Permanent exclusions

Published

1. Main facts and figures

  • White Gypsy and Roma pupils had the highest school permanent exclusion rates in the 2018 to 2019 school year
  • pupils from the Chinese and Indian ethnic groups had the lowest permanent exclusion rates – the rates are based on very small numbers of pupils and are less reliable as a result

2. Things you need to know

What the data measures

The data shows the number and rate of exclusions from state-funded schools in England.

There are 2 types of exclusion:

  • temporary (also known as ‘fixed period exclusions’) which can be for up to 45 school days – you can see data on temporary exclusions by ethnicity
  • permanent, which means a pupil can’t return to the school they're excluded from

Exclusion rates are rounded to 2 decimal places.

How exclusion rates are calculated

Exclusion rates are shown as percentages, but they are not the overall percentage of pupils who were excluded.

Rates are calculated using the number of pupils in January each year and the number of exclusions in the whole academic year.

For example, an exclusion rate of 17.42% is the equivalent of 17 exclusions for every 100 pupils.

The ethnic groups used in the data

The ethnic groups used are based on the 18 ethnic groups used in the 2011 Census, with 2 exceptions:

  • there are separate categories for Traveller of Irish Heritage, and Gypsy and Roma pupils
  • the Chinese ethnic group has its own category, rather than being part of the Asian ethnic group

Data analysed over time and by local authority is shown for 6 aggregated groups:

  • Asian
  • Black
  • Chinese
  • Mixed
  • White
  • Other

This is to make sure pupil numbers are large enough to be reliable.

Pupils’ ethnicity was not known for about 2% of all school exclusions. Exclusion rates are shown separately for pupils whose ethnic group was not known.

Methodology

Read the detailed methodology document for this data.

You can also read about a data checking exercise for data from 1997 to 2010, which led to some figures being updated.

Figures for the White Gypsy and Roma group and the Traveller of Irish Heritage group are based on small numbers of pupils which means reliable generalisations are difficult to make. Read more about how group size affects the reliability of data.

In the data file

In the academic years up to 2016 to 2017, ethnicity was only collected for pupils of compulsory school age. As a result, the analysis of exclusions by ethnicity in these years only includes pupils of compulsory school age. Pupils above compulsory school age are still included in the overall exclusion totals, so these will not match total exclusions by ethnicity.

The decimal places against values for 1997 to 2010 are a result of a data checking exercise, which led to some figures being updated.

3. Permanent exclusions by ethnicity

Permanent exclusion rate, and number of permanent exclusions, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Rate Number
Asian 0.04 366
Bangladeshi 0.04 58
Indian 0.01 38
Pakistani 0.06 215
Asian other 0.04 55
Black 0.11 529
Black African 0.07 229
Black Caribbean 0.25 220
Black other 0.13 80
Chinese 0.01 3
Mixed 0.13 658
Mixed White/Asian 0.08 90
Mixed White/Black African 0.12 82
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 0.24 296
Mixed other 0.10 190
White 0.10 6,038
White British 0.10 5,633
White Irish 0.06 14
Gypsy/Roma 0.39 107
Irish Traveller 0.27 17
White other 0.05 267
Other 0.08 121
Unknown 0.17 179

Download table data for ‘Permanent exclusions by ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Permanent exclusions by ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Permanent exclusions Permanent exclusions by ethnicity Summary

There are low numbers of exclusions in some ethnic groups – this means the data is less reliable as a result.

