Temporary exclusions

Published

1. Main facts and figures

  • White Gypsy and Roma pupils had the highest temporary exclusion rates in the 2018 to 2019 school year
  • pupils from the Chinese and Indian ethnic groups had the lowest temporary exclusion rates

2. Things you need to know

What the data measures

The data shows the number and rate of exclusions from state-funded schools in England.

There are 2 types of exclusion:

  • temporary (also known as ‘fixed period exclusions’) which can be for up to 45 school days
  • permanent, which means a pupil can’t return to the school they're excluded from – you can see data on permanent exclusions by ethnicity

Pupils can be excluded more than once and from more than one school, as long as all the temporary exclusions in an academic year don't add up to more than 45 days.

Exclusion rates are rounded to 2 decimal places.

Not included in the data

Individual pupils can receive more than one temporary exclusion. The data does not show:

  • the number of pupils who were excluded
  • how many times each pupil was excluded

How exclusion rates are calculated

Exclusion rates are shown as percentages, but they are not the overall percentage of pupils who were excluded.

Rates are calculated using the number of pupils in January each year and the number of exclusions in the whole academic year.

For example, an exclusion rate of 17.42% is the equivalent of 17 exclusions for every 100 pupils.

The ethnic groups used in the data

The ethnic groups used are based on the 18 ethnic groups used in the 2011 Census, with 2 exceptions:

  • there are separate categories for Traveller of Irish Heritage, and Gypsy and Roma pupils
  • the Chinese ethnic group has its own category, rather than being part of the Asian ethnic group

Data analysed over time and by local authority is shown for 6 aggregated groups:

  • Asian
  • Black
  • Chinese
  • Mixed
  • White
  • Other

This is to make sure pupil numbers are large enough to be reliable.

Pupils’ ethnicity was not known for about 2% of all school exclusions. Exclusion rates are shown separately for pupils whose ethnic group was not known.

Methodology

Read the detailed methodology document for this data.

You can also read about a data checking exercise for data from 1997 to 2010, which led to some figures being updated.

Figures for the White Gypsy and Roma group and the Traveller of Irish Heritage group are based on small numbers of pupils which means reliable generalisations are difficult to make. Read more about how group size affects the reliability of data.

In the data file

In the academic years up to 2016 to 2017, ethnicity was only collected for pupils of compulsory school age. As a result, the analysis of exclusions by ethnicity in these years only includes pupils of compulsory school age. Pupils above compulsory school age are still included in the overall exclusion totals, so these will not match total exclusions by ethnicity.

The decimal places against values for 1997 to 2010 are a result of a data checking exercise, which led to some figures being updated.

3. Temporary exclusions by ethnicity

Temporary exclusion rate, and number of temporary exclusions, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Rate Number
Asian 2.03 18,657
Bangladeshi 1.97 2,847
Indian 0.88 2,263
Pakistani 3.10 11,239
Asian other 1.50 2,308
Black 5.54 25,800
Black African 4.13 13,015
Black Caribbean 10.37 9,112
Black other 5.91 3,673
Chinese 0.56 205
Mixed 6.29 30,748
Mixed White/Asian 3.79 4,414
Mixed White/Black African 6.22 4,121
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 10.69 13,337
Mixed other 4.89 8,876
White 5.80 348,338
White British 6.01 324,929
White Irish 4.93 1,116
Gypsy/Roma 21.26 5,813
Irish Traveller 14.63 925
White other 2.89 15,555
Other 3.34 5,343
Unknown 8.47 9,174

Download table data for ‘Temporary exclusions by ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Temporary exclusions by ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Temporary exclusions Temporary exclusions by ethnicity Summary

The data shows that:

  • the highest temporary exclusion rates were for White Gypsy and Roma pupils (21.26%, or 2,126 exclusions per 10,000 pupils), and Traveller of Irish Heritage pupils (14.63%, or 1,463 per 10,000 pupils)
  • the lowest rates were for pupils from the Chinese (0.56%, or 56 per 10,000 pupils) and Indian ethnic groups (0.88%, or 88 per 10,000 pupils)
  • the temporary exclusion rate for White British pupils was 6.01%, or 601 per 10,000 pupils

