Reading attainments for children aged 6 to 7 (key stage 1)

The main facts and figures show that:

  • overall, 76% of pupils finishing year 2 in 2016/17 met the expected standard in reading and 25% of pupils met the higher standard (making these figures the national averages)
  • Chinese pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard and Gypsy/Roma pupils were least likely to do so, at 84% and 27% respectively
  • Chinese pupils were most likely to meet the higher standard and Gypsy/Roma pupils were least likely to do so, at 35% and 2% respectively
  • across all ethnic groups, a higher percentage of girls than boys met both the expected and higher standards
  • within every ethnic group, a lower percentage of pupils eligible for free school meals (FSM) met the expected standard than those who were not eligible, except for Gypsy/Roma pupils
Things you need to know

In 2016/17, there were 653,945 pupils at the end of year 2, and ethnicity was known for 646,520 (99%) of them.

Of those whose ethnicity was known, 75% were White, 11% were Asian, 6% were Black, 6% were Mixed, 2% were from the Other ethnic group and 0.5% were Chinese.

The 2015/16 key stage 1 assessments were the first to assess the new, more challenging national curriculum. The expected standard was raised to be higher than the old level 2. As a result, figures for 2015/16 and 2016/17 are not comparable to those for earlier years.

Teacher assessments for year 2 pupils studying the national curriculum are collected and reported by the Department for Education (DfE), but test results for those pupils are not collected.

School level data is not published for key stage 1.

Results for the Isles of Scilly and the City of London, which have only one school each, have been excluded from local authority breakdowns.

The Department for Education (DfE) has also excluded, or ‘suppressed’, very small numbers (for example, values of 1 or 2, a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or 0, 1 or 2 pupils who did not achieve a particular standard).

This is because, where the size of the ethnic group population is small enough that an individual’s identity could be revealed, information is suppressed to preserve confidentiality. This is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF).

Pupil numbers for key stage 1 vary between measures of attainment for different subjects. This is because pupils who don't have a valid teacher assessment for a particular subject are excluded from the total. For more about valid teacher assessments, see the Methodology section.

What the data measures

This data measures the reading attainment of children at the end of key stage 1 (year 2) when pupils are aged 6 to 7.

The data covers the academic year 2016/17 (September 2016 to July 2017). Data for the academic year 2015/16 is available in the download file.

The standards for this measure are divided into 2 categories:

  • expected standard
  • higher standard

To reach the expected standard, pupils must have been assessed by a teacher as 'working at the expected standard' or 'working at a greater depth within the expected standard'.

To reach the higher standard, pupils must have have been assessed by a teacher as 'working at a greater depth within the expected standard'.

The ethnic categories used in this data

This data uses categories from the Department for Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 national Census, with 3 exceptions:

  • Traveller of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma children have been separated into 2 categories
  • Sri Lankan has been added to the Asian/Asian British group but is not reported separately
  • Chinese pupils have been assigned a separate category

These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.

The categories in the school census are as follows:

White:

  • White British
  • White Irish
  • Traveller of Irish Heritage
  • Gypsy/Roma
  • Other White

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Other Mixed background

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Sri Lankan
  • Other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • Black African
  • Black Caribbean
  • Other Black background

Chinese

Other ethnic group

Information is provided for both detailed and broad ethnic groups where possible and when the data is available.

The 6 broad categories used are as follows:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White
  • Other ethnic group

However, local authority data is only provided for 5 broad ethnic groups. Information about the specific ethnic categories is excluded to preserve confidentiality and ensure individuals cannot be identified. Information about the Other ethnic group is not given because DfE does not publish data for this group at the local authority level.

