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1. Main facts and figures

  • 14.3 million (63%) of the estimated 22 million households in England in 2015 to 2016 were in home ownership

  • ethnic minority householders were less likely to be in owner-occupation than White British households – except for Indian, Mixed White and Asian and Pakistani households

  • within every region, socio-economic group, income band and all age groups, White British people were more likely to own their own homes than any other ethnic group, including White ethnic minorities

Things you need to know

Compared with White British households, ethnic minority households tend to:

  • be younger
  • have lived in England for a shorter time
  • be located in urban areas
  • live in larger households
  • live in rented accommodation

To ensure that there is a large enough number of ethnic minority households to produce reliable findings, the data is drawn from the English Housing Survey (EHS) 2014/15, as well as the EHS 2015/16.

Information about households available from the EHS Headline and Annual Reports is normally based on a 12-month period (April to March) of the survey, so some of the statistics cited here may not match those in the Headline and Annual Reports.

The commentary has focused on findings based on subgroups of at least 30 households to ensure that we report reliable findings.

The number of Gypsies and Irish travellers interviewed is very small. To avoid disclosing personal information about individuals in those groups, information about them is not presented in some of the tables and charts.

The English Housing Survey (EHS) is a ‘sample survey’: it collects information from a random sample of the population to make generalisations (reach 'findings’) about the total population.

For example, EHS findings might include the percentage of households who get help from their family to buy their own home.

The commentary for this data only includes reliable, or ‘statistically significant’, findings.

Findings are statistically significant when we can be confident that they can be repeated, and are reflective of the total population rather than just the survey sample.

Specifically, the statistical tests used mean we can be confident that if we carried out the same survey on different random samples of the population, 19 times out of 20 we would get similar findings.

What the data measures

This data measures how likely people in different ethnic groups are to own their own homes.

The figures are drawn from the 2014/15 and 2015/16 English Housing Survey (EHS). The survey involves face-to-face interviews with about 13,300 randomly selected households every year.

These are used to make estimates for the 22 million households in England as a whole.

The EHS is a national survey of people's housing circumstances and the condition and energy efficiency of homes in England.

The information relates to households. A household is one person or a group of people (not necessarily related) who have the accommodation as their only or main residence, and (for a group) share cooking facilities and share a living room or sitting room or dining area.

The EHS has ethnicity information on the household reference person as well as all other members of the household. The household reference person is the person in whose name the dwelling is owned or rented or who is otherwise responsible for the accommodation.

Some households contain people from different ethnic backgrounds; in these circumstances, we have used the ethnic background of the household reference person to define the ethnic background of the household.

Nearly all the household reference persons – more than 99.8% interviewed – provided information on their ethnicity.

The data is shown for the nine regions of England: North East, North West, Yorkshire & Humberside, East Midlands, West Midlands, East of England, London, South East and the South West.

The ethnic categories used in this data

For comparisons made at national level, this data uses the standardised ethnic groups based on the 2011 census.

White:

  • English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British
  • Irish
  • Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller
  • Any other White background

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Any other Mixed/Multiple ethnic background

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Chinese
  • Any other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • African
  • Caribbean
  • Any other Black/African/Caribbean background

Other ethnic group:

  • Arab
  • Any other ethnic group

For data analysed both by ethnicity and by socio-economic group, income, region and age, the following binary category has been used:

White British and Other – White British people compared with all other groups (including White ethnic minorities and all other ethnic minorities)

This is because the number of people that were surveyed to generate estimates for the population as a whole becomes too small to be reliable when broken down both by ethnicity (in either detailed or broad categories) and by another factor like socio-economic group or income.

Data is therefore grouped to a size where estimates become reliable. In this case, information broken down by ethnicity and another factor compares White British with Other.

2. Home ownership by ethnicity

Percentage and number of households who own their own home by ethnicity
Ethnicity % Homeowners All households
Asian
Bangladeshi 39 38,000 98,000
Chinese 39 50,000 129,000
Indian 68 342,000 504,000
Pakistani 64 212,000 333,000
Asian other 43 93,000 218,000
Black
Black African 21 78,000 368,000
Black Caribbean 39 112,000 289,000
Black other 37 14,000 38,000
Mixed
Mixed White/Asian 68 45,000 66,000
Mixed White/Black African 24 19,000 80,000
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 26 26,000 99,000
Mixed other 34 11,000 32,000
White
White British 68 12,733,000 18,808,000
White Irish 52 96,000 184,000
White Gypsy/Traveller withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable
White other 32 341,000 1,078,000
Other
Arab 24 15,000 63,000
Any other 35 79,000 227,000

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • in the period studied, 63% of households in England (around 14.3 million households) were homeowners, either because they owned their home outright or were buying it with a mortgage

  • 68% of White British households were in owner-occupation

  • Indian, Mixed White and Asian and Pakistani households had similar rates of home ownership to White British households, at 68%, 68% and 64% respectively