4. Temporary exclusions by ethnicity over time

Temporary exclusion rate, and number of temporary exclusions, by ethnicity over time
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White Other
Academic year All Rate All Number Asian Rate Asian Number Black Rate Black Number Chinese Rate Chinese Number Mixed Rate Mixed Number White Rate White Number Other Rate Other Number
2006/07 5.65 425,588 3.07 15,817 8.98 25,497 0.83 205 9.02 19,725 6.32 347,869 3.97 2,933
2007/08 5.13 383,831 2.78 14,950 8.00 23,478 0.95 236 7.75 17,837 5.83 314,783 3.79 2,977
2008/09 4.77 355,139 2.62 14,617 7.69 23,266 0.83 205 7.26 17,670 5.44 289,055 3.59 2,972
2009/10 4.44 331,380 2.44 14,112 7.28 22,820 0.73 181 6.85 17,684 5.07 267,282 3.27 2,853
2010/11 4.33 324,106 2.21 13,253 6.98 22,775 0.62 155 6.55 17,891 4.94 258,314 3.24 2,973
2011/12 4.03 304,372 2.05 12,885 6.00 20,316 0.45 115 5.94 17,139 4.72 245,106 3.08 2,983
2012/13 3.51 267,520 1.82 11,845 5.06 17,802 0.41 106 5.13 15,629 4.14 214,482 2.76 2,770
2013/14 3.50 269,475 1.68 11,347 4.77 17,389 0.41 109 5.02 16,226 4.16 216,185 2.56 2,712
2014/15 3.88 302,975 1.85 12,988 5.42 20,446 0.47 131 5.49 18,835 4.61 240,762 2.96 3,324
2015/16 4.29 339,362 1.91 13,906 5.89 22,899 0.56 161 5.98 21,664 5.14 269,533 3.05 3,645
2016/17 4.76 381,864 1.80 15,680 5.65 25,557 0.56 197 5.73 25,678 5.08 303,724 3.11 4,570
2017/18 5.08 410,753 1.76 15,747 5.56 25,538 0.50 181 5.89 27,583 5.50 329,354 3.16 4,840
2018/19 5.36 438,265 2.03 18,657 5.54 25,800 0.56 205 6.29 30,748 5.80 348,338 3.34 5,343

Download table data for ‘Temporary exclusions by ethnicity over time’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Temporary exclusions by ethnicity over time’ (CSV)

Summary of Temporary exclusions Temporary exclusions by ethnicity over time Summary

The data shows that:

  • the overall temporary exclusion rate went down from 5.65% (565 exclusions per 10,000 pupils) to 5.36% (536 exclusions per 10,000 pupils) in the 13 school years covered by this data
  • it reached its lowest point in the 2013 to 2014 school year, at 3.50% (350 exclusions per 10,000 pupils)
  • in most years covered by this data, pupils from Black and Mixed backgrounds had the highest rates out of all aggregated ethnic groups – but in the 2018 to 2019 school year, the rate of temporary exclusions was higher for White pupils than Black pupils
  • the rates for White pupils were consistently above the national average
  • pupils from the Chinese ethnic group consistently had the lowest rates