The 5 broad categories are as follows:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White

Ethnic groups and how data on ethnicity is collected

Reading attainment for children aged 6 to 7 by ethnicity

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected and higher standards in reading by ethnicity

Ethnicity Expected standard Higher standard
All 76 25
Asian 77 24
Bangladeshi 75 22
Indian 83 33
Pakistani 72 18
Asian other 78 26
Black 77 23
Black African 78 24
Black Caribbean 74 20
Black other 74 22
Chinese 84 35
Mixed 78 27
Mixed White/Asian 81 32
Mixed White/Black African 77 26
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 73 21
Mixed other 79 29
White 76 26
White British 76 26
White Irish 77 30
White Irish Traveller 33 5
White Gypsy/Roma 27 2
White other 70 20
Other 68 18

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

The data shows that:

  • overall, 76% of pupils met the expected standard in reading and 25% met the higher standard, making these figures the national averages in 2016/17
  • 84% of Chinese pupils met the expected standard and 35% met the higher standard (the highest percentages of any ethnic group)
  • 27% of pupils from the Gypsy/Roma pupils met the expected standard and 2% met the higher standard (the lowest percentages of any ethnic group)
  • 26% of White British pupils met the higher standard – 1 percentage point higher than the national average

Reading attainment for children aged 6 to 7 by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in reading by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals

Ethnicity FSM Non-FSM
% %
All 61 78
Asian 68 78
Bangladeshi 69 76
Indian 72 84
Pakistani 66 73
Asian other 68 79
Black 70 79
Black African 72 80
Black Caribbean 67 76
Black other 68 76
Chinese 76 85
Mixed 65 81
Mixed White/Asian 62 84
Mixed White/Black African 70 79
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 63 77
Mixed other 67 81
White 58 78
White British 58 79
White Irish 47 82
White Irish Traveller 30 37
White Gypsy/Roma 28 27
White other 59 71
Other 62 70

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

The data shows that:

  • in 2016/17, there were 92,319 pupils eligible for free school meals in year 2 (14% of all pupils)
  • overall, 61% of pupils eligible for FSM met the expected standard, compared with 78% of pupils not eligible for FSM (a gap of 17 percentage points)
  • 58% of FSM-eligible White British pupils met the expected standard, compared with 79% of White British pupils not eligible (a gap of 21 percentage points)
  • FSM-eligible pupils did less well than those not eligible in every ethnic group apart from Gypsy/Roma: here, 28% of FSM-eligible pupils met the expected standard compared with 27% of those not eligible
  • the largest gap in attainment between FSM-eligible pupils and those not eligible was found in the White Irish group, where 47% and 82% met the expected standard respectively (a gap of 35 percentage points)
  • 76% of FSM-eligible Chinese pupils met the expected standard (the highest percentage of any FSM-eligible group of children)

Reading attainment for children aged 6 to 7 by ethnicity and area

Percentage of pupils reaching the expected standard in reading by ethnicity and area

