Full time and part time employment
Last updated 3 August 2021 - see all updates
- 1. Navigate toMain facts and figures section
- 2. Navigate toThings you need to know section
- 3. Navigate toBy ethnicity section
- 4. Navigate toBy ethnicity over time (full time only) section
- 5. Navigate toBy ethnicity over time (part time only) section
- 6. Navigate toBy ethnicity and gender section
- 7. Navigate toData sources section
- 8. Navigate toDownload the data section
1. Main facts and figures
This page will not be updated with 2020 data. This is because the Office for National Statistics (ONS) is reweighting the data we use for this page, to account for the effects of population changes and COVID-19 on labour market statistics.
- 75% of working age people ( 16 to 64 year olds) who were employed in 2019 worked full time, and 25% worked part time
- people in the White Other (82%) and Indian (81%) ethnic groups were the most likely to work full time out of all ethnic groups
- people from the combined Pakistani and Bangladeshi group (31%) were the most likely to work part time
- people from the combined Pakistani and Bangladeshi ethnic group were one of the most likely ethnic groups to be employed part time between 2004 and 2019
- in 2019, men were more likely to be employed full time than women in every ethnic group
2. Things you need to know
What the data measures
The data measures the number and percentage of employed 16 to 64 year olds who were in full time and part time employment in their main job. The data covers England, Wales and Scotland.
In the Annual Population Survey, respondents decide if they are in part time or full time employment.
A person of working age is counted as employed if they either:
- are in paid work, as an employee or self-employed
- have a job that they are temporarily away from, for example on holiday
- are on a government-supported training or employment programme
- are doing unpaid family work, for example working in a family business
Percentages in the charts and tables are rounded to whole numbers.
Percentages in the charts and tables are rounded to whole numbers, but have been worked out with unrounded figures. Totals in the download file have been rounded to the nearest 100.
Not included in the data
The data does not include estimates based on fewer than:
- 30 survey respondents for data which includes all ethnic groups together
- 100 survey respondents for data by ethnicity
This is to protect people’s confidentiality and because the numbers involved are too small to make reliable generalisations.
The ethnic categories used in this data
The data uses the ethnic categories from the 2011 Census.
Data is aggregated for the Black, Mixed and Other ethnic groups, which means estimates are shown for these groups as a whole.
Data is shown separately for the White British and White Other ethnic groups. Separate figures are also shown for 3 different Asian ethnic groups (Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi combined, and Asian Other).
People whose ethnicity is not known are included in the figures for ‘All’.
Read the detailed methodology document for this data.
The Annual Population Survey updated its ethnicity questions in 2011. As a result, estimates from before and after 2011 may not be consistent, and data for individual ethnic groups in 2011 is not available.
The figures on this page are based on survey data. Find out more about:
- interpreting survey data, including how reliability is affected by the number of people surveyed
- how weighting is used to make survey data more representative of the whole group being studied
In the data file
See Download the data for:
- estimates by region, and by region and sex for all ethnic groups
- confidence intervals for each ethnic group – see how we use confidence intervals to demonstrate the reliability of survey estimates
- sample sizes
- estimates rounded to 1 decimal place
- estimates for employed people who did not report whether they worked full time or part time
3. By ethnicity
|Full time||Part time|
|Ethnicity||Full time %||Full time Number||Part time %||Part time Number|
|Pakistani and Bangladeshi||69||494,200||31||217,100|
|Asian other including Chinese||73||387,900||27||140,800|
Summary of Full time and part time employment By ethnicity Summary
4. By ethnicity over time (full time only)
|Pakistani and Bangladeshi||72||71||72||73||70||66||63||not collected||66||67||68||67||71||68||69||69|
|Asian other including Chinese||76||76||76||73||74||71||71||not collected||71||74||70||72||72||74||73||73|
|White British||75||75||75||75||75||74||74||not collected||74||74||74||74||74||74||75||75|
|White other||79||80||81||81||82||79||79||not collected||80||79||80||80||81||80||82||82|
Summary of Full time and part time employment By ethnicity over time (full time only) Summary
5. By ethnicity over time (part time only)
|Pakistani and Bangladeshi||27||29||28||27||29||33||37||not collected||33||33||32||32||29||32||31||31|
|Asian other including Chinese||24||24||24||26||26||29||29||not collected||29||26||29||28||28||26||27||27|
|White British||25||25||25||25||25||26||26||not collected||26||26||26||26||26||25||25||25|
|White other||21||20||19||18||18||21||20||not collected||19||20||19||20||19||20||18||18|
Summary of Full time and part time employment By ethnicity over time (part time only) Summary
6. By ethnicity and gender
|Ethnicity||Men % Full time||Men Number Full time||Men % Part time||Men Number Part time||Women % Full time||Women Number Full time||Women % Part time||Women Number Part time|
Summary of Full time and part time employment By ethnicity and gender Summary
7. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Office for National Statistics
Note on corrections or updates
Higher-level figures may differ from those published by the Department for Work and Pensions and the Office for National Statistics that use the Labour Force Survey.
Purpose of data source
The Annual Population Survey (APS) is the largest ongoing household survey in the UK and covers a range of topics, including:
- personal characteristics
- labour market status
- work characteristics
The purpose of the APS is to provide information on important social and socio-economic variables at local levels, such as labour market estimates.
The published statistics also allow the government to monitor estimates on a range of issues between censuses.
8. Download the data
This file contains the following: Measure, Employment_type, Ethnicity, Ethnicity_type, Time, Time_Type, Region, Gender, Value, Value_type, Confidence_interval, Numerator, Denominator, Sample_size