Phonics attainments for children aged 5 to 7 (key stage 1)

Published

Last updated 4 March 2018 - see all updates

There is a new version of this page. View the latest version.

1. Main facts and figures

  • in 2015/16, there were 652,250 pupils at the end of year 1, and ethnicity was known for 643,163 (99%) of them

  • 76% were White, 10% were Asian, 6% were Black, 6% were Mixed, 2% were from the any Other ethnic group and 0.5% were Chinese

The data for expected standards in phonics shows that:

  • 81% of all pupils met the phonics expected standard at the end of year 1 (when children are aged 5 to 6 years)

  • in every ethnic group, FSM-eligible pupils were less likely to meet the expected standard than other pupils, except Gypsy/Roma pupils

  • in every ethnic group, girls did better than boys

  • Indian girls and boys were most likely to meet the expected standard, at 92% and 87% respectively

  • Gypsy/Roma boys and girls were the groups least likely to meet the expected standard, at 33% and 41% respectively

  • 91% of all pupils had met the expected standard by the end of year 2 (when children are aged 6 to 7 years)

Things you need to know

Results are presented for the academic year 2015/16. The data includes pupils in year 1 in 2015/16 who took and passed the phonics test. It also includes pupils in year 2 in 2015/16 who were retaking the test because they were missed, or had failed it, in year 1.

Results for the Isles of Scilly and the City of London, which have only one school each, have been excluded from local authority breakdowns. This is because the very small number of pupils in these local authorities make the results unreliable.

The Department for Education (DfE) has also excluded, or ‘suppressed’, very small numbers (for example, values of 1 or 2, a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or 0, 1 or 2 pupils who did not achieve a particular standard). This is because, where the size of the ethnic group population is small enough that an individual’s identity could be revealed, information is suppressed to preserve confidentiality. This is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF opens in a new window or tab) (PDF).

What the data measures

This data measures the percentage of pupils who met the phonics expected standard at the end of year 1 and the end of year 2 in key stage 1 (when children are aged 5 to 7).

The data covers the academic year 2015/16 (September 2015 to July 2016).

The phonics approach helps children to learn to read by teaching them the sounds made by letters in the English language. They can then combine these sounds into words, for both reading and writing.

All pupils in state-funded mainstream schools take the phonics screening checks at the end of year 1 to see if they’ve reached the expected standard. Pupils who don’t meet the standard, or who weren’t checked, are checked again at the end of year 2.

The test consists of 20 real words and 20 made-up words that pupils read out loud to a teacher.

The ethnic categories used in this data

This data uses categories from the Department for Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 national Census, with 3 exceptions:

  • Traveller of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma children have been separated into 2 categories
  • Sri Lankan has been added to the Asian/Asian British group but is not reported separately
  • Chinese pupils have been assigned a separate category

These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.

The categories in the school census are as follows:

White:

  • White British
  • White Irish
  • Traveller of Irish Heritage
  • Gypsy/Roma
  • Other White

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Other Mixed background

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Sri Lankan
  • Other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • Black African
  • Black Caribbean
  • Other Black background

Chinese Other ethnic group

Information is provided for both detailed and broad ethnic groups where possible and when the data is available.

The 6 broad categories used are as follows:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White
  • Other ethnic group

However, local authority data is only provided for 5 broad ethnic groups. Information about the specific ethnic categories is excluded to preserve confidentiality and ensure individuals cannot be identified. Information about the Other ethnic group is not given because DfE does not publish data for this group at the local authority level.

The 5 broad categories are as follows:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White

2. Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity

Percentage of year 1 and year 2 pupils meeting the expected standard in phonics by ethnicity
Ethnicity Year 1 Year 2
All 81 91
Asian 84 93
Bangladeshi 82 92
Indian 89 95
Pakistani 81 92
Asian other 85 93
Black 82 91
Black African 84 92
Black Caribbean 79 90
Black other 80 89
Chinese 88 94
Mixed 82 92
Mixed White/Asian 85 94
Mixed White/Black African 82 92
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 78 90
Mixed other 83 92
White 80 91
White British 81 92
White Irish 81 91
White Irish Traveller 41 60
White Gypsy/Roma 37 60
White other 78 89
Other 79 89
Unknown 58 73

