Destinations and earnings of graduates after higher education

Published

1. Main facts and figures

  • in the year ending 5 April 2018, 88.6% of White people were in sustained employment, further study, or both 1 year after graduating from a degree – the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • 87.4% of people from the Indian ethnic group were in sustained employment, further study, or both
  • 66.3% of people from the Mixed White and Black Caribbean ethnic group were in sustained employment 1 year after graduating – the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups (for employment only)
  • 35.7% of people from the Arab ethnic group were in further study, with or without employment, 1 year after graduating – the highest percentage out of all ethnic groups
  • people from the Chinese and Indian ethnic groups had the highest average earnings 1 year after graduating (£22,300), followed by people from the Asian Other ethnic group (£21,500)
  • people from the White and Black Caribbean ethnic group had the lowest average earnings 1 year after graduating (£18,200), followed by the Bangladeshi, Black Caribbean and Pakistani ethnic groups (£18,600)

2. Things you need to know

What the data measures

The data shows what people did after finishing their degree, by ethnicity. It includes:

  • people who graduated 1 year, 3 years, 5 years and 10 years ago (before the year to March 2018)
  • the average (median) earnings of people in employment

The data shows destinations recorded in the 2017 to 2018 tax year for students who finished their further education the previous year. Destinations include:

  • sustained employment or study (or both)
  • a destination that was not sustained – this might include people who went into employment or further study but not continuously between October 2017 and March 2018
  • activity not recorded

Earnings data is also shown for people who completed further education 1, 3, 5 and 10 academic years earlier. It does not include data for people in both sustained employment and further study.

Percentages are rounded to the nearest 0.1%. Earnings are rounded to the nearest £100.

Not included in the data

Some of the data labelled as ? in the tables and download file has been withheld. This is to minimise risk of disclosure and because the numbers are too small to be able to make any reliable conclusions.

The ethnic groups used in the data

Data is shown for the Asian, Black, Mixed and Other ethnic groups used in the 2011 Census. Data for the White ethnic group is aggregated, which means figures are shown for the group as a whole.

Methodology

Read the detailed methodology document (PDF opens in a new window or tab) for the data on this page.

The median earnings for each ethnic group is the middle point when the figures are ordered from lowest to highest.

You can read more about when we use the mean and median to work out averages.

In the data file

See Download the data for counts of students in each ethnic group for every year covered by this data.

3. Graduate destinations by ethnicity

Percentage of graduates in different destinations 1, 3, 5 and 10 years after graduation, by ethnicity
1 year after graduation 3 years after graduation 5 years after graduation 10 years after graduation
Ethnicity 1 year after graduation Sustained employment further study or both 1 year after graduation No sustained destination 1 year after graduation Activity not captured 3 years after graduation Sustained employment further study or both 3 years after graduation No sustained destination 3 years after graduation Activity not captured 5 years after graduation Sustained employment further study or both 5 years after graduation No sustained destination 5 years after graduation Activity not captured 10 years after graduation Sustained employment further study or both 10 years after graduation No sustained destination 10 years after graduation Activity not captured
All 87.7 7.7 4.7 85.9 6.8 7.3 84.9 6.0 9.1 82.3 4.9 12.8
White 88.6 7.0 4.4 86.9 6.2 6.9 86.0 5.4 8.6 83.5 4.4 12.1
White and Black Caribbean 86.7 9.5 3.8 85.7 8.5 5.8 84.8 7.6 7.6 84.0 6.1 9.9
White and Black African 83.0 10.8 6.2 81.9 8.3 9.7 80.6 8.5 10.9 76.4 8.7 14.9
White and Asian 84.8 8.6 6.6 83.9 7.0 9.1 82.0 6.6 11.5 79.6 3.9 16.4
Mixed Other 81.7 11.1 7.2 80.9 9.1 10.0 78.3 8.8 13.0 75.7 6.3 17.9
Indian 87.4 8.0 4.6 86.5 6.9 6.6 86.1 6.6 7.3 83.1 5.8 11.0
Pakistani 84.1 10.3 5.7 81.8 9.1 9.1 79.4 9.1 11.5 76.2 7.6 16.2
Bangladeshi 87.0 9.4 3.6 86.3 7.4 6.4 83.2 8.3 8.5 80.6 7.3 12.1
Chinese 80.4 8.7 10.9 76.4 6.3 17.3 74.6 5.1 20.3 66.0 4.8 29.2
Asian Other 85.3 8.6 6.1 80.5 8.3 11.2 80.2 7.2 12.6 76.2 6.3 17.5
Black African 85.9 9.5 4.5 82.9 9.7 7.4 81.0 8.7 10.3 76.2 8.3 15.5
Black Caribbean 86.6 9.8 3.5 85.7 9.2 5.1 84.7 8.8 6.6 82.4 7.1 10.4
Black Other 81.6 12.4 6.0 77.2 11.4 11.4 76.7 10.4 12.9 76.4 8.2 15.3
Arab 80.9 11.2 7.9 77.1 11.5 11.5 withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable N/A* N/A* N/A*
Other 81.6 11.7 6.7 77.7 11.0 11.3 77.6 8.5 13.9 72.8 7.4 19.8
Not known 82.4 9.7 7.9 81.5 8.5 9.9 79.2 8.0 12.8 78.3 6.6 15.1

