Destinations of students after 16 to 18 study
Last updated 4 March 2021 - see all updates
1. Main facts and figures
- 81% of students went into education, apprenticeships or employment for at least 2 terms after reaching the end of 16 to 18 study (including A levels) in July 2017
- 47% continued their education, 25% went into employment and 10% went into apprenticeships
- students from the Chinese and Indian ethnic groups were the most likely out of all ethnic groups to go into education, apprenticeships or employment
- the percentages of Asian, Black and White students going into education, apprenticeships or employment were all above the national average
- White British students were the most likely to go into employment (29%) and apprenticeships (11%) out of all ethnic groups
- the ethnic groups most likely to have no sustained education, apprenticeships or employment were White Gypsy Roma (34%) and Traveller of Irish Heritage (33%) – however, these results are less reliable due to small numbers of students
2. Things you need to know
What the data measures
The data shows what students did after finishing A levels and other 16 to 18 study in state-funded mainstream schools and colleges in England.
The data includes students who took qualifications between entry level and level 3 when they were 16 to 18 years old.
The destinations are based on what students did in the following academic year. They show whether students:
- stayed in education
- went into employment
- took an apprenticeship
- had no sustained destination – this might include people who went into employment, an apprenticeship or further study but not continuously for 6 months
There is an extra category to show where this information was not recorded.
Percentages are rounded to the nearest whole number.
The ethnic groups used in the data
The data uses the ethnic groups from the 2001 Census, with 2 exceptions:
- there are separate categories for White Irish Traveller and White Gypsy and Roma children
- students in the Chinese ethnic group are in a separate category from Asian students
The ethnicity was not known for about 2% of students in the most recent year.
Read the detailed methodology document (PDF opens in a new window or tab) for the data on this page.
Not all destinations could be recorded – for example, a student’s destination would not be known if they went into work or study abroad or attended a school or college in Scotland, Wales or Northern Ireland.
Destinations were recorded for 94% of students overall, although this figure varied by ethnic group. For example, destinations were recorded for 95% of White British students, compared with 76% of White Gypsy and Roma students.
3. By ethnicity
|Ethnicity||Education, apprenticeships or employment||Education||Apprenticeships||Employment||No sustained education/employment||Unknown|
|Mixed White/Black African||81||55||6||20||13||5|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||77||42||8||27||17||6|
Summary of Destinations of students after 16 to 18 study By ethnicity Summary
4. By ethnicity over time
|Mixed White/Black African||86||87||86||88||85||89||88||87|
|Mixed White/Black Caribbean||86||86||86||87||87||89||87||86|
Summary of Destinations of students after 16 to 18 study By ethnicity over time Summary
5. Data sources
Type of data
Type of statistic
Department for Education
Purpose of data source
The data is collected to help provide clear and comparable information on the success of schools and colleges in helping their students continue in education or employment.
6. Download the data
This file contains: Measure, Ethnicity, Ethnicity type, Time, Time type, Geography, Geography type, Geography code, Gender, Gender type, Qualification level, Destination, Value, Value type, Denominator, Numerator