5. Temporary exclusions by ethnicity and type of school

Temporary exclusion rate, and number of temporary exclusions, by ethnicity and type of school
Special State-funded primary State-funded secondary Total
Ethnicity Special Rate Special Number State-funded primary Rate State-funded primary Number State-funded secondary Rate State-funded secondary Number Total Rate Total Number
Asian 1.67 206 0.26 1,353 4.53 17,098 2.03 18,657
Bangladeshi 1.89 40 0.20 157 4.27 2,650 1.97 2,847
Indian 0.49 11 0.13 190 1.98 2,062 0.88 2,263
Pakistani 2.22 127 0.39 812 6.96 10,300 3.10 11,239
Asian other 1.26 28 0.22 194 3.30 2,086 1.50 2,308
Black 9.95 850 1.45 3,750 10.70 21,200 5.54 25,800
Black African 4.15 225 1.06 1,875 8.25 10,915 4.13 13,015
Black Caribbean 27.70 484 3.05 1,361 17.50 7,267 10.37 9,112
Black other 10.28 141 1.41 514 12.46 3,018 5.91 3,673
Chinese 0.00 0 0.15 35 1.28 170 0.56 205
Mixed 17.92 1,331 1.82 5,439 13.12 23,978 6.29 30,748
Mixed White/Asian 12.03 160 0.91 651 8.24 3,603 3.79 4,414
Mixed White/Black African 12.02 120 2.17 905 13.10 3,096 6.22 4,121
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 29.07 660 3.12 2,320 21.51 10,357 10.69 13,337
Mixed other 13.83 391 1.40 1,563 10.30 6,922 4.89 8,876
White 12.45 11,415 1.58 54,742 11.58 282,181 5.80 348,338
White British 12.86 11,044 1.66 51,313 11.78 262,572 6.01 324,929
White Irish 10.98 36 1.46 173 8.66 907 4.93 1,116
Gypsy/Roma 15.14 71 4.58 849 58.79 4,893 21.26 5,813
Irish Traveller 38.06 59 6.33 314 45.62 552 14.63 925
White other 4.20 205 0.61 2,093 7.06 13,257 2.89 15,555
Other 4.22 89 0.54 513 7.57 4,741 3.34 5,343
Unknown 10.19 196 1.29 631 14.48 8,347 8.47 9,174

Download table data for ‘Temporary exclusions by ethnicity and type of school’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Temporary exclusions by ethnicity and type of school’ (CSV)

Summary of Temporary exclusions Temporary exclusions by ethnicity and type of school Summary

The data shows that:

  • in every ethnic group other than the Chinese group, temporary exclusion rates were higher in secondary and special schools than in primary schools
  • Traveller of Irish Heritage pupils had the highest temporary exclusion rates in primary and special schools – 6.33% at primary schools and 38.06% at special schools (equivalent to 633 and 3,806 exclusions per 10,000 pupils)
  • White Gypsy and Roma pupils had the highest temporary exclusion rates in secondary schools – 58.79% (equivalent to 5,879 exclusions per 10,000 pupils)
  • pupils from the Indian and Chinese ethnic groups had the lowest rates in every type of school