The data shows that:

  • the highest permanent exclusion rates were for White Gypsy and Roma pupils (0.39%, or 39 exclusions per 10,000 pupils) and Traveller of Irish Heritage pupils (0.27%, or 27 per 10,000 pupils)
  • pupils from the Chinese and Indian ethnic groups had the lowest exclusion rates (both 0.01%, or 1 per 10,000 pupils)
  • the permanent exclusion rate for White British pupils was 0.10%, or 10 per 10,000 pupils

4. Permanent exclusions by ethnicity over time

Permanent exclusion rate, and number of permanent exclusions, by ethnicity over time
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White Other
Academic year All Rate All Number Asian Rate Asian Number Black Rate Black Number Chinese Rate Chinese Number Mixed Rate Mixed Number White Rate White Number Other Rate Other Number
2006/07 0.12 8,658 0.07 341 0.23 643 0.00 1 0.23 506 0.12 6,769 0.07 49
2007/08 0.11 8,126 0.06 307 0.24 696 0.01 3 0.20 458 0.12 6,356 0.10 79
2008/09 0.09 6,379 0.05 287 0.18 536 0.01 3 0.15 361 0.09 4,948 0.09 72
2009/10 0.08 5,741 0.04 245 0.19 599 0.01 2 0.15 385 0.08 4,322 0.06 56
2010/11 0.07 5,082 0.04 211 0.14 443 0.00 0 0.13 362 0.07 3,853 0.05 47
2011/12 0.07 5,166 0.03 216 0.12 420 0.01 3 0.13 366 0.08 3,981 0.06 55
2012/13 0.06 4,632 0.03 212 0.11 397 0.02 5 0.11 346 0.07 3,524 0.06 58
2013/14 0.06 4,949 0.03 197 0.12 433 0.01 2 0.11 350 0.07 3,804 0.05 49
2014/15 0.07 5,795 0.03 240 0.12 464 0.01 2 0.12 428 0.09 4,452 0.07 76
2015/16 0.08 6,684 0.04 314 0.14 540 0.01 3 0.14 521 0.10 5,056 0.07 89
2016/17 0.10 7,719 0.04 310 0.14 619 0.01 2 0.14 635 0.10 5,897 0.07 100
2017/18 0.10 7,905 0.04 361 0.13 588 0.01 3 0.16 745 0.10 5,945 0.06 96
2018/19 0.10 7,894 0.04 366 0.11 529 0.01 3 0.13 658 0.10 6,038 0.08 121

Download table data for ‘Permanent exclusions by ethnicity over time’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Permanent exclusions by ethnicity over time’ (CSV)

Summary of Permanent exclusions Permanent exclusions by ethnicity over time Summary

There are low numbers of exclusions in some ethnic groups – this means the data is less reliable as a result.

The data shows that:

  • the national average went from 0.12% (12 permanent exclusions per 10,000 pupils) to 0.10% (10 exclusions per 10,000 pupils) in the 13 academic years covered by this data
  • it reached its lowest point in the school years from September 2012 to July 2014, at 0.06% (6 exclusions per 10,000 pupils)
  • in every year covered by this data, the rate for pupils from Black and Mixed backgrounds was higher than the national average
  • the rate for Asian pupils was consistently below the national average
  • the rate for White pupils was consistently in line with the national average
  • the rate for Black pupils went down from 0.23% (23 exclusions per 10,000 pupils) to 0.11% (11 exclusions per 10,000 pupils) during the period covered by this data – this was the biggest decrease out of all aggregated ethnic groups

