1. Main facts and figures

  • overall, in 2016/17, 81% of pupils met the expected standard in phonics at the end of year 1 (when children are aged 5 to 6 years), and 92% had met the expected standard by the end of year 2 (when children are aged 6 to 7 years)
  • across all ethnic groups, a higher percentage of girls than boys met the expected standard by the end of both year 1 and year 2
  • within every ethnic group, year 1 pupils not eligible for free school meals (FSM) were more likely to meet the expected standard than those who were eligible, except for Gypsy/Roma pupils
  • among both girls and boys, Indian pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard both at the end of year 1 (at 92% for girls and 88% for boys), and at the end of year 2 (at 97% for girls and 94% for boys, which was the same percentage as Chinese boys)
  • Traveller of Irish Heritage boys and girls were least likely to meet the expected standard at the end of year 1, at 27% and 44% respectively – at the end of year 2, 54% of Traveller of Irish Heritage boys and 65% of Gypsy/Roma girls had met the expected standard (the lowest percentages of any ethnic groups at the end of year 2)
Things you need to know

In 2016/17, there were 664,964 pupils at the end of year 1, and ethnicity was known for 655,166 (99%) of them; 75% were White, 11% were Asian, 5% were Black, 6% were Mixed, 2% were from the any Other ethnic group and 0.5% were Chinese.

There were 652,013 pupils in year 2, and ethnicity was known for 645,003 (99%) of them; 75% were White, 11% were Asian, 5% were Black, 6% were Mixed, 2% were from the any Other ethnic group and 0.5% were Chinese.

Phonics results are presented for the academic year 2016/17. Data for the academic year 2015/16 is available in the download file.

The data covers phonics attainment for pupils in years 1 and 2.

Year 1 results include all eligible pupils who were in year 1 (aged 5 to 6 years) in the school year 2016/17 and eligible for the phonics check. See ‘Further technical information’ in the Methodology section for details about eligibility.

Year 2 phonics results include both:

  • pupils who took the phonics check in the school year 2015/16 (when they were in year 1) and met the expected standard – these pupils account for around 80% of year 2 phonics results
  • pupils who did the check again in 2016/17 (when they were in year 2), usually because they hadn’t met the standard or were absent during the year 1 check – these pupils account for around 20% of year 2 phonics results

School level data is not published for key stage 1.

Results for the Isles of Scilly and the City of London, which have only one school each, have been excluded from local authority breakdowns.

The Department for Education (DfE) has also excluded, or ‘suppressed’, very small numbers (for example, values of 1 or 2, a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or 0, 1 or 2 pupils who did not achieve a particular standard).

This is because, where the size of the ethnic group population is small enough that an individual’s identity could be revealed, information is suppressed to preserve confidentiality. This is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF).

Pupil numbers for key stage 1 vary between measures of attainment for different subjects. This is because pupils who don't have a valid teacher assessment for a particular subject are excluded from the total. For more about valid teacher assessments, see the Methodology section.

What the data measures

This data measures the percentage of pupils who met the expected standard in the phonics screening check both:

  • at the end of year 1 (when pupils are aged 5 to 6 years)
  • at the end of year 2 (when pupils are aged 6 to 7 years)

The data covers the academic year 2016/17 (September 2016 to July 2017).

The phonics approach helps children to learn to read by teaching them the sounds made by letters in the English language. They can then combine these sounds into words, for both reading and writing.

All pupils in state-funded mainstream schools take the phonics screening checks at the end of year 1 to see if they’ve reached the expected standard. Pupils who don’t meet the standard, or who weren’t checked, are checked at the end of year 2.

The test consists of 20 real words and 20 made-up words that pupils read out loud to a teacher.

The ethnic categories used in this data

This data uses categories from the Department for Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 national Census, with 3 exceptions:

  • Traveller of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma children have been separated into 2 categories
  • Sri Lankan has been added to the Asian/Asian British group but is not reported separately
  • Chinese pupils have been assigned a separate category

These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.

The categories in the school census are as follows:

White:

  • White British
  • White Irish
  • Traveller of Irish Heritage
  • Gypsy/Roma
  • Other White

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Other Mixed background

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Sri Lankan
  • Other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • Black African
  • Black Caribbean
  • Other Black background

Chinese

Other ethnic group

Information is provided for both detailed and broad ethnic groups where possible and when the data is available.