6. Temporary exclusions by ethnicity and local authority

Temporary exclusion rate, and number of temporary exclusions, by ethnicity and local authority
Asian Black Chinese Mixed White Other
Local Authority Asian Rate Asian Number Black Rate Black Number Chinese Rate Chinese Number Mixed Rate Mixed Number White Rate White Number Other Rate Other Number
Barking and Dagenham 0.48 51 2.17 253 0.00 0 4.02 161 3.32 529 2.22 17
Barnet 1.40 106 6.56 435 1.41 11 4.59 279 3.09 940 3.03 187
Barnsley 0.50 1 3.90 9 0.00 0 7.62 61 14.46 4,725 5.51 7
Bath and North East Somerset 1.19 5 10.19 21 0.00 0 10.06 138 5.94 1,436 4.67 7
Bedford 1.55 69 5.24 88 0.00 0 7.51 218 4.34 829 0.52 2
Bexley 0.83 31 3.75 297 0.17 1 4.93 162 6.72 1,819 2.39 14
Birmingham 2.37 1,784 6.35 1,590 0.39 4 6.75 1,196 4.87 3,322 2.89 303
Blackburn with Darwen 1.36 164 1.88 6 0.00 0 3.89 37 4.16 545 1.21 4
Blackpool 1.20 5 0.00 0 0.00 0 7.47 48 12.57 2,246 0.00 0
Bolton 1.22 147 4.13 128 0.00 0 7.27 156 10.48 3,365 3.89 37
Bournemouth 0.82 7 6.01 14 0.00 0 7.91 131 9.96 2,022 6.25 21
Bracknell Forest 0.50 5 1.98 10 0.00 0 6.22 64 5.77 866 1.82 2
Bradford 4.08 1,751 5.41 89 0.98 1 7.96 453 7.31 3,420 2.47 35
Brent 1.22 177 7.40 751 0.00 0 5.55 211 2.16 259 4.34 232
Brighton and Hove 1.46 16 3.45 23 0.97 2 6.06 192 4.81 1,236 1.94 16
Bristol City of 2.16 100 9.67 613 1.11 3 11.84 627 7.21 3,005 3.39 22
Bromley 0.83 28 4.91 264 0.44 3 4.98 283 4.93 1,693 2.38 16
Buckinghamshire 2.87 442 4.64 109 0.25 1 5.87 371 3.62 2,144 3.45 20
Bury 2.45 106 5.45 40 1.49 2 13.03 185 7.11 1,584 4.36 18
Calderdale 3.41 218 5.64 19 0.00 0 7.29 111 6.09 1,698 6.08 11
Cambridgeshire 0.97 32 7.63 83 1.10 7 6.83 320 3.87 2,854 1.30 10
Camden 1.88 81 6.19 263 0.00 0 7.06 195 4.25 372 3.28 49
Central Bedfordshire 1.42 16 6.90 76 0.00 0 7.28 200 4.59 1,780 0.83 2
Cheshire East 0.90 9 4.53 12 0.00 0 3.62 70 6.25 3,115 1.14 3
Cheshire West and Chester 0.13 1 4.85 11 0.00 0 3.43 47 4.09 1,928 0.97 2
City of London 0.91 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0
Cornwall 2.70 6 8.06 5 0.00 0 3.75 63 3.71 2,588 0.81 2
Coventry 1.34 155 3.75 253 1.74 4 7.17 281 6.14 2,001 1.69 17
Croydon 0.86 78 6.02 977 0.68 2 5.38 473 2.74 572 2.76 35
Cumbria 1.66 8 3.77 4 0.00 0 2.40 26 4.95 3,251 4.13 10
Darlington 1.03 5 2.00 2 0.00 0 6.01 23 7.98 1,186 3.97 5
Derby 3.05 253 5.51 92 0.00 0 13.47 430 7.17 2,011 4.85 41
Derbyshire 2.81 33 6.02 23 0.00 0 5.91 182 4.67 4,703 9.30 24
