Science attainments for children aged 6 to 7 (key stage 1)

The main facts and figures show that:

  • overall, 83% of pupils finishing year 2 in 2016/17 met the expected standard for science
  • Chinese pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard and Gypsy/Roma pupils were least likely to do so, at 89% and 38% respectively
  • across all ethnic groups, a higher percentage of girls than boys met the expected standard
  • the biggest attainment gap between boys and girls, at 9 percentage points, was found among Traveller of Irish Heritage pupils
  • within every ethnic group, pupils not eligible for free school meals (FSM) were more likely to meet the expected standard than those who were eligible, except for Gypsy/Roma pupils
Things you need to know

In 2016/17, there were 653,945 pupils at the end of year 2, and ethnicity was known for 646,520 (99%) of them.

75% were White, 11% were Asian, 6% were Black, 6% were Mixed, 2% were from the Other ethnic group, and 0.5% were Chinese.

The 2015/16 key stage 1 assessments were the first to assess the new, more challenging national curriculum. The expected standard was also raised to be higher than the old level 2. As a result, figures for 2015/16 and 2016/17 are not comparable to those for earlier years.

Teacher assessments for year 2 pupils studying the national curriculum are collected and reported by the Department for Education (DfE), but test results for those pupils are not collected.

School level data is not published for key stage 1.

Results for the Isles of Scilly and the City of London, which have only one school each, have been excluded from local authority breakdowns.

The Department for Education (DfE) has also excluded, or ‘suppressed’, very small numbers (for example, values of 1 or 2, a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or 0, 1 or 2 pupils who did not achieve a particular standard).

This is because, where the size of the ethnic group population is small enough that an individual’s identity could be revealed, information is suppressed to preserve confidentiality. This is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF).

Pupil numbers for key stage 1 vary between measures of attainment for different subjects. This is because pupils who don't have a valid teacher assessment for a particular subject are excluded from the total. For more about valid teacher assessments, see the Methodology section.

What the data measures

This data measures the science attainment of children at the end of key stage 1 (year 2) when pupils are aged 6 to 7 years.

The data covers the academic year 2016/17 (September 2016 to July 2017). Data for the academic year 2015/16 is available in the download file.

To reach the expected standard, pupils must have been assessed by a teacher as 'working at the expected standard'. There is no higher standard for science.

The ethnic categories used in this data

This data uses categories from the Department for Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 national Census, with 3 exceptions:

  • Traveller of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma children have been separated into 2 categories
  • Sri Lankan has been added to the Asian/Asian British group but is not reported separately
  • Chinese pupils have been assigned a separate category

These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.

The categories in the school census are as follows:

White:

  • White British
  • White Irish
  • Traveller of Irish Heritage
  • Gypsy/Roma
  • Other White

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Other Mixed background

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Sri Lankan
  • Other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • Black African
  • Black Caribbean
  • Other Black background

Chinese

Other ethnic group

Information is provided for both detailed and broad ethnic groups where possible and when the data is available.

The 6 broad categories used are as follows:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White
  • Other ethnic group

However, local authority data is only provided for 5 broad ethnic groups. Information about the specific ethnic categories is excluded to preserve confidentiality and ensure individuals cannot be identified. Information about the Other ethnic group is not given because DfE does not publish data for this group at the local authority level.

The 5 broad categories are as follows:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White

Ethnic groups and how data on ethnicity is collected

Science attainment for children aged 6 to 7 by ethnicity

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in science by ethnicity

Ethnicity Expected standard
All 83
Asian 81
Bangladeshi 79
Indian 88
Pakistani 77
Asian other 83
Black 80
Black African 81
Black Caribbean 79
Black other 79
Chinese 89
Mixed 84
Mixed White/Asian 86
Mixed White/Black African 84
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 81
Mixed other 84
White 83
White British 84
White Irish 84
White Irish Traveller 46
White Gypsy/Roma 38
White other 78
Other 75

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

The data shows that:

  • overall, 83% of pupils met the expected standard in science in 2016/17
  • 89% of Chinese pupils met the expected standard (the highest percentage of any ethnic group)
  • 38% of Gypsy/Roma pupils met the expected standard (the lowest percentage of any ethnic group)
  • 84% of White British pupils met the expected standard

Science attainment for children aged 6 to 7 by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in science by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals

Ethnicity FSM Non-FSM
% %
All 69 85
Asian 73 82
Bangladeshi 74 80
Indian 79 88
Pakistani 71 78
Asian other 76 84
Black 74 82
Black African 75 83
Black Caribbean 72 82
Black other 73 81
Chinese 83 90
Mixed 73 86
Mixed White/Asian 71 89
Mixed White/Black African 77 85
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 72 84
Mixed other 73 86
White 67 86
White British 68 87
White Irish 57 88
White Irish Traveller 42 51
White Gypsy/Roma 41 37
White other 68 79
Other 69 77

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

The data shows that:

  • in 2016/17, there were 92,319 pupils eligible for free school meals in year 2 (14% of all pupils)
  • overall, 69% of FSM-eligible pupils met the expected standard in science, compared with 85% who were not eligible (making these the national averages)
  • 68% of FSM-eligible White British pupils met the expected standard, compared with 87% of those not eligible (a gap of 19 percentage points)
  • FSM-eligible pupils were less likely to meet the expected standard than those not eligible in every ethnic group except Gypsy/Roma, where 41% of FSM-eligible pupils met the expected standard, compared with 37% not eligible (a gap of 4 percentage points)
  • 83% of Chinese FSM-eligible pupils met the expected standard (the highest percentage of any FSM-eligible ethnic group)
  • 41% of Gypsy/Roma FSM-eligible pupils met the expected standard (the lowest percentage of any FSM-eligible ethnic group)
  • the largest gap in attainment between FSM-eligible pupils and those not eligible was found in the White Irish group, where 57% and 88% met the standard respectively (a gap of 31 percentage points)

Science attainment for children aged 6 to 7 by ethnicity and area

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard for science by ethnicity and area