The 6 broad categories used are as follows:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White
  • Other ethnic group

However, local authority data is only provided for 5 broad ethnic groups. Information about the specific ethnic categories is excluded to preserve confidentiality and ensure individuals cannot be identified. Information about the Other ethnic group is not given because DfE does not publish data for this group at the local authority level.

The 5 broad categories are as follows:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White

2. By ethnicity

Percentage of year 1 and year 2 pupils meeting the expected standard in phonics by ethnicity
Ethnicity Year 1 Year 2
All 81 92
Asian 85 93
Bangladeshi 84 92
Indian 90 95
Pakistani 81 92
Asian other 85 93
Black 83 92
Black African 84 92
Black Caribbean 79 90
Black other 81 91
Chinese 88 95
Mixed 83 92
Mixed White/Asian 86 94
Mixed White/Black African 84 92
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 78 91
Mixed other 83 93
White 81 92
White British 81 92
White Irish 81 91
White Irish Traveller 36 60
White Gypsy/Roma 39 61
White other 79 90
Other 79 89

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

The data shows that:

  • overall, 81% of pupils met the expected standard in phonics at the end of year 1 (aged 5 to 6 years), and 92% did so by the end of year 2 (aged 6 to 7 years), making these the national averages for 2016/17
  • 90% of Indian pupils met the expected standard at the end of year 1, and 95% of both Indian and Chinese pupils met the standard by the end of year 2 (the highest percentages of any ethnic groups)
  • 36% of Traveller of Irish Heritage pupils met the expected standard at the end of year 1, and 60% did so at the end of year 2 (the lowest percentages of any ethnic groups)
  • 81% of White British pupils met the expected standard at the end of year 1, and 92% did so at the end of year 2

3. By ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals

Percentage of year 1 pupils meeting the expected standard in phonics by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals
Ethnicity FSM Non-FSM
% %
All 68 83
Asian 78 86
Bangladeshi 80 84
Indian 82 90
Pakistani 77 82
Asian other 78 86
Black 77 84
Black African 79 85
Black Caribbean 73 81
Black other 76 82
Chinese 83 89
Mixed 73 85
Mixed White/Asian 74 88
Mixed White/Black African 76 85
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 70 81
Mixed other 74 85
White 65 83
White British 66 84
White Irish 58 84
White Irish Traveller 31 41
White Gypsy/Roma 42 38
White other 71 80
Other 74 80

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

The data for year 1 pupils shows that:

  • overall, 68% of FSM-eligible pupils met the expected standard in phonics in 2016/17, compared with 83% of pupils not eligible for FSM (a gap of 15 percentage points)
  • among White British pupils, 66% of those eligible for FSM met the expected standard, compared with 84% of those not eligible for FSM (a gap of 18 percentage points)
  • FSM-eligible pupils were less likely to meet the expected standard than those not eligible in every ethnic group, except Gypsy/Roma pupils, where 42% of FSM-eligible pupils met the expected standard, compared with 38% of those not eligible for FSM
  • 83% of Chinese FSM-eligible children met the expected standard (the highest percentage of any FSM-eligible ethnic group)
  • 31% of Traveller of Irish Heritage FSM-eligible pupils met the expected standard (the lowest percentage of any FSM-eligible ethnic group)
  • the biggest gap in attainment was found among White Irish pupils, where 58% of FSM-eligible pupils met the expected standard compared with 84% of those not eligible (a gap of 26 percentage points)