Download table data for ‘Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Phonics attainments for children aged 5 to 7 (key stage 1) Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity Summary

The data shows that:

  • 81% of all pupils in England met the expected standard at the end of year 1 (aged 5 to 6 years), and 91% by the end of year 2 (aged 6 to 7 years)

  • Indian pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard both at the end of year 1 and at the end of year 2 – 89% and 95% did so in each year respectively

  • Gypsy/Roma pupils were least likely to meet the expected standard at the end of year 1 – 37% did so

  • both Gypsy/Roma and Traveller of Irish Heritage pupils were least likely to meet the expected standard at the end of year 2 – 60% did so in both groups

3. Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)

Percentage of year 1 pupils meeting the expected standard in phonics by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals
Ethnicity FSM Non-FSM
% %
All 69 83
Asian 78 85
Bangladeshi 78 83
Indian 81 89
Pakistani 76 81
Asian other 80 85
Black 78 84
Black African 80 85
Black Caribbean 74 81
Black other 74 81
Chinese 77 89
Mixed 73 85
Mixed White/Asian 72 87
Mixed White/Black African 77 83
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 70 81
Mixed other 73 85
White 66 82
White British 66 83
White Irish 60 84
White Irish Traveller 35 47
White Gypsy/Roma 37 37
White other 69 79
Other 76 80

Download table data for ‘Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)’ (CSV)

Summary of Phonics attainments for children aged 5 to 7 (key stage 1) Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM) Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

The data shows that:

  • across all ethnic groups, FSM-eligible pupils were less likely to meet the expected standard than other pupils, except Gypsy/Roma pupils

  • 69% of FSM-eligible pupils met the expected standard, compared with 83% of all other pupils (a gap of 14 percentage points)

  • among all FSM-eligible pupils, Indian children were most likely to meet the expected standard – 81% did so

  • across all ethnic groups, FSM-eligible pupils from a Traveller of Irish Heritage Background were least likely to meet the expected standard (35%)

  • the biggest gap in attainment, at 24 percentage points, was found among Irish pupils, where 60% of FSM-eligible pupils met the expected standard compared with 84% of those not eligible

  • for White British children, the attainment gap between pupils eligible for FSM and those not eligible was 83% and 66% respectively (a gap of 17 percentage points)

  • for Gypsy/Roma pupils, there was no difference in attainment between those eligible for FSM and those not eligible (both at 37%)

4. Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and area

Percentage of children meeting the expected standard in phonics by ethnicity and area
Local authority All Asian Chinese Black Mixed White
% % % % % %
County Durham 82 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 82
Darlington 86 76 100 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 86
Gateshead 80 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 87 80
Hartlepool 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 73 85
Middlesbrough 74 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 88 72 74
Newcastle upon Tyne 81 82 78 88 86 81
North Tyneside 81 71 77 73 92 81
Northumberland 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 84
Redcar and Cleveland 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 89 82
South Tyneside 81 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 91 81
Stockton-on-Tees 83 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 89 77 84
Sunderland 81 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 88 81
Blackburn with Darwen 81 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 67 94 77
Blackpool 80 80 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 91 80
Bolton 80 87 100 77 85 79
Bury 82 79 100 84 86 83
Cheshire East 82 89 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 83
Cheshire West and Chester 79 78 67 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 80
Cumbria 77 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 77
Halton 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 76
Knowsley 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 67 66 78
Lancashire 81 79 86 83 82 81
Liverpool 75 74 82 79 76 76
Manchester 78 80 90 84 79 78
Oldham 76 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 69 82 78
Rochdale 82 82 100 84 86 83
Salford 79 84 100 83 85 79
Sefton 78 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 78 78
St. Helens 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 79
Stockport 82 79 83 79 81 82
Tameside 77 82 79 74 78 77
Trafford 85 82 93 77 81 87
Warrington 83 93 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 89 83
Wigan 83 79 77 77 91 83
Wirral 80 77 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 80
Barnsley 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 80 79
Bradford 79 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 76 78
Calderdale 82 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 82
Doncaster 78 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 88 78 77
East Riding of Yorkshire 81 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 86 81
Kingston upon Hull, City of 77 80 100 68 81 77
Kirklees 78 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 73 78 78
Leeds 77 79 86 75 75 77
North East Lincolnshire 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 87 79
North Lincolnshire 83 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 69 82 83
North Yorkshire 78 78 100 74 83 78
Rotherham 79 81 81 82 81 79
Sheffield 77 78 81 77 78 78
Wakefield 77 83 83 79 85 76
York 82 86 63 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 82
Derby 78 84 81 84 75 78
Derbyshire 79 84 80 86 80 79
Leicester 77 83 69 80 79 71
Leicestershire 80 86 85 90 81 80
Lincolnshire 83 90 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 83
Northamptonshire 81 83 87 83 83 81
Nottingham 75 80 84 80 78 74
Nottinghamshire 77 84 80 80 81 77
Rutland 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 85
Birmingham 79 82 89 81 81 78
Coventry 79 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 80 77
Dudley 79 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 78 79
Herefordshire, County of 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 81
Sandwell 79 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 79 78
Shropshire 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 81
Solihull 84 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 84 83
Staffordshire 83 91 87 85 85 83
Stoke-on-Trent 80 84 82 74 83 80
Telford and Wrekin 84 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 93 87 84
Walsall 82 87 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 83 82
Warwickshire 82 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 94 81 82
Wolverhampton 79 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 79 77
Worcestershire 81 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 85 81
Bedford 75 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 73 75
Cambridgeshire 78 81 89 78 80 78
Central Bedfordshire 81 90 100 90 86 80
Essex 81 91 88 86 83 81
Hertfordshire 83 87 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 84 82
Luton 78 81 75 82 76 77
Norfolk 78 84 90 79 76 78
Peterborough 77 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 79 75
Southend-on-Sea 80 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 80 80
Suffolk 79 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 78 79
Thurrock 83 92 withheld to protect confidentiality 90 85 81
Camden 80 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 83 80
City of London withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Hackney 85 89 87 84 85 86
Hammersmith and Fulham 85 91 100 83 86 86
Haringey 82 84 80 83 88 82
Islington 80 75 100 79 81 81
Kensington and Chelsea 87 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 87 85 88
Lambeth 84 88 86 83 85 85
Lewisham 83 86 86 83 83 84
Newham 87 90 88 88 89 84
Southwark 82 84 84 83 84 84
Tower Hamlets 81 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 79 77
Wandsworth 85 88 84 82 83 87
Westminster 88 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 89 88 88
Barking and Dagenham 81 87 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 79 77
Barnet 81 84 92 81 83 83
Bexley 85 92 93 90 84 82
Brent 82 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 83 83
Bromley 86 92 86 87 86 85
Croydon 79 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 80 78
Ealing 82 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 84 84
Enfield 79 91 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 82 76
Greenwich 84 86 92 87 89 82
Harrow 84 88 100 82 88 79
Havering 85 89 100 85 86 84
Hillingdon 83 88 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 86 79
Hounslow 84 88 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 86 83
Kingston upon Thames 87 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 87 85 87
Merton 80 84 85 83 81 78
Redbridge 80 86 86 79 79 75
Richmond upon Thames 89 93 90 86 90 89
Sutton 82 89 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 82 81
Waltham Forest 83 86 80 85 84 82
Bracknell Forest 84 92 withheld to protect confidentiality 93 86 83
Brighton and Hove 79 81 81 83 81 80
Buckinghamshire 81 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 81 82
East Sussex 81 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 82 81
Hampshire 81 85 85 81 87 81
Isle of Wight 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 76
Kent 82 88 93 89 86 81
Medway 82 88 withheld to protect confidentiality 89 88 81
Milton Keynes 81 87 81 85 85 78
Oxfordshire 80 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 81 80
Portsmouth 81 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 87 81
Reading 79 84 100 84 80 77
Slough 81 87 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 78 75
Southampton 82 85 100 83 85 81
Surrey 82 86 84 84 86 82
West Berkshire 80 92 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 80
West Sussex 77 78 100 74 79 77
Windsor and Maidenhead 81 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 83 80
Wokingham 83 91 100 78 84 82
Bath and North East Somerset 79 77 77 80 80 79
Bournemouth 81 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 80
Bristol, City of 78 78 79 73 76 80
Cornwall 80 73 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 80
Devon 82 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 82
Dorset 80 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 80
Gloucestershire 80 88 83 77 82 80
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
North Somerset 83 84 63 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 83
Plymouth 80 83 77 81 82 80
Poole 83 91 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 83
Somerset 78 75 67 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 79
South Gloucestershire 81 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 82 81
Swindon 76 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 83 76
Torbay 81 75 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 88 81
Wiltshire 78 89 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 80 78