Download table data for ‘Graduate destinations by ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Graduate destinations by ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Destinations and earnings of graduates after higher education Graduate destinations by ethnicity Summary

The data shows that:

  • 87.7% of people who graduated 1 year ago were in sustained employment, further study or both
  • 7.7% of people who graduated 1 year ago had no sustained destination – the destination was unknown for 4.7%
  • White people (88.6%) were the most likely out of all ethnic groups to be in sustained employment, further study or both 1 year after graduating
  • people from the Black Other (12.4%), Other (11.7%) and Arab (11.2%) ethnic groups were the most likely to have no sustained destination 1 year after graduating
  • people from the White (7.0%), Indian (8.0%) and Mixed White and Asian and Asian Other (8.6%) ethnic groups were least likely to have no sustained destination 1 year after graduating
  • people from the Indian (86.1%) and White (86.0%) ethnic groups were the most likely to be in sustained employment, further study, or both 5 years after graduating
  • people from the Black Other (10.4%) and Pakistani (9.1%) ethnic groups were the most likely to have no sustained destination 5 years after graduating
  • the destination was unknown for 4.7% for people who graduated 1 year ago – it was 12.8% for people who graduated 10 years ago

4. Graduate destinations (further study or employment) by ethnicity

Percentage of graduates in further study or sustained employment 1, 3, 5 and 10 years after graduation, by ethnicity
1 year after graduation 3 years after graduation 5 years after graduation 10 years after graduation
Ethnicity 1 year after graduation Sustained employment only (%) 1 year after graduation Further study with or without sustained employment (%) 3 years after graduation Sustained employment only (%) 3 years after graduation Further study with or without sustained employment (%) 5 years after graduation Sustained employment only (%) 5 years after graduation Further study with or without sustained employment (%) 10 years after graduation Sustained employment only (%) 10 years after graduation Further study with or without sustained employment (%)
All 63.6 24.1 71.3 14.6 74.5 10.4 76.7 5.6
White 65.1 23.5 72.5 14.4 75.7 10.3 78.0 5.5
White and Black Caribbean 66.3 20.4 72.4 13.3 75.3 9.5 76.4 7.6
White and Black African 58.8 24.2 67.0 14.9 69.1 11.5 69.0 7.4
White and Asian 58.2 26.6 67.9 16.0 70.6 11.4 72.6 7.0
Mixed Other 57.8 23.9 65.6 15.3 67.3 11.0 69.8 5.9
Indian 63.8 23.6 73.0 13.5 77.4 8.7 78.6 4.5
Pakistani 57.1 27.0 67.2 14.6 70.5 8.9 71.7 4.5
Bangladeshi 62.9 24.1 74.6 11.7 76.4 6.8 76.1 4.5
Chinese 54.6 25.8 62.9 13.5 65.1 9.5 61.8 4.2
Asian Other 59.6 25.7 64.6 15.9 68.4 11.8 69.5 6.7
Black African 56.8 29.1 62.5 20.4 65.4 15.6 66.5 9.7
Black Caribbean 65.3 21.3 69.4 16.3 73.1 11.6 75.0 7.4
Black Other 56.1 25.5 60.0 17.2 64.4 12.3 68.1 8.3
Arab 45.2 35.7 54.2 22.9 withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable withheld because a small sample size makes it unreliable N/A* N/A*
Other 54.3 27.3 62.8 14.9 65.8 11.8 66.0 6.8
Not known 62.8 19.6 67.8 13.7 68.5 10.7 71.8 6.5

