Reading attainments for children aged 7 to 11 (key stage 2)
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- 1. Navigate to Main facts and figures section
- 2. Navigate toReading attainments for children aged 7 to 11 by ethnicity section
- 3. Navigate toReading attainments for children aged 7 to 11 by ethnicity and area section
- 4. Navigate toReading attainments for children aged 7 to 11 by ethnicity and gender section
- 5. Navigate to Methodology section
- 6. Navigate to Data sources section
- 7. Navigate to Download the data section
1. Main facts and figures
in 2015/16, there were 586,177 pupils in state-funded mainstream schools in England in key stage 2, of which ethnicity was known for 581,298 (99%)
76% of pupils were White, 11% were Asian, 6% were Black, 5% were Mixed, 2% belonged to the Other ethnic group and 0.4% were Chinese
across all ethnic groups, 66% of pupils reached the expected standard for reading and 19% met the higher standard
Irish pupils were most likely to reach the expected standard, and Chinese pupils were most likely to reach the higher standard
Irish pupils and Chinese pupils shared the highest average scaled score, but Irish pupils made the most progress in reading between key stage 1 and key stage 2
Gypsy/Roma children were least likely to meet both the expected and higher standards, and had the lowest average scaled score
children from a Traveller of Irish Heritage background made the least progress in reading between key stage 1 and key stage 2
across all ethnic groups, girls were more likely to meet the expected and higher standards in reading, had a higher average scale score and made more progress between key stage 1 and key stage 2 than boys
The ethnic categories used in this data
This data uses categories from the Department of Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 national census, with three exceptions:
- Travellers of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma children have been separated into two categories
- Sri Lankan has been added to the Asian/Asian British group but is not reported separately
- Chinese pupils have been assigned a separate category
These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.
The categories in the school census are as follows:
- White British
- White Irish
- Traveller of Irish Heritage
- Other White
Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:
- White and Black Caribbean
- White and Black African
- White and Asian
- Other Mixed background
- Sri Lankan
- Other Asian background
- Black African
- Black Caribbean
- Other Black background
Other ethnic group
Information is provided for both detailed and broad ethnic groups categories where possible and when the data is available. The 6 broad categories used are as follows:
- Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
- Asian/Asian British
- Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
- Other ethnic group
However, local authority data is only provided for 5 broad ethnic groups. Information about the specific ethnic categories is excluded to preserve confidentiality and ensure individuals cannot be identified. Information about the Other ethnic group is not given because DfE does not publish data for this group at these levels.
The 5 broad categories are as follows:
- Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
- Asian/Asian British
- Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
2. Reading attainments for children aged 7 to 11 by ethnicity
|Ethnicity||Expected standard||Higher standard||Average scaled score||Progress score|
|Mixed White/Black African||67||18||103||0.5|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||63||15||102||-0.3|
|White Irish Traveller||28||5||96||-1.8|
Summary of Reading attainments for children aged 7 to 11 (key stage 2) Reading attainments for children aged 7 to 11 by ethnicity Summary
3. Reading attainments for children aged 7 to 11 by ethnicity and area
|County Durham||70||80||withheld to protect confidentiality||81||72||70|
|Darlington||69||73||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||76||68|
|Gateshead||72||65||80||withheld to protect confidentiality||73||72|
|Hartlepool||66||62||withheld to protect confidentiality||50||73||66|
|Middlesbrough||62||56||71||withheld to protect confidentiality||66||63|
|Newcastle upon Tyne||68||65||53||60||71||69|
|Northumberland||67||61||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||63||67|
|Redcar and Cleveland||72||72||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||82||72|
|South Tyneside||68||71||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||70||68|
|Blackburn with Darwen||62||60||70||withheld to protect confidentiality||68||64|
|Blackpool||61||73||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||70||60|
|Bolton||65||66||56||withheld to protect confidentiality||70||65|
|Cheshire East||71||81||withheld to protect confidentiality||58||69||71|
|Cheshire West and Chester||69||59||69||withheld to protect confidentiality||76||69|
|Halton||63||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||66||64|
|Knowsley||62||74||50||withheld to protect confidentiality||74||61|
|Oldham||59||50||51||withheld to protect confidentiality||66||65|
|Rochdale||62||55||55||withheld to protect confidentiality||55||65|
|Salford||66||73||56||withheld to protect confidentiality||71||67|
|Sefton||70||65||67||withheld to protect confidentiality||74||70|
|St. Helens||65||50||withheld to protect confidentiality||43||74||65|
|Tameside||68||63||61||withheld to protect confidentiality||78||68|
|Warrington||71||72||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||80||71|
|Wigan||69||62||62||withheld to protect confidentiality||68||70|
|Wirral||64||67||withheld to protect confidentiality||72||67||64|
|Barnsley||62||73||80||withheld to protect confidentiality||66||62|
