Attainment in English and Maths GCSE at grade 5 or above for children aged 14 to 16 (key stage 4)

The main facts and figures show that:

  • in 2016/17, there were 527,859 pupils at the end of key stage 4 in state-funded schools, and ethnicity was known for 521,048 (99%) of them

  • of these, 77% were White, 10% were Asian, 5% were Black, 5% were Mixed, 1.6% were in the Other ethnic group, and 0.4% were in the Chinese ethnic group

  • pupils from the Chinese ethnic group were the most likely to achieve a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE, while Gypsy/Roma pupils were the least likely to

  • across all ethnic groups, girls were more likely to achieve a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE than boys – overall, 45.7% of girls did so, compared with 39.6% of boys

  • across all ethnic groups, pupils eligible for free school meals (FSM) were less likely to achieve a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE than those not eligible – overall, 21.7% of FSM-eligible pupils did so, compared with 45.8% of those not eligible

  • White Irish girls eligible for FSM were the least likely to achieve a grade 5 or above in England and Maths GCSE, with 14% doing so

Things you need to know

In 2017, pupils sat reformed GCSEs in English language, English literature and maths for the first time, graded on a 9 to 1 scale (where 9 is the highest grade and 1 is the lowest). The new headline attainment measure requires pupils to achieve a grade 5 or above in either English language or literature (with no requirement to take both) and to achieve a grade 5 or above in EBacc maths.

Please be aware that some of the statistics quoted here for some ethnic groups are based on very small numbers of pupils (for example, only 131 Chinese children were eligible for free school meals in 2016/17) and are highly variable over time.

Attainment is lower for children from a Traveller of Irish heritage background – however, there were only 118 pupils from this background at the end of key stage 4 in 2016/17. This was a much smaller number than for other ethnic groups (for example, there were 21,323 Pakistani pupils at the end of key stage 4). Therefore, data comparisons between Traveller of Irish Heritage pupils and other ethnic groups may be unreliable.

The ethnicity of 1.3% of pupils (6,811) is not known. This includes pupils whose ethnicity was not surveyed, pupils who refused to be surveyed, and pupils whose ethnicity could not be determined.

The Department of Education (DfE) has excluded, or ‘suppressed’, very small numbers (for example, values of 1 or 2, a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or 0, 1 or 2 pupils who did not achieve a particular level).

This is because, where the size of the ethnic group population is small enough that an individual’s identity could be revealed, information is suppressed to preserve confidentiality. This is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality.

Data for some Muslim, Sikh and Hindu schools was not included in the statistics for faith schools, because the small numbers of pupils make it impossible to draw meaningful conclusions about their attainment. Data for faith schools is also only provided for pupils in state-funded mainstream schools.

Schools can ask for a pupil to be removed from their performance results if the pupil:

  • arrived recently from overseas and their first language isn’t English
  • was admitted following a permanent exclusion from another school
  • is not at the end of key stage 4
  • has left England to live abroad
  • has died

Pupils removed from a school’s performance results may still be included in the national figures.

What the data measures

This data measures the percentage of pupils within each ethnic group achieving a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE.

It also looks at the total number of children achieving a grade 5 or above, and analyses each ethnic group’s percentage share of that total.

The data covers the academic year 2016/17 (September 2016 to July 2017).

Key stage 4 covers school years 10 and 11, when children are aged 14 to 16.

The ethnic categories used in this data

This data uses categories from the Department for Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 national Census, with 3 exceptions:

  • Traveller of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma children have been separated into 2 categories
  • Sri Lankan has been added to the Asian but is not reported separately
  • Chinese pupils have been assigned a separate category

These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.

The categories in the school census are as follows:

White:

  • White British
  • White Irish
  • Traveller of Irish Heritage
  • Gypsy/Roma
  • Other White

Mixed:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Other Mixed background

Asian:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Sri Lankan
  • Other Asian background

Black:

  • Black African
  • Black Caribbean
  • Other Black background

Chinese Other

Information is provided for both detailed and broad ethnic groups where possible and when the data is available.

The 6 broad categories used are as follows:

  • Asian
  • Black
  • Chinese
  • Mixed
  • White
  • Other ethnic group

However, data by local authority, basis for school admission, school type, special educational needs, and religion of school is only provided for 5 broad ethnic groups. Information about the specific ethnic categories is excluded to preserve confidentiality and ensure individuals cannot be identified. Information about the Other ethnic group is not given because DfE does not publish data for this group at the local authority level.

The 5 broad categories are as follows:

  • Asian
  • Black
  • Chinese
  • Mixed
  • White

Ethnic groups and how data on ethnicity is collected

Pupils achieving grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity

Percentage of pupils achieving grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity

Ethnicity % Pupils
All 42.6 527,859
Asian 49.5 52,787
Bangladeshi 48.4 8,874
Indian 61.9 13,968
Pakistani 38.6 21,323
Asian other 57.2 8,622
Black 38.4 27,922
Black African 43.5 17,466
Black Caribbean 28.7 7,097
Black other 32.1 3,359
Chinese 72.0 2,073
Mixed 43.2 23,483
Mixed White/Asian 53.9 5,147
Mixed White/Black African 42.8 2,714
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 31.1 7,038
Mixed other 46.7 8,584
White 42.0 406,342
White British 42.1 378,108
White Irish 55.0 1,676
Gypsy/Roma 4.7 1,073
Irish traveller 9.3 118
White other 41.4 25,367
Other 43.6 8,441
Unknown 34.7 6,811

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

The data shows that:

  • in 2016/17, 42.6% of all pupils achieved grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE, making this the national average
  • pupils from the Chinese ethnic group were the most likely to achieve grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE (with 72% doing so), followed by pupils from the Indian group (61.9%)
  • the Gypsy/Roma ethnic group had the lowest percentage of pupils achieving grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE (4.7% did so), followed by children from a Traveller of Irish Heritage background (9.3% did so)

Pupils achieving grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)

Percentage of pupils achieving grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)

FSM Non-FSM
Ethnicity % Pupils % Pupils
All 21.7 69,261 45.8 458,598
Asian 35.5 8,824 52.3 43,963
Bangladeshi 41.9 2,438 50.9 6,436
Indian 43.4 1,016 63.3 12,952
Pakistani 29.2 4,302 41.0 17,021
Asian other 38.5 1,068 59.8 7,554
Black 29.2 6,076 41.0 21,846
Black African 34.7 3,777 46.0 13,689
Black Caribbean 19.6 1,574 31.3 5,523
Black other 21.2 725 35.1 2,634
Chinese 67.9 131 72.3 1,942
Mixed 22.9 4,297 47.7 19,186
Mixed White/Asian 24.2 723 58.7 4,424
Mixed White/Black African 27.4 541 46.6 2,173
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 16.5 1,598 35.4 5,440
Mixed other 27.5 1,435 50.6 7,149
White 17.4 46,985 45.2 359,357
White British 16.9 44,106 45.4 334,002
White Irish 18.6 194 59.8 1,482
Gypsy/Roma withheld to protect confidentiality 325 withheld to protect confidentiality 748
Irish traveller withheld to protect confidentiality 66 withheld to protect confidentiality 52
White other 29.1 2,294 42.6 23,073
Other 36.1 2,012 45.9 6,429
Unknown 32.4 936 41.1 5,875

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. See the Methodology section for more information about who qualifies for FSM.

The data shows that:

  • 13.3% of pupils (69,261 children) at the end of key stage 4 were eligible for free school meals (FSM) in 2016/17
  • 23.8% of pupils from the Other ethnic group were eligible for FSM, followed by 21.8% of Black pupils, 18.3% of pupils of Mixed ethnicity, 16.7% of Asian pupils, 11.6% of White pupils and 6.3% of pupils from the Chinese ethnic group
  • across all ethnic groups, FSM-eligible pupils were less likely to achieve a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE than those not eligible – overall, 21.7% of pupils eligible for FSM achieved a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE, while 45.8% of all other pupils did so
  • of the broad ethnic groups, pupils from the Chinese ethnic group had the highest percentage of FSM-eligible pupils achieving a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE (67.9% did so)
  • White FSM-eligible pupils were least likely to achieve a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE (17.4% did so)
  • Irish pupils had the largest gap in attainment between those eligible for FSM and those not eligible, with 18.6% of FSM-eligible pupils achieving a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE, compared with 59.8% of those not eligible (a 41.2 percentage point gap)

Pupils achieving grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity and area

Percentage of pupils attaining a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity and area