Download table data for ‘Graduate destinations (further study or employment) by ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Graduate destinations (further study or employment) by ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Destinations and earnings of graduates after higher education Graduate destinations (further study or employment) by ethnicity Summary

The data shows that:

  • 63.6% of people who graduated 1 year ago were in sustained employment only, and 24.1% were in further study (with or without employment)
  • Mixed White and Black Caribbean people (66.3%) were the most likely out of all ethnic groups to be in sustained employment only, 1 year after graduation
  • people from the Arab (45.2%), Other (54.3%) and Chinese (54.6%) ethnic groups had the lowest percentages in sustained employment only, 1 year after graduation – these groups also had the highest percentages of people whose destinations were unknown
  • people from the Arab (37.7%) and Black African (29.1%) ethnic groups were most likely to be in further study 1 year after graduation – White and Black Caribbean people (20.4%) were the least likely
  • the percentage of people in ‘sustained employment only’ went up from 63.6% for those who graduated 1 year ago, to 76.7% for those who graduated 10 years ago
  • the percentage of people in further study went down from 24.1% for those who graduated 1 year ago, to 5.6% for those who graduated 10 years ago

5. Average earnings of graduates by ethnicity

Average (median) earnings of graduates in sustained employment only, 1, 3, 5 and 10 years after graduation, by ethnicity
Ethnicity 1 year after graduation 3 years after graduation 5 years after graduation 10 years after graduation
Average (median) earnings (£) Average (median) earnings (£) Average (median) earnings (£) Average (median) earnings (£)
All 20,400 23,700 26,600 31,000
White 20,400 23,700 26,600 31,000
White and Black Caribbean 18,200 22,600 25,200 31,000
White and Black African 19,300 23,000 25,600 31,400
White and Asian 20,800 24,800 28,800 34,700
Mixed Other 20,100 23,700 27,400 32,100
Indian 22,300 26,300 29,600 33,900
Pakistani 18,600 21,500 23,000 25,600
Bangladeshi 18,600 22,600 24,800 28,500
Chinese 22,300 25,600 29,600 33,600
Asian Other 21,500 25,200 28,800 34,700
Black African 20,400 23,400 25,200 29,200
Black Caribbean 18,600 22,300 23,700 28,500
Black Other 19,000 21,900 23,400 27,900
Arab 20,100 21,900 N/A* N/A*
Other 20,100 24,500 26,600 31,400
Not known 21,200 23,400 25,200 28,100

Download table data for ‘Average earnings of graduates by ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘Average earnings of graduates by ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Destinations and earnings of graduates after higher education Average earnings of graduates by ethnicity Summary

The data shows that:

  • the average (median) salary of someone who graduated 1 year ago was £20,400
  • the average salary was £23,700 for people who graduated 3 years ago, £26,600 for people who graduated 5 years ago, and £31,000 for people who graduated 10 years ago
  • people from the Indian and Chinese ethnic groups had the highest average earnings 1 year after graduating (£22,300)
  • people from the White and Black Caribbean (£18,200) and Bangladeshi, Black Caribbean and Pakistani ethnic groups ethnic groups (£18,600) had the lowest average earnings 1 year after graduating
  • people from the Chinese and Indian ethnic groups had the highest average earnings 5 years after graduating (both £29,600)
  • people from the Pakistani (£23,000) and Black Other (£23,400) ethnic groups had the lowest average earnings 5 years after graduating

6. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Administrative data

Type of statistic

Official statistics

Publisher

Department for Education

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

This data helps monitor the progress of higher education leavers into the labour market.

7. Download the data

earnings of graduates after higher education - Spreadsheet (csv) 21 KB

measure, tax year, academic year, years after graduation, ethnicity, ethnicity_type, earnings_quartile, value, value_type, denominator

Destinations of graduates after higher education - Spreadsheet (csv) 56 KB

measure, tax year, academic year, years after graduation, ethnicity, ethnicity_type, destinations, value, value type, denominator