Download table data for ‘Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and area’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and area’ (CSV)

Summary of Phonics attainments for children aged 5 to 7 (key stage 1) Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and area Summary

The data shows that:

  • overall, pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard in Richmond upon Thames in London (89%), and least likely to meet the expected standard in Middlesbrough in the North East (74%)

  • White pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard in Richmond upon Thames in London (89%) and least likely in Leicester in the East Midlands (71%)

  • Asian pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard in Richmond upon Thames in London and Warrington in the North West (93% for both) and least likely to meet the expected standard in North Tyneside in the North East (71%)

  • pupils of Mixed ethnicity were most likely to meet the expected standard in Blackburn with Darwen in the North West (94%) and least likely to meet the expected standard in Knowsley in the North West (66%)

  • 100% of Black pupils met the expected standard in Darlington and Hartlepool in the North East, North East Lincolnshire in Yorkshire and the Humber, and Rutland in the East Midlands

  • Black pupils were least likely to meet the expected standard in Knowsley and Blackburn with Darwen in the North West (67% for both)

  • 100% of Chinese pupils met the expected standard in 23 out of 81 local authorities, where data is available

  • Chinese pupils were least likely to meet the expected standard in North Somerset in the South West and York in Yorkshire and The Humber (63% in both)

5. Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and gender

Percentage of year 1 and year 2 children meeting the expected standard in phonics by ethnicity and gender
Boys Girls
Ethnicity Boys Year 1 Boys Year 2 Girls Year 1 Girls Year 2
All 77 89 84 93
Asian 81 91 87 95
Bangladeshi 78 90 86 94
Indian 87 94 92 96
Pakistani 77 90 85 94
Asian other 82 91 88 95
Black 78 89 86 94
Black African 80 90 87 94
Black Caribbean 74 88 84 93
Black other 75 87 84 92
Chinese 86 92 90 95
Mixed 78 90 86 94
Mixed White/Asian 82 93 89 96
Mixed White/Black African 78 91 86 94
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 73 87 83 93
Mixed other 80 90 86 94
White 77 89 84 94
White British 77 90 85 94
White Irish 78 89 83 93
White Irish Traveller 35 57 47 63
White Gypsy/Roma 33 56 41 64
White other 75 87 82 91
Other 76 88 82 91
Unknown 55 70 61 76

Download table data for ‘Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and gender’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and gender’ (CSV)

Summary of Phonics attainments for children aged 5 to 7 (key stage 1) Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and gender Summary

The data for pupils at the end of year 1 (aged 5 to 6) shows that:

  • girls did better than boys in all ethnic groups: 84% of girls met the expected standard compared to 77% of boys

  • Indian girls (92%) and boys (87%) were most likely to meet the expected level in phonics

  • the biggest gap between girls and boys was found in the Traveller of Irish Heritage ethnic group, where 47% of girls met the expected standard compared to 35% of boys (a gap of 12 percentage points)

  • the smallest gap between girls and boys was found in the Chinese ethnic group, where 90% of girls met the expected standard compared to 86% of boys (a gap of 4 percentage points)

The data for pupils at the end of year 2 (aged 6 to 7) shows that:

  • girls did better than boys across all ethnic groups: 93% of girls met the expected standard compared to 89% of boys

  • Indian girls, and those from the Mixed White and Asian ethnic group, were most likely to have met the expected standard by the end of year 2 – 96% of these groups had done so

  • Gypsy/Roma boys were least likely to have met the expected standard by the end of year 2 – 56% did so

  • the biggest gap between boys and girls was in the Gypsy/Roma ethnic group, where 64% of girls met the expected standard compared to 56% of boys (a gap of 8 percentage points)