|Bradford||57||54||57||withheld to protect confidentiality||62||59|
|Calderdale||65||59||58||withheld to protect confidentiality||75||66|
|East Riding of Yorkshire||66||83||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||58||66|
|Kingston upon Hull, City of||64||80||59||withheld to protect confidentiality||67||64|
|North East Lincolnshire||59||63||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||69||59|
|North Lincolnshire||57||58||45||withheld to protect confidentiality||50||58|
|York||66||79||withheld to protect confidentiality||67||76||65|
|Rutland||71||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||75||71|
|Herefordshire, County of||68||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||68||68|
|Sandwell||61||63||55||withheld to protect confidentiality||62||61|
|Shropshire||68||70||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||76||68|
|Solihull||70||73||60||withheld to protect confidentiality||69||70|
|Stoke-on-Trent||59||57||57||withheld to protect confidentiality||53||59|
|Telford and Wrekin||70||64||59||withheld to protect confidentiality||66||71|
|Walsall||61||61||61||withheld to protect confidentiality||64||60|
|Worcestershire||64||62||58||withheld to protect confidentiality||69||64|
|Bedford||59||48||61||withheld to protect confidentiality||61||61|
|Luton||56||52||55||withheld to protect confidentiality||63||60|
|Southend-on-Sea||67||68||58||withheld to protect confidentiality||67||67|
|Suffolk||63||59||69||withheld to protect confidentiality||64||63|
|Thurrock||63||63||73||withheld to protect confidentiality||61||60|
|Camden||72||70||64||withheld to protect confidentiality||71||78|
|City of London||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||100||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||100|
|Hackney||71||68||66||withheld to protect confidentiality||80||77|
|Hammersmith and Fulham||74||77||70||withheld to protect confidentiality||77||77|
|Islington||68||66||63||withheld to protect confidentiality||67||72|
|Kensington and Chelsea||79||81||82||withheld to protect confidentiality||74||83|
|Tower Hamlets||72||71||68||withheld to protect confidentiality||77||73|
|Westminster||66||70||64||withheld to protect confidentiality||71||73|
|Barking and Dagenham||65||73||68||withheld to protect confidentiality||62||60|
|Brent||64||66||61||withheld to protect confidentiality||71||68|
|Croydon||66||71||61||withheld to protect confidentiality||69||67|
|Ealing||65||62||61||withheld to protect confidentiality||72||71|
|Enfield||61||73||56||withheld to protect confidentiality||71||60|
|Harrow||72||75||61||withheld to protect confidentiality||72||73|
|Hillingdon||70||69||66||withheld to protect confidentiality||74||70|
|Kingston upon Thames||75||72||62||83||79||76|
|Merton||70||74||65||withheld to protect confidentiality||62||72|
|Redbridge||68||71||59||withheld to protect confidentiality||77||62|
|Richmond upon Thames||81||80||59||withheld to protect confidentiality||85||82|
|Bracknell Forest||65||73||49||withheld to protect confidentiality||76||65|
|Brighton and Hove||75||64||52||withheld to protect confidentiality||74||76|
|Isle of Wight||64||33||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||60||64|
|Oxfordshire||68||58||52||withheld to protect confidentiality||65||70|
|Portsmouth||62||71||59||withheld to protect confidentiality||66||62|
|Reading||67||69||58||withheld to protect confidentiality||66||67|
|Slough||64||70||59||withheld to protect confidentiality||71||57|
|West Berkshire||70||77||68||withheld to protect confidentiality||69||70|
|Windsor and Maidenhead||72||62||67||withheld to protect confidentiality||75||74|
|Bath and North East Somerset||71||74||57||withheld to protect confidentiality||76||71|
|Bournemouth||65||63||64||withheld to protect confidentiality||63||66|
|Bristol, City of||67||63||52||63||66||70|
|Cornwall||66||57||57||withheld to protect confidentiality||70||67|
|Dorset||67||62||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||71||67|
|Isles of Scilly||65||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||65|
|North Somerset||71||77||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||67||71|
|Plymouth||67||50||80||withheld to protect confidentiality||76||67|
|Poole||67||75||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||71||66|
|Somerset||67||74||58||withheld to protect confidentiality||80||67|
|South Gloucestershire||69||76||69||withheld to protect confidentiality||70||69|
|Swindon||67||62||75||withheld to protect confidentiality||64||67|
|Torbay||68||50||withheld to protect confidentiality||withheld to protect confidentiality||77||68|
Summary of Reading attainments for children aged 7 to 11 (key stage 2) Reading attainments for children aged 7 to 11 by ethnicity and area Summary
4. Reading attainments for children aged 7 to 11 by ethnicity and gender
|Ethnicity||Boys Expected standard||Boys Higher standard||Boys Average scaled score||Boys Progress score||Girls Expected standard||Girls Higher standard||Girls Average scaled score||Girls Progress score|
|Mixed White/Black African||62||15||102||-0.2||72||21||104||1.2|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||58||11||101||-0.9||70||18||103||0.2|
|White Irish Traveller||26||3||95||-2.4||31||6||97||-1.1|
Summary of Reading attainments for children aged 7 to 11 (key stage 2) Reading attainments for children aged 7 to 11 by ethnicity and gender Summary
The key stage 2 datasets are compiled using information matched together from three data sources:
prior attainment records (key stage 1 results)
school census records
qualification entries and results collected from awarding bodies
Key stage assessment data received from the Standard Testing Agency (STA) is combined with information on pupil's characteristics from the school census and prior attainment by the department's contractor.
