The statistics have been produced using the Department for Education’s (DfE) Longitudinal Educational Outcomes (LEO) dataset.
The LEO dataset is created by combining data from the following sources:
- the DfE’s national pupil database
- Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA) data on students at UK universities
- individualised learner record (ILR) covering English further education providers and specialist post-16 institutions
- employment and PAYE data, and data from the Self Assessment tax return, from HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC)
- the national benefit database, labour market system and Juvos data, held by the Department for Work and Pensions (DWP)
The matching of these databases was undertaken at individual level using personal characteristics such as name, date of birth and postcode.
Suppression rules and disclosure control
Suppression is applied to the destination data to ensure that individual students cannot be identified, as follows:
- any total with fewer than 11 students has had all of their data suppressed
- figures referring to outcomes for 1 or 2 individuals have been suppressed – in some cases, more figures are suppressed if publishing them would affect the suppression of those figures referring to outcomes for 1 or 2 individuals
Zeros remain zeros unless they reveal information about employment destinations.
Percentages are rounded to the nearest 0.1%. Earnings are rounded to the nearest £100.Quality and methodology information