Judges and non-legal members of the judiciary
Last updated 8 August 2023 - see all updates
1. Main facts and figures
- on 1 April 2019, 92.6% of court judges were White and 7.4% were from Asian, Black, Mixed and Other ethnic groups (out of those whose ethnicity was known)
- 88.9% of tribunal judges were White, and 11.1% were from the Asian, Black, Mixed and Other ethnic groups
- Asian people made up 3.6% of court judges and 5.6% of tribunal judges, the second highest percentage after the White ethnic group
- 17.4% of non-legal tribunal members were from Asian, Black, Mixed and Other ethnic groups
- among Asian members of the judiciary, 18.6% of were court judges while 63.6% were non-legal tribunal members (who tend to have a specific area of expertise)
- among those with Mixed ethnicity, 40.5% were court judges, while 30.6% were non-legal tribunal members
2. Things you need to know
What the data measures
The data measures:
- the number of judges in courts in England and Wales
- the number of judges and non-legal members of the judiciary in tribunals in England and Wales
The data includes most tribunals in England and Wales, and a small number of employment tribunals in Scotland.
Tribunals decide on cases like workplace disputes and appeals against benefits decisions. Judges usually chair tribunal hearings, but non-legal members like doctors and accountants also take part.
Percentages are rounded to 1 decimal point.
Not included in the data
The data does not include tribunals that are the responsibility of the devolved Welsh Government.
The ethnic groups used in the data
Judges and non-legal members of the judiciary are asked to give their ethnicity from a list of 18 ethnic groups.
The data is aggregated into 5 ethnic groups. This is because the number of people was too small to draw firm conclusions about individual ethnic groups.
13.7% of court judges, 7.1% of tribunal judges and 9.9% of non-legal members of the judiciary didn't give their ethnicity.
Judges and non-legal members of the judiciary are asked to give their ethnicity when they start their role. There is not currently a way for them to update their record later if they don’t give their ethnicity when they start.
Download the detailed methodology document (PDF opens in a new window or tab) for this data.
If people have more than one role, only their main role is included in the data.
3. By ethnicity
|Court Judges||Tribunal Judges||Tribunal non-legal members|
|Ethnicity||Court Judges Number||Court Judges %||Tribunal Judges Number||Tribunal Judges %||Tribunal non-legal members Number||Tribunal non-legal members %|
4. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Ministry of Justice
Purpose of data source
This data is used by ministers and officials in central government, the Judicial Appointments Commission and Judicial Office to develop policy on judicial diversity.
It is also used by judges, lawyers and academics, and professional bodies such as The Bar Council, The Law Society, and The Chartered Institute of Legal Executives.
5. Download the data
This file contains the following: measure, year, ethnicity, judicial type, judicial role, count, percentage