Employment by occupation
1. Main facts and figures
- in 2018, 21% of workers in the UK were in ‘professional’ jobs – the highest percentage out of all types of occupation
- 33% of workers from the Indian ethnic group were in 'professional' jobs, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups in this role
- 11% of both Indian and White British workers were in 'manager, director or senior official' jobs, the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups in this role
- the percentage of workers in 'elementary' jobs – the lowest skilled type of occupation – was highest in the Black (16%) and White Other (15%) ethnic groups
The ethnic categories used in this data
In most cases, the figures shown on this page are for aggregated ethnic groups. For example, the Black ethnic group includes people from Black Caribbean, Black African and other Black backgrounds.
However, separate figures are shown for 3 different Asian ethnic groups:
- Pakistani and Bangladeshi (combined)
- Asian Other
This reflects the different employment related outcomes between different Asian ethnic groups.
It is also consistent with other official labour market statistics published by Nomis.
Separate figures are also shown for 2 different White ethnic groups:
- White British
- White Other
2. By ethnicity and type of occupation
|Occupation||All||Asian||Indian||Pakistani, Bangladeshi||Asian Other||Black||Mixed||White||White British||White Other||Other|
|Managers, Directors and Senior Officials||11||10||11||8||9||5||9||11||11||10||10|
|Associate Professional and Technical||15||12||14||10||11||12||19||15||15||13||12|
|Administrative and Secretarial||10||9||9||8||9||9||9||10||11||8||7|
|Caring, Leisure and Other Service||9||8||7||8||9||18||9||9||9||7||9|
|Sales and Customer Service||8||10||7||14||9||7||9||7||8||5||7|
|Process, Plant and Machine Operatives||6||9||5||15||5||7||5||6||6||10||8|
Summary of Employment by occupation By ethnicity and type of occupation Summary
The Annual Population Survey (APS) is a continuous household survey. Most people are interviewed in person first and later by telephone.
The APS contains 12 months of survey data. It combines data from 4 successive quarters of the Labour Force Survey (LFS) with rolling-year data from the local labour force surveys for England, Wales and Scotland.
The sample size is approximately 320,000 respondents.
‘Confidence intervals’ are available. These give an indication of the range in which the true population value is likely to be, which is within the lower and upper range of the interval 95% of the time. Read more about how confidence intervals are used to judge the reliability of survey data.
Weighting is used to adjust the results of a survey to make them representative of the population and make them more reliable. All APS and LFS analysis is weighted using 2018 population estimates.
For example, a survey of 25 women and 75 men will not accurately reflect the views of the general population, which is around 50% male and 50% female.
The weighting for this data is based on Office for National Statistics population statistics.
Suppression rules and disclosure control
Data is not shown for estimates and confidence intervals where the number of respondents is smaller than 3. This is to protect confidentiality and because the numbers involved are too small to draw any reliable conclusions.
Values based on fewer 26 responses have been highlighted in the download file as they may not be reliable and should be used with caution.
Percentages have been rounded to the nearest whole number. This means some totals may not add up to 100%.
4. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Office for National Statistics
Purpose of data source
The Annual Population Survey (APS) is the largest ongoing household survey in the UK and covers a range of topics, including:
- personal characteristics
- labour market status
- work characteristics
The purpose of the APS is to provide information on important social and socio-economic variables at local levels, such as labour market estimates.
The published statistics also allow the government to monitor estimates on a range of issues between censuses.
5. Download the data
This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, denominator, numerator, confidence intervals