1. Main facts and figures
- as at 1 April 2018, 6.8% of court judges and 10.6% of tribunal judges whose ethnicity was known were from either the Asian, Black, Mixed or Other ethnic group
- among those whose ethnicity was known, White judges made up the highest percentage of both court and tribunal judges, at 93.2% and 89.4% respectively; Asian judges made up the second highest percentage, at 3.1% and 4.8% respectively
- 16.7% of non-legal tribunal members were from either the Asian, Black, Mixed or Other ethnic group, an increase of around 0.4 percentage points since 2017
- Asian members of the judiciary were less likely to be court judges, which requires a legal background (at 16.3%), than to be non-legal tribunal members, who tend to have a specific area of expertise (at 68.0%); in contrast, members of the judiciary of Mixed ethnicity were more likely to be court judges (at 40.2%) than to be non-legal tribunal members (at 32.4%)
The ethnic categories used in this data
Judges and non-legal members of the judiciary are asked to declare their ethnicity using the 18 categories corresponding to the 2011 Census. The number of people studied was too small to draw any firm conclusions about specific ethnic categories. Therefore, the data is broken down into the following 5 broad groups:
- Asian/Asian British/Chinese
- Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
- Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
- Other ethnic group
2. By ethnicity
|Court Judges||Tribunal Judges||Tribunal non-legal members|
|Ethnicity||Headcount 2017||% 2017||Headcount 2018||% 2018||Headcount 2017||% 2017||Headcount 2018||% 2018||Headcount 2017||% 2017||Headcount 2018||% 2018|
3. By judicial roles for each ethnic group
|Court Judges||Tribunal Judges||Tribunal non-legal members||All|
|Ethnicity||Headcount 2018||% 2018||Headcount 2017||% 2017||Headcount 2018||% 2018||Headcount 2017||% 2017||Headcount 2018||% 2018||Headcount 2017||% 2017||Headcount 2018||% 2018||Headcount 2017||% 2017|
The data breaks down the number of court judges in England and Wales by ethnicity. It does the same for judges and non-legal members of the judiciary in tribunals in England and Wales (excluding tribunals that are the responsibility of the devolved Welsh Government), and in employment tribunals in Scotland.
If people have more than one role, only their primary role is included in the data.
The data includes tribunals that are administered by HM Courts & Tribunals Service (HMCTS) and that fall within the responsibilities of the Senior President of Tribunals – this accounts for most tribunals in England and Wales, and a small number of employment tribunals in Scotland.
Data is extracted from the staff administrative system and represents the point in time at which the extracts were taken.
Judges and non-legal members of the judiciary declare their ethnicity on a voluntary basis on taking up of a new appointment. There is currently no facility to update, amend, or make new declarations aside from upon taking up of a new appointment.
Percentages are rounded to 1 decimal point.
Further technical information
5. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Ministry of Justice
Purpose of data source
This data is used by ministers and officials in central government, the Judicial Appointments Commission and Judicial Office to develop policy on judicial diversity.
It is also used by judges, lawyers and academics, and professional bodies such as The Bar Council, The Law Society, and The Chartered Institute of Legal Executives.
6. Download the data
This file contains the following: Measure, Time, Ethnicity, Ethnicity_type, Court/Tribunal, Court/Tribunal type, Value