Local authority All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
% % % % % %
Barking and Dagenham 82 86 84 100 79 79
Barnet 84 87 78 88 86 87
Barnsley 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 80
Bath and North East Somerset 85 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 86
Bedford 78 73 74 100 77 81
Bexley 86 90 89 93 83 85
Birmingham 77 79 77 90 79 77
Blackburn with Darwen 81 83 69 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 80
Blackpool 81 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 89 81
Bolton 79 81 65 withheld to protect confidentiality 87 80
Bournemouth 85 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 94 84
Bracknell Forest 83 90 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 83
Bradford 77 78 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 78
Brent 80 80 81 100 84 81
Brighton and Hove 86 73 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 87
Bristol, City of 80 81 69 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 82
Bromley 88 88 87 90 89 88
Buckinghamshire 85 77 78 100 85 86
Bury 80 73 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 83
Calderdale 78 68 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 81
Cambridgeshire 81 76 70 93 83 82
Camden 82 76 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 87 86
Central Bedfordshire 84 84 88 100 86 84
Cheshire East 83 90 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 83
Cheshire West and Chester 83 80 80 65 88 83
City of London withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Cornwall 85 70 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 88 85
County Durham 84 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 84
Coventry 78 83 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 78
Croydon 85 88 82 100 86 86
Cumbria 84 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 69 84 84
Darlington 82 65 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 89 82
Derby 77 77 78 73 77 78
Derbyshire 85 84 79 83 86 85
Devon 84 83 79 80 89 84
Doncaster 80 77 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 81
Dorset 84 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 84
Dudley 79 74 72 79 76 81
Ealing 82 82 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 87
East Riding of Yorkshire 86 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 92 86
East Sussex 86 82 65 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 86
Enfield 77 86 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 75
Essex 83 88 84 93 84 83
Gateshead 82 82 68 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 83
Gloucestershire 84 81 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 84
Greenwich 85 90 86 100 91 82
Hackney 84 86 82 79 87 85
Halton 76 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 80 76
Hammersmith and Fulham 83 87 77 100 82 87
Hampshire 88 88 83 89 91 89
Haringey 84 86 81 85 89 84
Harrow 86 90 77 100 89 83
Hartlepool 81 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 81
Havering 87 87 87 100 87 86
Herefordshire, County of 86 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 85
Hertfordshire 86 86 80 96 85 86
Hillingdon 83 87 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 87 82
Hounslow 86 89 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 90 86
Isle of Wight 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 81
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Islington 79 79 76 100 81 81
Kensington and Chelsea 86 73 84 100 87 90
Kent 86 87 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 89 86
Kingston upon Hull, City of 81 77 62 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 81
Kingston upon Thames 87 86 86 91 86 88
Kirklees 78 75 74 62 76 80
Knowsley 79 88 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 67 79
Lambeth 85 89 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 87
Lancashire 82 77 77 85 81 83
Leeds 77 75 70 89 74 78
Leicester 78 84 77 67 81 75
Leicestershire 84 88 79 100 84 83
Lewisham 87 86 85 87 88 90
Lincolnshire 83 94 86 87 85 82
Liverpool 74 68 71 83 74 75
Luton 77 77 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 77
Manchester 77 75 80 85 79 79
Medway 82 85 87 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 82
Merton 86 86 86 79 87 87
Middlesbrough 75 73 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 67 77
Milton Keynes 84 86 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 83
Newcastle upon Tyne 80 76 85 85 81 82
Newham 83 84 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 80
Norfolk 84 85 82 88 82 84
North East Lincolnshire 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 86 82
North Lincolnshire 83 87 67 100 88 83
North Somerset 89 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 90 89
North Tyneside 84 74 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 89 84
North Yorkshire 83 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 84
Northamptonshire 82 81 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 82
Northumberland 86 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 86
Nottingham 76 79 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 75
Nottinghamshire 82 82 83 73 85 83
Oldham 76 72 69 100 82 80
Oxfordshire 85 77 82 87 85 86
Peterborough 77 76 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 78
Plymouth 81 89 69 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 81
Poole 85 87 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 86
Portsmouth 83 79 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 89 84
Reading 81 83 81 100 84 80
Redbridge 83 86 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 80
Redcar and Cleveland 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 88 84
Richmond upon Thames 91 93 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 91 92
Rochdale 78 76 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 79
Rotherham 80 79 79 80 83 81
Rutland 88 100 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 100 88
Salford 83 90 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 88 83
Sandwell 77 79 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 77
Sefton 83 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 84
Sheffield 80 78 78 93 82 82
Shropshire 85 82 100 100 91 85
Slough 81 85 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 78
Solihull 84 87 84 100 83 84
Somerset 87 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 87
South Gloucestershire 88 89 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 88
South Tyneside 80 90 60 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 80
Southampton 79 84 83 79 83 79
Southend-on-Sea 86 86 86 100 84 86
Southwark 83 80 84 92 85 85
St. Helens 78 71 67 73 74 78
Staffordshire 85 85 90 90 84 85
Stockport 85 77 77 68 86 86
Stockton-on-Tees 85 80 91 withheld to protect confidentiality 87 86
Stoke-on-Trent 78 79 81 80 84 78
Suffolk 82 84 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 82
Sunderland 83 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 83
Surrey 86 84 83 80 88 87
Sutton 84 88 81 92 84 84
Swindon 83 80 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 88 84
Tameside 80 77 75 76 79 81
Telford and Wrekin 83 81 75 100 85 84
Thurrock 80 87 85 100 86 77
Torbay 81 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 81
Tower Hamlets 81 82 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 81
Trafford 88 85 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 87 89
Wakefield 80 73 69 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 80
Walsall 77 79 84 73 79 76
Waltham Forest 85 87 85 91 89 86
Wandsworth 86 85 77 83 85 91
Warrington 87 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 88 87
Warwickshire 84 88 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 87 84
West Berkshire 86 90 88 100 85 87
West Sussex 80 74 67 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 80
Westminster 82 78 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 89 88
Wigan 82 80 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 83
Wiltshire 82 79 83 73 84 83
Windsor and Maidenhead 89 90 72 100 87 89
Wirral 81 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 82
Wokingham 91 90 70 100 86 92
Wolverhampton 80 84 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 79
Worcestershire 84 78 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 85
York 87 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 88 87

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Except for the information for White pupils, the statistics quoted for attainment by ethnicity and local authority are based on small numbers of pupils and are highly variable over time.

The data shows that:

  • in 2016/17, 100% of Asian pupils met the expected standard in science in Herefordshire in the West Midlands and Rutland in the East Midlands, compared with 65% in Darlington in the North East (a gap of 35 percentage points)
  • 100% of Black pupils met the expected standard in North East Lincolnshire in Yorkshire and the Humber, in Shropshire in the West Midlands, and in Poole in the South West, compared with 60% in South Tyneside in the North East (a gap of 40 percentage points)
  • 100% of Chinese pupils met the expected standard in 30 out of the 75 local authorities where data for Chinese pupils is available, compared with 62% in Kirklees in Yorkshire and the Humber (a gap of 38 percentage points)
  • 100% of pupils of Mixed ethnicity met the expected standard in Rutland in the East Midlands, compared with 67% in Middlesbrough in the North East and Knowsley in the North West (a gap of 33 percentage points)
  • 92% of White pupils met the expected standard in Richmond Upon Thames in London and Wokingham in the South East, compared with 75% in Leicester and Nottingham in the East Midlands, Liverpool in the North West and Enfield in London (a gap of 17 percentage points)