5. Permanent exclusions by ethnicity and type of school

Permanent exclusion rate, and number of permanent exclusions, by ethnicity and type of school
Special State-funded primary State-funded secondary Total
Ethnicity Special Rate Special Number State-funded primary Rate State-funded primary Number State-funded secondary Rate State-funded secondary Number Total Rate Total Number
Asian 0.03 4 0.00 22 0.09 340 0.04 366
Bangladeshi 0.00 0 0.00 4 0.09 54 0.04 58
Indian 0.00 0 0.00 3 0.03 35 0.01 38
Pakistani 0.05 3 0.01 13 0.13 199 0.06 215
Asian other 0.04 1 0.00 2 0.08 52 0.04 55
Black 0.06 5 0.02 58 0.24 466 0.11 529
Black African 0.04 2 0.01 24 0.15 203 0.07 229
Black Caribbean 0.11 2 0.06 25 0.46 193 0.25 220
Black other 0.07 1 0.02 9 0.29 70 0.13 80
Chinese 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.02 3 0.01 3
Mixed 0.24 18 0.04 117 0.29 523 0.13 658
Mixed White/Asian 0.08 1 0.02 11 0.18 78 0.08 90
Mixed White/Black African 0.30 3 0.06 23 0.24 56 0.12 82
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 0.53 12 0.08 59 0.47 225 0.24 296
Mixed other 0.07 2 0.02 24 0.24 164 0.10 190
White 0.05 44 0.02 851 0.21 5,143 0.10 6,038
White British 0.05 42 0.03 796 0.22 4,795 0.10 5,633
White Irish 0.30 1 0.03 3 0.10 10 0.06 14
Gypsy/Roma 0.00 0 0.09 17 1.08 90 0.39 107
Irish Traveller 0.00 0 0.12 6 0.91 11 0.27 17
White other 0.02 1 0.01 29 0.13 237 0.05 267
Other 0.00 0 0.01 8 0.18 113 0.08 121
Unknown 0.16 3 0.02 11 0.29 165 0.17 179

Download table data for ‘Permanent exclusions by ethnicity and type of school’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Permanent exclusions by ethnicity and type of school’ (CSV)

Summary of Permanent exclusions Permanent exclusions by ethnicity and type of school Summary

There are low numbers of exclusions in some ethnic groups – this means the data is less reliable as a result.

The data shows that, in the 2018 to 2019 school year:

  • in every ethnic group, permanent exclusion rates were higher in secondary and special schools than in primary
  • out of all ethnic groups and types of school, the highest rates were among White Gypsy and Roma (1.08%) pupils in secondary schools
  • the next highest rates were among Mixed White and Black Caribbean pupils in special schools (0.53%), and secondary schools (0.47%)