4. By ethnicity and area

Percentage of year 1 pupils meeting the expected standard in phonics by ethnicity and area
Local authority All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
% % % % % %
Barking and Dagenham 80 84 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 76
Barnet 85 89 83 94 88 85
Barnsley 78 75 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 78
Bath and North East Somerset 79 91 47 50 74 80
Bedford 77 81 85 100 79 76
Bexley 85 92 89 withheld to protect confidentiality 88 82
Birmingham 80 84 81 85 80 78
Blackburn with Darwen 81 85 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 91 79
Blackpool 80 86 50 100 82 81
Bolton 81 87 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 88 81
Bournemouth 84 89 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 83
Bracknell Forest 85 88 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 92 84
Bradford 80 83 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 78
Brent 81 85 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 80
Brighton and Hove 78 78 83 81 81 78
Bristol, City of 81 85 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 81
Bromley 88 94 84 95 88 88
Buckinghamshire 82 82 87 100 84 82
Bury 81 79 75 71 82 82
Calderdale 80 82 84 100 83 80
Cambridgeshire 80 86 73 91 83 80
Camden 82 81 79 87 82 83
Central Bedfordshire 82 92 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 82
Cheshire East 83 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 84 84
Cheshire West and Chester 81 84 67 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 81
City of London withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Cornwall 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 79
County Durham 83 84 71 80 83 83
Coventry 79 86 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 77
Croydon 82 88 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 80
Cumbria 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 81 79
Darlington 85 92 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85
Derby 80 80 81 80 84 80
Derbyshire 80 84 86 84 81 80
Devon 83 85 77 83 84 83
Doncaster 78 78 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 78
Dorset 81 81 50 100 80 81
Dudley 79 79 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 79
Ealing 83 86 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 85
East Riding of Yorkshire 82 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 82
East Sussex 80 85 87 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 80
Enfield 80 88 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 78
Essex 82 90 84 82 83 82
Gateshead 83 91 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 92 83
Gloucestershire 79 89 79 100 82 79
Greenwich 84 89 88 93 83 81
Hackney 86 89 85 85 86 85
Halton 79 100 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 81 79
Hammersmith and Fulham 86 93 83 100 89 86
Hampshire 82 85 83 93 83 82
Haringey 83 88 83 91 89 83
Harrow 87 91 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 89 83
Hartlepool 82 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 76 82
Havering 85 92 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 85
Herefordshire, County of 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 84
Hertfordshire 83 89 84 93 82 83
Hillingdon 83 88 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 79
Hounslow 84 88 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 90 83
Isle of Wight 76 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 85 75
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Islington 82 86 78 100 82 82
Kensington and Chelsea 86 89 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 90 90
Kent 82 89 89 84 86 82
Kingston upon Hull, City of 77 84 74 100 73 78
Kingston upon Thames 84 87 67 91 88 84
Kirklees 79 80 78 75 76 79
Knowsley 78 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 80 77
Lambeth 84 84 82 83 86 86
Lancashire 81 81 80 86 84 81
Leeds 77 79 76 81 76 78
Leicester 80 85 82 83 77 76
Leicestershire 82 89 90 83 80 81
Lewisham 81 85 79 82 80 83
Lincolnshire 82 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 85 82
Liverpool 76 82 80 81 77 76
Luton 78 79 83 60 79 78
Manchester 79 80 83 95 79 78
Medway 82 89 92 100 82 81
Merton 84 88 84 85 83 84
Middlesbrough 76 80 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 77
Milton Keynes 82 90 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 80
Newcastle upon Tyne 82 82 81 85 82 82
Newham 88 90 88 87 88 85
Norfolk 78 87 77 89 80 78
North East Lincolnshire 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 75 80
North Lincolnshire 80 85 57 withheld to protect confidentiality 92 80
North Somerset 82 81 67 100 82 82
North Tyneside 81 81 79 100 81 81
North Yorkshire 81 83 73 50 85 81
Northamptonshire 81 84 79 91 80 81
Northumberland 85 90 100 100 93 85
Nottingham 79 85 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 77
Nottinghamshire 79 86 86 88 81 79
Oldham 77 76 79 67 80 78
Oxfordshire 81 81 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 82
Peterborough 75 78 84 75 81 75
Plymouth 80 87 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 80
Poole 85 92 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 85
Portsmouth 77 82 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 87 77
Reading 80 88 83 79 80 78
Redbridge 83 88 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 78
Redcar and Cleveland 81 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 89 81
Richmond upon Thames 89 92 84 86 91 89
Rochdale 81 86 76 100 76 81
Rotherham 79 85 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 79
Rutland 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 83
Salford 79 88 89 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 79
Sandwell 79 82 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 77
Sefton 80 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 83 80
Sheffield 77 79 78 79 77 77
Shropshire 82 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 82
Slough 84 90 81 100 84 77
Solihull 85 85 76 100 85 85
Somerset 79 81 77 73 82 79
South Gloucestershire 83 93 90 100 84 83
South Tyneside 83 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 84
Southampton 82 89 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 81
Southend-on-Sea 82 83 86 100 84 81
Southwark 84 85 84 90 86 85
St. Helens 79 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 78 79
Staffordshire 83 83 83 91 84 83
Stockport 82 80 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 82
Stockton-on-Tees 83 81 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 83
Stoke-on-Trent 79 83 84 82 85 79
Suffolk 80 84 86 100 80 80
Sunderland 83 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 79 83
Surrey 83 86 82 92 87 83
Sutton 84 92 89 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 82
Swindon 81 82 89 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 81
Tameside 79 79 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 88 79
Telford and Wrekin 82 91 79 100 81 82
Thurrock 84 91 92 100 84 82
Torbay 84 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 84
Tower Hamlets 82 84 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 78
Trafford 83 81 72 88 80 85
Wakefield 78 82 76 83 75 78
Walsall 80 85 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 79
Waltham Forest 84 87 80 91 87 84
Wandsworth 86 85 84 100 82 88
Warrington 81 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 81
Warwickshire 82 89 83 100 86 82
West Berkshire 78 89 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 78
West Sussex 80 84 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 80
Westminster 87 92 86 88 90 87
Wigan 83 86 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 87 84
Wiltshire 81 87 80 70 83 81
Windsor and Maidenhead 84 84 81 100 89 84
Wirral 76 84 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 76
Wokingham 83 88 85 100 85 82
Wolverhampton 79 86 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 77
Worcestershire 81 78 81 75 85 81
York 84 89 withheld to protect confidentiality 70 84 84

