Jobseeker’s Allowance: how long people claim for

Published

Last updated 6 November 2020 - see all updates

1. Main facts and figures

  • in July 2018, White British people were more likely than any other ethnic group to have been claiming Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA) for the longest time period (104 weeks or more)
  • people from the Other White group were more likely than any other ethnicity to have been claiming JSA for the shortest time period studied (13 weeks or less)
  • due to the roll out of Universal Credit, it is not possible to compare the most recent data with previous years’ data or across regions

2. Things you need to know

What the data measures

This data measures how long people have been claiming Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA). The data is based on a snapshot taken at a fixed point in time (for example, July 2018).

Percentages shown are rounded to 1 decimal place.

Find out more about Jobseeker’s Allowance.

Not included in the data

The data does not include claims for Universal Credit.

The data does not show how long JSA claims last. For example, someone claiming JSA for 13 weeks or less when the snapshot was taken may continue to claim for longer than 13 weeks.

Counts of less than 5 have not been included in the data, because the numbers involved are too small to make reliable generalisations.

The ethnic groups used in the data

Data is shown for the following ethnic groups:

  • Asian
  • Black
  • Mixed
  • White British
  • White Other
  • Other

Figures are shown separately for people whose ethnicity was not known (‘Unknown’ in charts and tables).

Methodology

Read the detailed methodology document for this data.

In the data file

See Download the data for figures rounded to the nearest 5.

3. By ethnicity

How long people claim Jobseeker's Allowance for, by ethnicity
Ethnicity 13 weeks or less over 104 weeks over 13 and up to 26 weeks over 26 and up to 52 weeks over 52 and up to 78 weeks over 78 and up to 104 weeks
% % % % % %
All 26.9 22.2 17.4 17.6 9.6 6.3
Asian 26.1 16.9 18.7 20.4 10.9 7.0
Black 23.0 22.5 16.9 19.7 10.7 7.2
Mixed 27.5 17.3 18.7 19.4 10.4 6.7
White British 27.4 23.3 17.2 16.8 9.2 6.1
White other 34.0 14.9 19.6 18.2 8.0 5.3
Other 22.9 14.5 17.4 23.5 13.2 8.4
Unknown 24.2 30.1 14.6 16.2 8.8 6.0

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Jobseeker’s Allowance: how long people claim for By ethnicity Summary

This data shows that:

  • as at July 2018, just over a quarter (26.9%) of all claims for Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA) had lasted for 13 weeks or less, while 22.2% of claims had lasted for 104 weeks or more
  • a greater percentage of Other White claimants (34.0%) had been claiming JSA for 13 weeks or less compared with other ethnicities
  • claimants from the White British and Black ethnic groups had the highest percentages claiming for 104 weeks or more (23.3% and 22.5% respectively)

4. By ethnicity and area

Percentage of claims for Jobseeker’s Allowance lasting for more than 104 weeks , by ethnicity and area
Region All Asian Black Mixed White British White other Other Unknown
% % % % % % % %
All 22.2 16.9 22.5 17.3 23.3 14.9 14.5 30.1
East 19.3 14.0 18.0 13.3 20.0 12.3 14.3 26.8
East Midlands 19.1 10.5 16.4 13.9 20.9 10.0 9.2 23.2
London 21.5 15.9 23.2 17.7 23.4 18.0 15.8 31.6
North East 25.7 17.9 14.9 15.0 26.3 18.8 14.9 36.1
North West 21.1 15.6 14.2 13.5 23.0 14.0 10.6 25.5
Scotland 21.9 10.5 9.7 7.7 23.1 10.2 12.1 31.9
South East 16.9 11.4 14.4 11.8 17.8 11.1 9.9 19.8
South West 20.5 11.9 20.4 14.8 21.1 12.3 14.9 24.0
Wales 24.7 14.3 18.8 17.5 25.3 15.7 15.6 30.9
West Midlands 29.8 25.8 36.4 28.9 29.6 20.9 21.9 40.2
Yorkshire and The Humber 21.5 14.9 15.7 14.2 23.6 11.1 12.6 26.3

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and area’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and area’ (CSV)

Summary of Jobseeker’s Allowance: how long people claim for By ethnicity and area Summary

This data shows that:

  • out of all regions, the West Midlands had the highest percentage of Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA) claimants who had been claiming for more than 104 weeks (29.8%); the South East had the lowest percentage (16.9%)
  • in every region except the West Midlands, the White British ethnic group had the highest percentage of claimants who had been claiming JSA for more than 104 weeks
  • the replacement of income-based JSA with Universal Credit affects regions differently, so regions cannot be directly compared

5. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Administrative data

Type of statistic

Official statistics

Publisher

Department for Work and Pensions

Publication frequency

Monthly

Purpose of data source

The data is an administrative source collected to enable Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) to monitor and report on claims for Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA) and other benefits.

6. Download the data

Jobseeker's Allowance how long people claim for - Spreadsheet (csv) 3 MB

This file contains data for January 2012 to July 2018. This file contains: ethnicity, time, geography, duration, number of cases, value, value type