Records are matched, using fields such as surname, forename, date of birth, UPN (unique pupil number), gender and postcode. This successfully matches around 60% to 70% of pupils.
Additional, more complex, routines are then applied to match as many of the remaining pupils as possible, up to around 98%. The coverage of the local authority (LA) and regional statistics is state-funded schools only in England.
Confidence intervals for progress results are calculated for a school based on a specific cohort of pupils. A school may have been just as effective, but have performed differently with a different set of pupils.
Similarly, some pupils may be more likely to achieve high or low results, independently of which school they attend. To account for this natural uncertainty, 95% confidence intervals around progress scores are provided as a proxy for the range of scores within which each school’s underlying performance can be confidently said to lie.
School scores should be interpreted alongside their associated confidence intervals. If the lower bound of the school’s confidence interval is greater than zero, it can be interpreted as meaning that the school has achieved greater than average progress compared to pupils with similar starting points nationally.
Similarly, if the upper bound is below zero, then the school has made less than average progress. Where a confidence interval overlaps zero, this means that the school’s progress score is not significantly different from the national average.
The system of national curriculum levels is no longer used by the government to report on end of key stage assessment.
For this reason, the previous 'expected progress' measure, based on pupils making at least two levels of progress between key stage 1 and key stage 2, will not appear in the performance tables or Reporting and Analysis for Improvement through school Self-Evaluation (RAISEonline) in 2016.
This measure has been replaced by 'value added' progress measures in reading, writing and mathematics.
There is no 'target' for the amount of progress an individual pupil is expected to make, and any amount of progress a pupil makes contributes towards the school's progress scores.
Because of the changes to the curriculum, figures for 2016 are not comparable to those for earlier years.
Any pupils who do not have a valid result for a subject are excluded from the calculations for that subject and do not appear in the number of eligible pupils or in the outcome percentages for that subject.
Valid results for the national test figures are: achieved the expected standard (AS), not achieved the expected standard (NS), special consideration (CA), absent (A), working below the standard of the test (B), or unable to access the test (T).
Suppression rules and disclosure control
Values of 1 or 2 or a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or did not achieve, a particular standard are suppressed. Some additional figures may be suppressed to prevent the possibility of a suppressed figure being revealed. This suppression is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy on confidentiality.
Figures for the Isles of Scilly and City of London are suppressed in DfE’s key stage 2 provisional Statistical First Release as these local authorities have a single school and DfE do not publish school level information in the performance tables at the time of the provisional release. These figures become unsuppressed in the revised release as school level figures are already published in the performance tables.
Regional eligible pupil figures are rounded to the nearest 10 so that it is not possible to derive figures for these LAs by summing the figures for the other LAs in the region.
In the school level data, any figures relating to a cohort of 5 pupils or fewer will be suppressed. This applies to sub-groups of pupils as well as the whole cohort, for example, if there were five boys and three girls in a school, DfE would not publish attainment for boys or girls separately but would publish attainment for all pupils as this is based on 8 pupils. The Code of Practice for Official Statistics requires DfE to take reasonable steps to ensure that their published or disseminated statistics protect confidentiality.
For more information about DfE’s disclosure control procedures for its statistical releases please see DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF opens in a new window or tab)
All charts and tables are rounded to the nearest whole number. Progress scores are given to 1 decimal place.
6. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Department for Education
3 times a year
Purpose of data source
The main purpose is to measure schools' and pupils' progress and performance from key stage 1 to key stage 2 to monitor and improve standards and inform parental choice when applying to local schools.
7. Download the data
This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, region, local authority, gender, value and denominator
This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, gender, value and denominator
This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, gender, value and denominator
This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, gender, value and confidence intervals