Local authority All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
% % % % % %
Barking and Dagenham 76 80 81 58 74 73
Barnet 78 81 74 86 82 80
Barnsley 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 68 73
Bath and North East Somerset 76 68 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 77
Bedford 73 75 73 100 69 74
Bexley 81 88 91 93 79 78
Birmingham 72 75 74 85 74 71
Blackburn with Darwen 74 77 69 67 83 72
Blackpool 75 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 74
Bolton 73 76 61 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 73
Bournemouth 75 76 80 100 81 75
Bracknell Forest 75 88 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 74
Bradford 72 73 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 71 71
Brent 74 77 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 75
Brighton and Hove 76 67 79 74 72 78
Bristol, City of 73 69 62 withheld to protect confidentiality 73 76
Bromley 80 83 82 83 80 80
Buckinghamshire 78 74 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 79
Bury 73 68 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 69 75
Calderdale 70 63 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 72 72
Cambridgeshire 73 68 69 88 80 73
Camden 74 70 74 69 82 78
Central Bedfordshire 79 88 85 100 85 79
Cheshire East 77 88 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 73 77
Cheshire West and Chester 74 77 60 55 80 74
City of London withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Cornwall 74 65 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 74
County Durham 77 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 77
Coventry 72 78 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 71
Croydon 77 80 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 77
Cumbria 73 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 62 77 73
Darlington 77 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 77
Derby 70 74 76 77 65 70
Derbyshire 75 74 75 75 77 75
Devon 77 81 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 77
Doncaster 72 75 78 82 73 72
Dorset 76 79 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 76
Dudley 73 72 74 71 69 74
Ealing 75 76 69 77 80 79
East Riding of Yorkshire 76 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 76
East Sussex 77 77 67 86 77 78
Enfield 72 84 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 69
Essex 78 87 84 89 81 77
Gateshead 77 82 71 83 81 77
Gloucestershire 75 74 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 75
Greenwich 80 85 84 94 85 76
Hackney 80 81 79 79 84 81
Halton 66 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 64 67
Hammersmith and Fulham 79 81 75 100 79 83
Hampshire 82 85 82 82 88 82
Haringey 79 86 80 85 86 77
Harrow 78 83 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 71
Hartlepool 74 75 50 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 74
Havering 77 83 83 100 81 75
Herefordshire, County of 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 77
Hertfordshire 79 84 78 90 80 79
Hillingdon 77 83 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 74
Hounslow 80 83 79 80 84 78
Isle of Wight 72 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 72
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Islington 76 75 73 100 78 77
Kensington and Chelsea 82 73 84 100 82 84
Kent 79 83 88 91 83 78
Kingston upon Hull, City of 71 69 51 withheld to protect confidentiality 69 72
Kingston upon Thames 80 84 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 80
Kirklees 72 72 71 62 73 73
Knowsley 71 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 58 71
Lambeth 79 84 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 81
Lancashire 75 72 74 74 74 76
Leeds 68 68 62 85 68 69
Leicester 70 75 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 64
Leicestershire 75 81 78 83 78 75
Lewisham 80 78 79 83 79 81
Lincolnshire 74 91 79 78 75 73
Liverpool 67 64 66 69 67 68
Luton 71 72 76 58 71 70
Manchester 71 69 76 79 73 72
Medway 79 87 87 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 77
Merton 77 78 76 79 80 78
Middlesbrough 68 68 69 withheld to protect confidentiality 61 69
Milton Keynes 77 85 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 75
Newcastle upon Tyne 74 69 80 78 75 75
Newham 78 80 80 90 81 73
Norfolk 75 77 70 88 73 75
North East Lincolnshire 73 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 72
North Lincolnshire 77 87 67 withheld to protect confidentiality 88 77
North Somerset 79 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 79
North Tyneside 79 60 67 withheld to protect confidentiality 87 79
North Yorkshire 75 76 76 75 78 75
Northamptonshire 75 77 75 82 78 75
Northumberland 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 81
Nottingham 70 73 76 82 72 69
Nottinghamshire 73 76 75 80 76 73
Oldham 69 65 60 100 76 72
Oxfordshire 76 76 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 76
Peterborough 69 70 70 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 69
Plymouth 73 79 73 79 76 73
Poole 79 89 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 79
Portsmouth 74 75 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 84 74
Reading 75 79 74 100 82 73
Redbridge 79 83 78 90 77 74
Redcar and Cleveland 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 82 78
Richmond upon Thames 83 89 72 87 83 83
Rochdale 71 72 69 withheld to protect confidentiality 73 72
Rotherham 73 73 81 80 72 73
Rutland 79 100 33 N/A* 100 79
Salford 75 83 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 74
Sandwell 71 74 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 73 69
Sefton 74 78 67 withheld to protect confidentiality 72 74
Sheffield 74 74 73 85 74 74
Shropshire 74 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 73
Slough 77 83 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 69
Solihull 79 84 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 77
Somerset 76 85 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 77
South Gloucestershire 82 88 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 82
South Tyneside 77 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 77
Southampton 73 80 78 79 77 72
Southend-on-Sea 78 81 80 100 80 78
Southwark 79 77 80 85 81 80
St. Helens 72 64 56 60 77 72
Staffordshire 79 81 77 87 80 79
Stockport 77 72 71 63 81 78
Stockton-on-Tees 78 80 91 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 78
Stoke-on-Trent 72 74 73 80 73 72
Suffolk 74 80 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 72 74
Sunderland 76 76 89 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 76
Surrey 80 80 80 77 84 80
Sutton 78 85 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 76
Swindon 76 75 81 70 80 76
Tameside 72 68 70 65 65 73
Telford and Wrekin 77 75 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 77
Thurrock 77 83 85 100 82 74
Torbay 74 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 75
Tower Hamlets 76 78 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 72
Trafford 80 82 72 83 79 81
Wakefield 72 63 66 withheld to protect confidentiality 82 73
Walsall 71 74 77 73 73 71
Waltham Forest 81 85 82 85 84 78
Wandsworth 82 82 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 85
Warrington 77 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 77
Warwickshire 77 80 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 77
West Berkshire 78 85 88 100 80 78
West Sussex 73 69 68 85 76 73
Westminster 76 72 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 82
Wigan 75 77 78 80 80 75
Wiltshire 74 77 74 64 78 75
Windsor and Maidenhead 81 82 78 100 85 81
Wirral 73 66 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 73
Wokingham 82 84 75 100 80 81
Wolverhampton 73 77 78 84 74 72
Worcestershire 77 73 67 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 77
York 77 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 77