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Except for the information for White pupils, the statistics quoted for phonics attainment by ethnicity and local authority are based on small numbers of pupils and are highly variable over time.

The data for year 1 pupils shows that:

  • overall, in 2016/17, 89% of pupils met the expected standard in Richmond upon Thames in London (the highest percentage of any local authority), and 75% did so in Peterborough in the East of England (the lowest percentage of any local authority)
  • 100% of Asian pupils met the expected standard in Halton, East Riding of Yorkshire, Torbay, and Redcar and Cleveland, compared with 73% in Sefton in the North West (a gap of 27 percentage points)
  • 100% of Black pupils met the expected standard in Darlington, Northumberland, Wirral and Rutland, compared with 47% in Bath and North East Somerset (a gap of 53 percentage points)
  • 100% of Chinese pupils met the expected standard in 31 out of 88 local authorities where data for Chinese pupils is available, compared with 50% in Bath and North East Somerset, and North Yorkshire (a gap of 50 percentage points)
  • 93% of pupils of Mixed ethnicity met the expected standard in Northumberland, compared with 73% in the City of Kingston Upon Hull (a gap of 20 percentage points)
  • 90% of White pupils met the expected standard in Kensington and Chelsea, compared with 75% in both Peterborough and the Isle of Wight (a gap of 15 percentage points)

5. By ethnicity and gender

Percentage of year 1 and year 2 children meeting the expected standard in phonics by ethnicity and gender
Boys Girls
Ethnicity Year 1 Year 2 Year 1 Year 2
All 78 90 85 94
Asian 82 91 88 95
Bangladeshi 80 90 87 95
Indian 88 94 92 97
Pakistani 77 90 86 94
Asian other 83 91 88 95
Black 79 89 86 94
Black African 81 90 87 95
Black Caribbean 74 88 83 93
Black other 77 89 85 93
Chinese 87 94 90 96
Mixed 79 90 86 95
Mixed White/Asian 83 92 89 96
Mixed White/Black African 81 91 86 94
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 73 88 83 94
Mixed other 80 91 86 95
White 77 90 85 94
White British 78 90 85 94
White Irish 78 90 84 92
White Irish Traveller 27 54 44 67
White Gypsy/Roma 34 57 44 65
White other 76 88 83 92
Other 75 87 83 92

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

The data shows that:

  • overall, 85% of year 1 girls met the expected standard in phonics in 2016/17, compared with 78% of year 1 boys, and 94% of year 2 girls did so compared with 90% of year 2 boys; girls were more likely to meet the expected standard than boys in every ethnic group in both year 1 and year 2
  • Indian girls were most likely group of children to reach the expected standard in both year 1 and year 2, at 87% and 97% respectively
  • boys from the Traveller of Irish Heritage group were least likely group of children to reach the expected standard in both year 1 and year 2, at 27% and 54% respectively
  • the largest gap between girls and boys was found in the Traveller of Irish Heritage ethnic group, where 44% of girls and 27% of boys met the expected standard in year 1 (a gap of 17 percentage points), and 67% of girls and 54% of boys did so in year 2 (a gap of 13 percentage points)
  • the smallest gap between girls and boys was found in the Chinese ethnic group, where 90% of girls and 87% of boys met the expected standard in year 1 (a gap of 3 percentage points), and 96% of girls and 94% of boys did so in year 2 (a gap of 2 percentage points); White Irish boys and girls in year 2 also had a gap of 2 percentage points, with 92% of girls and 90% of boys meeting the expected standard

6. By ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals

Percentage of year 1 pupils meeting the expected standard in phonics by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)
Boys Girls
Ethnicity FSM Non-FSM FSM Non-FSM
All 63 80 74 87
Asian 74 82 83 89
Bangladeshi 75 81 84 88
Indian 77 88 87 93
Pakistani 73 78 81 86
Asian other 74 83 81 89
Black 73 81 81 88
Black African 76 82 82 89
Black Caribbean 66 77 79 85
Black other 70 79 81 86
Chinese 79 88 88 90
Mixed 68 82 77 88
Mixed White/Asian 69 86 79 91
Mixed White/Black African 72 83 81 88
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 64 76 75 86
Mixed other 70 83 78 88
White 60 80 71 87
White British 60 80 72 87
White Irish 49 83 68 87
White Irish Traveller 20 34 41 48
White Gypsy/Roma 37 33 47 43
White other 68 77 74 83
Other 69 76 79 83

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

The data for year 1 pupils shows that:

  • 88% of Chinese girls eligible for FSM met the expected standard in phonics in 2016/17 (the highest percentage of any group of FSM-eligible children)
  • 20% of Traveller of Irish Heritage boys eligible for FSM met the expected standard (the lowest percentage of any group of FSM-eligible children)
  • the biggest gap between FSM-eligible boys and girls was found in the Traveller of Irish Heritage ethnic group, where 41% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 20% of boys (a gap of 21 percentage points)
  • the biggest gap between FSM-eligible and non-eligible boys was found among White Irish boys, where 83% of non-eligible boys met the expected standard, compared with 49% of eligible boys (a gap of 34 percentage points)
  • the biggest gap between FSM-eligible and non-eligible girls was found among White Irish girls, where 87% of non-eligible girls met the expected standard, compared with 68% of eligible girls (a gap of 19 percentage points)