6. Permanent exclusions by ethnicity and local authority

Permanent exclusion rate, and number of permanent exclusions, by ethnicity and local authority
Asian Black Chinese Mixed White Other
Local Authority Asian Rate Asian Number Black Rate Black Number Chinese Rate Chinese Number Mixed Rate Mixed Number White Rate White Number Other Rate Other Number
Barking and Dagenham 0.03 3 0.09 10 0.00 0 0.10 4 0.05 8 0.13 1
Barnet 0.00 0 0.11 7 0.00 0 0.05 3 0.05 14 0.10 6
Barnsley 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.37 3 0.20 66 0.00 0
Bath and North East Somerset 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.07 1 0.11 27 0.67 1
Bedford 0.13 6 0.18 3 0.00 0 0.28 8 0.14 26 0.00 0
Bexley 0.00 0 0.08 6 0.00 0 0.09 3 0.11 29 0.17 1
Birmingham 0.05 41 0.19 47 0.00 0 0.23 41 0.14 98 0.05 5
Blackburn with Darwen 0.01 1 0.31 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.11 14 0.00 0
Blackpool 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.30 54 0.00 0
Bolton 0.07 8 0.16 5 0.00 0 0.14 3 0.27 88 0.63 6
Bournemouth 0.23 2 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.36 6 0.28 57 0.60 2
Bracknell Forest 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.10 1 0.03 5 0.00 0
Bradford 0.03 13 0.12 2 0.00 0 0.02 1 0.08 38 0.00 0
Brent 0.01 1 0.10 10 0.00 0 0.13 5 0.01 1 0.15 8
Brighton and Hove 0.00 0 0.15 1 0.00 0 0.03 1 0.01 3 0.00 0
Bristol City of 0.00 0 0.03 2 0.00 0 0.02 1 0.01 4 0.00 0
Bromley 0.00 0 0.26 14 0.00 0 0.11 6 0.08 28 0.00 0
Buckinghamshire 0.05 7 0.13 3 0.00 0 0.16 10 0.07 40 0.00 0
Bury 0.02 1 0.00 0 0.75 1 0.28 4 0.06 14 0.00 0
Calderdale 0.08 5 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.07 1 0.06 16 0.00 0
Cambridgeshire 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.01 11 0.00 0
Camden 0.07 3 0.16 7 0.00 0 0.07 2 0.07 6 0.00 0
Central Bedfordshire 0.09 1 0.45 5 0.00 0 0.25 7 0.09 36 0.00 0
Cheshire East 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.07 36 0.00 0
Cheshire West and Chester 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.15 2 0.09 42 0.00 0
City of London 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0
Cornwall 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.42 7 0.10 69 0.00 0
Coventry 0.00 0 0.06 4 0.00 0 0.13 5 0.11 35 0.00 0
Croydon 0.00 0 0.10 16 0.00 0 0.10 9 0.04 9 0.00 0
Cumbria 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.08 53 0.00 0
Darlington 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.22 33 0.00 0
Derby 0.10 8 0.18 3 0.00 0 0.56 18 0.17 47 0.12 1
Derbyshire 0.26 3 0.26 1 0.00 0 0.23 7 0.14 138 0.00 0
Devon 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.04 1 0.10 89 0.00 0
Doncaster 0.00 0 0.51 3 0.00 0 0.27 4 0.22 94 0.20 1
Dorset 0.20 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.19 3 0.14 76 0.64 1
Dudley 0.06 3 0.31 4 0.00 0 0.33 11 0.20 72 0.11 1
Durham 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.09 1 0.12 86 0.00 0
Ealing 0.04 6 0.17 14 0.00 0 0.19 9 0.10 16 0.16 13
East Riding of Yorkshire 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.08 35 0.00 0
East Sussex 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.15 5 0.12 74 0.00 0
Enfield 0.00 0 0.01 2 0.00 0 0.02 1 0.05 14 0.03 1
Essex 0.02 1 0.06 4 0.00 0 0.03 3 0.04 74 0.00 0
Gateshead 0.14 1 0.42 2 0.00 0 0.16 1 0.18 47 0.00 0
Gloucestershire 0.11 3 0.15 2 0.00 0 0.26 11 0.10 76 0.00 0
Greenwich 0.00 0 0.07 10 0.00 0 0.10 5 0.06 12 0.00 0
Hackney 0.00 0 0.19 22 0.00 0 0.21 8 0.08 10 0.14 3