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Except for the information for White pupils, the statistics quoted for attainment by ethnicity and local authority are based on small numbers of pupils and are highly variable over time.

The data shows that:

  • in 2016/17, 100% of Asian pupils met the expected standard in reading in Rutland in the East Midlands and Isle of Wight in the South East, compared with 60% in North Tyneside in the North East (a gap of 40 percentage points)
  • 100% of Black pupils met the expected standard in Poole in the South West, compared with 33% in Rutland in the East Midlands (a gap of 67 percentage points)
  • 100% of Chinese pupils met the expected standard in 16 out of 80 local authorities, where data is available; 55% of Chinese pupils met the expected standard in Cheshire West and Chester in the North West (a gap of 45 percentage points)
  • 100% of pupils with Mixed ethnicity met the expected standard in Rutland in the East Midlands, compared with 58% in Knowsley in the North West (a gap of 42 percentage points)
  • 85% of White pupils met the expected standard in Wandsworth in London compared with 64% in Leicester in the East Midlands (a gap of 21 percentage points)

Reading attainment for children aged 6 to 7 by ethnicity and gender

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected and higher standards in reading by ethnicity and gender

Boys Girls
Ethnicity Expected standard Higher standard Expected standard Higher standard
All 71 22 80 29
Asian 73 21 81 28
Bangladeshi 70 19 79 26
Indian 80 29 87 37
Pakistani 68 16 77 21
Asian other 74 22 82 30
Black 72 19 81 27
Black African 73 21 82 28
Black Caribbean 68 17 80 23
Black other 70 17 79 26
Chinese 81 33 87 38
Mixed 73 23 82 31
Mixed White/Asian 77 28 85 36
Mixed White/Black African 73 21 82 30
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 68 18 79 25
Mixed other 74 24 83 33
White 71 22 80 29
White British 72 23 81 30
White Irish 74 28 80 33
White Irish Traveller 25 4 42 6
White Gypsy/Roma 24 2 31 3
White other 66 18 74 23
Other 65 15 72 21

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

The data shows that:

  • overall, 80% of girls met the expected standard in reading in 2016/17, compared with 71% of boys, and 29% of girls met the higher standard, compared with 22% of boys; girls were more likely to meet the expected and higher standards than boys in every ethnic group
  • Chinese girls were most likely to reach both the expected and higher standards, at 87% and 38% respectively
  • among White British pupils, 81% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 72% of boys; and 30% of girls met the higher standard, compared with 23% of boys
  • Gypsy/Roma boys were least likely to reach either the expected or the higher standard
  • for the expected standard, the smallest attainment gap between girls and boys, at 6 percentage points, was found among Chinese pupils (where 87% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 81% of boys) and Irish pupils (where 80% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 74% of boys)
  • for the expected standard, the largest attainment gap between girls and boys, at 16 percentage points, was found among Traveller of Irish Heritage pupils (where 42% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 25% of boys)
  • for the higher standard, the smallest attainment gap, at 1 percentage point, was found among Gypsy/Roma pupils, where 2% of boys met the higher standard, compared with 3% of girls
  • for the higher standard, the largest attainment gap between boys and girls, at 9 percentage points, was found among White and Black African, any Other Mixed Background and Any Other Black Background pupils