7. By ethnicity, gender and area

Percentage of year 1 pupils meeting the expected standard in phonics by ethnicity, gender and area
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Local authority Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
Barking and Dagenham 77 84 81 88 82 89 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 88 71 80
Barnet 82 87 89 89 81 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 89 82 88
Barnsley 73 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 92 78 73 84
Bath and North East Somerset 77 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 72 78 83
Bedford 73 82 75 86 84 86 100 100 72 86 72 81
Bexley 82 88 90 94 86 93 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 85 90 79 85
Birmingham 77 84 80 87 79 84 81 88 75 85 75 82
Blackburn with Darwen 77 86 79 91 79 84 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 83
Blackpool 76 85 85 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 84 76 85
Bolton 78 85 82 91 64 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 90 86 77 84
Bournemouth 81 86 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 90 81 86
Bracknell Forest 81 88 84 91 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 92 91 81 88
Bradford 75 84 77 89 69 86 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 80 75 81
Brent 77 86 82 88 78 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 80 85 77 84
Brighton and Hove 74 83 80 76 71 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 80 83 73 84
Bristol, City of 78 84 85 84 71 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 80 82 77 85
Bromley 86 90 91 96 79 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 92 86 89
Buckinghamshire 79 85 81 83 83 91 100 100 81 87 79 86
Bury 77 84 74 85 73 77 60 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 83 79 85
Calderdale 77 84 77 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 82 84 76 84
Cambridgeshire 77 83 86 86 65 83 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 86 77 83
Camden 78 85 76 85 74 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 88 81 86
Central Bedfordshire 80 85 91 93 77 88 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 89 80 85
Cheshire East 80 87 77 92 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 100 84 83 80 88
Cheshire West and Chester 77 85 82 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 93 77 85
City of London withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Cornwall 75 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 87 75 83
County Durham 79 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 64 100 73 100 82 86 79 86
Coventry 76 83 83 89 81 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 85 73 81
Croydon 80 86 86 90 81 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 78 87 77 84
Cumbria 76 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 85 76 83
Darlington 81 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 89
Derby 76 84 78 83 77 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 86 76 85
Derbyshire 76 83 73 93 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 76 86 76 83
Devon 79 86 72 100 50 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 84 79 86
Doncaster 73 82 72 83 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 74 94 74 82
Dorset 78 85 76 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 75 86 78 85
Dudley 75 83 74 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 87 75 83
Ealing 80 87 84 89 78 82 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 88 82 88
East Riding of Yorkshire 78 85 100 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 89 78 86
East Sussex 76 85 85 86 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 77 84 76 85
Enfield 77 83 84 91 75 86 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 86 76 80
Essex 79 85 90 91 77 90 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 84 78 85
Gateshead 80 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 92 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 86
Gloucestershire 75 83 89 90 70 87 100 100 81 82 75 83
Greenwich 81 87 85 92 85 91 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 89 79 83
Hackney 82 89 89 90 80 92 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 84 89 82 88
Halton 77 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* 82 80 77 81
Hammersmith and Fulham 83 88 92 93 82 84 100 100 88 90 83 89
Hampshire 79 85 84 86 76 88 100 87 80 88 79 85
Haringey 81 85 89 87 79 87 84 100 85 94 82 84
Harrow 85 89 90 93 75 88 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 86 92 81 84
Hartlepool 78 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 86
Havering 82 89 90 94 81 89 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 80 91 81 89
Herefordshire, County of 80 87 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 79 80 88
Hertfordshire 80 86 87 91 82 86 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 86 80 86
Hillingdon 79 87 85 92 80 90 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 89 74 85
Hounslow 81 88 86 90 74 85 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 95 79 87
Isle of Wight 70 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 70 81
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Islington 77 87 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 69 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 86 78 87
Kensington and Chelsea 82 91 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 72 86 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 87 93 87 93
Kent 78 86 85 95 87 92 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 89 78 86
Kingston upon Hull, City of 74 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 65 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 73 74 83
Kingston upon Thames 82 87 84 88 65 68 77 100 85 90 82 87
Kirklees 74 84 75 85 79 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 57 70 82 74 84
Knowsley 72 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 86 72 83
Lambeth 81 87 83 86 77 87 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 87 84 88
Lancashire 78 85 76 85 76 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 86 78 85
Leeds 74 80 75 83 75 76 83 78 74 79 74 81
Leicester 77 83 83 88 79 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 83 73 79
Leicestershire 79 85 84 93 88 91 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 83 78 84
Lewisham 77 84 80 92 75 84 76 89 78 83 81 86
Lincolnshire 78 85 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 50 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 88 78 85
