People without decent homes
1. Main facts and figures
- in the 2 years to March 2018, 18% of households in England lived in a ‘non-decent home’, which is a home that lacks modern facilities, is in a state of disrepair or has ineffective insulation or heating
- 18% of White British households lived in a non-decent home
- Chinese households (4%) were less likely to live in a non-decent home than White British households (18%)
- although it appears that Chinese households were less likely than all other ethnic groups to live in a non-decent home, these comparisons may not be reliable because of the small number of Chinese households interviewed
The ethnic categories used in this data
This data uses the 18 ethnic groups used in the 2011 Census.
2. By ethnicity
|Ethnicity||%||Number of non-decent homes ('000s)||All households ('000s)|
|White Gypsy or Irish Traveller||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable|
|Mixed White and Black Caribbean||12||11||91|
|Mixed White and Black African||27||15||57|
|Mixed White and Asian||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable|
|Black Other||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable||withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable|
Summary of People without decent homes By ethnicity Summary
Around 13,300 households a year take part in face-to-face interviews for the English Housing Survey.
The homes of around 6,000 of those households are also surveyed by a qualified surveyor. These are chosen at random. In addition, another 200 empty properties are surveyed to get a complete picture of homes in England.
Weighting is applied to the sample to produce estimates for the 23 million households in England as a whole.
Weighting adjusts the results of a survey to make them representative of the population and make them more reliable.
For example, a survey of 25 women and 75 men will not accurately reflect the views of the general population, which is around 50% male and 50% female.
Suppression rules and disclosure control
These figures don't include estimates based on fewer than 30 households. This is because it's hard to make reliable generalisations based on a small number of respondents.
Where data is analysed by ethnicity and another factor (like socio-economic group), 2 ethnic groups are shown. This avoids the potential for individuals to be identified.
See the guidance on English Housing Survey datasets for information on accessing other, more detailed, data.
Percentages shown in the charts and tables are rounded to the nearest whole number. Download the data to get more detailed estimates.
Figures for the numerator and denominator are weighted and rounded to the nearest whole number in the download files. Therefore, calculations of the percentages using these values may differ to the percentage figures shown on this page, which have been calculated using unrounded figures.
English Housing Survey information and publications.
4. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government
Purpose of data source
The English Housing Survey is a continuous national survey commissioned by the Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government (MHCLG). It collects information about people’s housing circumstances and the condition and energy efficiency of housing in England.
5. Download the data
This file contains the following: measure, time, time-type, ethnicity, ethnicity type, geography, numerator, value, denominator, sample size