Health-related quality of life for people aged 65 and over
Last updated 30 July 2019 - see all updates
1. Main facts and figures
- between 2012/13 and 2016/17, the average health-related quality of life score for people in England aged 65 and older increased from 0.726 to 0.735 (on a scale of 0 to 1, with 1 representing full health)
- in 2016/17, the average health-related quality of life score was highest in the Other Asian ethnic group (0.805), and lowest in the White Gypsy and Irish Traveller ethnic group (0.509)
- the Other Asian ethnic group had the highest average health-related quality of life score every year since 2012/13, while the White Gypsy and Irish Traveller group had the lowest score in every year except one
The ethnic categories used in this data
This data uses 18 standard ethnic groups based on the 2011 Census:
- English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British
- Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller
- Any other White background
Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:
- White and Black Caribbean
- White and Black African
- White and Asian
- Any other Mixed/ Multiple ethnic background
- Any other Asian background
- Any other Black/African/Caribbean background
Other ethnic group:
- Any other ethnic group
2. Average health-related quality of life score for people aged 65 and older
|Mixed White/Black African||0.667||0.763||0.691||0.744||0.720|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||0.704||0.733||0.713||0.690||0.717|
Download table data for ‘Average health-related quality of life score for people aged 65 and older’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Average health-related quality of life score for people aged 65 and older’ (CSV)
Summary of Health-related quality of life for people aged 65 and over Average health-related quality of life score for people aged 65 and older Summary
The GP Patient Survey is the major survey of patient experience of GP services in England.
In 2016/17, around 2.15 million surveys were sent out and around 808,000 responses were received.
Respondents can complete the survey by post, online or by phone. They can request a questionnaire in a different language, in braille or online using sign language.
The health-related quality of life questions in the survey are from the EQ-5D questionnaire, a standard instrument for measuring overall health developed by the EuroQol group of researchers.
Respondents answer 5 questions on their health, covering mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain and discomfort, and anxiety and depression). Their answers are scored numerically from 1 to 5, with 1 being no health issues and 5 being the worst score. They are also asked to mark their health status on the day of the interview as a point on a graph with a vertical scale of 0 to 100, with 100 equivalent to perfect health. These scores are then converted to a single index value which takes a maximum score of 1 (full health).
The average of the EQ-5D score has been calculated for each ethnic group, based on all valid responses from older people taking part in the survey (and where there was a valid record of the local authority area in which they lived).
See the EQ-5D-5L user guide for more information about the EQ-5D measure
Weighting is used to adjust the results of a survey to make them representative of the population and improve their accuracy. For example, a survey which contains 25% women and 75% men will not accurately reflect the views of the general population, which we know has an even 50/50 split.
Statisticians rebalance or ‘weight’ the survey results to more accurately represent the population being studied (in this measure, GP patients). This helps to make them more reliable.
Survey weights are usually applied to make sure the survey sample has broadly the same gender, age, ethnic and geographic make up as the population.
Read more about weighted data on the GP Patient Survey website.
Confidence intervals are calculated around estimates of average health status score and these should be considered when interpreting results. You can see the 95% confidence intervals if you download the data.
Based on the GP Patient Sur
4. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Public Health England
Purpose of data source
1 in 5 people are over 65 and this is set to rise to 1 in 3 by 2033.
Older people are the biggest users of health and social care, and often have the most complex needs, longer-term conditions, and functional, sensory or cognitive impairments.
Dementia also accounts for more expenditure than heart disease and cancer combined.
This data will help provide a greater focus on preventing ill health, preserving independence and promoting well-being in older people. This is key to keeping systems functioning and to ensure that the needs of this large group of users are addressed.
Type of data
Type of statistic
Purpose of data source
Feedback from patients on their experience, treatment and care is an important source of information for helping local clinicians and managers to improve the quality of service design and healthcare.
The GP patient survey (GPPS) responses used for this measure offer healthcare providers insights that can help improve GP surgeries and the services the provide.
5. Download the data
This file contains: Measure, Time, Ethnicity, Age Bracket, Value, Unweighted respondents, Confidence intervals