Liverpool 72 80 80 84 75 86 77 86 73 81 72 80
Luton 73 83 74 84 78 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 85 73 83
Manchester 75 83 77 84 79 87 92 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 83 74 82
Medway 78 86 84 94 92 93 100 100 78 88 77 85
Merton 83 85 86 91 84 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 88 83 84
Middlesbrough 71 81 71 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 80 72 82
Milton Keynes 78 87 88 93 80 86 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 94 75 85
Newcastle upon Tyne 79 85 76 88 72 90 86 83 79 85 80 85
Newham 84 91 88 93 83 92 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 91 81 89
Norfolk 74 82 78 93 74 80 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 83 74 82
North East Lincolnshire 76 82 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 76 76 83
North Lincolnshire 75 85 82 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 86
North Somerset 80 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 57 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 84 80 85
North Tyneside 77 86 82 81 63 100 100 100 76 86 77 86
North Yorkshire 77 85 84 81 67 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 85 77 85
Northamptonshire 77 84 80 89 77 82 84 100 78 81 77 84
Northumberland 81 89 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 91 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 89
Nottingham 75 82 83 87 77 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 75 83 74 81
Nottinghamshire 75 83 85 87 83 87 87 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 85 75 83
Oldham 73 81 71 81 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 80 74 83
Oxfordshire 78 85 77 85 78 84 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 84 78 85
Peterborough 71 80 72 84 84 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 85 70 80
Plymouth 76 85 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 87 77 84
Poole 82 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 83 82 88
Portsmouth 73 82 74 90 91 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 87 87 72 81
Reading 78 83 86 89 80 87 withheld to protect confidentiality 70 81 80 76 81
Redbridge 81 86 86 90 79 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 79 83 75 81
Redcar and Cleveland 77 85 100 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 85
Richmond upon Thames 86 91 88 96 85 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 91 92 86 91
Rochdale 77 86 82 91 78 75 100 100 73 81 77 85
Rotherham 75 83 81 89 72 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 90 75 82
Rutland 79 89 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 79 89
Salford 74 85 81 94 86 92 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 76 89 73 84
Sandwell 75 82 79 85 79 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 72 84 74 81
Sefton 75 84 68 78 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 92 75 84
Sheffield 73 81 77 81 73 84 83 76 72 82 73 81
Shropshire 78 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 85 78 86
Slough 80 89 86 93 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 88 72 83
Solihull 81 88 79 91 68 83 100 100 81 89 82 88
Somerset 75 82 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 57 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 83 75 82
South Gloucestershire 79 87 92 95 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 78 89 79 86
South Tyneside 79 87 68 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 88
Southampton 78 86 86 92 79 93 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 79 86 77 86
Southend-on-Sea 78 85 84 82 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 77 91 78 85
Southwark 81 86 82 88 80 87 88 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 89 82 88
St. Helens 75 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 78 76 84
Staffordshire 80 87 79 88 82 85 81 100 77 91 80 87
Stockport 78 85 79 82 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 73 80 79 86
Stockton-on-Tees 79 87 78 86 77 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 79 82 79 87
Stoke-on-Trent 75 84 77 89 82 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 88 74 83
Suffolk 76 84 76 93 83 88 100 100 75 86 76 84
Sunderland 79 87 81 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 83 78 87
Surrey 80 86 83 90 77 87 withheld to protect confidentiality 88 83 91 80 86
Sutton 80 88 89 94 85 93 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 75 84 79 86
Swindon 77 85 75 90 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 89 77 85
Tameside 74 84 76 81 85 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 91 73 84
Telford and Wrekin 78 87 86 96 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 81 78 86
Thurrock 80 88 91 91 91 93 100 100 81 88 76 87
Torbay 80 88 100 100 N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 62 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 88
Tower Hamlets 78 87 79 88 79 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 83 73 84
Trafford 80 87 80 83 69 75 87 90 76 84 81 89
Wakefield 74 82 78 88 81 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 76 74 82
Walsall 77 84 82 88 82 91 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 87 76 83
Waltham Forest 81 88 85 90 76 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 91 79 89
Wandsworth 84 89 78 92 81 87 100 100 80 85 88 89
Warrington 77 85 88 88 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 77 81 77 85
Warwickshire 78 87 88 90 78 86 100 100 80 93 78 87
West Berkshire 74 83 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 80 74 82
West Sussex 76 84 81 86 79 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 77 88 76 83
Westminster 85 89 90 93 87 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 86 95 86 88
Wigan 79 87 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 69 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 79 93 80 88
Wiltshire 77 85 83 93 74 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 87 78 85
Windsor and Maidenhead 81 87 83 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 93 81 88
Wirral 72 81 74 92 100 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 82 88 72 80
Wokingham 79 87 84 92 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 100 85 84 78 85
Wolverhampton 76 83 82 90 85 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 81 73 81
Worcestershire 77 85 74 82 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 67 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 91 77 85
York 82 85 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 86 82 86