Halton 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.39 2 0.23 42 0.00 0
Hammersmith and Fulham 0.00 0 0.13 6 0.00 0 0.04 1 0.03 3 0.00 0
Hampshire 0.02 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.03 2 0.04 69 0.00 0
Haringey 0.04 1 0.14 12 0.00 0 0.02 1 0.03 5 0.11 3
Harrow 0.05 9 0.24 9 0.00 0 0.13 4 0.07 7 0.22 4
Hartlepool 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.20 29 0.00 0
Havering 0.00 0 0.09 4 0.00 0 0.07 2 0.03 9 0.55 2
Herefordshire 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.06 13 0.00 0
Hertfordshire 0.01 1 0.18 15 0.00 0 0.08 12 0.06 91 0.05 1
Hillingdon 0.01 1 0.19 10 0.00 0 0.05 3 0.08 16 0.10 4
Hounslow 0.03 5 0.08 4 0.00 0 0.10 4 0.07 10 0.04 2
Isle of Wight 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.08 13 0.00 0
Isles Of Scilly 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0
Islington 0.00 0 0.07 4 0.00 0 0.18 7 0.12 12 0.00 0
Kensington and Chelsea 0.39 2 0.25 6 0.00 0 0.17 4 0.10 5 0.09 2
Kent 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.02 2 0.02 38 0.00 0
Kingston upon Hull City of 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.10 37 0.00 0
Kingston upon Thames 0.02 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.11 3 0.01 1 0.06 1
Kirklees 0.04 8 0.15 2 0.00 0 0.29 13 0.11 47 0.14 1
Knowsley 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.10 20 0.00 0
Lambeth 0.00 0 0.06 9 0.00 0 0.05 3 0.04 5 0.10 2
Lancashire 0.16 32 0.13 1 0.00 0 0.35 20 0.19 266 0.00 0
Leeds 0.01 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.02 2 0.01 8 0.00 0
Leicester 0.01 2 0.02 1 0.00 0 0.14 6 0.04 7 0.07 1
Leicestershire 0.03 2 0.08 1 0.00 0 0.02 1 0.02 14 0.00 0
Lewisham 0.00 0 0.08 12 0.00 0 0.08 5 0.01 2 0.00 0
Lincolnshire 0.07 1 0.20 1 0.00 0 0.03 1 0.11 110 0.00 0
Liverpool 0.00 0 0.18 6 0.00 0 0.10 4 0.13 76 0.12 4
Luton 0.09 15 0.20 8 0.00 0 0.15 5 0.17 21 0.00 0
Manchester 0.02 5 0.07 10 0.00 0 0.14 11 0.11 38 0.05 3
Medway 0.00 0 0.13 4 0.00 0 0.13 4 0.09 32 0.00 0
Merton 0.04 2 0.18 7 0.00 0 0.12 4 0.06 9 0.00 0
Middlesbrough 0.04 1 0.21 1 0.00 0 0.22 3 0.19 36 0.00 0
Milton Keynes 0.00 0 0.02 1 0.00 0 0.03 1 0.02 5 0.00 0
Newcastle upon Tyne 0.12 6 0.05 1 0.00 0 0.05 1 0.16 48 0.00 0
Newham 0.05 14 0.16 21 0.00 0 0.09 4 0.05 6 0.06 2
Norfolk 0.06 1 0.09 1 0.00 0 0.16 6 0.19 199 0.00 0
North East Lincolnshire 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.15 1 0.13 30 0.00 0
North Lincolnshire 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.06 14 0.00 0
North Somerset 0.00 0 0.50 1 0.00 0 0.38 4 0.12 34 0.00 0
North Tyneside 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.08 23 0.00 0
North Yorkshire 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.24 5 0.08 59 0.31 1
Northamptonshire 0.02 1 0.12 7 0.00 0 0.18 12 0.12 115 0.00 0
Northumberland 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.18 79 0.00 0
Nottingham 0.04 3 0.04 2 0.00 0 0.15 9 0.22 55 0.00 0
Nottinghamshire 0.00 0 0.06 1 0.00 0 0.09 5 0.03 35 0.14 1
Oldham 0.08 11 0.06 1 0.00 0 0.33 7 0.14 35 0.00 0
Oxfordshire 0.02 1 0.20 5 0.00 0 0.19 12 0.06 44 0.07 1
Peterborough 0.11 7 0.07 1 0.00 0 0.24 6 0.22 57 0.40 2
Plymouth 0.24 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.17 2 0.14 49 0.00 0
Poole 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.17 30 0.00 0
Portsmouth 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.08 16 0.00 0
Reading 0.08 4 0.15 3 0.00 0 0.08 2 0.06 7 0.00 0
Redbridge 0.07 22 0.22 13 0.00 0 0.05 2 0.10 13 0.00 0