Reading attainment for children aged 6 to 7 by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in reading by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals

Boys Girls
Ethnicity FSM Non-FSM FSM Non-FSM
All 56 74 66 82
Asian 65 74 71 82
Bangladeshi 66 71 73 81
Indian 69 81 75 88
Pakistani 63 69 70 78
Asian other 65 75 71 84
Black 64 74 76 83
Black African 66 75 77 84
Black Caribbean 59 71 76 82
Black other 62 73 74 80
Chinese 72 82 80 88
Mixed 59 77 71 85
Mixed White/Asian 55 81 70 87
Mixed White/Black African 65 75 75 84
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 58 72 69 83
Mixed other 61 77 73 85
White 53 74 63 82
White British 53 75 64 84
White Irish 42 78 51 86
White Irish Traveller 22 29 38 46
White Gypsy/Roma 24 24 32 31
White other 55 67 65 75
Other 61 66 64 74

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

This data shows that:

  • in 2016/17 there were 92,319 pupils eligible for free school meals in year 2 (14% of all pupils)
  • 80% of FSM-eligible Chinese girls met the expected standard in reading (the highest percentage of any group of FSM-eligible children)
  • 22% of FSM-eligible Traveller of Irish Heritage boys met the expected standard (the lowest percentage of any group of FSM-eligible children)
  • across all ethnic groups, a higher percentage of FSM-eligible girls met the expected standard than FSM-eligible boys

Reading attainment for children aged 6 to 7 by ethnicity, gender and area

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in reading by ethnicity, gender and area