Science attainment for children aged 6 to 7 by ethnicity and gender

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard for science by ethnicity and gender

Ethnicity Boys Girls
% %
All 80 85
Asian 78 84
Bangladeshi 76 83
Indian 86 90
Pakistani 74 80
Asian other 80 86
Black 77 84
Black African 77 85
Black Caribbean 76 83
Black other 75 82
Chinese 87 91
Mixed 81 87
Mixed White/Asian 84 89
Mixed White/Black African 80 87
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 78 84
Mixed other 81 87
White 81 86
White British 82 86
White Irish 83 84
White Irish Traveller 42 51
White Gypsy/Roma 36 41
White other 75 81
Other 73 78

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

The data shows that:

  • 85% of girls met the expected standard in science in 2016/17, compared with 80% of boys; girls were more likely to meet the expected standard than boys in every ethnic group
  • Chinese girls were most likely group of pupils to meet the expected standard, at 91%
  • Gypsy/Roma boys were the least likely group of pupils to meet the expected standard, at 36%
  • among White British pupils, 86% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 82% of boys (a gap of 5 percentage points)
  • the biggest attainment gap between girls and boys was found among Traveller of Irish Heritage pupils, where 51% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 42% of boys (a gap of 9 percentage points)

Science attainment for children aged 6 to 7 by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard for science by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals

Boys Girls
Ethnicity FSM Non-FSM FSM Non-FSM
All 66 83 72 87
Asian 71 79 76 86
Bangladeshi 71 77 77 84
Indian 78 86 80 91
Pakistani 69 75 73 81
Asian other 74 81 78 87
Black 70 79 79 86
Black African 71 79 80 86
Black Caribbean 67 78 78 85
Black other 69 77 76 84
Chinese 78 88 89 92
Mixed 69 84 77 89
Mixed White/Asian 66 87 77 91
Mixed White/Black African 74 82 80 89
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 68 81 76 87
Mixed other 68 84 78 89
White 64 84 71 88
White British 64 85 71 89
White Irish 54 88 59 89
White Irish Traveller 40 45 45 58
White Gypsy/Roma 37 36 46 39
White other 64 76 72 82
Other 68 74 71 80

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

The data shows that:

  • in 2016/17, there were 92,319 pupils eligible for free school meals in year 2 (14% of all pupils)
  • overall, 72% of FSM-eligible girls met the expected standard in science, compared with 66% of FSM-eligible boys
  • 89% of FSM-eligible Chinese girls met the expected standard (the highest percentage of any group of FSM-eligible children)
  • 37% of FSM-eligible Gypsy/Roma boys met the expected standard (the lowest percentage of any group of FSM-eligible children)
  • among White British pupils eligible for free school meals, 64% of boys met the expected standard, compared with 71% of girls
  • the biggest attainment gap between FSM-eligible girls and boys, at 11 percentage points, was found among Mixed White and Asian pupils (77% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 66% of boys), Black Caribbean pupils (78% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 67% of boys) and Chinese pupils (89% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 78% of boys)

Science attainment for children aged 6 to 7 by ethnicity, area and gender

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard for science by ethnicity, gender and area