Devon 1.35 9 10.10 20 0.91 2 3.97 90 5.35 5,014 3.02 22
Doncaster 2.21 32 17.88 106 0.00 0 19.07 279 19.79 8,482 12.58 62
Dorset 4.26 21 3.60 5 0.00 0 7.94 127 5.74 3,027 5.77 9
Dudley 7.20 362 14.61 191 0.75 1 15.41 513 8.58 3,127 4.28 38
Durham 1.35 7 0.98 2 0.47 1 3.88 44 4.71 3,290 1.45 5
Ealing 1.13 182 7.60 615 0.45 1 5.51 258 2.83 452 3.91 318
East Riding of Yorkshire 3.00 7 3.80 3 0.00 0 2.70 27 5.69 2,463 6.22 15
East Sussex 0.60 8 2.46 12 0.00 0 5.92 195 6.42 3,905 4.13 15
Enfield 1.50 72 5.98 803 0.73 2 4.96 301 3.31 943 3.90 130
Essex 1.53 95 4.72 327 0.79 7 5.80 606 5.29 9,589 1.76 29
Gateshead 3.24 23 2.51 12 0.59 1 1.40 9 4.07 1,045 1.06 7
Gloucestershire 1.58 45 9.41 124 1.75 4 10.30 432 5.86 4,549 3.94 13
Greenwich 0.80 31 3.09 419 0.33 2 3.83 188 3.54 658 1.15 13
Hackney 2.96 124 9.53 1,131 0.77 2 10.61 411 5.03 603 4.85 101
Halton 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 5.64 29 5.72 1,040 0.00 0
Hammersmith and Fulham 2.04 31 8.38 376 0.00 0 7.06 195 3.83 331 5.32 120
Hampshire 1.33 73 3.00 65 0.83 5 4.05 283 4.89 7,833 1.71 16
Haringey 0.70 16 6.59 583 0.00 0 4.67 208 2.86 534 2.80 74
Harrow 0.93 164 6.23 230 1.68 3 2.90 90 2.21 224 3.72 69
Hartlepool 2.47 9 10.99 10 1.41 1 1.52 3 20.29 2,940 1.18 1
Havering 1.33 41 4.20 188 1.79 4 4.39 122 2.87 799 4.70 17
Herefordshire 0.73 1 2.50 1 0.00 0 6.47 40 4.26 961 0.78 1
Hertfordshire 1.32 213 5.84 486 0.59 6 5.15 743 4.22 6,331 4.14 80
Hillingdon 0.86 128 4.64 249 2.59 3 2.95 176 3.99 833 2.13 88
Hounslow 1.43 216 5.53 281 0.00 0 5.88 226 5.37 786 3.69 176
Isle of Wight 0.81 1 3.23 1 0.00 0 8.25 41 6.92 1,100 1.67 1
Isles Of Scilly 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.39 1 0.00 0
Islington 1.92 41 11.09 639 2.54 3 9.23 356 7.49 776 4.22 69
Kensington and Chelsea 4.34 22 9.51 225 1.59 1 8.77 204 4.29 225 6.48 139
Kent 1.11 109 4.23 300 1.16 9 4.42 565 5.07 10,142 3.31 73
Kingston upon Hull City of 1.10 7 3.59 28 0.00 0 2.42 39 3.57 1,296 2.36 28
Kingston upon Thames 1.26 61 5.60 46 0.25 1 3.18 90 2.16 325 1.35 21
Kirklees 2.27 427 9.64 127 0.54 1 9.99 451 7.23 2,999 5.66 41
Knowsley 0.78 2 0.00 0 0.00 0 1.30 6 3.86 742 5.79 7
Lambeth 0.38 7 4.32 646 0.43 1 3.67 204 1.62 193 1.75 34
Lancashire 3.03 601 3.82 30 0.20 1 6.71 388 5.19 7,421 1.10 10
Leeds 2.44 371 2.68 245 0.00 0 6.28 508 5.90 5,182 1.61 38
Leicester 1.40 354 4.69 271 0.00 0 8.02 333 5.35 1,056 3.09 42
Leicestershire 1.35 108 4.66 56 0.00 0 5.72 273 3.69 3,039 1.49 6
