1. Main facts and figures
- in 2015 to 2017, around 4.5 million (20%) of the estimated 23 million households in England lived in a non-decent home (that is, their home was not in a reasonable state of repair, didn’t have reasonably modern facilities and services, or had ineffective insulation or heating
- 20% of White British households lived in a non-decent home
- White Irish (11%) and Mixed White and Black Caribbean households (8%) were less likely to live in a non-decent home compared with White British households
The ethnic categories used in this data
For comparisons made at national level, this data uses the following 18 ethnic groups based on the 2011 Census.
- English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British
- Gypsy, Traveller or Irish Traveller
- Any other White background
Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:
- White and Black Caribbean
- White and Black African
- White and Asian
- Any other Mixed/Multiple ethnic background
- Any other Asian background
- Any other Black/African/Caribbean background
Other ethnic group:
- Any other ethnic group
2. By ethnicity
|Ethnicity||%||Number of non-decent homes ('000s)||All households ('000s)|
|Black other||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable|
|Mixed White/Asian||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable|
|Mixed White/Black African||26||19||74|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||8||8||96|
|White Gypsy/Traveller||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable|
The English Housing Survey involves face-to-face interviews with a random sample of about 13,300 households a year.
The dwellings of about 6,000 of the interviewed households are randomly selected to take part in the physical survey element carried out by a qualified surveyor. In addition, a random sample of around 200 of the dwellings identified by the interviewer as vacant are also included in the physical survey element.
Weights are applied to the sample to produce estimates for the 23 million households in England as a whole.
Suppression rules and disclosure control
Estimates based on fewer than 30 households have not been included in these statistics, because small numbers of households make it impossible to draw meaningful conclusions.
More detailed data, including some potentially disclosive data, is protected by a range of disclosure controls. See the guidance on English Housing Survey datasets for information accessing this data.
Percentages shown in the charts and tables are rounded to the nearest whole number. Download the data to see figures rounded to 1 decimal place.
Figures for the numerator and denominator are weighted and rounded to the nearest whole number in the download files. Therefore, calculations of the percentages using these values may differ to the percentage figures shown on this page, which have been calculated using unrounded figures.
English Housing Survey information and publications.
4. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government
Purpose of data source
The English Housing Survey is a continuous national survey commissioned by the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government. It collects information about people’s housing circumstances and the condition and energy efficiency of housing in England.
5. Download the data
This file contains the following: measure, time, time-type, ethnicity, ethnicity type, geography, numerator, value, denominator, sample size