All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Geography % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils
All - England 42.9 524,932 50.1 52,087 38.8 27,595 73.1 2,038 43.4 23,359 42.1 405,100
County Durham 34.7 4,608 50.0 28 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 withheld to protect confidentiality 12 45.7 46 34.6 4,459
Darlington 44.0 1,066 withheld to protect confidentiality 23 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 27.3 22 43.6 998
Gateshead 40.1 1,909 51.1 45 30.0 10 57.1 7 53.8 26 39.3 1,784
Hartlepool 37.6 976 withheld to protect confidentiality 23 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 withheld to protect confidentiality 0 withheld to protect confidentiality 8 37.7 939
Middlesbrough 37.0 1,386 50.0 182 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 36.7 49 35.5 1,061
Newcastle upon Tyne 35.4 2,362 43.7 238 23.4 77 60.9 23 38.3 60 34.5 1,888
North Tyneside 44.0 1,959 50.0 34 withheld to protect confidentiality 9 withheld to protect confidentiality 17 51.5 33 43.6 1,845
Northumberland 39.3 3,145 41.0 39 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 withheld to protect confidentiality 6 52.5 40 39.0 3,046
Redcar and Cleveland 41.7 1,584 52.9 17 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 45.5 22 42.0 1,480
South Tyneside 35.1 1,500 43.4 53 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 withheld to protect confidentiality 3 withheld to protect confidentiality 20 34.9 1,388
Stockton-on-Tees 41.6 1,913 40.4 99 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 48.3 29 41.5 1,758
Sunderland 34.1 2,769 40.5 121 withheld to protect confidentiality 11 withheld to protect confidentiality 3 38.5 26 33.6 2,590
Blackburn with Darwen 41.9 1,746 52.1 764 withheld to protect confidentiality 20 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 42.6 54 33.9 890
Blackpool 27.1 1,190 57.1 21 withheld to protect confidentiality 3 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 22.2 18 26.8 1,134
Bolton 38.8 3,263 48.9 659 withheld to protect confidentiality 145 withheld to protect confidentiality 6 38.4 86 36.5 2,313
Bury 38.0 2,120 34.0 262 withheld to protect confidentiality 35 withheld to protect confidentiality 11 45.1 82 38.4 1,697
Cheshire East 46.9 3,582 58.9 56 withheld to protect confidentiality 12 withheld to protect confidentiality 12 47.2 89 46.5 3,378
Cheshire West and Chester 39.8 3,328 34.1 41 50.0 10 62.5 8 46.5 71 39.6 3,181
Cumbria 42.2 4,915 52.4 21 withheld to protect confidentiality 10 withheld to protect confidentiality 17 59.7 62 42.2 4,652
Halton 30.5 1,395 withheld to protect confidentiality 3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 32.3 31 30.3 1,347
Knowsley 24.6 978 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 35.3 17 24.5 944
Lancashire 42.8 12,078 42.6 1,238 41.4 29 81.3 32 45.4 273 42.6 10,415
Liverpool 37.3 4,467 57.3 131 32.3 158 77.1 48 43.8 192 36.1 3,768
Manchester 34.9 4,574 45.7 1,056 32.7 741 51.4 37 32.9 328 29.7 2,120
Oldham 37.0 2,918 37.3 869 withheld to protect confidentiality 45 withheld to protect confidentiality 8 30.4 115 37.5 1,802
Rochdale 33.6 2,238 38.0 563 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 withheld to protect confidentiality 3 19.5 77 33.3 1,493
Salford 31.9 2,057 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 97 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 35.1 94 31.4 1,775
Sefton 37.2 3,013 53.8 26 23.5 17 55.6 9 44.2 43 37.9 2,833
St. Helens 37.8 1,693 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 5 58.8 34 38.1 1,566
Stockport 44.4 2,649 53.2 173 34.1 41 43.8 16 40.0 105 43.9 2,276
Tameside 39.3 2,407 45.6 283 withheld to protect confidentiality 37 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 38.2 68 38.6 1,995
Trafford 62.7 2,715 70.9 327 58.8 80 84.1 44 60.5 157 61.8 2,042
Warrington 46.0 2,277 69.0 42 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 withheld to protect confidentiality 9 47.7 44 45.9 2,126
Wigan 37.8 3,337 41.2 34 withheld to protect confidentiality 25 withheld to protect confidentiality 9 41.8 55 37.7 3,172
Wirral 44.0 3,349 69.4 62 58.3 12 77.3 22 51.5 68 43.0 3,158
Barnsley 38.8 2,110 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 33.3 9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 46.7 30 38.8 2,051
Bradford 35.1 5,786 37.1 2,598 31.6 79 70.0 10 29.6 226 34.1 2,743
Calderdale 45.1 2,475 42.9 359 withheld to protect confidentiality 26 withheld to protect confidentiality 7 39.1 69 45.7 1,997
Doncaster 38.6 2,996 50.0 86 withheld to protect confidentiality 41 withheld to protect confidentiality 11 39.1 69 37.7 2,757
East Riding of Yorkshire 44.9 3,370 50.0 12 withheld to protect confidentiality 8 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 54.7 53 44.7 3,236
Kingston upon Hull, City of 30.0 2,253 60.5 43 withheld to protect confidentiality 32 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 43.9 41 29.7 2,018
Kirklees 41.4 4,383 36.4 1,233 withheld to protect confidentiality 92 withheld to protect confidentiality 8 27.1 221 44.7 2,794
Leeds 39.3 7,427 33.6 921 31.2 417 71.8 39 37.3 362 41.8 5,420
North East Lincolnshire 35.7 1,592 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 33.3 21 37.0 1,431
North Lincolnshire 40.7 1,749 43.9 66 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65.5 29 40.2 1,630
North Yorkshire 50.4 5,904 66.0 94 50.0 16 58.3 12 54.5 99 50.1 5,632
Rotherham 37.1 3,028 33.8 213 withheld to protect confidentiality 43 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 40.0 65 37.3 2,672
Sheffield 39.1 5,090 39.9 501 29.5 210 68.8 16 36.0 272 39.8 3,879
Wakefield 42.1 3,402 44.9 89 withheld to protect confidentiality 41 withheld to protect confidentiality 8 42.6 61 41.9 3,161
York 48.1 1,608 53.3 30 37.5 8 57.1 7 48.6 37 47.9 1,512
Derby 37.4 2,741 44.1 479 withheld to protect confidentiality 87 withheld to protect confidentiality 7 27.6 170 37.2 1,944
Derbyshire 42.3 7,249 40.7 54 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 133 42.0 6,965
Leicester 35.6 3,310 44.6 1,526 withheld to protect confidentiality 357 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 26.5 1,139
Leicestershire 45.0 6,867 63.0 497 29.1 55 66.7 24 43.2 236 43.7 5,987
Lincolnshire 42.4 7,549 73.1 93 41.9 43 66.7 21 49.7 165 41.7 7,160
Northamptonshire 40.2 7,287 53.3 304 37.0 303 72.2 18 37.5 349 39.8 6,228
Nottingham 31.0 2,505 withheld to protect confidentiality 436 28.2 277 withheld to protect confidentiality 6 26.5 249 29.0 1,453
Nottinghamshire 45.5 7,511 62.0 166 35.7 112 79.2 24 51.3 277 45.1 6,821
Rutland 57.7 473 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57.4 458
Birmingham 40.2 12,127 42.0 4,710 32.8 1,453 70.9 55 39.1 923 40.7 4,326
Coventry 36.2 3,374 48.2 635 34.1 305 withheld to protect confidentiality 9 withheld to protect confidentiality 171 33.4 2,198
Dudley 37.1 3,484 32.7 318 35.6 90 57.1 7 36.3 190 38.0 2,820
Herefordshire, County of 44.4 1,718 withheld to protect confidentiality 7 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 43.8 1,655
Sandwell 28.7 3,564 34.8 993 23.0 309 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 26.8 1,901
Shropshire 42.3 2,777 withheld to protect confidentiality 34 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 50.0 6 withheld to protect confidentiality 45 42.2 2,647
Solihull 45.8 2,917 59.2 331 46.0 63 withheld to protect confidentiality 10 withheld to protect confidentiality 163 44.6 2,217
Staffordshire 39.3 8,414 43.8 265 25.0 40 66.7 15 36.0 186 39.3 7,861
Stoke-on-Trent 31.8 2,198 28.0 322 38.9 36 62.5 8 31.0 84 32.6 1,706
Telford and Wrekin 41.5 1,835 48.0 100 32.6 43 withheld to protect confidentiality 10 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 40.9 1,596
Walsall 34.3 3,169 45.5 649 37.1 132 100.0 3 32.1 159 30.9 2,191
Warwickshire 48.1 5,489 69.1 278 37.2 43 withheld to protect confidentiality 11 withheld to protect confidentiality 180 47.0 4,875
Wolverhampton 35.6 2,505 51.2 601 33.2 244 withheld to protect confidentiality 11 withheld to protect confidentiality 246 31.6 1,362