  • the smallest gap between boys and girls was found in the Indian ethnic group, where 96% of girls met the expected standard compared to 94% of boys (a gap of 2 percentage points)

6. Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)

Percentage of year 1 pupils meeting the expected standard in phonics by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)
Ethnicity Non-FSM boys FSM boys Non-FSM girls FSM girls
% % % %
All 79 64 86 74
Asian 82 74 88 81
Bangladeshi 79 74 87 83
Indian 87 79 92 84
Pakistani 78 72 85 80
Asian other 82 78 88 83
Black 80 73 87 82
Black African 81 76 88 84
Black Caribbean 77 67 86 80
Black other 77 69 86 78
Chinese 88 71 90 86
Mixed 81 67 88 78
Mixed White/Asian 85 64 90 81
Mixed White/Black African 80 71 86 84
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 77 65 86 76
Mixed other 82 69 88 77
White 79 60 86 71
White British 80 60 87 72
White Irish 82 57 86 62
White Irish Traveller 40 30 53 41
White Gypsy/Roma 33 31 40 44
White other 75 65 82 74
Other 77 74 83 78

Download table data for ‘Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)’ (CSV)

Summary of Phonics attainments for children aged 5 to 7 (key stage 1) Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM) Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

The data at the end of year 1 shows that:

  • in every ethnic group, boys and girls not eligible for FSM did better than those who were eligible, except Gypsy/Roma girls where pupils eligble for FSM did better

  • within every ethnic group, girls eligible for FSM did better than boys eligible for FSM

  • overall, among FSM-eligible pupils, girls out-performed boys at the end of year 1: 74% of girls met the expected standard, compared to 64% of boys

  • 30% of Travellers of Irish Heritage boys eligible for FSM met the expected standard (the lowest percentage of any FSM-eligible ethnic group)

  • 86% of Chinese girls eligible for FSM met the expected standard (the highest percentage of any FSM-eligible ethnic group)

  • the biggest gap between boys and girls was found in the Mixed White and Asian group, where 81% of girls met the expected standard, compared to 64% of boys (a gap of 17 percentage points)

  • the biggest gap in attainment between FSM-eligible and non-eligible pupils was found among Irish boys and girls – 82% of non-eligible boys met the expected standard compared to 57% of eligible boys (a gap of 25 percentage points), while 86% of non-eligible girls met the expected standard compared to 62% of eligible girls (a gap of 24 percentage points)

