Apprenticeship starts

Published

1. Main facts and figures

  • in the 8 years to July 2019, the percentage of apprenticeships started by people from Asian, Black, Mixed and Other ethnic groups went up from 10.0% to 12.5%

  • the total number of apprenticeships started went down 520,580 to 393,380 (a 24% decrease)

  • the number of apprenticeships started by people from Asian, Black, Mixed and Other ethnic groups went down from 51,350 to 48,390 (a 6% decrease)

  • in the year ending July 2019, White people made up 87.5% of apprenticeship starts and 84.0% of the general population (based on 2018 estimates)

2. Things you need to know

What the data measures

The data measures the number of times people started an apprenticeship programme, by ethnicity.

Each reporting period covers an academic year, which runs from 1 August to 31 July.

Percentages have been rounded to 1 decimal place. Numbers of apprenticeship starts are rounded to the nearest 10.

Not included in the data

The data does not include people whose ethnicity was unknown – this was 1.7% of apprenticeship starts in the academic year ending July 2019.

Numbers less than 5 have been suppressed. This is to protect people’s confidentiality.

The ethnic groups used in the data

Data is shown for 5 aggregated ethnic groups:

  • Asian
  • Black
  • Mixed
  • White
  • Other

This means estimates are shown for these groups as a whole.

Methodology

Read the detailed methodology document (PDF opens in a new window or tab) for this data.

Apprenticeships standards and the Apprenticeship Levy were introduced in the academic year ending in July 2018. This may have affected how many people started apprenticeships.

An apprentice starting more than one apprenticeship will be counted separately for each programme. For example, an apprentice starting an intermediate level apprenticeship, and then starting or transferring to an advanced level apprenticeship, will be counted as 2 starts. This can be within one academic year or across multiple academic years.

3. By ethnicity over time

Percentage and number of apprenticeship starts by ethnicity over time
Asian Black Mixed White Other
Year Asian % Asian Starts Black % Black Starts Mixed % Mixed Starts White % White Starts Other % Other Starts
2011/12 4.0 20,720 3.4 17,350 1.9 9,850 90.1 464,960 0.7 3,430
2012/13 3.9 19,690 3.3 16,590 2.0 10,110 90.1 455,440 0.7 3,380
2013/14 4.3 18,600 3.1 13,650 2.2 9,470 89.7 391,480 0.7 3,110
2014/15 4.3 21,510 3.5 17,250 2.2 10,930 89.3 442,340 0.7 3,500
2015/16 4.3 21,380 3.5 17,500 2.2 11,100 89.4 448,830 0.7 3,500
2016/17 4.5 22,010 3.7 18,080 2.3 11,020 88.7 434,220 0.9 4,200
2017/18 4.7 17,430 3.3 12,340 2.5 9,390 88.6 327,720 0.8 3,070
2018/19 5.5 21,370 3.5 13,510 2.7 10,520 87.5 338,330 0.8 2,990

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity over time’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity over time’ (CSV)

Summary of Apprenticeship starts By ethnicity over time Summary

The data shows that in the 8 years to July 2019:

  • the number of apprenticeships started by Asian people went up from 20,720 to 21,370

  • the number started by people with Mixed ethnicity went up from 9,850 to 10,520

  • the number started by Black people went down from 17,350 to 13,510 – the number started by White people went down from 464,960 to 338,330

  • in the year ending July 2019, 87.5% of apprenticeships were started by White people, compared with 88.6% the year before

  • 5.5% of apprenticeships were started by Asian people in the year ending July 2019, compared with 4.7% the year before

4. By ethnicity compared with the overall population

Percentage of apprenticeship starts, and percentage of the overall population, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Apprenticeship starts Population (2018 estimate)
% %
Asian 5.5 8.4
Black 3.5 3.8
Mixed 2.7 2.8
White 87.5 84.0
Other 0.8 1.1

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity compared with the overall population’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity compared with the overall population’ (CSV)

Summary of Apprenticeship starts By ethnicity compared with the overall population Summary

The percentage of people on apprenticeships in each ethnic group has been compared with 2018 population estimates published by the Office for National Statistics.

The data shows that in the year ending July 2019:

  • White people made up 87.5% of apprenticeship starts and 84.0% of the overall population

  • Asian people made up 5.5% of apprenticeship starts and 8.4% of the overall population

5. By ethnicity and gender

Percentage and number of apprenticeship starts by ethnicity and gender
All Men Women
Ethnicity All % All Starts Men % Men Starts Women % Women Starts
Asian 5.5 21,370 2.9 11,090 2.7 10,280
Black 3.5 13,510 1.6 6,090 1.9 7,420
Mixed 2.7 10,520 1.3 5,150 1.4 5,370
White 87.5 338,330 43.8 169,450 43.7 168,880
Other 0.8 2,990 0.4 1,490 0.4 1,500

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and gender’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and gender’ (CSV)

Summary of Apprenticeship starts By ethnicity and gender Summary

The data shows that in the year ending July 2019, where ethnicity was known:

  • 43.8% of all apprenticeship starts were made by White men

  • more men than women started apprenticeships within the Asian and White ethnic groups

  • more women than men started apprenticeships in the Black and Mixed ethnic groups

  • the biggest difference between men and women was in the Black ethnic group – women started 7,420 apprenticeships (1.9% of all starts) and men started 6,090 (1.6%)

6. By ethnicity and age

Percentage and number of apprenticeship starts by ethnicity and age
All Under 19 19-24 25+
Ethnicity All % All Starts Under 19 % Under 19 Starts 19-24 % 19-24 Starts 25+ % 25+ Starts
Asian 5.5 21,370 0.8 3,210 1.9 7,250 2.8 10,910
Black 3.5 13,510 0.4 1,370 0.8 3,030 2.4 9,110
Mixed 2.7 10,520 0.7 2,690 0.9 3,460 1.1 4,370
White 87.5 338,330 23.1 89,170 25.9 100,030 38.6 149,130
Other 0.8 2,990 0.1 390 0.2 730 0.5 1,870

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and age’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and age’ (CSV)

Summary of Apprenticeship starts By ethnicity and age Summary

The data shows that in the year ending July 2019:

  • White people over 25 years old made 149,130 apprenticeship starts (38.6% of all starts) – the highest amount out of all ethnic group and age group combinations

  • in every ethnic group, more people over 25 started apprenticeships than any other age group – fewer people under the age of 19 started apprenticeships than any other age group

  • 67.4% of Black people who started apprenticeships were over 25, compared with 44.1% of White people

7. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Administrative data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Department for Education

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

Data about learners' demographics and their type of learning (including apprenticeships and apprenticeship aims) is used by Education and Skills Funding Agency to allocate funding for further education.

8. Download the data

Apprenticeship starts - Spreadsheet (csv) 78 KB

This file contains the following: Measure, Apprenticeship_level, Ethnicity, Ethnicity_type, Time, Time_type, Geography, Geography_type, Geography code, Gender, Age Bracket, Age Bracket Type, Denominator, Numerator and Value