Psychotic disorders


Last updated 5 March 2021 - see all updates

1. Main facts and figures

  • in 2014, a higher percentage of Black men than White men had experienced a psychotic disorder in the year before they were surveyed
  • there were no other meaningful differences between ethnic groups in people having experienced a psychotic disorder

2. Things you need to know

What the data measures

The data measures the percentage of people aged 16 and older in England who experienced a psychotic disorder in the year prior to the survey.

Psychotic disorders cause people to perceive or interpret things differently from those around them, and may involve hallucinations or delusions. The main types of psychotic disorder are schizophrenia and affective psychosis. The data does not include disorders such as those associated with dementia and Alzheimer's disease.

Percentages have been rounded to 1 decimal point.

You can read more about psychosis on the NHS website.

Not included in the data

The data does not include:

  • people who live in institutional settings (such as hospitals or prisons)
  • people who live in temporary housing (such as hostels or bed and breakfasts)
  • homeless people

The ethnic groups used in the data

Data is shown for 5 aggregated ethnic groups:

  • Asian
  • Black
  • Mixed and Other ethnic groups
  • White British
  • White Other

This means estimates are shown for these groups as a whole. This is because the number of people surveyed was too small to make any reliable conclusions about any of the 18 ethnic groups used in the 2011 Census.


Read the detailed methodology document (PDF opens in a new window or tab) for the data on this page.

A positive screen for psychosis indicates that someone is likely to have a psychotic disorder based on symptoms they have described. There was an additional assessment for people with suspected psychosis. A full clinical assessment would be needed for diagnosis.

It is unlikely that everyone who screened positive for a psychotic disorder responded accurately when surveyed, particularly when interviewed. This may be because of the social stigma that some people attach to these conditions. People were more likely to report these conditions in the self-completion section of the survey, but not everyone completed this section.

If someone could not take part in a long interview due to a physical or mental health condition, some information about this was recorded by the interviewer on the doorstep. This information may be biased due to it having been collected from another household member.

The statistics have been age-standardised so comparisons can be made between ethnic groups as if they had the same age profile (the number of people of different ages within an ethnic group). They do not show the actual percentage of people in each ethnic group who screened positive for a personality disorder.

The figures on this page are based on survey data. Find out more about:

In the data file

See Download the data for:

  • the unweighted number of people surveyed
  • confidence intervals for each ethnic group – find out more about how we use confidence intervals to judge the reliability of estimates

3. By ethnicity and sex

Percentage of people aged 16 years and over who screened positive for a psychotic disorder in the past year by ethnicity and sex
Ethnicity All Men Women
Asian 0.9 1.3 0.4
Black 1.4 3.2 0.0
Mixed/Other 0.0 0.0 0.0
White 0.5 0.3 0.7

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and sex’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and sex’ (CSV)

Summary of Psychotic disorders By ethnicity and sex Summary

This data shows that:

  • psychotic disorder was relatively uncommon among people from all ethnic groups in England in 2007 and 2014
  • a significantly higher percentage of Black men (3.2%) experienced a psychotic disorder in the past year than did White men (0.3%)
  • there were no other meaningful differences observed between other ethnic groups or between sexes in terms of people experiencing a psychotic disorder in the past year (this could be due to the small sample size even after combining 2 years of the survey)

4. Data sources


Type of data

Survey data

Type of statistic

National Statistics


NHS Digital

Publication frequency

Every 7 years (further publications dependent on further surveys being commissioned)

Purpose of data source

The Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey provides data on the prevalence of treated and untreated psychiatric disorders in English adults aged 16 and over.

5. Download the data

APMS_Psychotic_Disorder - Spreadsheet (csv) 1 KB

The percentage of adults screening positive for psychotic disorder in England in 2007 and 2014 combined with 95% confidence intervals provided for the estimates for both genders combined and males (due to the significant result for Black men).