Redcar and Cleveland 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.86 4 0.30 63 0.00 0
Richmond upon Thames 0.09 2 0.12 1 0.00 0 0.16 5 0.03 7 0.00 0
Rochdale 0.06 5 0.06 1 0.00 0 0.61 11 0.28 65 0.00 0
Rotherham 0.03 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.10 37 0.00 0
Rutland 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.06 3 0.00 0
Salford 0.00 0 0.05 1 0.00 0 0.07 2 0.19 54 0.17 2
Sandwell 0.01 1 0.14 8 0.00 0 0.12 6 0.07 19 0.06 1
Sefton 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.09 1 0.07 25 0.00 0
Sheffield 0.03 3 0.08 4 0.00 0 0.35 22 0.15 86 0.18 5
Shropshire 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.17 61 0.00 0
Slough 0.03 4 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.17 5 0.07 6 0.16 2
Solihull 0.12 6 0.34 3 0.00 0 0.19 6 0.13 38 0.32 1
Somerset 0.00 0 0.40 1 0.85 1 0.16 3 0.14 91 0.79 2
South Gloucestershire 0.07 1 0.40 3 0.00 0 0.10 2 0.15 53 0.00 0
South Tyneside 0.24 2 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.18 37 0.00 0
Southampton 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.23 5 0.06 14 0.00 0
Southend-on-Sea 0.04 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.05 1 0.02 4 0.00 0
Southwark 0.00 0 0.10 18 0.00 0 0.08 4 0.09 12 0.03 1
St. Helens 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.04 10 0.00 0
Staffordshire 0.10 5 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.28 12 0.14 150 0.00 0
Stockport 0.07 2 0.18 1 0.00 0 0.26 6 0.13 45 0.00 0
Stockton-on-Tees 0.06 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.11 1 0.18 52 0.62 1
Stoke-on-Trent 0.06 4 0.07 1 0.00 0 0.14 3 0.15 44 0.13 1
Suffolk 0.00 0 0.10 1 0.00 0 0.16 9 0.10 91 0.22 2
Sunderland 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.14 1 0.24 89 0.00 0
Surrey 0.01 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.03 3 0.04 52 0.06 1
Sutton 0.01 1 0.13 4 0.00 0 0.03 1 0.09 20 0.13 1
Swindon 0.10 4 0.09 1 0.00 0 0.15 3 0.12 32 0.27 1
Tameside 0.05 2 0.11 1 0.00 0 0.16 3 0.20 58 0.00 0
Telford and Wrekin 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.20 3 0.09 22 0.00 0
Thurrock 0.00 0 0.17 7 0.00 0 0.06 1 0.12 25 0.00 0
Torbay 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.16 1 0.18 34 0.00 0
Tower Hamlets 0.02 5 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.02 1 0.00 0
Trafford 0.03 2 0.26 4 0.00 0 0.21 7 0.15 43 0.00 0
Wakefield 0.05 1 0.26 2 0.56 1 0.18 3 0.17 79 0.00 0
Walsall 0.13 15 0.22 6 0.00 0 0.18 6 0.14 43 0.15 1
Waltham Forest 0.03 3 0.15 12 0.00 0 0.12 6 0.05 8 0.12 2
Wandsworth 0.03 2 0.11 8 0.00 0 0.11 5 0.00 0 0.00 0
Warrington 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.27 3 0.04 11 0.00 0
Warwickshire 0.04 2 0.09 1 0.00 0 0.22 9 0.08 54 0.00 0
West Berkshire 0.00 0 0.24 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.10 23 0.00 0
West Sussex 0.03 2 0.23 4 0.00 0 0.20 11 0.12 116 0.15 1
Westminster 0.00 0 0.35 15 0.00 0 0.04 1 0.10 6 0.05 3
Wigan 0.16 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.26 3 0.12 52 0.58 3
Wiltshire 0.00 0 0.10 1 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.03 21 0.00 0
Windsor and Maidenhead 0.09 3 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.27 5 0.13 20 0.00 0
Wirral 0.00 0 1.03 2 0.00 0 0.42 6 0.08 37 0.00 0
Wokingham 0.00 0 0.12 1 0.00 0 0.10 2 0.11 21 0.00 0
Wolverhampton 0.05 5 0.28 14 0.00 0 0.53 28 0.22 51 0.31 2
Worcestershire 0.00 0 0.22 1 0.00 0 0.27 8 0.10 71 0.00 0
York 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.00 0 0.13 1 0.08 18 0.00 0