  • Black African, Arab, and Mixed White and Black African households had the lowest rates of home ownership, at 21%, 24% and 24% respectively

3. Home ownership by ethnicity and socio-economic group

Percentage and number of households who own their home by ethnicity and socio-economic group
White British Other
Socio-economic group % Homeowners All households % Homeowners All households
Higher managerial, administrative and professional occupations 82 6,225,042 7,635,539 55 771,276 1,400,849
Intermediate occupations 71 2,752,630 3,857,408 46 321,335 702,682
Routine and manual occupations 52 3,259,537 6,260,530 28 372,500 1,311,313

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • in every socio-economic group of England, White British households were more likely to be in home ownership than ethnic minority households

4. Home ownership by ethnicity and age group

Percentage and number of households who own their home by ethnicity and age group
White British Other
Age group % Homeowners All households % Homeowners All households
16 - 24 yrs old 11 61,204 547,604 4 9,175 209,064
25 - 34 yrs old 43 1,037,801 2,400,150 22 194,540 888,814
35 - 44 yrs old 63 1,839,610 2,909,500 42 435,264 1,043,931
45 - 54 yrs old 72 2,689,665 3,746,787 49 387,692 795,069
55 - 64 yrs old 76 2,449,380 3,240,797 59 250,217 426,164
65 yrs old or over 78 4,655,757 5,963,859 66 296,105 445,322

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • in every age group, White British households were more likely to be in home ownership than ethnic minority households

5. Home ownership by ethnicity and area

Percentage and number of households who own their home by ethnicity and area
White British Other
Region % Homeowners All households % Homeowners All households
North East 62 669,965 1,082,079 40 24,025 60,660
North West 66 1,800,777 2,726,087 48 159,479 332,876
Yorkshire and The Humber 64 1,277,607 1,993,215 47 117,953 251,038
East Midlands 69 1,190,589 1,716,315 46 102,383 223,700
West Midlands 68 1,336,007 1,973,387 49 174,503 355,356
East of England 70 1,522,381 2,179,257 45 143,253 316,271
London 62 1,062,188 1,721,643 36 582,810 1,615,633
South East 72 2,300,230 3,196,339 42 207,876 492,775
South West 71 1,573,674 2,220,374 38 60,712 160,054

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • in every region of England, White British households were more likely to be in home ownership than ethnic minority households

6. Home ownership by ethnicity and weekly income

Percentage and number of households who own their home by ethnicity and weekly income
White British Other
Weekly income % Homeowners All households % Homeowners All households
Up to £99 7 13,026 183,039 0 0 64,744
£100 to £199 36 588,678 1,623,813 18 58,791 319,019
£200 to £299 50 1,148,278 2,290,104 30 116,474 382,066
£300 to £399 59 1,241,118 2,121,559 26 129,777 490,875
£400 to £499 63 1,133,141 1,793,046 35 140,797 399,204
£500 to £599 66 1,090,733 1,641,076 32 110,654 343,358
£600 to £699 73 1,111,534 1,521,753 41 129,579 312,920
£700 to £799 77 955,013 1,234,900 47 124,852 266,681
£800 to £899 81 887,284 1,099,098 52 110,086 209,729
£900 to £999 83 728,261 875,735 55 104,294 188,360
£1000 and above 87 3,835,807 4,424,028 66 547,689 831,408

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • in every income band, White British households were more likely to be in home ownership than ethnic minority households

7. Methodology

Face-to-face interviews with a random sample of about 13,300 households a year. The dwellings of about 6,000 of the interviewed households are randomly selected to take part in the physical survey element carried out by a qualified surveyor. In addition, a random sample of around 200 of the dwellings identified by the interviewer as vacant are also included in the physical survey element. Weights are applied to the sample to produce estimates for the 22 million households in England as a whole.

Suppression rules and disclosure control

Estimates based on less than 30 households have not been included in these statistics, because small numbers of households make it impossible to draw meaningful conclusions. The analysis has been done by binary classification only where broken down by socio-economic group, income, region or age. This prevents small numbers appearing in the table and avoids the potential for identification of individuals.

More detailed data, including some potentially disclosive data, is protected by a range of disclosure controls. See the guidance on English Housing Survey: datasets for information accessing this data.

Rounding

Estimates in the charts and tables are given to the nearest whole number but more detailed estimates to 1dp are available in the downloads.

Related publications

English Housing Survey 2103 to 2104

Further technical information

English Housing Survey: guidance and methodology

8. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Survey data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

The English Housing Survey is a continuous national survey commissioned by the Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG). It collects information about people’s housing circumstances and the condition and energy efficiency of housing in England. It has 2 components:

  • a household interview
  • a physical inspection of the dwelling of a sample of the interviewed households

9. Download the data

Home ownership - Spreadsheet (csv) 15 KB

This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, geography, age group, NS-SEC (socio-economic group), income, region, value, denominator, numerator and sample size