All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Local authority Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
Barking and Dagenham 71 82 76 85 76 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 82 67 79
Barnet 74 82 74 90 71 78 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 86 77 83
Barnsley 67 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 59 79 67 79
Bath and North East Somerset 73 80 53 withheld to protect confidentiality 50 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 85 73 80
Bedford 69 77 73 77 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 73 69 78
Bexley 77 85 88 89 87 94 83 100 73 83 74 83
Birmingham 68 76 71 79 69 78 84 86 68 80 67 74
Blackburn with Darwen 71 78 74 80 55 80 N/A* 67 79 85 69 77
Blackpool 70 79 74 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 86 69 79
Bolton 69 77 72 80 54 68 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 81 69 78
Bournemouth 72 79 62 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 82 71 79
Bracknell Forest 69 80 83 94 68 88 N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 78 85 68 79
Bradford 67 77 68 79 70 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 77 67 76
Brent 70 79 72 82 68 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 71 79
Brighton and Hove 72 80 63 72 79 79 70 withheld to protect confidentiality 66 78 74 81
Bristol, City of 71 76 64 74 59 65 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 78 74 78
Bromley 77 83 81 86 75 90 85 80 77 82 77 83
Buckinghamshire 75 82 70 78 69 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 74 84 76 83
Bury 70 76 65 72 71 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 69 72 77
Calderdale 66 74 62 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 77 68 76
Cambridgeshire 70 77 63 75 64 74 85 91 78 82 70 77
Camden 71 79 64 76 69 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 86 75 81
Central Bedfordshire 74 84 85 90 79 89 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 87 74 83
Cheshire East 73 81 91 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 79 73 82
Cheshire West and Chester 69 80 64 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 87 69 80
City of London withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Cornwall 70 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 67 N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 74 79 70 79
County Durham 74 81 78 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 65 86 74 81
Coventry 68 77 75 82 67 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 69 81 67 74
Croydon 73 82 77 84 72 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 71 83 73 81
Cumbria 68 78 70 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 82 69 78
Darlington 70 83 64 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 84
Derby 66 75 73 75 70 81 77 77 64 66 65 76
Derbyshire 70 81 64 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 86 70 81
Devon 72 81 81 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 84 72 82
Doncaster 68 76 65 87 78 79 100 63 70 75 68 76
Dorset 70 82 76 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 83 70 82
Dudley 68 78 65 79 70 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 66 72 69 79
Ealing 70 79 72 79 63 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 83 75 84
East Riding of Yorkshire 71 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 73 93 71 80
East Sussex 73 81 77 76 64 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 81 73 82
Enfield 69 76 81 87 69 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 81 67 72
Essex 74 82 87 87 80 88 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 84 73 82
Gateshead 73 82 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 88 73 82
Gloucestershire 71 79 70 77 75 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 79 71 80
Greenwich 76 85 82 87 78 90 90 100 82 88 73 80
Hackney 77 84 82 80 75 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 92 78 85
Halton 62 70 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 56 75 64 70
Hammersmith and Fulham 75 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 85 79 87
Hampshire 79 86 83 87 77 88 73 90 86 90 78 86
Haringey 74 84 82 89 75 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 90 71 84
Harrow 74 82 80 87 65 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 81 87 65 77
Hartlepool 70 79 69 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 79
Havering 74 81 82 84 77 89 100 100 77 84 72 79
Herefordshire, County of 73 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 75 93 73 83
Hertfordshire 75 84 80 89 72 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 86 75 83
Hillingdon 74 81 78 87 69 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 86 71 77
Hounslow 75 85 79 89 74 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 86 72 84
Isle of Wight 68 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 83 68 77
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Islington 72 80 72 82 69 77 100 100 70 86 74 81
Kensington and Chelsea 81 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 71 82 87 100 N/A* 81 83 83 86
Kent 75 83 79 88 83 92 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 89 74 83
Kingston upon Hull, City of 67 76 64 75 52 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 75 67 77
Kingston upon Thames 77 84 81 88 76 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 86 76 84
Kirklees 68 77 68 75 60 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 79 68 78
Knowsley 66 75 73 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 67 67 75
Lambeth 74 84 76 93 71 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 78 86 76 85
Lancashire 71 79 67 78 71 77 67 77 69 79 72 80
Leeds 64 73 64 73 56 68 82 87 62 74 65 74
Leicester 66 73 73 78 69 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 70 79 60 69
Leicestershire 71 79 76 86 62 91 67 withheld to protect confidentiality 71 86 71 78
Lewisham 76 83 73 84 76 82 81 86 76 83 78 85
Lincolnshire 70 78 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 80 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 69 81 70 78
Liverpool 63 71 56 75 60 72 65 73 61 73 64 71
Luton 66 77 67 78 69 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 80 67 74
Manchester 66 76 64 73 72 81 76 82 67 80 67 77
Medway 74 84 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 93 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 86 73 82
Merton 75 81 74 83 75 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 81 75 80
Middlesbrough 64 72 62 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 66 66 73
Milton Keynes 72 83 79 90 78 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 86 70 80
Newcastle upon Tyne 71 77 67 72 74 86 75 81 71 79 72 78
Newham 75 81 78 83 76 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 87 68 77
Norfolk 71 79 72 83 66 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 85 67 78 71 79
North East Lincolnshire 69 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 77 69 76
North Lincolnshire 73 81 86 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 81
North Somerset 74 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 81 74 84
North Tyneside 73 85 52 68 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 85
North Yorkshire 71 79 72 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 84 71 79
Northamptonshire 71 79 68 85 69 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 82 71 79
Northumberland 77 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 84 78 84
Nottingham 66 75 71 76 74 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 78 64 76
Nottinghamshire 68 78 74 78 69 80 80 79 68 84 68 78
Oldham 64 73 61 70 56 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 79 68 77
Oxfordshire 72 80 72 80 73 85 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 77 72 80
Peterborough 65 75 64 77 63 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 84 65 74
Plymouth 68 78 74 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 79 68 78
Poole 75 84 77 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 85 74 75 83
Portsmouth 69 80 72 79 74 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 80 90 68 80
Reading 70 79 76 81 71 77 100 100 76 87 67 78
Redbridge 74 84 79 89 72 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 84 70 77
Redcar and Cleveland 73 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 83
Richmond upon Thames 81 85 83 94 71 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 86 84 83 82 84
Rochdale 67 76 65 79 66 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 81 68 76
Rotherham 69 78 70 76 81 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 73 69 78
Rutland 76 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 82
Salford 70 79 84 82 72 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 76 87 70 79
Sandwell 66 76 70 80 67 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 68 78 64 74
Sefton 70 77 81 73 50 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 73 70 70 78
Sheffield 70 77 71 77 68 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 77 71 78
Shropshire 69 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 69 79
Slough 70 82 78 88 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 77 62 75
Solihull 75 82 80 87 67 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 79 82 74 81
Somerset 72 81 82 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 80 73 81
South Gloucestershire 77 86 88 88 81 66 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 68 92 77 87
South Tyneside 72 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 82 72 82
Southampton 69 78 77 85 70 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 86 68 76
Southend-on-Sea 73 84 73 86 80 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 80 72 84
Southwark 75 83 67 87 75 86 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 87 78 81
St. Helens 65 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 45 100 70 84 66 78
Staffordshire 75 83 80 82 68 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 83 75 83
Stockport 72 83 67 78 73 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 89 73 84
Stockton-on-Tees 75 82 75 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 86 75 82
Stoke-on-Trent 67 77 69 79 64 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 61 82 68 76
Suffolk 70 78 77 82 69 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 76 70 78
Sunderland 73 80 73 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 88 75 73 80
Surrey 76 83 75 84 74 86 74 81 80 88 76 83
Sutton 75 82 83 87 83 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 81 72 81
Swindon 72 80 72 78 78 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 86 72 81
Tameside 67 77 61 74 69 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 54 77 69 78
Telford and Wrekin 71 82 69 82 71 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77 93 71 82
Thurrock 73 81 81 85 77 92 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 88 71 78
Torbay 72 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 84 73 77
Tower Hamlets 72 81 74 82 73 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 79 66 81
Trafford 76 84 81 83 67 77 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 83 77 86
Wakefield 68 77 61 65 61 70 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 84 68 78
Walsall 67 77 68 81 71 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 82 67 75
Waltham Forest 76 86 82 89 77 88 84 86 80 88 73 84
Wandsworth 80 84 82 81 72 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 83 83 88
Warrington 74 80 82 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 91 78 74 81
Warwickshire 73 81 76 85 86 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 81 73 81
West Berkshire 74 82 82 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 88 74 81
West Sussex 69 78 64 74 68 68 75 100 73 79 69 78
Westminster 72 80 67 76 72 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 75 86 78 85
Wigan 71 80 69 88 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 80 71 80
Wiltshire 70 79 80 74 73 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 84 70 79
Windsor and Maidenhead 78 85 82 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 85 77 86
Wirral 70 77 58 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 69 80 70 77
Wokingham 79 84 85 83 73 77 100 100 77 83 79 84
Wolverhampton 69 78 74 80 73 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 77 67 77
Worcestershire 74 80 72 73 67 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 83 74 81
York 72 82 57 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 91 72 82

