Jobseeker's Allowance sanctions
Last updated 31 July 2020 - see all updates
- 1. Navigate toMain facts and figures section
- 2. Navigate toThings you need to know section
- 3. Navigate toBy ethnicity section
- 4. Navigate toBy ethnicity and area section
- 5. Navigate toBy ethnicity and age group section
- 6. Navigate toBy ethnicity over time section
- 7. Navigate toData sources section
- 8. Navigate toDownload the data section
1. Main facts and figures
from October 2013 to December 2016, the percentage of claimants receiving sanctions fell, both for those in the White ethnic group and those in other ethnic groups combined
in December 2016, the percentage of claimants sanctioned from ethnic minorities other than White ethnic minorities (1.7%) was slightly greater than the percentage of White claimants sanctioned (1.5%)
older claimants were less likely to be sanctioned than younger claimants
claimants of Mixed ethnicity were more likely to be sanctioned than claimants from any other ethnic group, but this group also has the highest percentage of claimants aged 18 to 24 (a group more likely to receive sanctions regardless of ethnicity) and the lowest percentage of people aged 50 and over (the age group least likely to be sanctioned)
2. Things you need to know
What the data measures
The data measures the number and percentage of decisions to sanction people receiving work-related Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA).
A sanction is when someone claiming JSA has their benefit reduced if they don’t do something they’re asked to do by their Jobcentre adviser without good reason, for example, if they don’t accept or keep to their agreement to look for work.
Read more about JSA sanctions
Not included in the data
The data does not include sanction decisions that were successfully appealed.
Data is suppressed (not shown) if the number of sanction decisions for a particular ethnic group is too small to make reliable generalisations.
How sanction rates are calculated
Percentages are worked out monthly. The percentage of decisions to sanction is the average number of decisions each month divided by the number of people claiming JSA on the second Thursday of the month.
The ethnic groups used in the data
To allow reliable generalisations to be made, data is shown for 4 aggregated groups:
Data is also shown for 2 White ethnic groups:
- White British
- White Other
For data analysed by ethnicity and another factor (such as age group), the data is shown for 2 ethnic groups:
- White (White British and White ethnic minorities)
- Other (all other ethnic minorities)
Read the detailed methodology document for the data used on this page.
The data counts the number of decisions to sanction, not how many people were sanctioned. Because someone can have more than one sanction in a month, differences between ethnic groups could be due to:
- more people in a particular group receiving sanctions
- people in that group receiving multiple sanctions
In the data file
You can download the data for the numbers of people who didn’t report their ethnicity.
3. By ethnicity
Summary of Jobseeker's Allowance sanctions By ethnicity Summary
4. By ethnicity and area
|Area||All||Asian||Black||Mixed||White British||White Other||Other|
|East of England||1.8||1.5||1.7||2.8||1.8||0.9||2.1|
|Scotland||1.4||1.1||1.7||withheld to protect confidentiality||1.4||1.6||1.3|
|South West||1.4||withheld to protect confidentiality||1.8||2.1||1.3||1.4||1.7|
|Wales||1.4||2.8||1.3||2.2||1.3||1.9||withheld to protect confidentiality|
|Yorkshire and The Humber||2.2||2.7||2.2||2.4||2.1||2.0||1.5|
Summary of Jobseeker's Allowance sanctions By ethnicity and area Summary
5. By ethnicity and age group
|Aged 18-24||Aged 25-49||Aged 50+|
|Ethnic group||Aged 18-24 %||Aged 18-24 Number of sanctions||Aged 25-49 %||Aged 25-49 Number of sanctions||Aged 50+ %||Aged 50+ Number of sanctions|
Summary of Jobseeker's Allowance sanctions By ethnicity and age group Summary
6. By ethnicity over time
|Month||White %||White Number of sanctions||Other %||Other Number of sanctions|
Summary of Jobseeker's Allowance sanctions By ethnicity over time Summary
7. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Department for Work and Pensions
Note on corrections or updates
The figures on this page may not match other published data as figures can be changed after being published (for example, if an appeal is successful).
Purpose of data source
The figures for the number of people claiming Jobseeker’s Allowance (JSA) and the number of decisions to stop benefit (‘sanctions’) are administrative data used to produce official and experimental statistics.
8. Download the data
Region, month, ethnic group, numerator, denominator