 91 79 95 81 86 85
South Tyneside 83 79 79 67 77 84 90
Southampton 81 80 84 100 81 81 73
Southend-on-Sea 86 82 90 83 84 86 64
Southwark 83 80 82 92 82 87 75
St. Helens 79 73 73 62 84 79 30
Staffordshire 84 82 81 100 83 84 65
Stockport 86 84 79 86 86 87 72
Stockton-on-Tees 84 86 81 78 83 84 57
Stoke-on-Trent 77 79 72 81 78 79 67
Suffolk 80 79 78 100 79 80 78
Sunderland 81 77 81 89 83 81 80
Surrey 86 85 85 97 86 87 84
Sutton 86 91 84 96 89 85 80
Swindon 83 83 90 100 80 83 89
Tameside 79 74 59 81 79 80 69
Telford and Wrekin 83 75 74 89 88 84 78
Thurrock 81 87 85 92 84 79 82
Torbay 81 87 50 100 89 81 80
Tower Hamlets 81 81 81 90 84 83 76
Trafford 87 86 85 91 84 88 82
Wakefield 79 74 84 89 80 80 72
Walsall 78 81 76 82 81 78 65
Waltham Forest 84 85 81 92 85 85 83
Wandsworth 84 78 80 88 85 91 67
Warrington 83 82 80 64 85 83 81
Warwickshire 84 84 86 93 84 84 73
West Berkshire 85 89 79 86 89 86 69
West Sussex 83 79 72 90 83 83 79
Westminster 84 85 83 88 85 86 80
Wigan 81 83 82 96 80 81 65
Wiltshire 83 70 78 81 84 83 91
Windsor and Maidenhead 89 85 78 100 91 90 86
Wirral 79 76 70 95 85 79 65
Wokingham 89 90 81 90 89 89 87
Wolverhampton 78 82 74 72 81 77 63
Worcestershire 83 77 73 76 87 83 76
York 86 85 82 92 92 86 71

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and area’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and area’ (CSV)

Summary of Science results for 6 to 7 year olds By ethnicity and area Summary

The data shows that:

  • out of all local authorities, White pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard in Richmond upon Thames (92%) and least likely to in Luton (72%)
  • figures for other ethnic groups are based on small numbers of pupils, so reliable generalisations can't be made

6. Methodology

Local authorities collect key stage 1 data from 16,400 schools and submit it to the Department for Education.

This data is matched to school census records to identify pupils’ ethnicities and free school meal eligibility.

The data only covers state-funded schools in England. This includes local authority-maintained schools, academies and special schools. It excludes pupils in independent schools, alternative provision and those who are home schooling.

Some data is broken down by pupils' eligibility for free school meals (FSM). To be eligible, their families must:

  • have applied for FSM at the time of the school census in January
  • be receiving a qualifying benefit like Jobseeker’s Allowance

We refer to pupils who are not eligible for FSM (or whose eligibility is unknown) as ‘non-FSM’.

Only pupils with a valid key stage 1 outcome for a subject are included in the calculations for that subject.

The valid outcomes for science are:

  • has not met the expected standard
  • working at the expected standard
  • absent
  • disapplied

Suppression rules and disclosure control

Figures for the Isles of Scilly and City of London are not included as these local authorities have one school each.

The Department for Education (DfE) does not publish school-level information for science.

You can also read DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF, 194KB, 5 pages) (PDF opens in a new window or tab).

Rounding

Percentages given in charts, tables and downloads are rounded to the nearest whole number.

Related publications

Schools, pupils and their characteristics: June 2019.

Quality and methodology information

Further technical information

2019 key stage 1: assessment and reporting arrangements (ARA).

7. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Administrative data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Department for Education

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

This data provides results for the 2019 key stage 1 national curriculum assessments. The results are used to monitor pupils’ attainment in reading, writing, maths and science.

8. Download the data

KS1 Science -- National - Spreadsheet (csv) 38 KB

This file contains the following: measure, ethnicity, ethnicity_type, time, time_type, geography, geography_type, geography_code, gender, age, FSM, value, value_type, denominator, numerator

KS1 Science -- Local Authority - Spreadsheet (csv) 548 KB

This file contains the following: measure, ethnicity, ethnicity_type, time, time_type, geography, geography_type, geography_code, gender, age, value, value_type, denominator, numerator