Worcestershire 44.1 5,348 49.4 176 27.6 29 withheld to protect confidentiality 11 withheld to protect confidentiality 152 44.2 4,937
Bedford 37.9 1,827 36.5 266 withheld to protect confidentiality 88 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 24.3 144 40.3 1,294
Cambridgeshire 46.7 5,635 54.4 169 22.2 54 71.9 32 46.9 207 46.6 5,032
Central Bedfordshire 42.5 2,591 64.8 54 withheld to protect confidentiality 53 withheld to protect confidentiality 7 34.3 105 42.6 2,347
Essex 42.8 14,378 71.0 348 47.5 398 82.5 57 48.0 556 41.4 12,778
Hertfordshire 50.9 12,734 64.6 851 44.4 468 79.4 68 50.7 736 50.0 10,391
Luton 34.6 2,433 39.8 1,040 withheld to protect confidentiality 267 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 27.3 150 30.3 780
Norfolk 39.8 7,864 62.5 72 31.9 72 65.6 32 49.1 167 39.4 7,418
Peterborough 35.0 2,237 36.9 388 withheld to protect confidentiality 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 8 33.9 115 34.5 1,608
Southend-on-Sea 54.1 2,103 72.4 127 70.3 128 81.8 22 55.2 87 51.5 1,715
Suffolk 40.3 6,718 58.1 93 withheld to protect confidentiality 50 withheld to protect confidentiality 7 40.2 251 40.0 6,201
Thurrock 38.4 1,633 71.4 49 withheld to protect confidentiality 180 withheld to protect confidentiality 10 39.8 83 35.3 1,276
Camden 48.3 1,513 44.0 277 41.8 318 100.0 7 49.2 191 52.0 577
City of London N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A*
Hackney 44.7 2,002 48.9 270 36.9 750 withheld to protect confidentiality 9 withheld to protect confidentiality 153 51.9 648
Hammersmith and Fulham 52.9 1,313 55.9 102 38.7 341 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 withheld to protect confidentiality 137 63.5 578
Haringey 43.6 2,127 47.5 139 34.8 581 57.1 7 47.9 211 47.5 1,024
Islington 43.9 1,377 54.6 163 38.5 387 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 withheld to protect confidentiality 155 43.2 525
Kensington and Chelsea 57.4 739 66.7 18 51.6 126 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 withheld to protect confidentiality 112 60.9 302
Lambeth 39.3 1,949 53.9 76 34.8 990 73.9 23 36.9 244 44.8 504
Lewisham 37.9 2,247 40.9 132 32.6 952 64.7 34 43.2 285 41.6 675
Newham 45.8 3,523 54.0 1,618 38.8 863 78.6 14 35.7 213 36.0 597
Southwark 47.8 2,328 55.6 142 43.9 1,056 59.1 22 44.7 264 53.2 656
Tower Hamlets 44.3 2,623 47.4 1,769 42.5 306 withheld to protect confidentiality 6 withheld to protect confidentiality 113 37.3 300
Wandsworth 50.6 1,695 53.0 353 40.5 464 withheld to protect confidentiality 12 withheld to protect confidentiality 191 58.5 556
Westminster 55.4 1,535 61.8 186 51.3 351 61.1 18 55.1 158 59.5 385
Barking and Dagenham 43.1 2,185 58.2 428 45.3 601 withheld to protect confidentiality 3 withheld to protect confidentiality 124 35.1 970
Barnet 60.3 3,528 77.0 539 50.8 478 81.8 55 59.5 343 58.6 1,728
Bexley 49.9 3,141 73.9 203 61.4 567 75.0 48 51.9 185 43.7 2,086
Brent 49.8 2,908 56.5 894 36.7 698 100.0 4 45.1 195 43.8 507
Bromley 47.6 3,258 70.3 182 51.4 296 72.1 43 49.5 303 47.1 2,231
Croydon 40.6 3,579 56.1 462 35.6 1,031 withheld to protect confidentiality 10 withheld to protect confidentiality 503 41.4 1,338
Ealing 50.7 2,722 55.9 808 41.3 543 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 withheld to protect confidentiality 231 53.5 736
Enfield 42.6 3,487 62.5 277 38.9 854 withheld to protect confidentiality 9 withheld to protect confidentiality 315 40.8 1,747
Greenwich 41.6 2,166 52.7 188 42.7 637 68.4 19 38.4 216 38.8 1,008
Harrow 50.0 2,049 63.0 898 31.6 329 withheld to protect confidentiality 6 withheld to protect confidentiality 147 42.6 540
Havering 46.6 2,794 54.7 106 50.6 340 withheld to protect confidentiality 7 withheld to protect confidentiality 132 45.4 2,141
Hillingdon 45.3 3,075 59.0 659 40.6 350 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 withheld to protect confidentiality 324 40.2 1,482
Hounslow 46.7 2,641 57.8 746 43.3 353 100.0 7 39.7 184 44.1 958
Kingston upon Thames 61.3 1,517 74.8 333 42.5 40 100.0 22 58.6 128 56.6 915
Merton 49.2 1,420 56.5 230 41.4 280 57.1 7 50.8 177 49.7 672
Redbridge 55.8 3,458 65.5 1,792 39.7 463 59.1 22 53.9 243 45.8 856
Richmond upon Thames 57.7 1,374 55.6 90 31.1 61 withheld to protect confidentiality 8 withheld to protect confidentiality 147 59.9 1,018
Sutton 61.3 2,759 86.8 551 54.0 226 withheld to protect confidentiality 45 withheld to protect confidentiality 228 52.6 1,644
Waltham Forest 41.4 2,486 45.8 681 35.1 567 42.1 19 39.1 235 43.1 883
Bracknell Forest 43.2 1,119 51.9 52 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 30.4 46 43.4 989
Brighton and Hove 47.2 2,197 46.7 60 32.6 43 100.0 6 45.7 164 47.5 1,847
Buckinghamshire 56.2 5,599 56.7 979 45.0 171 81.5 27 55.7 305 56.3 4,016
East Sussex 38.4 4,812 51.2 82 23.1 39 50.0 16 41.3 184 38.3 4,395
Hampshire 45.5 12,740 55.4 332 31.5 89 75.0 36 51.5 363 45.1 11,749
Isle of Wight 32.6 1,251 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 46.7 30 32.3 1,196
Kent 42.3 15,407 64.1 566 58.8 345 86.2 65 51.1 615 40.3 13,538
Medway 41.1 2,910 63.4 134 withheld to protect confidentiality 159 withheld to protect confidentiality 10 45.3 139 38.4 2,415
Milton Keynes 40.8 2,841 48.8 248 34.7 352 73.3 15 37.1 167 40.6 1,985
Oxfordshire 48.1 5,945 46.1 310 40.4 114 67.9 28 44.1 320 48.5 5,077
Portsmouth 37.2 1,627 61.0 82 48.8 43 100.0 5 44.9 49 34.9 1,412
Reading 49.8 1,134 65.8 222 29.5 105 100.0 16 46.7 105 48.0 642
Slough 56.1 1,648 64.0 839 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51.6 122 43.0 456
Southampton 34.1 1,845 47.1 191 withheld to protect confidentiality 42 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 37.4 99 32.1 1,489
Surrey 51.6 10,067 57.6 592 45.7 197 77.8 45 55.0 467 51.0 8,621
West Berkshire 47.8 1,790 withheld to protect confidentiality 46 withheld to protect confidentiality 29 withheld to protect confidentiality 6 39.5 76 48.7 1,587
West Sussex 45.3 7,782 49.2 329 27.8 97 61.1 18 46.4 252 45.3 7,007
Windsor and Maidenhead 50.1 1,547 49.1 212 55.6 27 33.3 9 37.4 91 51.3 1,159
Wokingham 55.1 1,642 57.1 182 withheld to protect confidentiality 59 withheld to protect confidentiality 7 51.7 89 55.2 1,270
Bath and North East Somerset 41.9 2,001 57.6 33 withheld to protect confidentiality 22 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 34.7 72 42.4 1,838
Bournemouth 47.8 1,611 65.7 35 42.1 19 72.7 11 49.3 75 47.0 1,428
Bristol, City of 41.0 3,236 48.5 229 31.6 326 58.3 12 37.7 244 41.8 2,376
Cornwall 38.4 5,133 38.1 21 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 45.9 98 38.2 4,928
Devon 42.5 6,704 65.6 32 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 withheld to protect confidentiality 21 52.1 96 42.5 6,265
Dorset 39.6 3,988 43.3 30 withheld to protect confidentiality 3 withheld to protect confidentiality 11 41.6 77 39.5 3,792
Gloucestershire 46.2 6,165 62.3 162 22.1 77 70.6 17 42.3 215 46.2 5,633
Isles of Scilly 68.4 19 withheld to protect confidentiality 0 withheld to protect confidentiality 0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 18
North Somerset 43.9 2,086 61.9 21 withheld to protect confidentiality 12 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 51.2 41 43.7 1,996
Plymouth 38.1 2,515 45.5 22 withheld to protect confidentiality 18 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 40.0 40 37.8 2,371
Poole 54.0 1,341 74.2 31 withheld to protect confidentiality 12 withheld to protect confidentiality 4 59.2 49 53.2 1,222
Somerset 40.2 4,837 66.7 45 withheld to protect confidentiality 18 withheld to protect confidentiality 9 41.1 90 40.0 4,648
South Gloucestershire 39.5 2,586 50.0 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 36 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 37.4 107 39.4 2,337
Swindon 35.7 2,038 35.3 201 withheld to protect confidentiality 39 withheld to protect confidentiality 5 39.2 79 35.2 1,667
Torbay 50.7 1,316 withheld to protect confidentiality 13 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 1,186
Wiltshire 43.5 4,732 67.6 68 34.4 32 64.7 17 45.1 113 43.8 4,225