All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Local authority Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
Barking and Dagenham 78 85 84 89 80 88 100 100 72 86 76 83
Barnet 81 87 81 93 74 83 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 90 85 89
Barnsley 76 83 67 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 75 75 76 83
Bath and North East Somerset 84 87 80 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 85 84 87
Bedford 75 82 70 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 83 77 84
Bexley 83 89 89 91 84 94 83 100 76 88 83 87
Birmingham 74 80 75 82 75 79 90 91 75 84 75 79
Blackburn with Darwen 78 84 80 86 64 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 82 90 78 83
Blackpool 79 82 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 92 86 79 82
Bolton 77 82 80 83 59 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 87 77 84
Bournemouth 84 86 76 91 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 100 94 94 84 85
Bracknell Forest 81 85 89 91 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 100 87 83 81 85
Bradford 75 81 74 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 81 76 81
Brent 77 83 77 85 77 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 85
Brighton and Hove 84 88 74 72 79 84 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 88 85 89
Bristol, City of 79 81 78 84 69 70 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 75 81 81 83
Bromley 86 90 89 88 84 91 91 88 90 89 85 90
Buckinghamshire 82 87 74 80 72 83 100 100 84 86 84 89
Bury 79 81 72 73 75 74 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 78 81 84
Calderdale 76 81 69 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 82 78 83
Cambridgeshire 80 83 73 80 62 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 84 80 84
Camden 80 85 72 80 76 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 85 90 85 87
Central Bedfordshire 81 87 85 84 82 93 100 100 87 86 81 87
Cheshire East 80 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 87 80 86
Cheshire West and Chester 81 85 75 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 94 81 85
City of London withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Cornwall 84 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 67 N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 91 84 86
County Durham 82 87 74 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 88 82 86
Coventry 75 82 82 85 73 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 73 84 75 81
Croydon 82 88 84 92 78 86 100 100 82 90 83 89
Cumbria 81 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 87 81 86
Darlington 78 86 60 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 87
Derby 75 80 76 78 74 83 69 77 77 77 75 81
Derbyshire 82 88 82 86 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 93 83 88
Devon 83 86 81 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 91 83 86
Doncaster 79 82 70 87 78 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 89 80 82
Dorset 82 86 82 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 89 82 86
Dudley 76 83 69 80 74 70 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 78 78 84
Ealing 79 86 80 84 72 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 88 84 91
East Riding of Yorkshire 84 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 91 93 84 88
East Sussex 84 87 79 85 61 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 87 85 88
Enfield 74 80 83 89 72 81 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 84 73 77
Essex 81 86 88 88 82 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 88 81 86
Gateshead 79 85 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 91 80 86
Gloucestershire 81 86 79 83 85 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 79 89 82 86
Greenwich 83 88 88 91 81 90 100 100 89 94 82 83
Hackney 81 87 87 85 78 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 93 82 88
Halton 73 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 79
Hammersmith and Fulham 80 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 83 86 89
Hampshire 87 90 86 89 82 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 90 92 87 90
Haringey 81 87 83 88 78 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 88 91 80 89
Harrow 83 88 88 92 74 80 100 100 87 90 79 86
Hartlepool 78 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 84
Havering 86 87 87 87 82 92 100 100 85 89 86 87
Herefordshire, County of 83 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 79 93 83 88
Hertfordshire 83 88 83 90 73 85 93 100 82 89 84 89
Hillingdon 81 86 83 90 73 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 90 80 84
Hounslow 82 91 85 94 76 91 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 88 92 82 91
Isle of Wight 78 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 83 78 85
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Islington 77 82 75 84 74 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 86 79 83
Kensington and Chelsea 86 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 71 84 83 100 N/A* 86 88 90 90
Kent 84 89 84 90 86 94 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 93 84 89
Kingston upon Hull, City of 78 83 75 80 61 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 84 79 84
Kingston upon Thames 85 89 85 88 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 90 86 90
Kirklees 75 81 72 77 63 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 79 77 83
Knowsley 77 82 80 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 63 77 82
Lambeth 81 88 83 94 77 87 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 81 90 84 89
Lancashire 80 85 72 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 83 81 85
Leeds 74 79 71 79 65 74 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 71 77 76 81
Leicester 75 81 82 85 70 83 56 100 79 84 72 78
Leicestershire 81 86 87 90 64 91 100 100 82 87 81 86
Lewisham 85 89 80 92 83 86 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 87 89 88 91
Lincolnshire 81 85 90 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 100 81 88 81 84
Liverpool 71 77 59 79 66 75 75 90 71 78 73 78
Luton 75 80 74 81 73 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 84 76 79
Manchester 73 81 72 78 75 85 84 86 76 82 75 82
Medway 79 86 72 96 85 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 88 78 85