Lewisham 0.95 23 6.86 981 0.00 0 4.96 308 2.97 404 1.14 15
Lincolnshire 0.54 8 5.63 28 0.34 1 3.16 101 4.76 4,709 0.82 4
Liverpool 0.72 22 2.30 77 0.00 0 3.92 157 4.18 2,405 1.86 60
Luton 2.98 522 5.17 204 0.00 0 6.03 198 6.32 771 3.46 24
Manchester 2.97 600 5.56 842 0.22 2 10.27 791 9.87 3,502 4.79 306
Medway 0.69 17 3.65 115 0.68 1 8.00 238 6.13 2,246 2.59 12
Merton 0.58 33 4.75 189 1.28 3 4.05 136 2.65 379 3.35 31
Middlesbrough 3.81 101 5.21 25 0.00 0 11.09 150 18.94 3,619 2.31 19
Milton Keynes 1.38 82 3.40 225 0.41 1 6.38 247 6.98 2,054 4.71 21
Newcastle upon Tyne 1.14 59 2.26 46 0.00 0 2.96 54 7.02 2,059 1.69 21
Newham 1.67 499 5.97 772 0.00 0 5.41 238 4.14 457 4.05 137
Norfolk 2.43 43 4.76 53 1.82 8 8.38 321 6.63 6,957 1.73 15
North East Lincolnshire 3.65 7 0.00 0 3.70 1 2.59 17 5.87 1,305 3.96 8
North Lincolnshire 2.94 27 23.19 32 0.00 0 7.91 37 11.97 2,714 4.21 8
North Somerset 1.65 6 11.88 24 0.00 0 7.20 75 6.00 1,707 7.14 5
North Tyneside 0.83 6 4.59 10 0.59 1 2.32 19 3.27 938 1.65 3
North Yorkshire 1.61 25 6.85 25 2.52 4 7.34 152 6.30 4,878 4.39 14
Northamptonshire 1.28 70 3.04 185 2.43 9 6.60 451 5.31 5,137 2.57 20
Northumberland 1.63 10 4.62 3 0.00 0 9.19 76 7.81 3,391 0.76 1
Nottingham 2.67 219 6.04 326 0.44 1 10.57 639 10.00 2,457 3.02 44
Nottinghamshire 0.96 33 4.03 65 1.23 6 4.60 260 4.64 4,988 1.64 12
Oldham 2.90 419 2.89 47 0.00 0 5.78 124 5.47 1,351 4.21 20
Oxfordshire 2.33 133 6.55 160 0.00 0 6.15 391 5.57 4,287 1.99 27
Peterborough 2.41 158 3.43 49 0.00 0 7.63 189 7.07 1,830 2.59 13
Plymouth 0.00 0 3.33 12 0.58 1 5.52 64 8.31 2,959 2.95 17
Poole 0.54 3 0.00 0 0.00 0 4.00 35 5.42 939 0.00 0
Portsmouth 1.62 27 1.14 10 0.00 0 11.60 156 11.17 2,366 0.96 5
Reading 1.24 65 3.81 74 0.51 1 8.37 206 4.62 533 2.02 8
Redbridge 2.32 736 7.91 469 0.59 2 6.40 280 3.60 491 3.74 32
Redcar and Cleveland 10.22 19 27.78 10 0.00 0 7.28 34 20.84 4,363 9.26 10
Richmond upon Thames 1.08 24 4.81 40 0.00 0 2.37 73 2.32 465 0.94 6
Rochdale 2.01 182 2.81 44 0.00 0 7.45 135 7.59 1,744 1.18 5
Rotherham 3.86 136 2.58 18 0.00 0 9.68 132 8.12 3,101 1.16 4
Rutland 0.00 0 1.59 1 0.00 0 1.84 3 2.09 112 0.00 0
Salford 1.52 16 1.86 41 0.00 0 4.08 115 8.42 2,391 2.16 25
Sandwell 1.41 255 5.40 303 0.00 0 5.28 275 3.64 1,041 2.00 31
Sefton 0.00 0 3.33 6 0.93 1 2.94 31 2.76 1,029 1.27 4
Sheffield 3.84 380 4.68 231 0.19 1 10.72 677 8.62 4,809 6.05 171
Shropshire 1.01 4 8.55 10 0.00 0 4.16 41 5.02 1,856 0.00 0
Slough 1.50 236 5.36 133 0.00 0 4.52 133 4.77 401 2.71 33