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Except for the information for White pupils, the statistics quoted for attainment by ethnicity and local authority are based on small numbers of pupils and are highly variable over time.

This data shows that:

  • overall in 2016/17, a higher percentage of girls than boys met the expected standard in reading in all local authorities
  • for Asian pupils, the biggest attainment gap between girls and boys was in Knowsley in the North West, where 100% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 73% of boys
  • for Black pupils, the biggest attainment gap was in Bath and North East Somerset in the South West, and Sefton in the North West, where 100% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 50% of boys
  • for pupils with Mixed ethnicity, the biggest attainment gap was in the Isle of Wight in the South East, where 83% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 57% of boys
  • for White pupils, the biggest attainment gap was in Tower Hamlets in London, where 81% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 66% of boys, and in Hartlepool in the North East, where 80% of girls met the expected standard compared with 66% of boys
  • comparisons of Chinese pupils are not possible because of the small number of local authorities with data available for this group

Methodology

Methodology

The key stage 1 dataset is compiled using information matched together from 2 data sources:

  • key stage 1 teacher assessment results
  • school census records

Key stage 1 results received from local authorities are combined with pupil characteristics from the school census. Records are matched using identifiers such as surname, forename, date of birth, unique pupil number, gender and postcode. This successfully matches around 98% of results.