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Summary

The data shows that:

  • Isles of Scilly in the South West had the highest percentage of pupils achieving a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE (68.4%), but this area only includes 19 pupils so this result should be treated with caution; Trafford in the North West had the next highest percentage of pupils achieving a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE (62.7%)
  • Knowsley in the North West had the lowest percentage of pupils achieving a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE (at 24.6%)
  • 86.8% of Asian pupils achieved a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE in Sutton (London), compared with 28.0% in Stoke-on-Trent (West Midlands), making these the local authorities where Asian pupils were most and least likely to achieve a grade 5 or above
  • 70.3% of Black pupils achieved a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE in Southend-on-Sea (East of England), compared with 22.1% in Gloucestershire (South West)
  • 100% of Chinese pupils achieved a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE in 8 local authorities, compared with 33.3% in Windsor and Maidenhead (South East)
  • 65.5% of pupils with Mixed ethnicity achieved a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE in North Lincolnshire (Yorkshire and the Humber), compared with 19.5% in Rochdale (North West)
  • 63.5% of White pupils achieved a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE in Hammersmith and Fulham (London), compared with 24.5% in Knowsley (North West)

Pupils achieving grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity and gender

Percentage of pupils achieving a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity and gender

All Boys Girls
Ethnicity % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils
All 42.6 527,859 39.6 268,527 45.7 259,332
Asian 49.5 52,787 47.0 27,070 52.1 25,717
Bangladeshi 48.4 8,874 47.1 4,349 49.6 4,525
Indian 61.9 13,968 59.0 7,294 65.1 6,674
Pakistani 38.6 21,323 36.5 10,903 40.8 10,420
Asian other 57.2 8,622 52.8 4,524 62.1 4,098
Black 38.4 27,922 34.1 13,919 42.7 14,003
Black African 43.5 17,466 39.5 8,703 47.6 8,763
Black Caribbean 28.7 7,097 24.2 3,530 33.2 3,567
Black other 32.1 3,359 27.1 1,686 37.2 1,673
Chinese 72.0 2,073 67.9 1,080 76.5 993
Mixed 43.2 23,483 40.9 11,749 45.5 11,734
Mixed White/Asian 53.9 5,147 51.8 2,602 56.0 2,545
Mixed White/Black African 42.8 2,714 40.2 1,340 45.3 1,374
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 31.1 7,038 28.3 3,471 34.0 3,567
Mixed other 46.7 8,584 44.6 4,336 48.9 4,248
White 42.0 406,342 39.0 206,635 45.1 199,707
White British 42.1 378,108 39.1 192,325 45.2 185,783
White Irish 55.0 1,676 withheld to protect confidentiality 846 withheld to protect confidentiality 830
Gypsy/Roma 4.7 1,073 4.3 560 5.1 513
Irish traveller 9.3 118 withheld to protect confidentiality 54 withheld to protect confidentiality 64
White other 41.4 25,367 37.8 12,850 45.1 12,517
Other 43.6 8,441 40.7 4,471 46.9 3,970
Unknown 34.7 6,811 31.7 3,603 38.0 3,208

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

The data shows that:

  • across all ethnic groups, boys were less likely to achieve a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE compared with girls: overall, 45.7% of girls achieved a grade 5 or above compared with 39.6% of boys
  • of the broad ethnic groups, Chinese girls had the highest percentage achieving a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE (76.5%), while Black boys had the lowest (34.1%)
  • the largest gap between boys and girls was in the Other Black ethnic group, where 37.2% of girls achieved a a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE compared with 27.1% of boys (a gap of 10.1 percentage points)

Pupils achieving grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)

Percentage of pupils achieving a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)

FSM Boys FSM Girls Non-FSM Boys Non-FSM Girls
Ethnicity % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils
All 19.5 34,903 24.0 34,358 42.7 233,624 49.1 224,974
Asian 33.6 4,362 37.3 4,462 49.6 22,708 55.1 21,255
Bangladeshi 40.7 1,187 43.1 1,251 49.6 3,162 52.1 3,274
Indian 41.3 491 45.3 525 60.2 6,803 66.8 6,149
Pakistani 27.4 2,106 31.0 2,196 38.7 8,797 43.4 8,224
Asian other 35.1 578 42.4 490 55.4 3,946 64.7 3,608
Black 25.0 3,019 33.3 3,057 36.6 10,900 45.3 10,946
Black African 30.9 1,855 38.3 1,922 41.8 6,848 50.2 6,841
Black Caribbean 14.3 798 25.0 776 27.1 2,732 35.4 2,791
Black other 18.3 366 24.2 359 29.5 1,320 40.7 1,314
Chinese 62.3 69 74.2 62 68.2 1,011 76.7 931
Mixed 21.3 2,136 24.4 2,161 45.2 9,613 50.2 9,573
Mixed White/Asian 23.9 377 24.6 346 56.5 2,225 60.9 2,199
Mixed White/Black African 26.6 256 28.1 285 43.5 1,084 49.8 1,089
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 14.3 781 18.6 817 32.3 2,690 38.5 2,750
Mixed other 25.5 722 29.6 713 48.4 3,614 52.8 3,535
White 15.3 23,786 19.6 23,199 42.0 182,849 48.5 176,508
White British 14.8 22,338 19.1 21,768 42.3 169,987 48.7 164,015
White Irish 23.4 94 14.0 100 59.7 752 59.9 730
Gypsy/Roma withheld to protect confidentiality 165 withheld to protect confidentiality 160 withheld to protect confidentiality 395 withheld to protect confidentiality 353
Irish traveller withheld to protect confidentiality 28 withheld to protect confidentiality 38 withheld to protect confidentiality 26 withheld to protect confidentiality 26
White other 26.7 1,161 31.5 1,133 38.8 11,689 46.5 11,384
Other 34.0 1,054 38.5 958 42.8 3,417 49.5 3,012
Unknown 30.3 477 34.6 459 38.1 3,126 44.4 2,749

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. See the Methodology section for more information about who qualifies for FSM.

The data shows that:

  • overall, in every ethnic group, boys and girls not eligible for FSM did better than those who were eligible
  • across all ethnic groups, FSM-eligible girls were more likely to achieve a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE than FSM-eligible boys, except for White Irish pupils
  • Chinese boys and girls eligible for FSM had the highest percentage achieving a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE, at 62.3% and 74.2% respectively
  • White Irish girls eligible for FSM had the lowest percentage of pupils achieving a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE (14%)
  • the largest gap between FSM-eligible girls and boys, at 11.9 percentage points, was found among Chinese pupils

Pupils achieving grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity, gender and area

Percentage of pupils achieving a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity, gender and area