Solihull 1.86 90 7.22 64 0.48 1 7.74 250 4.35 1,277 2.24 7
Somerset 1.51 12 8.80 22 0.00 0 7.49 142 9.94 6,593 7.51 19
South Gloucestershire 1.51 21 6.53 49 0.00 0 8.77 181 7.36 2,530 4.23 11
South Tyneside 0.73 6 2.96 4 0.00 0 2.85 16 4.36 877 0.74 1
Southampton 0.74 31 2.05 22 0.00 0 4.99 108 5.56 1,330 0.76 4
Southend-on-Sea 2.10 50 2.28 39 1.45 3 3.23 62 4.09 938 4.19 9
Southwark 0.58 13 5.22 917 0.88 5 4.83 248 3.90 494 3.26 101
St. Helens 0.36 1 3.79 5 0.00 0 9.82 50 4.90 1,241 0.00 0
Staffordshire 3.12 157 4.99 43 0.87 3 7.23 305 5.16 5,547 0.50 3
Stockport 1.88 57 9.61 54 0.00 0 6.22 145 5.51 1,914 2.53 11
Stockton-on-Tees 3.61 61 3.54 14 0.00 0 10.53 99 11.97 3,387 9.32 15
Stoke-on-Trent 6.46 404 3.17 46 0.00 0 13.83 289 10.92 3,198 5.42 43
Suffolk 1.26 24 4.48 43 0.00 0 6.09 338 5.89 5,345 1.99 18
Sunderland 1.38 22 1.33 4 0.00 0 4.22 30 7.12 2,649 4.38 6
Surrey 1.67 182 4.05 116 0.43 3 2.73 274 3.89 4,976 2.77 44
Sutton 0.72 61 5.92 189 0.30 2 4.80 181 4.19 901 1.39 11
Swindon 0.75 31 2.65 28 0.00 0 7.11 139 6.79 1,795 2.96 11
Tameside 2.26 93 6.89 62 0.00 0 8.71 166 8.24 2,390 3.85 13
Telford and Wrekin 2.01 42 3.79 42 0.00 0 9.43 145 9.89 2,418 0.00 0
Thurrock 0.70 12 2.81 118 0.00 0 3.28 58 4.22 861 0.63 2
Torbay 0.00 0 0.00 0 2.47 2 8.53 55 8.08 1,524 2.86 3
Tower Hamlets 2.01 590 5.24 241 1.60 4 6.81 199 6.56 397 2.40 29
Trafford 0.92 56 4.39 68 0.26 2 4.42 145 3.33 957 1.75 17
Wakefield 9.44 202 5.01 39 5.06 9 9.69 164 15.53 7,347 2.71 10
Walsall 3.19 375 4.97 133 1.55 3 6.95 237 4.10 1,302 4.32 29
Waltham Forest 2.40 259 8.88 701 0.00 0 6.13 302 3.28 543 4.56 73
Wandsworth 0.70 42 4.51 320 0.00 0 3.34 149 1.47 207 1.76 26
Warrington 0.43 4 5.19 14 0.00 0 3.54 39 3.62 1,056 0.36 1
Warwickshire 0.77 39 3.98 42 0.71 2 5.17 213 4.15 2,951 0.90 5
West Berkshire 1.18 11 6.99 29 5.33 4 7.34 97 4.25 970 4.23 8
West Sussex 2.07 119 5.92 104 0.32 1 6.48 364 4.63 4,537 2.79 19
Westminster 2.89 90 9.92 427 1.57 5 6.57 166 3.28 197 7.03 392
Wigan 1.12 7 3.12 20 0.66 1 6.87 78 5.12 2,242 3.50 18
Wiltshire 0.45 5 4.84 50 2.19 4 7.20 173 5.32 3,315 8.24 46
Windsor and Maidenhead 2.05 67 4.30 15 0.00 0 3.63 66 3.90 617 1.72 6
Wirral 1.25 16 5.64 11 0.37 1 5.27 76 4.73 2,191 0.96 2
Wokingham 0.64 24 4.65 40 0.00 0 3.63 72 2.44 477 1.95 5
Wolverhampton 1.74 192 6.78 334 1.19 2 9.89 526 6.52 1,495 4.16 27
Worcestershire 2.26 70 4.77 22 0.65 1 5.06 150 3.59 2,592 1.21 4
York 0.37 2 8.27 11 0.00 0 5.63 45 5.63 1,315 2.35 4

