Length of time spent in unemployment
Last updated 3 August 2021 - see all updates
1. Main facts and figures
This page will not be updated with 2020 data. This is because the Office for National Statistics (ONS) is reweighting the data we use for this page, to account for the effects of population changes and COVID-19 on labour market statistics.
- in 2018, there were no real differences in the amount of time spent in unemployment between White people and those from the Other ethnic group (made up of all other ethnic groups combined)
2. Things you need to know
What the data measures
The data measures how long people in England, Wales and Scotland spent in unemployment. This is based on the length of time they were looking for work or since they last had a job – whichever was shortest.
Someone is classed as unemployed if they:
- are out of work
- are available to start work in the next 2 weeks
- have either been looking for work in the past 4 weeks or have found a job and are waiting to start
Percentages are rounded to whole numbers.
Not included in the data
The data does not include estimates based on fewer than:
- 30 survey respondents for data covering all ethnic groups together
- 100 survey respondents for data broken down by ethnicity
This is to protect people’s confidentiality and because the numbers involved are too small to make reliable generalisations.
The ethnic groups used in the data
Data is shown for 2 ethnic groups:
- White – White ethnic groups (including White British and White ethnic minorities)
- Other than White – all other ethnic groups combined
This is because the number of people surveyed was too small to make any reliable conclusions about any of the 18 ethnic groups.
People whose ethnicity is not known are included in the figures for ‘All’.
Read the detailed methodology document for this data.
The figures on this page are based on survey data. Find out more about:
- interpreting survey data, including how reliability is affected by the number of people surveyed
- how weighting is used to make survey data more representative of the whole group being studied
In the data file
See Download the data for:
- estimates rounded to 1 decimal place
- estimates by area
- estimates over time
- confidence intervals for each ethnic group
3. By ethnicity
|All||White||Other than White|
|Duration||All %||All Number of people unemployed||White %||White Number of people unemployed||Other than White %||Other than White Number of people unemployed|
Summary of Length of time spent in unemployment By ethnicity Summary
4. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Office for National Statistics
Purpose of data source
The Annual Population Survey (APS) is the largest ongoing household survey in the UK and covers a range of topics, including:
- personal characteristics
- labour market status
- work characteristics
The purpose of the APS is to provide information on important social and socio-economic variables at local levels, such as labour market estimates.
The published statistics also allow government to monitor estimates on a range of issues between Censuses.
5. Download the data
This file contains the following: Measure, Measure_type, Ethnicity, Ethnicity_type, Time, Time_type, Region, Value, Confidence_interval, Numerator , Denominator, Sample_size