All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Geography All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%) All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%) All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%) All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%) All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%) All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%)
All - England 42.9 39.9 45.9 50.1 47.7 52.6 38.8 34.6 43.0 73.1 69.2 77.3 43.4 41.1 45.7 42.1 39.1 45.2
Barking and Dagenham 43.1 38.9 47.6 58.2 55.9 60.6 45.3 37.9 53.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 35.1 31.7 39.0
Barnet 60.3 57.9 62.7 77.0 79.8 73.7 50.8 45.9 55.5 81.8 80.0 84.0 59.5 56.1 62.9 58.6 55.6 61.8
Barnsley 38.8 35.9 41.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 33.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 46.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 38.8 36.0 41.7
Bath and North East Somerset 41.9 32.8 51.1 57.6 52.9 62.5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 34.7 26.9 39.1 42.4 33.2 51.7
Bedford 37.9 34.5 41.2 36.5 31.1 42.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 24.3 21.3 27.5 40.3 37.9 42.5
Bexley 49.9 46.1 53.7 73.9 68.8 78.2 61.4 54.3 67.5 75.0 70.0 83.3 51.9 49.4 53.7 43.7 41.0 46.5
Birmingham 40.2 38.3 42.1 42.0 41.6 42.4 32.8 29.7 35.9 70.9 69.2 72.4 39.1 35.9 42.5 40.7 38.2 43.1
Blackburn with Darwen 41.9 39.3 44.5 52.1 47.2 57.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 42.6 43.3 41.7 33.9 32.2 35.6
Blackpool 27.1 23.9 30.1 57.1 40.0 72.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 22.2 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 26.8 23.8 29.5
Bolton 38.8 35.4 42.3 48.9 45.7 52.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 38.4 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 36.5 32.3 40.9
Bournemouth 47.8 45.9 49.9 65.7 65.0 66.7 42.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 49.3 54.2 40.7 47.0 44.5 49.6
Bracknell Forest 43.2 40.5 45.8 51.9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 27.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 30.4 25.0 34.6 43.4 40.4 46.3
Bradford 35.1 33.4 36.9 37.1 35.2 39.0 31.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 29.6 26.9 32.0 34.1 32.6 35.6
Brent 49.8 49.1 50.5 56.5 54.5 58.4 36.7 34.6 38.5 100.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 45.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 43.8 41.6 45.8
Brighton and Hove 47.2 43.5 51.4 46.7 39.4 55.6 32.6 30.4 35.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 45.7 48.1 43.5 47.5 43.5 52.1
Bristol, City of 41.0 35.9 46.1 48.5 45.4 51.8 31.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 37.7 29.0 44.5 41.8 36.1 47.7
Bromley 47.6 44.7 50.2 70.3 67.1 73.0 51.4 50.4 52.2 72.1 81.0 63.6 49.5 46.3 52.1 47.1 44.3 49.7
Buckinghamshire 56.2 50.2 62.5 56.7 48.4 65.3 45.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81.5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 55.7 49.1 63.0 56.3 50.6 62.2
Bury 38.0 34.4 41.8 34.0 35.4 32.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 33.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100.0 45.1 41.7 47.8 38.4 34.2 42.9
Calderdale 45.1 43.3 47.1 42.9 35.4 51.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 39.1 41.7 36.4 45.7 44.8 46.6
Cambridgeshire 46.7 43.0 50.4 54.4 50.0 59.3 22.2 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71.9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 46.9 48.6 44.8 46.6 42.7 50.4
Camden 48.3 46.3 49.8 44.0 44.7 43.4 41.8 32.2 47.3 100.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 49.2 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 52.0 50.2 53.3
Central Bedfordshire 42.5 39.3 46.1 64.8 60.7 69.2 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 34.3 38.3 28.9 42.6 39.3 46.2
Cheshire East 46.9 45.3 48.5 58.9 63.3 53.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100.0 47.2 54.5 40.0 46.5 44.7 48.3
Cheshire West and Chester 39.8 37.0 42.9 34.1 29.4 37.5 50.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 62.5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 46.5 35.5 55.0 39.6 37.0 42.6
City of London N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A*
Cornwall 38.4 34.8 42.1 38.1 62.5 23.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 45.9 47.7 44.4 38.2 34.4 42.2
County Durham 34.7 32.3 37.3 50.0 33.3 57.9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 45.7 34.6 60.0 34.6 32.3 37.0
Coventry 36.2 33.7 38.7 48.2 44.0 52.4 34.1 33.6 34.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 33.4 31.3 35.4
Croydon 40.6 37.6 43.4 56.1 52.3 60.2 35.6 31.0 40.0 withheld to protect confidentiality 100.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 41.5 withheld to protect confidentiality 41.4 38.6 43.8
Cumbria 42.2 39.3 45.1 52.4 50.0 53.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100.0 59.7 54.8 64.5 42.2 39.5 44.8
Darlington 44.0 40.7 47.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 27.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 43.6 40.3 46.7
Derby 37.4 36.5 38.5 44.1 45.7 41.9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 24.4 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100.0 27.6 19.0 36.0 37.2 35.9 38.8
Derbyshire 42.3 38.8 45.8 40.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51.7 withheld to protect confidentiality 42.0 38.8 45.3
Devon 42.5 39.7 45.7 65.6 53.8 73.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 52.1 53.3 51.0 42.5 39.6 45.6
Doncaster 38.6 36.4 40.8 50.0 46.5 53.5 withheld to protect confidentiality 40.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100.0 withheld to protect confidentiality 39.1 37.8 40.6 37.7 35.7 39.8
Dorset 39.6 36.6 42.7 43.3 54.5 36.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 41.6 33.3 51.4 39.5 36.6 42.6
Dudley 37.1 35.5 38.8 32.7 32.7 32.7 35.6 25.6 44.7 57.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 36.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 38.0 36.5 39.8
Ealing 50.7 49.1 52.4 55.9 54.3 57.7 41.3 38.1 44.4 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 53.5 52.4 54.7
East Riding of Yorkshire 44.9 42.8 46.9 50.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 54.7 52.9 55.6 44.7 42.6 46.8
East Sussex 38.4 36.3 40.7 51.2 45.9 55.6 23.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 41.3 36.5 46.6 38.3 36.6 40.1
Enfield 42.6 40.9 44.5 62.5 62.3 62.6 38.9 36.5 41.3 withheld to protect confidentiality 100.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 44.9 withheld to protect confidentiality 40.8 39.1 42.9
Essex 42.8 39.6 46.0 71.0 69.0 73.6 47.5 37.4 55.7 82.5 76.7 88.9 48.0 48.7 47.4 41.4 38.1 44.8
Gateshead 40.1 36.7 43.9 51.1 54.5 47.8 30.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 53.8 41.7 64.3 39.3 36.1 42.8
Gloucestershire 46.2 43.6 48.9 62.3 63.4 60.9 22.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 42.3 42.5 42.2 46.2 43.3 49.1
Greenwich 41.6 40.2 43.1 52.7 49.5 56.0 42.7 43.4 42.0 68.4 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 38.4 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 38.8 37.2 40.7
Hackney 44.7 42.3 46.7 48.9 43.8 53.5 36.9 32.6 40.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 38.3 51.9 49.0 54.4
Halton 30.5 25.1 35.4 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 32.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 30.3 24.8 35.4
Hammersmith and Fulham 52.9 47.6 58.5 55.9 50.0 63.0 38.7 36.1 42.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63.5 58.6 67.6
Hampshire 45.5 41.7 49.5 55.4 51.1 60.8 31.5 25.5 38.1 75.0 76.5 73.7 51.5 47.3 55.9 45.1 41.3 49.0
Haringey 43.6 41.1 46.3 47.5 45.3 49.3 34.8 27.2 42.5 57.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 47.9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 47.5 48.4 46.4
Harrow 50.0 47.3 52.7 63.0 59.7 66.5 31.6 29.6 33.5 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 44.2 withheld to protect confidentiality 42.6 39.5 45.5
Hartlepool 37.6 35.0 40.4 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 37.7 34.8 40.8
Havering 46.6 43.8 49.5 54.7 42.9 62.5 50.6 49.4 51.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 45.4 42.6 48.4
Herefordshire, County of 44.4 43.5 45.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 43.8 42.6 45.0
Hertfordshire 50.9 47.8 54.1 64.6 60.2 69.1 44.4 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79.4 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50.7 45.8 55.0 50.0 47.4 52.7
Hillingdon 45.3 42.5 48.5 59.0 57.0 61.5 40.6 34.2 47.9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 40.2 36.9 43.9
Hounslow 46.7 44.6 49.1 57.8 52.0 64.3 43.3 43.4 43.3 100.0 100.0 100.0 39.7 37.6 42.2 44.1 44.7 43.3
Isle of Wight 32.6 30.9 34.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 46.7 46.7 46.7 32.3 30.7 34.1
Isles of Scilly 68.4 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 37.5 withheld to protect confidentiality
Islington 43.9 42.9 45.0 54.6 54.7 54.5 38.5 30.9 46.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 43.2 45.2 41.0
Kensington and Chelsea 57.4 61.4 51.6 66.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51.6 52.3 50.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60.9 69.1 46.8
Kent 42.3 38.3 46.4 64.1 62.2 66.2 58.8 56.6 60.9 86.2 81.3 90.9 51.1 45.0 56.9 40.3 36.5 44.4
Kingston upon Hull, City of 30.0 27.5 32.7 60.5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 43.9 34.8 55.6 29.7 26.8 32.9
Kingston upon Thames 61.3 58.7 63.7 74.8 68.6 80.2 42.5 40.0 45.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 58.6 66.7 53.2 56.6 55.1 58.0
Kirklees 41.4 37.1 46.0 36.4 30.5 42.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 27.1 23.6 30.6 44.7 41.0 48.7
Knowsley 24.6 26.0 23.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 35.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 24.5 25.9 22.8
Lambeth 39.3 33.4 45.8 53.9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 34.8 26.2 42.6 73.9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 36.9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 44.8 40.8 50.5
Lancashire 42.8 39.5 46.2 42.6 42.8 42.4 41.4 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 45.4 44.3 46.5 42.6 38.9 46.5
Leeds 39.3 37.4 41.2 33.6 31.2 36.1 31.2 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 37.3 39.6 34.7 41.8 39.7 44.1
Leicester 35.6 33.3 38.1 44.6 42.7 46.7 withheld to protect confidentiality 27.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 26.5 22.9 30.5
Leicestershire 45.0 42.2 48.0 63.0 57.3 69.2 29.1 26.5 33.3 66.7 60.0 71.4 43.2 41.9 44.9 43.7 41.0 46.5
Lewisham 37.9 36.1 39.9 40.9 35.3 46.9 32.6 29.0 36.4 64.7 59.1 75.0 43.2 43.2 43.1 41.6 39.8 43.7
Lincolnshire 42.4 39.9 44.9 73.1 71.1 75.0 41.9 44.0 38.9 66.7 70.0 63.6 49.7 38.2 63.2 41.7 39.5 44.0
Liverpool 37.3 34.5 40.2 57.3 62.7 51.6 32.3 30.7 33.7 77.1 78.3 76.0 43.8 40.5 46.3 36.1 33.1 39.2