Download table data for ‘Temporary exclusions by ethnicity and local authority’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Temporary exclusions by ethnicity and local authority’ (CSV)

Summary of Temporary exclusions Temporary exclusions by ethnicity and local authority Summary

The data shows that the highest temporary exclusion rates for each aggregated ethnic group were as follows:

  • for Asian pupils, the highest rate was in Redcar and Cleveland, at 10.22% (or 1,022 exclusions per 10,000 pupils)
  • for Black pupils it was also in Redcar and Cleveland at 27.78% (or 2,778 per 10,000 pupils) – however, this figure is based on a small number of Black pupils
  • for White pupils, it was also in Redcar and Cleveland, at 20.84% (or 2,084 exclusions per 10,000 pupils)
  • for pupils from a Mixed ethnic background, it was in Doncaster, at 19.07% (or 1,907 exclusions per 10,000 pupils)
  • for pupils from the Other ethnic group, it was also in Doncaster at 12.58% (or 1,258 exclusions per 10,000 pupils)
  • there were no local authorities where the rate for pupils from the Chinese ethnic group was based on enough exclusions and pupils to be reliable

7. Temporary exclusions by ethnicity and reason

Percentage and number of temporary exclusions by ethnicity and reason
Asian Black Chinese Mixed White Other
Reason Asian % Asian Number Black % Black Number Chinese % Chinese Number Mixed % Mixed Number White % White Number Other % Other Number
Bullying 1.6 306 1.5 384 2.0 4 1.0 314 0.7 2,350 1.7 92
Damage 2.3 425 1.6 415 2.0 4 1.9 592 1.9 6,724 1.8 97
Drug and alcohol related 3.8 702 1.9 500 5.9 12 2.9 893 2.6 8,986 2.5 131
Persistent disruptive behaviour 14.9 2,783 19.0 4,899 11.2 23 26.7 8,207 33.9 118,077 18.8 1,003
Physical assault against a pupil 28.1 5,244 26.6 6,868 24.4 50 19.1 5,860 14.5 50,587 24.4 1,306
Physical assault against an adult 3.8 708 7.7 1,990 7.3 15 7.9 2,436 6.7 23,207 4.4 237
Racist abuse 1.6 299 0.9 223 4.4 9 0.8 241 1.1 3,949 1.6 85
Sexual Misconduct 0.9 163 1.2 299 1.0 2 0.5 154 0.3 1,161 1.0 54
Theft 1.9 363 2.4 624 1.5 3 1.0 296 0.7 2,475 1.5 78
Verbal abuse/ threatening behaviour against a pupil 5.6 1,039 5.7 1,470 4.4 9 4.5 1,372 3.4 11,919 5.0 266
Verbal abuse/ threatening behaviour against an adult 12.2 2,282 10.8 2,797 9.3 19 14.7 4,515 15.9 55,559 11.0 586
Other 23.3 4,343 20.7 5,331 26.8 55 19.1 5,868 18.2 63,344 26.4 1,408

Download table data for ‘Temporary exclusions by ethnicity and reason’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Temporary exclusions by ethnicity and reason’ (CSV)

Summary of Temporary exclusions Temporary exclusions by ethnicity and reason Summary

The data shows the number of temporary exclusions by reason for the exclusion. Percentages for each ethnic group are calculated out of pupils who were given a temporary exclusion, not all pupils.

Figures for the Chinese ethnic group are based on small numbers of exclusions, so generalisations based on these figures are not reliable.

The data shows that:

  • physical assault against another pupil was the most common reason why Asian (28.1%) and Black (26.6%) pupils were given a temporary exclusion
  • persistent disruptive behaviour was the most common reason why White pupils (33.9%) and pupils from the Mixed ethnic group (26.7%) were given a temporary exclusion
  • ‘other reasons’ made up 26.8% of temporary exclusions for pupils in the Chinese ethnic group and 26.4% for pupils from the Other ethnic group

8. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Administrative data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Department for Education

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

The data helps schools, local authorities and the government have a greater understanding of the level of exclusions and the reasons for them.

9. Download the data

Exclusions local authority data - Spreadsheet (csv) 3 MB

This file contains the following variables: measure (permanent or fixed period exclusions), academic year, ethnicity, local authority, type of school, value (exclusion rate), numerator (number of exclusions), denominator (pupils)

Exclusions reasons data - Spreadsheet (csv) 58 KB

This file contains the following variables: measure (permanent or temporary exclusions), reason for exclusion, ethnicity and number of exclusions

Exclusions national data - Spreadsheet (csv) 280 KB

This file contains the following variables: measure (permanent or fixed period exclusions), academic year, ethnicity, type of school, value (exclusion rate), numerator (number of exclusions), denominator (pupils)