Key stage 1 assessment results are not published at school level. The coverage of the local authority and regional statistics is for state-funded mainstream schools only in England. This includes schools and academies but excludes hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision.

The information is collected from 16,369 state-funded schools (approximately 654,000 pupils).

Pupils are included in the figures for free school meals (FSM) if their families have claimed eligibility for FSM at the time of the annual spring school census. This FSM definition includes all who were eligible to receive FSM, not only those who actually received FSM. Pupils not eligible for FSM or unclassified pupils are described as ‘non-FSM’ or ‘all other pupils’.

Parents are able to claim FSM if they receive a qualifying benefit.

FSM is used as an indicator of disadvantage, but when drawing conclusions, it should be remembered that not all eligible parents apply for FSM. Families who don’t quite reach the eligibility threshold for FSM may still be suffering deprivation.

Any pupils who do not have a valid key stage 1 outcome for a subject are excluded from the calculations for that subject and do not appear in the number of eligible pupils or in the outcome percentages. For reading, writing and mathematics, the valid outcomes are:

  • below the pre-key stage standard
  • foundations for the expected standard
  • working towards the expected standard
  • working at the expected standard
  • working at greater depth within the expected standard
  • absent
  • disapplied

For science, the valid outcomes are:

  • has not met the expected standard
  • working at the expected standard
  • absent
  • disapplied

Pupils with an outcome of ‘absent’ or ‘disapplied’ are included to ensure complete coverage of the cohort.

Suppression rules and disclosure control

Values of 1 or 2 or a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or did not achieve, a particular standard are suppressed. Some additional figures may be suppressed to prevent the possibility of a suppressed figure being revealed. This suppression is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF) .

Figures for the Isles of Scilly and City of London are suppressed in DfE’s key stage 2 provisional Statistical First Release as these local authorities have a single school and DfE do not publish school-level information in the performance tables at the time of the provisional release. These figures are unsuppressed in the revised release as school-level figures are already published in the performance tables.

Regional eligible pupil figures are rounded to the nearest 10 so that it is not possible to derive figures for these local authorities by summing the figures for the other local authorities in the region.

In the school-level data, any figures relating to a cohort of 5 pupils or fewer are suppressed. This applies to sub-groups of pupils as well as the whole cohort. For example, if there were five boys and three girls in a school, DfE would not publish attainment for boys or girls separately but would publish attainment for all pupils as this is based on 8 pupils. The Code of Practice for Official Statistics requires DfE to take reasonable steps to ensure that their published or disseminated statistics protect confidentiality.

For more information about DfE’s disclosure control procedures for its statistical releases please see DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF).

Rounding

Percentages given in charts, tables and downloads are rounded to the nearest whole number. For this reason some figures may not exactly match those published by the Department for Education.

Related publications

Schools, pupils and their characteristics: June 2017

Quality and methodology information

Data sources

Source

Key stage 1 statistics

Type of data

Administrative data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Department for Education

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

This data provides results for the 2017 phonics screening checks and key stage 1 national curriculum assessments for pupils in schools in England. The results are used to monitor pupils’ attainment and progress in reading, writing, science and mathematics.

Download the data

expected-standard-in-reading-for-children-aged-6-to-7-key-stage-1-local-authority.csv

This file contains the following variables: Measure, Ethnicity, Ethnicity_Type, Time, Time_Type, Region, Local_Authority, Local_Authority_Code, Gender, Value, Value_Type, Denominator

expected-and-higher-standard-in-reading-for-children-aged-6-to-7-key-stage-1-national.csv

This file contains the following variables: Measure, Ethnicity, Ethnicity_Type, Time, Time_Type, Geography (England), Geography_Code, Gender, FSM, Value, Value_Type, Denominator