Merton 85 87 83 89 84 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 89 84 87 87
Middlesbrough 73 79 69 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 77 75 79
Milton Keynes 80 88 81 92 79 89 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 83 90 80 86
Newcastle upon Tyne 78 83 74 78 83 87 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 85 79 84
Newham 80 86 83 86 79 87 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 89 76 84
Norfolk 82 86 85 85 79 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 88 82 86
North East Lincolnshire 82 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 82
North Lincolnshire 81 86 84 90 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 86
North Somerset 86 91 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 90 89 87 91
North Tyneside 80 88 72 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 88
North Yorkshire 81 85 81 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 88 82 86
Northamptonshire 79 85 72 89 75 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 81 84 80 85
Northumberland 84 88 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 88
Nottingham 73 80 75 83 76 81 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 87 71 79
Nottinghamshire 80 85 79 86 80 85 72 74 82 88 80 85
Oldham 73 79 70 74 63 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 82 77 83
Oxfordshire 83 87 74 80 79 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 88 83 88
Peterborough 74 81 73 81 73 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 92 75 81
Plymouth 79 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 87 79 83
Poole 83 88 73 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 70 83 88
Portsmouth 80 86 76 84 76 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 84 93 81 87
Reading 78 83 83 83 78 84 100 100 78 90 78 82
Redbridge 80 86 83 89 80 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 88 77 83
Redcar and Cleveland 80 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 88
Richmond upon Thames 90 92 90 96 86 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 91 91 92 92
Rochdale 75 81 71 81 81 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 81 77 82
Rotherham 77 83 74 84 76 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 82 77 84
Rutland 88 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* 100 100 87 89
Salford 80 87 90 90 76 88 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 85 91 80 86
Sandwell 74 81 75 82 71 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 70 81 74 81
Sefton 81 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 83 78 81 86
Sheffield 78 83 75 81 74 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 82 80 84
Shropshire 82 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 88
Slough 77 86 82 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 82 72 84
Solihull 81 88 86 88 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 80 87 80 88
Somerset 84 89 79 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 86 85 89
South Gloucestershire 85 90 91 86 86 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 95 86 91
South Tyneside 77 83 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 82 77 83
Southampton 77 82 82 87 78 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 87 76 81
Southend-on-Sea 84 88 76 94 89 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 88 80 84 89
Southwark 80 87 73 88 79 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 89 84 87
St. Helens 74 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 100 70 79 74 82
Staffordshire 83 87 84 85 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 86 83 87
Stockport 82 88 74 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 91 83 89
Stockton-on-Tees 83 88 73 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 89 84 88
Stoke-on-Trent 75 81 76 82 76 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 90 75 81
Suffolk 80 84 77 90 72 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 83 80 84
Sunderland 80 86 73 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 84 78 80 86
Surrey 85 88 81 86 76 88 79 81 87 90 85 88
Sutton 83 86 87 90 84 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 82 82 87
Swindon 80 86 78 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 88 87 81 87
Tameside 76 84 68 84 75 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 85 78 85
Telford and Wrekin 80 86 76 86 76 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 93 81 87
Thurrock 77 82 89 85 78 92 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 89 75 80
Torbay 79 83 63 100 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 83
Tower Hamlets 79 84 79 84 81 85 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 82 78 84
Trafford 86 90 83 87 79 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 89 87 91
Wakefield 77 83 71 73 65 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 82 89 77 83
Walsall 73 81 75 83 83 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 88 73 80
Waltham Forest 82 89 84 90 81 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 92 83 89
Wandsworth 85 88 84 87 77 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 88 90 92
Warrington 86 88 89 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 94 82 86 89
Warwickshire 82 87 86 90 93 87 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 87 86 82 87
West Berkshire 84 89 91 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 94 85 89
West Sussex 78 81 72 77 68 66 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 82 81 79 82
Westminster 79 84 71 83 82 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 88 89 87 89
Wigan 80 85 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 82 81 85
Wiltshire 81 84 83 76 80 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 86 81 85
Windsor and Maidenhead 87 91 91 90 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 91 87 92
Wirral 79 84 63 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 84 79 84
Wokingham 89 93 91 88 68 73 100 100 79 94 90 94
Wolverhampton 76 83 81 87 77 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 80 75 83
Worcestershire 83 86 78 78 73 75 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 84 83 86
York 84 89 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 89

