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1. Main facts and figures
- in 2016/17, police issued cautions to young people on 13,533 occasions, and the ethnicity of the young person who was cautioned was recorded for 12,132 of them (90%)
- White young people received cautions on 10,148 occasions, which is 84% of all instances where ethnicity was recorded
- police gave youth cautions on 1,310 occasions to Black young people, which is 11% of all instances where ethnicity was recorded
- from 2005/06 to 2016/17, the total number of cautions given fell by 89% (from 122,282 to 13,533) – the percentage of cautions that were given to White young people decreased (from 90% to 84%), while the percentage that were given to Black young people increased from 6% to 11%)
The ethnic categories used in this data
The analysis used the following 4 broad ethnic categories:
- Other (which includes Chinese and other ethnic groups)
2. Youth cautions by ethnicity over time
|Asian||Black||White||Other including Mixed||Unknown|
|Time||Asian %||Asian Value||Black %||Black Value||White %||White Value||Other inc Mixed %||Other inc Mixed Value||Unknown %||Unknown Value|
Summary of Youth cautions Youth cautions by ethnicity over time Summary
The figures are taken from the Police National Computer (PNC). The PNC holds details of all convictions and cautions given for ‘recordable offences’. A recordable offence is an offence that the law says must be recorded on the PNC. It includes some offences where it is not possible for offenders to be sentenced to prison or other custody, and it excludes motoring offences.
The PNC may be subject to some error arising from data entry and processing. The data for January to March 2017 is provisional and may change. Figures may vary from those previously published, due to minor changes in classifications and other data revisions.
Administrative data sources are reported exactly as they’re recorded, with no statistical methods like weighting applied. As with all large administrative data sources, some inaccuracy may exist.
Percentages are rounded to 1 decimal place.
Youth Justice since 2008/09
4. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Ministry of Justice
Purpose of data source
Youth justice data is used by the government to develop, monitor and evaluate criminal justice policy for young people in custody. It reports on activity in the criminal justice system for England and Wales, giving information for the latest year and also longer-term trends.
5. Download the data
This file contains the following: ethnicity, year, and value