Download table data for ‘Permanent exclusions by ethnicity and local authority’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Permanent exclusions by ethnicity and local authority’ (CSV)

Summary of Permanent exclusions Permanent exclusions by ethnicity and local authority Summary

The data shows that, in the 2018 to 2019 academic year:

  • the highest permanent exclusion rate for White pupils was 0.30% (or 30 exclusions per 10,000 pupils) in Blackpool, and Redcar and Cleveland
  • figures for other ethnic groups are based on small numbers of exclusions and pupils, so reliable generalisations can't be made

7. Permanent exclusions by ethnicity and reason

Percentage and number of permanent exclusions by ethnicity and reason
Asian Black Chinese Mixed White Other
Reason Asian % Asian Number Black % Black Number Chinese % Chinese Number Mixed % Mixed Number White % White Number Other % Other Number
Bullying 0.3 1 0.2 1 0.0 0 0.9 6 0.3 21 0.0 0
Damage 0.0 0 0.4 2 0.0 0 0.5 3 1.0 59 2.5 3
Drug and alcohol related 13.7 50 9.5 50 33.3 1 9.0 59 8.3 499 11.6 14
Persistent disruptive behaviour 19.1 70 24.2 128 0.0 0 31.9 210 38.0 2,293 20.7 25
Physical assault against a pupil 21.9 80 19.3 102 33.3 1 16.7 110 11.8 714 10.7 13
Physical assault against an adult 4.9 18 9.1 48 0.0 0 13.5 89 10.5 637 7.4 9
Racist abuse 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.2 1 0.2 14 0.0 0
Sexual Misconduct 2.5 9 2.5 13 0.0 0 0.6 4 0.9 54 1.7 2
Theft 0.0 0 1.1 6 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.4 26 1.7 2
Verbal abuse/ threatening behaviour against a pupil 6.0 22 4.9 26 0.0 0 3.3 22 3.6 219 8.3 10
Verbal abuse/ threatening behaviour against an adult 3.6 13 4.5 24 33.3 1 6.7 44 9.1 549 5.8 7
Other 28.1 103 24.4 129 0.0 0 16.7 110 15.8 953 29.8 36

Download table data for ‘Permanent exclusions by ethnicity and reason’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Permanent exclusions by ethnicity and reason’ (CSV)

Summary of Permanent exclusions Permanent exclusions by ethnicity and reason Summary

The data shows the number of permanent exclusions by reason for the exclusion. Percentages for each ethnic group are calculated out of pupils who were given a permanent exclusion, not all pupils.

Some figures are based on small numbers of exclusions, so generalisations based on these figures are not reliable.

The data shows that:

  • persistent disruptive behaviour was the most common reason why White pupils (38.0%) and pupils from the Mixed ethnic group (31.9%) were given a permanent exclusion
  • ‘other reasons’ made up 28.1% of permanent exclusions for Asian pupils, 24.4% for Black pupils, and 29.8% for pupils from the Other ethnic group

8. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Administrative data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Department for Education

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

The data helps schools, local authorities and the government have a greater understanding of the level of exclusions and the reasons for them.

9. Download the data

Exclusions national data - Spreadsheet (csv) 329 KB

This file contains the following variables: measure (permanent or fixed period exclusions), academic year, ethnicity, type of school, value (exclusion rate), numerator (number of exclusions), denominator (pupils)

Exclusions local authority data - Spreadsheet (csv) 4 MB

This file contains the following variables: measure (permanent or fixed period exclusions), academic year, ethnicity, local authority, type of school, value (exclusion rate), numerator (number of exclusions), denominator (pupils)

Exclusions reasons data - Spreadsheet (csv) 58 KB

This file contains the following variables: measure (permanent or temporary exclusions), reason for exclusion, ethnicity and number of exclusions