7. Phonics attainment for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity, gender and area

Percentage of year 1 pupils meeting the expected standard in phonics by ethnicity, gender and area
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Local authority All All All Boys All Girls Asian All Asian Boys Asian Girls Black All Black Boys Black Girls Chinese All Chinese Boys Chinese Girls Mixed All Mixed Boys Mixed Girls White All White Boys White Girls
All - England 81 77 84 84 81 87 82 78 86 88 86 90 82 78 86 80 77 84
Barking and Dagenham 81 77 85 87 85 91 84 81 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 74 84 77 73 81
Barnet 81 77 85 84 81 89 81 77 86 92 100 100 83 80 87 83 80 87
Barnsley 79 75 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 81 90 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 75 84 79 75 83
Bath and North East Somerset 79 76 83 77 72 82 80 77 86 77 79 87 80 75 84 79 75 83
Bedford 75 71 80 79 75 84 76 71 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 68 77 75 71 78
Bexley 85 82 88 92 94 withheld to protect confidentiality 90 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 93 100 100 84 81 88 82 79 86
Birmingham 79 75 83 82 78 86 81 77 86 89 100 100 81 77 85 78 74 82
Blackburn with Darwen 81 77 84 86 83 89 67 50 60 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 94 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 72 81
Blackpool 80 76 84 80 75 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 100 91 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 76 84
Bolton 80 76 84 87 84 91 77 72 81 100 100 100 85 82 88 79 75 82
Bournemouth 81 78 85 88 86 92 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 87 92 80 76 84
Bracknell Forest 84 81 88 92 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 93 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 86 84 91 83 80 87
Bradford 79 75 83 82 78 86 82 78 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 70 80 78 74 82
Brent 82 79 86 84 81 89 81 77 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 80 87 83 80 87
Brighton and Hove 79 76 83 81 77 86 83 80 88 81 88 100 81 77 85 80 76 84
Bristol, City of 78 75 82 78 74 83 73 67 76 79 81 89 76 71 81 80 77 84
Bromley 86 83 89 92 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 86 96 86 100 100 86 84 90 85 82 89
Buckinghamshire 81 77 85 77 71 81 76 72 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 77 85 82 79 86
Bury 82 78 85 79 74 83 84 80 89 100 100 100 86 83 89 83 79 86
Calderdale 82 78 86 82 78 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 76 85 82 78 85
Cambridgeshire 78 74 82 81 77 85 78 73 83 89 100 100 80 75 84 78 74 82
Camden 80 76 84 81 77 86 81 77 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 80 87 80 76 84
Central Bedfordshire 81 77 85 90 89 93 90 100 100 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 86 84 90 80 76 84
Cheshire East 82 78 85 89 87 92 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 100 84 80 87 83 79 86
Cheshire West and Chester 79 75 83 78 73 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 60 73 83 79 86 80 76 84
City of London withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Cornwall 80 77 84 73 65 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 76 78 81 77 85 80 77 84
County Durham 82 78 85 83 78 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 71 81 82 78 85
Coventry 79 75 83 83 79 87 85 82 90 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 75 84 77 73 81
Croydon 79 76 83 86 83 90 79 75 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 75 84 78 75 82
Cumbria 77 72 80 73 64 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 69 79 77 73 81
Darlington 86 82 89 76 70 79 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 86 82 89
Derby 78 74 82 84 80 88 84 81 89 81 88 100 75 69 78 78 74 82
Derbyshire 79 75 83 84 80 88 86 84 92 80 81 90 80 75 84 79 75 83
Devon 82 79 86 86 84 91 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 77 85 82 79 86
Doncaster 78 74 82 81 76 85 88 87 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 72 81 77 73 81
Dorset 80 77 84 89 88 93 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 76 84 80 77 84
Dudley 79 75 83 82 78 86 78 73 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 73 82 79 75 83
Ealing 82 79 86 85 82 89 76 71 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 81 88 84 81 88
East Riding of Yorkshire 81 77 84 88 85 91 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 86 83 90 81 77 84
East Sussex 81 78 85 85 82 89 78 74 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 79 86 81 78 85
Enfield 79 76 83 91 91 100 79 75 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 78 86 76 72 80
Essex 81 77 85 91 91 100 86 85 93 88 100 100 83 80 87 81 77 85
Gateshead 80 76 84 74 65 75 75 69 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 84 91 80 76 84
Gloucestershire 80 77 84 88 87 92 77 73 83 83 100 100 82 79 86 80 77 84
Greenwich 84 81 87 86 83 90 87 86 100 92 100 100 89 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 79 86
Hackney 85 82 88 89 88 93 84 81 89 87 100 100 85 83 89 86 82 89
Halton 76 71 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 70 79 76 71 80