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Except for the information for White pupils, the statistics quoted for attainment by ethnicity and local authority are based on small numbers of pupils and are highly variable over time.

The data shows that:

  • overall, in 2016/17, girls were more likely than boys to meet the expected standard for science in every local authority except Rutland in North East Lincolnshire and Kensington and Chelsea, where the attainment was the same
  • for Asian pupils, the largest attainment gap was in Torbay in the South West, where 100% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 63% of boys
  • for Black pupils, the biggest attainment gap was in Leicestershire in the East Midlands, where 91% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 64% of boys
  • for pupils of Mixed ethnicity, the biggest attainment gap was in Peterborough in the East of England, where 92% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 70% of boys
  • for White pupils, the biggest attainment gap was in Slough in the South East, where 84% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 72% of boys
  • comparisons of Chinese pupils are not possible because of the small number of local authorities with data available for this group

Methodology

Methodology

The key stage 1 dataset is compiled using information matched together from 2 data sources:

  • key stage 1 teacher assessment results
  • school census records

Key stage 1 results received from local authorities are combined with pupil characteristics from the school census. Records are matched using identifiers such as surname, forename, date of birth, unique pupil number, gender and postcode. This successfully matches around 98% of results.

Key stage 1 assessment results are not published at school level. The coverage of the local authority and regional statistics is for state-funded mainstream schools only in England. This includes schools and academies but excludes hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision.

The information is collected from 16,369 schools (approximately 654,000 pupils).

Pupils are included in the figures for free school meals (FSM) if their families have claimed eligibility for FSM at the time of the annual spring school census. This FSM definition includes all who were eligible to receive FSM, not only those who actually received FSM. Pupils not eligible for FSM or unclassified pupils are described as ‘non-FSM’ or ‘all other pupils’.

Parents are able to claim FSM if they receive a qualifying benefit.

FSM is used as an indicator of disadvantage, but when drawing conclusions, it should be remembered that not all eligible parents apply for FSM. Families who don’t quite reach the eligibility threshold for FSM may still be suffering deprivation.

Any pupils who do not have a valid key stage 1 outcome for a subject are excluded from the calculations for that subject and do not appear in the number of eligible pupils or in the outcome percentages. For reading, writing and mathematics, the valid outcomes are:

  • below the pre-key stage standard
  • foundations for the expected standard
  • working towards the expected standard
  • working at the expected standard
  • working at greater depth within the expected standard
  • absent
  • disapplied

For science, the valid outcomes are:

  • has not met the expected standard
  • working at the expected standard
  • absent
  • disapplied

Pupils with an outcome of ‘absent’ or ‘disapplied’ are included to ensure complete coverage of the cohort.

Suppression rules and disclosure control

Values of 1 or 2 or a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or did not achieve, a particular standard are suppressed. Some additional figures may be suppressed to prevent the possibility of a suppressed figure being revealed. This suppression is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF) .

Figures for the Isles of Scilly and City of London are suppressed in DfE’s key stage 2 provisional Statistical First Release as these local authorities have a single school and DfE do not publish school-level information in the performance tables at the time of the provisional release. These figures are unsuppressed in the revised release as school-level figures are already published in the performance tables.

Regional eligible pupil figures are rounded to the nearest 10 so that it is not possible to derive figures for these local authorities by summing the figures for the other local authorities in the region.

In the school-level data, any figures relating to a cohort of 5 pupils or fewer are suppressed. This applies to sub-groups of pupils as well as the whole cohort. For example, if there were five boys and three girls in a school, DfE would not publish attainment for boys or girls separately but would publish attainment for all pupils as this is based on 8 pupils. The Code of Practice for Official Statistics requires DfE to take reasonable steps to ensure that their published or disseminated statistics protect confidentiality.

For more information about DfE’s disclosure control procedures for its statistical releases please see DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF).

Rounding

Percentages given in charts, tables and downloads are rounded to the nearest whole number. For this reason some figures may not exactly match those published by the Department for Education.

Related publications

Schools, pupils and their characteristics: June 2017

Quality and methodology information

Data sources

Source

Type of data

Administrative data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Department for Education

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

This data provides results for the 2017 phonics screening checks and key stage 1 national curriculum assessments for pupils in schools in England. The results are used to monitor pupils’ attainment and progress in reading, writing, science and mathematics.

Download the data

Expected standard in science for children aged 6 to 7 (key stage 1) - national - Spreadsheet (csv) 58 KB

This file contains the following variables: Measure, Ethnicity, Ethnicity_Type, Time, Time_Type, Geography (England), Geography_Code, Gender, FSM, Value, Value_Type, Denominator

Expected standard in Science for children aged 6 to 7 - Local Authority - Spreadsheet (csv) 577 KB

This file contains the following variables: Measure, Ethnicity, Ethnicity_Type, Time, Time_Type, Region, Local_Authority, Local_Authority_Code, Gender, Value, Value_Type, Denominator