Luton 34.6 32.5 36.7 39.8 37.3 42.4 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 27.3 30.9 23.2 30.3 28.8 31.6
Manchester 34.9 30.6 39.1 45.7 42.7 48.5 32.7 28.3 37.2 51.4 45.5 60.0 32.9 25.8 39.3 29.7 25.0 34.4
Medway 41.1 37.8 44.5 63.4 60.9 65.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 45.3 37.8 53.8 38.4 34.9 42.0
Merton 49.2 46.1 52.5 56.5 61.5 50.9 41.4 35.6 46.6 57.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 49.7 45.5 54.2
Middlesbrough 37.0 32.8 41.8 50.0 42.2 57.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 36.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 35.5 31.8 39.7
Milton Keynes 40.8 38.3 43.4 48.8 47.6 50.0 34.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 37.1 34.4 40.5 40.6 38.1 43.2
Newcastle upon Tyne 35.4 32.2 38.6 43.7 39.7 48.6 23.4 25.0 21.6 60.9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 38.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 34.5 31.3 37.8
Newham 45.8 42.8 48.7 54.0 52.0 56.0 38.8 35.1 42.6 78.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 35.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 36.0 31.7 40.1
Norfolk 39.8 36.3 43.3 62.5 61.1 63.9 31.9 23.7 41.2 65.6 50.0 77.8 49.1 48.3 50.0 39.4 35.9 42.9
North East Lincolnshire 35.7 32.8 38.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 33.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 37.0 33.6 40.5
North Lincolnshire 40.7 34.8 46.4 43.9 34.4 52.9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65.5 57.1 73.3 40.2 34.5 45.9
North Somerset 43.9 38.8 49.1 61.9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51.2 47.8 55.6 43.7 38.6 48.7
North Tyneside 44.0 39.9 48.2 50.0 42.9 55.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51.5 58.8 43.8 43.6 39.2 48.2
North Yorkshire 50.4 46.3 54.6 66.0 66.7 65.1 50.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 54.5 50.0 58.8 50.1 46.0 54.4
Northamptonshire 40.2 38.0 42.5 53.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 37.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72.2 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 37.5 33.7 41.4 39.8 37.5 42.1
Northumberland 39.3 37.2 41.4 41.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 52.5 73.3 40.0 39.0 36.8 41.3
Nottingham 31.0 28.8 33.3 withheld to protect confidentiality 42.5 withheld to protect confidentiality 28.2 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 26.5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 29.0 26.4 31.9
Nottinghamshire 45.5 42.7 48.4 62.0 57.1 67.1 35.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79.2 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51.3 47.4 55.0 45.1 42.6 47.6
Oldham 37.0 34.4 39.8 37.3 32.6 42.4 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 30.4 32.3 28.3 37.5 35.5 39.6
Oxfordshire 48.1 44.6 51.7 46.1 48.4 43.9 40.4 42.0 37.8 67.9 53.8 80.0 44.1 39.9 49.0 48.5 44.9 52.1
Peterborough 35.0 33.4 36.8 36.9 37.2 36.5 withheld to protect confidentiality 39.5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100.0 withheld to protect confidentiality 33.9 30.4 37.3 34.5 31.9 37.1
Plymouth 38.1 34.6 41.7 45.5 30.0 58.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 40.0 25.0 55.0 37.8 34.8 41.0
Poole 54.0 48.6 59.6 74.2 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 59.2 52.2 65.4 53.2 48.1 58.4
Portsmouth 37.2 32.2 42.9 61.0 56.4 65.1 48.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 44.9 32.0 58.3 34.9 30.4 40.1
Reading 49.8 47.8 51.9 65.8 58.8 71.2 29.5 25.6 32.3 100.0 100.0 100.0 46.7 38.5 54.7 48.0 48.9 46.9
Redbridge 55.8 52.6 59.4 65.5 63.1 68.1 39.7 32.6 46.6 59.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 53.9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 45.8 42.5 49.6
Redcar and Cleveland 41.7 39.8 43.5 52.9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 45.5 45.5 45.5 42.0 39.7 44.2
Richmond upon Thames 57.7 52.1 63.5 55.6 51.1 60.5 31.1 29.4 33.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 59.4 59.9 54.5 65.3
Rochdale 33.6 30.7 36.7 38.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 19.5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 33.3 29.7 37.1
Rotherham 37.1 35.3 39.0 33.8 38.2 29.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 40.0 36.4 43.8 37.3 35.4 39.3
Rutland 57.7 56.7 58.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57.4 56.5 58.4
Salford 31.9 26.9 36.9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 35.1 37.8 32.7 31.4 26.7 36.0
Sandwell 28.7 28.1 29.3 34.8 33.5 36.4 23.0 21.7 24.2 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 26.8 26.0 27.5
Sefton 37.2 34.9 39.5 53.8 61.5 46.2 23.5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 55.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 44.2 45.0 43.5 37.9 35.2 40.8
Sheffield 39.1 37.2 41.2 39.9 42.3 37.5 29.5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 36.0 31.6 40.4 39.8 37.4 42.4
Shropshire 42.3 39.0 45.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 42.2 39.1 45.5
Slough 56.1 51.0 61.3 64.0 60.8 67.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51.6 50.8 52.4 43.0 32.3 53.5
Solihull 45.8 41.9 49.7 59.2 51.9 65.7 46.0 44.4 47.2 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 44.6 41.2 48.1
Somerset 40.2 36.7 43.7 66.7 60.9 72.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 37.5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100.0 41.1 40.4 42.1 40.0 36.5 43.5
South Gloucestershire 39.5 35.8 43.6 50.0 51.2 48.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 37.4 28.3 46.3 39.4 35.5 43.6
South Tyneside 35.1 30.9 39.5 43.4 55.0 36.4 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 34.9 30.5 39.6
Southampton 34.1 30.5 37.6 47.1 42.7 51.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 37.4 29.5 43.6 32.1 28.9 35.1
Southend-on-Sea 54.1 52.4 55.8 72.4 73.9 70.7 70.3 64.6 76.2 81.8 73.3 100.0 55.2 53.5 56.8 51.5 50.1 52.9
Southwark 47.8 46.5 49.0 55.6 54.4 56.8 43.9 40.6 47.0 59.1 58.3 60.0 44.7 41.1 47.9 53.2 57.5 49.4
St. Helens 37.8 36.1 39.4 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58.8 47.1 70.6 38.1 36.5 39.5
Staffordshire 39.3 35.5 43.1 43.8 42.4 45.1 25.0 16.7 31.8 66.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 36.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 39.3 35.4 43.2
Stockport 44.4 42.5 46.2 53.2 55.7 50.0 34.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 43.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 40.0 36.0 43.6 43.9 41.5 46.2
Stockton-on-Tees 41.6 39.7 43.4 40.4 34.1 44.8 withheld to protect confidentiality 50.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 48.3 47.1 50.0 41.5 39.7 43.1
Stoke-on-Trent 31.8 28.0 35.5 28.0 24.8 30.9 38.9 33.3 44.4 62.5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 31.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 32.6 29.1 36.0
Suffolk 40.3 38.3 42.3 58.1 56.8 59.2 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 40.2 38.5 42.2 40.0 38.1 42.0
Sunderland 34.1 31.3 37.1 40.5 43.3 37.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 38.5 26.7 54.5 33.6 30.6 36.8
Surrey 51.6 49.1 54.3 57.6 52.1 63.5 45.7 41.6 50.0 77.8 75.0 80.0 55.0 54.9 55.2 51.0 48.8 53.4
Sutton 61.3 60.5 62.0 86.8 86.0 87.5 54.0 47.1 61.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 52.6 51.9 53.4
Swindon 35.7 31.6 39.8 35.3 31.0 39.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 39.2 34.3 43.2 35.2 31.1 39.5
Tameside 39.3 36.3 42.2 45.6 42.4 48.9 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 38.2 33.3 42.1 38.6 36.0 41.1
Telford and Wrekin 41.5 38.7 44.5 48.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 32.6 31.8 33.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 40.9 37.8 44.3
Thurrock 38.4 32.1 44.9 71.4 66.7 76.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60.5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100.0 39.8 39.5 40.0 35.3 29.0 41.6
Torbay 50.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 49.0 withheld to protect confidentiality
Tower Hamlets 44.3 41.7 47.0 47.4 44.2 50.6 42.5 39.2 45.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 44.8 37.3 39.9 34.7
Trafford 62.7 59.5 66.0 70.9 65.2 78.1 58.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60.5 61.8 58.8 61.8 58.4 65.1
Wakefield 42.1 39.5 44.7 44.9 39.0 50.0 withheld to protect confidentiality 31.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100.0 withheld to protect confidentiality 42.6 41.4 43.8 41.9 39.5 44.4
Walsall 34.3 32.4 36.1 45.5 42.7 48.7 37.1 30.9 43.8 100.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 32.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 30.9 29.3 32.5
Waltham Forest 41.4 39.9 43.0 45.8 46.4 45.2 35.1 32.3 37.8 42.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 39.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 43.1 39.5 46.7
Wandsworth 50.6 48.6 52.9 53.0 53.3 52.6 40.5 36.3 45.2 withheld to protect confidentiality 100.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51.6 withheld to protect confidentiality 58.5 58.0 59.1
Warrington 46.0 42.2 50.0 69.0 55.0 81.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 47.7 36.8 56.0 45.9 42.3 49.7
Warwickshire 48.1 46.0 50.3 69.1 69.4 68.6 37.2 38.9 36.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 47.0 44.2 49.7
West Berkshire 47.8 44.7 51.2 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 39.5 25.7 51.2 48.7 45.8 52.0
West Sussex 45.3 42.2 48.8 49.2 44.6 54.0 27.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 61.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 46.4 44.5 48.7 45.3 42.1 48.8
Westminster 55.4 49.7 60.5 61.8 60.9 63.2 51.3 48.0 54.5 61.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 55.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 59.5 44.0 68.4
Wigan 37.8 33.7 42.1 41.2 36.4 50.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 41.8 37.0 46.4 37.7 33.7 41.9
Wiltshire 43.5 39.5 47.6 67.6 48.3 82.1 34.4 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 45.1 41.9 49.0 43.8 40.3 47.3
Windsor and Maidenhead 50.1 44.9 54.8 49.1 42.2 55.5 55.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 33.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 37.4 34.4 39.0 51.3 46.4 56.1
Wirral 44.0 41.7 46.4 69.4 78.3 64.1 58.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 77.3 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51.5 38.2 64.7 43.0 40.8 45.4
Wokingham 55.1 50.8 59.7 57.1 52.0 63.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51.7 51.2 52.2 55.2 51.3 59.2
Wolverhampton 35.6 28.2 42.8 51.2 42.2 59.2 33.2 27.9 39.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 31.6 24.0 39.0
Worcestershire 44.1 40.9 47.3 49.4 46.5 52.2 27.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 44.2 40.9 47.6
York 48.1 45.0 51.5 53.3 54.5 50.0 37.5 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 48.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 47.9 44.7 51.2