Hammersmith and Fulham 85 82 88 91 91 100 83 79 88 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 86 84 90 86 82 90
Hampshire 81 78 85 85 82 89 81 77 86 85 100 100 87 85 92 81 78 85
Haringey 82 79 86 84 81 88 83 79 88 80 83 92 88 87 93 82 79 86
Harrow 84 81 87 88 86 92 82 78 87 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 88 87 94 79 75 83
Hartlepool 85 81 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 100 73 66 76 85 81 88
Havering 85 82 89 89 88 93 85 82 91 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 86 84 90 84 81 88
Herefordshire, County of 81 77 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 80 87 81 77 85
Hertfordshire 83 80 87 87 84 91 80 76 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 80 88 82 79 86
Hillingdon 83 80 87 88 86 92 85 82 91 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 86 84 90 79 75 83
Hounslow 84 81 88 88 86 92 80 76 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 86 84 91 83 80 87
Isle of Wight 76 72 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 75 84 76 72 80
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Islington 80 76 84 75 68 77 79 75 84 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 81 77 85 81 77 85
Kensington and Chelsea 87 85 89 81 77 86 87 86 95 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 83 89 88 86 91
Kent 82 79 86 88 86 92 89 93 100 93 100 100 86 84 91 81 78 85
Kingston upon Hull, City of 77 72 81 80 76 84 68 57 73 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 81 76 85 77 73 81
Kingston upon Thames 87 86 90 90 90 100 87 86 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 83 89 87 85 90
Kirklees 78 74 82 80 76 84 73 67 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 72 81 78 74 82
Knowsley 78 74 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 56 67 100 100 100 66 64 68 78 74 82
Lambeth 84 80 87 88 85 91 83 79 88 86 100 100 85 83 89 85 82 88
Lancashire 81 77 84 79 74 83 83 78 87 86 100 100 82 77 86 81 77 84
Leeds 77 72 81 79 75 84 75 70 79 86 100 100 75 68 78 77 73 81
Leicester 77 73 81 83 79 87 80 76 84 69 75 77 79 74 83 71 67 75
Leicestershire 80 76 84 86 83 90 90 100 100 85 100 100 81 77 85 80 76 84
Lewisham 83 80 87 86 83 90 83 79 88 86 100 100 83 80 87 84 81 88
Lincolnshire 83 79 87 90 88 93 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 79 86 83 79 87
Liverpool 75 71 79 74 67 77 79 74 84 82 90 100 76 70 79 76 72 80
Luton 78 74 82 81 77 86 82 78 87 75 77 79 76 71 80 77 73 81
Manchester 78 74 82 80 76 84 84 80 89 90 100 100 79 74 83 78 74 82
Medway 82 79 86 88 86 92 89 100 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 88 88 100 81 78 85
Merton 80 76 84 84 82 89 83 80 88 85 100 100 81 77 85 78 75 82
Middlesbrough 74 71 79 81 76 85 88 87 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 65 76 74 68 78
Milton Keynes 81 78 85 87 85 91 85 84 92 81 88 100 85 83 89 78 75 82
Newcastle upon Tyne 81 77 84 82 77 86 88 87 100 78 81 89 86 83 89 81 77 84
Newham 87 86 90 90 89 93 88 88 100 88 100 100 89 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 81 88
Norfolk 78 75 82 84 80 88 79 75 84 90 100 100 76 71 80 78 74 82
North East Lincolnshire 80 76 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 87 84 91 79 75 83
North Lincolnshire 83 79 87 86 83 89 69 63 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 78 86 83 79 87
North Somerset 83 80 87 84 82 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 55 67 80 76 84 83 80 87
North Tyneside 81 77 84 71 61 67 73 67 75 77 78 83 92 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 77 84
North Yorkshire 78 74 82 78 73 83 74 68 77 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 83 79 86 78 74 82
Northamptonshire 81 77 84 83 79 87 83 79 88 87 100 100 83 79 86 81 77 85
Northumberland 84 80 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 84 91 84 80 87
Nottingham 75 71 79 80 76 84 80 76 84 84 100 100 78 72 82 74 71 78
Nottinghamshire 77 73 81 84 80 88 80 76 84 80 82 91 81 77 85 77 73 81
Oldham 76 72 80 76 71 81 69 62 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 78 86 78 74 82
Oxfordshire 80 76 84 80 76 84 83 80 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 77 85 80 76 84
Peterborough 77 73 82 82 78 86 77 73 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 74 84 75 71 79
Plymouth 80 77 84 83 80 87 81 78 86 77 81 88 82 79 86 80 77 84
Poole 83 80 87 91 93 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 77 86 83 80 87
Portsmouth 81 78 85 84 82 89 83 80 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 87 92 81 78 85
Reading 79 76 83 84 82 89 84 81 90 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 75 84 77 74 82
Redbridge 80 76 84 86 84 90 79 75 84 86 100 100 79 74 84 75 71 79
Redcar and Cleveland 82 78 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 89 88 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 78 85
Richmond upon Thames 89 88 93 93 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 86 86 94 90 100 100 90 91 withheld to protect confidentiality 89 88 92
Rochdale 82 78 85 82 77 86 84 80 89 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 86 83 89 83 79 86
Rotherham 79 75 83 81 77 85 82 78 87 81 84 100 81 76 85 79 75 83
Rutland 86 83 89