Destinations of students after key stage 5 (usually aged 18 years)
This page contains a factual mistake
1. Main facts and figures
Chinese students were the most likely to stay in education or employment for at least 2 terms after key stage 5 (at 91%), followed by Indian and Black African students (both 90%)
White British students were 1 percentage point more likely to stay in education or employment (89%) than the national average (88%), and they were the most likely to go into employment (26%)
just under two-thirds (65%) of all students continued their education after finishing their A-levels (or other level 3 qualifications)
nearly 1 in 4 students (23%) went into employment in the year after key stage 5
Black Caribbean students were most likely to have no sustained education or employment after finishing key stage 5 (11%), followed by Mixed White and Black Caribbean (11%) and Mixed White and Black African students (10%)
The ethnic categories used in this data
This data uses categories from the Department for Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 national Census, with 3 exceptions:
- Traveller of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma students have been separated into two categories
- Sri Lankan has been added to the Asian/Asian British group but is not reported separately
- Chinese pupils have been assigned a separate category
These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.
The categories in the school census are as follows:
- Gypsy Roma
- Irish Traveller
- Any Other White background
Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:
- White and Black Caribbean
- White and Black African
- White and Asian
- Any Other Mixed/Multiple ethnic background
- Sri Lankan
- Any Other Asian background
- Any Other Black/African/Caribbean background
Other ethnic group
Unclassified (where no ethnicity is recorded)
Information about destinations is provided for both detailed and broad ethnic groups where possible and when the data is available.
The 6 broad categories used are as follows:
- Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
- Asian/Asian British
- Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
- Other ethnic group
2. Students going into education or employment by ethnicity
|Standard Ethnicity||Education or employment||Education||Employment||No sustained education/employment||Unknown|
|Mixed White/Black African||85||69||17||10||4|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||86||64||23||11||3|
|White Irish Traveller||95||79||16||withheld to protect confidentiality||0|
Summary of Destinations of students after key stage 5 (usually aged 18 years) Students going into education or employment by ethnicity Summary
Data from the national pupil database (NPD) is used to calculate education destinations. The NPD links pupil and student characteristics (for example, age, gender, and ethnicity) to school and college learning aims and attainment information for children in schools in England. Five administrative data sources used in compiling the NPD have been used to determine students’ education destinations:
- individualised learner record (ILR) covering English further education providers and specialist post-16 institutions
- school census covering English schools (including pupil referral units)
- awarding body data
- alternative provision census
- Higher Education Statistics Authority (HESA) data covering UK universities
In 2014/15, employment data and out-of-work benefit data have been linked to the national pupil database to form the longitudinal education outcomes (LEO) dataset.
Employment data came from HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC). Out-of-work benefit data came from the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP).
The matching of these databases was undertaken at individual level using personal characteristics such as name, date of birth and postcode.
Suppression rules and disclosure control
Suppression is applied to the destination data to ensure that individual students cannot be identified, as follows:
- any total with fewer than 11 students has had all of their data suppressed
- figures referring to outcomes for 1 or 2 individuals have been suppressed – in some cases, more figures are suppressed if publishing them would affect the suppression of those figures referring to outcomes for 1 or 2 individuals
Zeros remain zeros unless they reveal information about employment destinations.
These rules are also applied to percentages relating to small numbers, so that numerators of less than 3 are suppressed. Percentages are calculated using unrounded data. The Code of Practice for Official Statistics requires the Department for Education (DfE) to take reasonable steps to ensure that their published or disseminated statistics protect confidentiality.
For more information about DfE’s disclosure control procedures for its statistical releases please see DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality.
To help preserve confidentiality, numbers have been rounded to the nearest 5.
All student numbers have been rounded to the nearest 5.
4. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Department for Education
Purpose of data source
The data is collected to help provide clear and comparable information on the success of schools and colleges in helping their young pupils continue in education, employment or training.
5. Download the data
This file contains: ethnicity, year, destination, value, numerator and denominator