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Summary

The data shows that:

  • in most local authorities, a higher percentage of girls achieved a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE than boys
  • among Asian pupils, the biggest gap between girls and boys was in Cornwall – 62.5% of boys achieved a grade 5 and above in English and Maths GCSE, compared with 23.1% of girls (a gap of 39.4 percentage points)
  • among Black pupils, the biggest gap between girls and boys was in Dudley in the West Midlands – 44.7% of girls achieved a grade 5 and above in English and Maths GCSE, compared with 25.6% of boys (a gap of 19.1 percentage points)
  • among pupils from the Chinese ethnic group, the biggest gap was Norfolk in the East – 77.8% of girls achieved a grade 5 or above, compared with 50.0% of boys (a gap of 27.8 percentage points)
  • among pupils with Mixed ethnicity, the biggest gap between girls and boys was in Northumberland in the North East – 40.0% of girls achieved a grade 5 and above in English and Maths GCSE, compared with 73.3% of boys (a gap of 33.3 percentage points)
  • among White pupils, the biggest gap between girls and boys was in Westminster in London – 68.4% of girls achieved a grade 5 and above in English and Maths GCSE, compared with 44.0% of boys (a gap of 24.4 percentage points)
  • please be aware that the statistics quoted here for attainment in English and Maths by ethnic group, gender and local authority may be based on small numbers of pupils and can therefore be highly variable over time

Pupils achieving grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity, gender and basis for school admission

Percentage of pupils achieving a grade 5 and above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity, gender and basis for school admission

Selective schools Non-selective schools in highly selective areas Non-selective schools in other areas (inc. low selective areas) All state-funded mainstream schools
Ethnicity All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%) All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%) All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%) All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%)
All 90.5 88.5 92.5 31.4 28.3 34.6 42.1 39.4 44.9 43.5 40.7 46.3
Asian 94.5 93.0 96.2 42.2 38.0 46.7 46.8 44.4 49.3 50.2 47.8 52.6
Black 93.6 90.6 96.2 39.1 34.8 43.6 37.4 33.4 41.3 39.1 35.1 43.1
Chinese 96.2 94.5 98.3 61.5 54.0 71.7 67.4 62.6 72.4 72.7 68.7 77.1
Mixed 92.6 90.8 94.3 33.8 29.8 37.8 41.8 39.9 43.7 44.0 42.0 46.0
White 89.0 86.8 91.2 30.1 27.1 33.1 41.8 39.1 44.6 42.8 40.1 45.6

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Summary

This data groups schools into the following 3 categories, according to whether they select their pupils by ability:

  • selective schools
  • non-selective schools in highly selective areas (where 25% or more of state-funded secondary places are in state-funded selective schools)
  • all other non-selective schools (including schools in local authorities with some selection, as well as those with no selection)

In 2016/17, 22,715 of pupils (4%) at the end of key stage 4 were in selective schools, 33,611 (6%) in non-selective schools in highly selective areas, and 460,255 (89%) in non-selective schools in other areas.

The data shows that:

  • across all ethnic groups and in all types of school, a higher percentage of girls than boys achieved a grade 5 and above in English and Maths GCSE
  • Chinese girls in selective schools did best: 98.3% achieved a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE
  • White boys in non-selective schools in highly selective areas did least well: 27.1% achieved a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE

Pupils achieving grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity and school type

Percentage of pupils achieving a grade 5 and above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity and school type

All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Type of School % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils % Pupils
All state-funded schools 42.6 527,859 49.5 52,787 38.4 27,922 72.0 2,073 43.2 23,483 42.0 406,342
All state-funded mainstream schools 43.5 517,756 50.2 52,047 39.1 27,385 72.7 2,053 44.0 23,009 42.8 398,259
Local authority maintained mainstream schools 41.0 172,106 45.6 19,620 37.0 10,604 66.0 583 41.1 7,638 40.5 128,774
Academies and free schools 44.8 343,917 52.9 32,383 40.5 16,747 75.3 1,466 45.5 15,314 43.9 268,974
Sponsored academies 32.3 86,459 40.7 8,424 34.9 6,204 55.9 261 34.4 4,182 30.6 64,659
Converter academies 49.4 250,283 57.6 22,782 44.3 10,066 80.1 1,183 50.1 10,770 48.5 199,607
Free schools 47.7 3,362 57.6 847 43.1 260 47.4 19 44.4 196 44.9 1,860
University technical colleges 27.9 2,555 32.9 252 23.2 190 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 21.7 120 28.2 1,802
Studio schools 21.0 1,258 26.9 78 29.6 27 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 21.7 46 19.9 1,046
Further education colleges with provision for 14- to 16-year-olds 4.9 1,175 withheld to protect confidentiality 12 withheld to protect confidentiality 11 N/A* 0 withheld to protect confidentiality 7 6.4 78
State-funded special schools 0.3 10,103 withheld to protect confidentiality 740 withheld to protect confidentiality 537 withheld to protect confidentiality 20 withheld to protect confidentiality 474 0.3 8,083

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Summary

In 2016/17, 33% of pupils were in local authority-maintained mainstream schools, 65% were in academies and free schools, and 2% were in state-funded special schools.

