Sources of household income
- 1. Navigate toMain facts and figures section
- 2. Navigate toThings you need to know section
- 3. Navigate toSources of income by ethnicity section
- 4. Navigate toIncome from employment (wages, salaries and self-employment) by ethnicity over time section
- 5. Navigate toIncome from pensions by ethnicity over time section
- 6. Navigate toIncome from benefits and tax credits by ethnicity over time section
- 7. Navigate toData sources section
- 8. Navigate toDownload the data section
1. Main facts and figures
- on average, households received 72% of their total income from earnings, salaries and self-employment in the 3 years to March 2019 – this is based on ‘gross’ income before tax and other deductions
- households in the Indian and White Other ethnic groups received the highest percentage of their income from employment
- households in the Bangladeshi, Pakistani and Other ethnic groups had the largest increase in the percentage of income from employment over the period studied
- on average, the percentage of income that White British households received from pensions was at least 3 times higher than any other ethnic group
2. Things you need to know
What the data measures
The data shows the percentage of income from different sources for households in the UK.
Income is measured before tax and other deductions. It includes all household income contributed by everyone who lives there, including children.
The data only covers private households. In this data, a household is either one person or a group of people sharing cooking facilities and a living room or dining area.
Percentages are rounded to the nearest whole number. This means some figures may not add up to 100%.
Not included in the data
The data does not include:
- people who live in communal accommodation (for example, care homes)
- people with no fixed address (for example, homeless people)
- households where not everyone living there completed the survey
Percentages based on fewer than 100 responses are not shown. This is because estimates based on smaller numbers of people are not reliable.
The ethnic groups used in the data
The data uses the 18 ethnic groups from the 2011 Census. Data is aggregated for the Black, Mixed and Other ethnic groups, which means estimates are shown for these groups as a whole.
Some households contain people from different ethnic backgrounds. The ethnicity assigned to the household is that of the head of the household (usually the person with the highest income).
The data does not account for people of different ethnic backgrounds who live in the same house.
Read the detailed methodology document (PDF opens in a new window or tab) for the data.
Because the data varies from year to year, the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) takes 3 years’ worth of data and works out the average for that period. This is to make sure there are enough survey respondents to be able to make reliable generalisations. You can find out more about combining multiple years of data to create reliable estimates.
Responses are weighted on the basis of regional population totals by age and sex to give estimates for the entire UK household population. You can read more about how weighting is used to make survey data more representative of the group it is about.
The figures on this page are based on survey data. Find out more about interpreting survey data, including how reliability is affected by the number of people surveyed.
3. Sources of income by ethnicity
|Ethnicity||Wages and salaries||Self-employed income||All other sources|
Summary of Sources of household income Sources of income by ethnicity Summary
4. Income from employment (wages, salaries and self-employment) by ethnicity over time
Download table data for ‘Income from employment (wages, salaries and self-employment) by ethnicity over time’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Income from employment (wages, salaries and self-employment) by ethnicity over time’ (CSV)
Summary of Sources of household income Income from employment (wages, salaries and self-employment) by ethnicity over time Summary
5. Income from pensions by ethnicity over time
Summary of Sources of household income Income from pensions by ethnicity over time Summary
6. Income from benefits and tax credits by ethnicity over time
Summary of Sources of household income Income from benefits and tax credits by ethnicity over time Summary
7. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Department for Work and Pensions
Note on corrections or updates
The figures for the share of income in the download file before the year ending March 2015 may not match the DWP’s published figures. This is because the way of adjusting for inflation changed from the Retail Price Index to the Consumer Price Index from the year ending March 2015 onwards.
Purpose of data source
The main purpose of the Family Resources Survey (FRS) is to give the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) data to develop, monitor and evaluate social welfare policy.
The survey is also used by other government departments, including for tax and benefit policy modelling by HM Treasury and HM Revenue and Customs. The FRS is also used extensively by academics and research institutes for social and economic research.
8. Download the data
This file contains data for the 3-year period from 2009/10 to 2018/19. This is the latest data available. This file contains: measure, ethnicity, year, value, denominator