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Except for the information for White pupils, the statistics quoted for phonics attainment by ethnicity, gender and local authority are based on small numbers of pupils and are highly variable over time.

The data for year 1 pupils shows that:

  • overall, girls were more likely than boys to meet the expected standard in phonics in all local authorities in 2016/17
  • for Asian pupils, the biggest gap between girls and boys was in Devon in the South West, where 100% of girls met expected standard, compared with 72% of boys (a gap of 28 percentage points)
  • for Black pupils, the biggest gap was in Devon in the South West, where 100% of girls achieved the expected standard, compared with 50% of boys (a gap of 50 percentage points)
  • for pupils with Mixed ethnicity, the biggest gap was in Doncaster in Yorkshire and the Humber, where 94% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 74% of boys (a gap of 20 percentage points)
  • for White pupils, the biggest gap (of 11 percentage points) was found in 11 local authorities: the Isle of Wight, North Lincolnshire, Knowsley, Salford, Slough, Thurrock, Tameside, Hillingdon, Brighton and Hove, Tower Hamlets and Barnsley

8. Methodology

The phonics dataset is put together using information matched together from 2 data sources:

  • phonics results in year 1, plus those in year 2 who didn't pass the check in year 1
  • school census records

Phonics results received from local authorities are combined with pupil characteristics from the school census. Records are matched using identifiers such as surname, forename, date of birth, unique pupil number, gender and postcode. This successfully matches around 98% of results.

Phonics results are not published at school level. The coverage of the local authority and regional statistics is for state-funded mainstream schools only in England. This includes schools and academies but excludes hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision.

The information was collected from 16,337 schools (approximately 650,000 pupils).

Pupils are included in the figures for free school meals (FSM) if their families have claimed eligibility for FSM at the time of the annual spring school census. This FSM definition includes all who were eligible to receive FSM, not only those who actually received FSM. Pupils not eligible for FSM or unclassified pupils are described as ‘non-FSM’ or ‘all other pupils’.

Parents are able to claim FSM if they receive a qualifying benefit.

FSM is used as an indicator of disadvantage, but when drawing conclusions, it should be remembered that not all eligible parents apply for FSM. Families who don’t quite reach the eligibility threshold for FSM may still be suffering deprivation.

Suppression rules and disclosure control

Values of 1 or 2 or a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or did not achieve, a particular standard are suppressed. Some additional figures may be suppressed to prevent the possibility of a suppressed figure being revealed. This suppression is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF) .

Figures for the Isles of Scilly and City of London are suppressed in DfE’s key stage 2 provisional Statistical First Release as these local authorities have a single school and DfE do not publish school-level information in the performance tables at the time of the provisional release. These figures are unsuppressed in the revised release as school-level figures are already published in the performance tables.

Regional eligible pupil figures are rounded to the nearest 10 so that it is not possible to derive figures for these local authorities by summing the figures for the other local authorities in the region.

In the school-level data, any figures relating to a cohort of 5 pupils or fewer are suppressed. This applies to sub-groups of pupils as well as the whole cohort. For example, if there were five boys and three girls in a school, DfE would not publish attainment for boys or girls separately but would publish attainment for all pupils as this is based on 8 pupils. The Code of Practice for Official Statistics requires DfE to take reasonable steps to ensure that their published or disseminated statistics protect confidentiality.

For more information about DfE’s disclosure control procedures for its statistical releases please see DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF).

Rounding

Percentages given in charts, tables and downloads are rounded to the nearest whole number. For this reason some figures may not exactly match those published by the Department for Education.

Related publications

Schools, pupils and their characteristics: June 2017

Quality and methodology information

Further technical information

2018 key stage 1: assessment and reporting arrangements (ARA) – includes details of pupils who should and shouldn’t take the phonics check (page 24).

9. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Administrative data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Department for Education

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

This data provides results for the 2017 phonics screening checks and key stage 1 national curriculum assessments for pupils in schools in England. The results are used to monitor pupils’ attainment and progress in reading, writing, science and mathematics.

10. Download the data

Phonics attainments for children aged 5 to 7 (key stage 1) -national - Spreadsheet (csv) 77 KB

This file contains the following variables: Measure, Ethnicity, Ethnicity_Type, Time, Time_Type, Geography (England), Geography_Code, Gender, FSM, Value, Value_Type, Denominator

Phonics attainments for children aged 5 to 7 (key stage 1) - Local Authorities - Spreadsheet (csv) 487 KB

This file contains the following variables: Measure, Ethnicity, Ethnicity_Type, Time, Time_Type, Region, Local_Authority, Local_Authority_Code, Gender, Value, Value_Type, Denominator