The data shows that:

  • pupils from the Chinese ethnic group were the most likely group to achieve a grade 5 or above both in academies and free schools (where 75.3% did so) and in local authority-maintained mainstream schools (where 66.0% did so)
  • Black pupils were the least likely group to achieve a grade 5 or above both in local authority-maintained mainstream schools (where 37.0% did so) and in academies and free schools (where 40.5% did so)

Pupils achieving grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity, special education needs (SEN) and gender

Percentage of pupils achieving a grade 5 and above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity, special education needs and gender

No identified SEN All SEN SEN Support SEN with a statement or EHC plan
Ethnicity All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%) All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%) All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%) All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%)
All 47.6 45.7 49.5 12.8 11.8 14.7 15.5 14.4 17.2 5.3 5.7 4.4
Asian 53.8 52.1 55.5 13.6 12.8 14.8 16.1 15.1 17.5 6.4 6.8 5.7
Black 43.3 39.7 46.5 11.2 9.8 13.4 13.3 11.8 15.4 4.8 5.1 3.9
Chinese 75.2 71.5 79.0 24.2 24.1 24.4 29.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 10.8 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Mixed 48.3 47.1 49.4 13.4 12.4 14.9 16.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 4.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
White 46.9 45.0 48.7 12.8 11.7 14.8 15.6 14.4 17.3 5.3 5.6 4.3

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Summary

Pupils with special education needs (SEN) have learning difficulties or disabilities that make it harder for them to learn than most children of the same age.

From 2015, pupils have been categorised as follows:

  • no identified SEN
  • SEN support: extra or different help is given from that provided as part of the school's usual curriculum, and the class teacher and SEN coordinator (SENCO) may receive advice or support from outside specialists
  • SEN statement or education, health and care (EHC) plan: a pupil is given a SEN statement or an EHC plan once a formal assessment has been made

In 2016/17, there were 74,420 pupils at the end of key stage 4 with special education needs: 79% were White, 8% were Asian, 6% were Black, 5% were Mixed and 0.2% were Chinese.

Of the 74,420 SEN pupils in total, 74% had SEN support and 26% had SEN with a statement or EHC plan.

The data shows that:

  • across all ethnic groups, pupils with special education needs (SEN) were less likely to achieve an a grade 5 and above in English and Maths GCSE than non-SEN pupils – 12.8% of SEN pupils did so, compared with 47.6% of pupils without SEN
  • of all pupils with special education needs, Chinese pupils were the most likely to achieve a grade 5 and above in English and Maths GCSE (24.2%), and Black pupils the least likely (11.2%)
  • looking at those with SEN support, Chinese pupils were the most likely to achieve a grade 5 and above in English and Maths GCSE (29.7%) and Black pupils the least likely (13.3%)
  • of SEN pupils with a statement or EHC plan, Chinese pupils were the most likely to achieve a grade 5 and above in English and Maths GCSE (10.8%) and Mixed pupils the least likely (4.0%)

Pupils achieving grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE by ethnicity, religion of school and gender

Percentage of pupils achieving a grade 5 and above in English and Maths by ethnicity, religion of school and gender

All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Religious character All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%) All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%) All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%) All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%) All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%) All (%) Boys (%) Girls (%)
All state-funded mainstream schools 43.5 40.7 46.3 50.2 47.8 52.6 39.1 35.1 43.1 72.7 68.7 77.1 44.0 42.0 46.0 42.8 40.1 45.6
Church of England schools 45.8 43.7 48.0 54.0 53.7 54.3 40.6 35.3 45.2 73.8 76.1 69.8 45.1 45.0 45.2 45.6 43.4 47.9
Hindu school 64.6 61.4 69.2 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Jewish schools 66.0 62.8 69.1 73.7 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 34.6 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 59.3 69.2 50.0 63.2 56.8 68.6
Muslim schools 65.3 67.2 64.6 66.3 67.5 65.9 55.6 61.9 50.0 N/A* N/A* N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 100.0 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality
No religious character 42.9 40.0 45.8 49.0 46.6 51.5 37.9 33.9 42.1 72.2 67.1 77.7 43.4 41.0 45.9 42.2 39.3 45.1
Other Christian faith schools 45.6 44.2 47.2 64.8 63.3 66.7 42.0 37.3 47.8 78.4 82.2 72.4 52.0 55.1 48.7 43.0 41.4 44.7
Roman Catholic schools 46.6 44.5 48.6 54.6 51.7 57.5 42.6 39.4 45.3 73.9 70.6 76.4 45.9 44.7 46.8 46.3 44.4 48.1
Sikh school 56.0 55.1 57.1 57.2 56.3 58.4 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 47.1 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality

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Summary

This data divides schools into the following religious categories:

  • no religious character
  • Church of England schools
  • Roman Catholic schools
  • Other Christian faith schools (including those of mixed denomination or other Christian beliefs, for example, Greek Orthodox)
  • Jewish schools
  • Muslim schools
  • Sikh schools
  • Hindu schools

In 2016/17, there were 517,756 pupils at the end of key stage 4 in state-funded mainstream schools in England.

82% of these pupils attended schools with no religious character, 6% attended Church of England schools, 10% attended Roman Catholic schools, 2% attended Other Christian faith schools, 0.3% attended Jewish, 0.1% attended Muslim, 0.1% attended Sikh and 0.02% attended Hindu schools.

The data shows that:

  • overall, pupils at Jewish schools were most like to achieve a grade 5 or above in English and Maths GCSE, with 66.0% doing so
  • boys with Mixed ethnicity at Muslim schools, and pupils from the Chinese ethnic group at Jewish schools, were most likely to achieve a grade 5 and above in English and Maths GCSE – 100.0% did so

Methodology

Methodology

The key stage 4 datasets are compiled using information matched together from 3 data sources:

  • prior attainment records (key stage 2 results)

  • school census records

  • qualification entries and results collected from awarding bodies

The census data is provided for all pupils aged 5 and over on 31 August 2016. Any information that still needs to be collected is recorded as ‘not yet obtained’.

If a pupil or parent refused to give information, this is recorded as 'refused'.

These statistics include pupils whose ethnicity was not obtained, who refused to respond, or whose ethnicity could not be determined.

Key stage 4 data received from awarding bodies are combined with pupil characteristics from the school census and prior attainment. Records are matched, using identifiers such as surname, forename, date of birth, unique pupil number, gender and postcode. This successfully matches around 98% of results.

The statistics in this commission cover the data collated for the 2017 secondary school performance tables. The performance tables and the related statistical first release report results based on pupils at the end of key stage 4, who are typically aged 15 at the start of the academic year.

The coverage of the local authority and regional statistics is state-funded schools in England. This includes city technology colleges and academies but excludes hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision.

Pupils are included in the figures for free school meals (FSM) if their families have claimed eligibility for FSM at the time of the annual spring school census. This FSM definition includes all who were eligible to receive free school meals, not only those who actually received free school meals. Pupils not eligible for free school meals or unclassified pupils are described as ‘Non-FSM’ or ‘All other pupils’.

Parents are able to claim FSM if they receive a qualifying benefit.

FSM is used as an indicator of disadvantage, but when drawing conclusions, it should be remembered that not all eligible parents apply for FSM and families who don’t quite reach the eligibility threshold for FSM may still be suffering deprivation.

Suppression rules and disclosure control

Values of 1 or 2, or a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved; or 0, 1 or 2 pupils who did not achieve a particular level are suppressed in circumstances where non-suppression would lead to disclosure of pupils. Some additional figures have been suppressed to prevent the possibility of a suppressed figure being revealed.

This suppression is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF).

The Code of Practice for Official Statistics requires DfE to take reasonable steps to ensure that their published or disseminated statistics protect confidentiality.

For more information about DfE’s disclosure control procedures for its statistical releases please see DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF).

Rounding

Figures in charts and tables are rounded to the nearest whole number.

In downloads, percentages are given to 1 decimal place.

Related publications

Schools, pupils and their characteristics: January 2017

Quality and methodology information

Data sources

Source

Key stage 4 statistics

Type of data

Administrative data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Department for Education

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

The main purpose is to measure schools’ and pupils’ performance at key stage 4 (GCSE), both to monitor and improve standards and inform parental choice.

Download the data

Attainment in English and Maths GCSE at grade 5 or above for children aged 14 to 16 (key stage 4) by local authority - Spreadsheet (csv) 482 KB

This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, local authority, gender, value and denominator

Attainment in English and Maths GCSE at grade 5 or above for children aged 14 to 16 (key stage 4) in England - Spreadsheet (csv) 126 KB

This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, gender, FSM, admissions basis, type of school, SEN, religious character, value and denominator