People without decent homes
1. Main facts and figures
- in the 2 years to March 2019, an average of 17% of households in England lived in a home with no modern facilities, no effective insulation or heating, or in a state of disrepair (a ‘non-decent home’)
- 18% of White British households lived in a non-decent home
- households from the Mixed White and Asian (4%), Chinese (5%) and Indian (11%) ethnic groups were less likely to live in a non-decent home than White British households
2. Things you need to know
What the data measures
The data measures the percentage of households in England living in a ‘non-decent’ home, by ethnicity.
A home is non-decent if any of the following apply:
- it does not meet the basic legal health and safety standards for housing
- it is not in a reasonable state of repair
- it does not have reasonably modern facilities and services
- it has insulation or heating that is not effective
Read more about the definition of a decent home.
The information relates to households of either one person or a group of people sharing cooking facilities and a living room or dining area. It must be their main or only home.
Percentages are rounded to the nearest whole number but have been worked out using unrounded numbers.
Not included in the data
Estimates based on fewer than 30 households have not been included. This is because it is harder to make reliable generalisations from smaller numbers of survey respondents.
The ethnic groups used in the data
For data analysed by ethnicity, the 18 ethnic groups from the 2011 Census are shown.
Each household’s ethnic group is the ethnicity of the ‘household reference person’ (usually the person responsible for paying the rent or mortgage). There may be people of different ethnicities in the same household.
The ethnicity was known for 99.8% of households.
Read the detailed methodology document for this data.
The data is an average for the 2 years from April 2017 to March 2019. This is to make sure there are enough households to be able to make reliable generalisations. You can read more about combining multiple years of data and some of the issues involved.
The figures on this page are based on survey data. Find out more about:
- interpreting survey data including how reliability is affected by the number of people surveyed
- how weighting is used to make survey results more representative of the whole population they cover
In the data file
See Download the data for:
- figures rounded to 1 decimal place
- sample sizes
- weighted figures for the numerator and denominator
3. By ethnicity
|Ethnicity||%||Number of non-decent homes||All households|
|Mixed White/Black African||33||15||46|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||15||11||74|
|White Gypsy/Traveller||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable|
Summary of People without decent homes By ethnicity Summary
4. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Department for Levelling Up, Housing and Communities
Note on corrections or updates
Information published in the EHS headline report and other annual reports is usually based on a 12-month period, rather than the 2 years’ combined data used here. As a result, the statistics shown here may not match those in the EHS reports.
Purpose of data source
The English Housing Survey is a continuous national survey commissioned by the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government. It collects information about people’s housing circumstances and the condition and energy efficiency of housing in England.
5. Download the data
This file contains the following variables: Measure, Time, Time_type, Ethnicity, Ethnicity_type, Geography, Age_group, NS-SEC, Income_band, Region, Value, Numerator, Denominator, Sample_size