Civil Service Workforce
Last updated 1 June 2018 - see all updates
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- 1. Navigate to Main facts and figures section
- 2. Navigate toCivil Service workforce by ethnicity section
- 3. Navigate toCivil Service workforce by ethnicity and area section
- 4. Navigate toCivil Service workforce by ethnicity and gender section
- 5. Navigate toCivil Service workforce by ethnicity and age group section
- 6. Navigate toCivil Service workforce by ethnicity and grade section
- 7. Navigate toCivil servants' median pay by ethnicity and grade section
- 8. Navigate toCivil servants' median pay by ethnicity and area section
- 9. Navigate to Methodology section
- 10. Navigate to Data sources section
- 11. Navigate to Download the data section
1. Main facts and figures
in the 2011 Census, 86% of the population of England and Wales described themselves as White
as of 31 March 2016, 88.8% of civil servants were White, 5.8% were Asian, 3.1% were Black, 1.4% were Mixed, 0.3% were Chinese, and 0.5% were from the Other ethnic group
London had the highest percentage of staff that were Asian (16.3%), Black (11.8%), Mixed (3.0%), Chinese (0.7%) and from the Other ethnic group (1.2%), compared to all other regions in the UK
male civil servants were more likely to be White (90.1%) than female civil servants (87.8%)
Asian staff had the lowest median salary (£25,000), and were the only ethnic minority group (other than White minorities) to earn less than the median salary for all groups combined (£25,400)
15.8% of staff aged 20 to 29 years were from ethnic minorities (other than White minorities), compared to 7.4% of those aged 60 to 64 years
The ethnic categories used in this data
For this data, the number of people from specific ethnic categories surveyed (the ‘sample size’) was too small to draw any firm conclusions when analysed by ethnicity and another factor (for example area or gender). Therefore, the data is broken down into the following 6 broad groups:
- Asian/Asian British
- Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
- Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
- Other ethnic group
2. Civil Service workforce by ethnicity
Summary of Civil Service Workforce Civil Service workforce by ethnicity Summary
3. Civil Service workforce by ethnicity and area
|Yorkshire and The Humber||5.4||1.2||0.2||1.1||0.4||91.8|
|Northern Ireland||0.3||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||0.3||withheld to protect confidentiality||99.3|
Summary of Civil Service Workforce Civil Service workforce by ethnicity and area Summary
4. Civil Service workforce by ethnicity and gender
Summary of Civil Service Workforce Civil Service workforce by ethnicity and gender Summary
5. Civil Service workforce by ethnicity and age group
|Aged 16-19||7.2||0.0||0.0||2.9||89.9||withheld to protect confidentiality|
|Aged 65 & Over||6.7||2.1||0.2||0.7||89.7||0.7|
Summary of Civil Service Workforce Civil Service workforce by ethnicity and age group Summary
6. Civil Service workforce by ethnicity and grade
|Administrative officers and assistants||6.5||3.3||0.2||1.2||88.3||0.5|
|Senior and higher executive officer||4.9||2.7||0.3||1.5||90.1||0.5|
|Grades 6 & 7||3.8||1.6||0.3||1.7||91.8||0.7|
|Senior Civil Service||3.4||1.3||0.3||1.3||93.1||0.5|
Summary of Civil Service Workforce Civil Service workforce by ethnicity and grade Summary
7. Civil servants' median pay by ethnicity and grade
|Administrative officers and assistants||19,500||20,100||22,200||19,600||19,900||19,500||20,600|
|Senior and higher executive officer||33,800||33,900||34,400||35,300||34,300||33,700||35,100|
|Grades 6 & 7||54,500||54,500||55,300||53,700||55,000||54,500||55,400|
|Senior Civil Service||80,600||88,500||88,700||90,600||76,600||80,600||89,100|
Summary of Civil Service Workforce Civil servants' median pay by ethnicity and grade Summary
8. Civil servants' median pay by ethnicity and area
|Yorkshire and The Humber||24,700||20,300||23,200||23,200||23,400||25,200||28,100|
|Northern Ireland||23,200||26,600||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||23,600||23,200||withheld to protect confidentiality|
Summary of Civil Service Workforce Civil servants' median pay by ethnicity and area Summary
All Civil Service departments are asked for details of all their employees on the payroll on a certain date in the year (currently 31st March). They are are also asked to provide leavers in the last 12 months. All Civil Service employees are included, so no weighting is required.
The grade categories, from senior to junior are:
- Senior Civil Service (SCS)
- grades 6 and 7
- higher and senior executive officers
- executive officers
- administrative officers and assistants
Government departments use different ways of grading staff - some use numbers, some use pay bands, and others use descriptors (for example, Senior Policy Advisor). The concept of broad ‘responsibility levels’ is therefore used, in which departmental grades have been assigned to levels which are broadly equivalent in terms of pay and job weight.
Headcount statistics are based on the number of employees with an employment contract who are being paid by a Civil Service department. Employees can be permanent, on a fixed-term contract or employed on a casual basis.
Self-employed workers, contract workers and agency workers are excluded. Employees not on the payroll and not being paid as at 31 March 2016 are also excluded, for example, those on unpaid maternity leave, unpaid sick absence and career breaks.
Median gross salary includes basic pay (including consolidated performance pay) and pay-related allowances such as regional and skills allowances. It does not include bonuses.
Suppression rules and disclosure control
Values based on fewer than 5 responses have been suppressed.
‘Suppression’ means these figures have not been included in the data, to protect confidentiality and because the numbers involved are too small to draw any reliable conclusions.
Total staff numbers are rounded to the nearest 10.
Pay data is rounded to the nearest £100.
10. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Office for National Statistics
Purpose of data source
The Annual Civil Service Employment Survey (ACSES) is carried out to measure the numbers employed in the Civil Service, and to measure diversity across the workforce.
11. Download the data
This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, gender, geography, age group, median pay, grade