Writing results for 10 to 11 year olds

Published

1. Main facts and figures

  • 78% of 10 to 11 year olds met the expected standard in writing in the school year 2018 to 2019

  • 20% of pupils met the higher standard

  • pupils from the Chinese ethnic group were most likely to meet both the expected and higher standards

  • White Gypsy and Roma pupils were least likely to meet both the expected and higher standards

  • in every ethnic group, girls were more likely than boys to meet both the expected and higher standards

  • pupils from the Chinese ethnic group made the most progress between 7 and 11 years old

  • White Irish Traveller pupils made the least progress

Things you need to know

In the 2018 to 2019 school year, 644,625 pupils were assessed for writing in key stage 2 at state-funded schools.

Ethnicity was known for 99% of pupils. Of those:

  • 74% of pupils were White
  • 11% were Asian
  • 6% had Mixed ethnicity
  • 6% were Black
  • 0.4% were Chinese
  • 2% were from Other ethnic groups

Numbers of pupils vary in the results for different subjects. This is because pupils who don’t have a valid result for a particular subject are excluded from the total. For more about valid results, see the Methodology.

There were 2,320 White Gypsy and Roma pupils and 473 Traveller of Irish Heritage pupils.

The Isles of Scilly had 19 pupils and the City of London had 28. Use caution when interpreting figures for these groups and local authorities as they are based on small numbers of pupils.

Results for writing in the 2018 to 2019 school year are not directly comparable to earlier years because of changes to the writing teacher assessment frameworks in 2018.

What the data measures

This data measures the percentage of pupils who met the expected and higher standards in writing at the end of key stage 2 (when they are 10 or 11 years old).

The data covers the 2018 to 2019 school year. The download file also provides attainment for pupils who were eligible for free school meals and those who were not eligible.

The standards are:

  • expected standard – pupils are ‘working at the expected standard’ or ‘working at a greater depth within the expected standard’

  • higher standard – pupils are ‘working at a greater depth within the expected standard’

The progress score measures the progress that pupils make between the end of key stage 1 (primary school year 2) and the end of key stage 2 (year 6). A pupil’s results are compared with the actual achievements of other pupils nationally with similar key stage 1 results.

This data shows an average progress score for each ethnic group.

A progress score of 0 (the national average) means pupils are making the expected amount of progress.

A positive score (0.1 and above) means they are making more progress than expected.

A negative score (-0.1 and below) means they are making less progress than expected.

The ethnic categories used in this data

This data uses categories from the Department for Education’s school census. These groupings are based on the 2001 national Census, with 2 exceptions:

  • White Irish Traveller and White Gypsy and Roma children have been separated into 2 categories
  • pupils in the Chinese ethnic group are in a separate category from Asian pupils

These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.

Local authority data is only provided for 6 ethnic groups:

  • Asian
  • Black
  • Chinese
  • Mixed
  • White
  • Other

2. By ethnicity

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected and higher standards in writing, and progress score, by ethnicity
Ethnicity Expected Higher Progress
All 78 20 0.0
Asian 82 22 1.0
Bangladeshi 83 23 1.5
Indian 87 30 1.1
Pakistani 78 16 0.6
Asian other 83 25 1.2
Black 78 19 0.5
Black African 80 21 0.8
Black Caribbean 73 14 -0.5
Black other 75 16 0.4
Chinese 88 37 1.8
Mixed 80 22 0.2
Mixed White/Asian 84 28 0.6
Mixed White/Black African 79 22 0.3
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 74 15 -0.7
Mixed other 81 24 0.6
White 78 20 -0.2
White British 79 20 -0.3
White Irish 82 26 0.4
Gypsy/Roma 33 2 -0.4
Irish Traveller 40 3 -1.0
White other 75 19 1.4
Other 73 18 1.3
Unknown 60 14 -0.3

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity’ (CSV)

Summary of Writing results for 10 to 11 year olds By ethnicity Summary

The data shows that:

  • 78% of pupils met the expected standard in writing at the end of year 6 (when they were 10 or 11 years old)
  • 20% of pupils met the higher standard
  • 88% of pupils from the Chinese ethnic group met the expected standard and 37% met the higher standard, the highest percentages out of all ethnic groups
  • 33% of White Gypsy and Roma pupils met the expected standard and 2% met the higher standard, the lowest percentages out of all ethnic groups
  • pupils from the Chinese ethnic group made the most progress with a score of 1.8 – the national average was 0.0
  • White Irish Traveller pupils made the least progress with a score of -1.0

3. By ethnicity and gender

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected and higher standards in writing, by ethnicity and gender
Boys Girls
Ethnicity Boys Expected Boys Higher Boys Progress score Girls Expected Girls Higher Girls Progress score
All 72 15 -0.7 85 25 0.8
Asian 77 17 0.4 87 28 1.6
Bangladeshi 78 18 0.9 88 29 2.1
Indian 83 24 0.5 91 36 1.7
Pakistani 72 12 0.0 83 20 1.3
Asian other 78 20 0.6 88 31 1.9
Black 72 14 -0.2 84 24 1.2
Black African 75 15 0.2 85 26 1.5
Black Caribbean 64 9 -1.3 81 19 0.4
Black other 68 11 -0.5 83 22 1.2
Chinese 84 32 1.3 91 43 2.3
Mixed 73 17 -0.6 86 28 1.1
Mixed White/Asian 79 22 -0.1 90 35 1.4
Mixed White/Black African 73 16 -0.4 86 28 1.0
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 66 11 -1.5 82 19 0.2
Mixed other 75 18 -0.2 87 30 1.5
White 72 15 -1.0 85 25 0.6
White British 73 15 -1.1 85 25 0.5
White Irish 76 20 -0.5 87 32 1.4
Gypsy/Roma 26 1 -1.1 40 3 0.4
Irish Traveller 31 3 -1.8 49 3 -0.2
White other 70 14 0.7 82 24 2.2
Other 69 14 0.7 79 22 1.9
Unknown 54 10 -1.2 68 19 0.7

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and gender’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and gender’ (CSV)

Summary of Writing results for 10 to 11 year olds By ethnicity and gender Summary

This data shows that:

  • 85% of girls and 72% of boys met the expected standard
  • 25% of girls and 15% of boys met the higher standard
  • in every ethnic group, girls were more likely than boys to meet both the expected and higher standards
  • girls from the Chinese and Indian ethnic groups were the most likely to meet the expected standard (91%)
  • girls from the Chinese ethnic group were most likely to meet the higher standard (43%)
  • White Gypsy and Roma boys were the least likely to meet the expected standard (26%) and higher standard (1%)
  • the smallest gap between girls (91%) and boys (84%) at the expected standard was in the Chinese ethnic group
  • the biggest gap between girls (49%) and boys (31%) at the expected standard was in White Irish Traveller ethnic group
  • overall, girls had an above average progress score (0.8), while boys had a below average progress score (-0.7)
  • girls from the Chinese ethnic group made the most progress with a score of 2.3
  • White Irish Traveller boys made the least progress with a score of -1.8

4. By ethnicity and area

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in writing, by ethnicity and area
All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White Other
Local authority All % All Pupils Asian % Asian Pupils Black % Black Pupils Chinese % Chinese Pupils Mixed % Mixed Pupils White % White Pupils Other % Other Pupils
Barking and Dagenham 79 2,759 85 648 84 913 90 9 74 229 73 918 65 31
Barnet 82 3,438 87 408 77 384 93 51 83 354 83 1,844 78 359
Barnsley 77 2,183 100 25 82 18 100 2 76 54 77 2,059 100 10
Bath and North East Somerset 82 1,493 86 24 91 10 60 3 83 78 82 1,360 67 6
Bedford 68 1,483 68 224 73 91 67 4 65 164 69 980 54 15
Bexley 84 2,809 91 245 87 527 100 56 86 201 81 1,717 79 45
Birmingham 76 12,364 79 4,787 75 1,574 85 74 76 1,063 74 4,089 73 623
Blackburn with Darwen 79 1,742 83 813 79 26 80 4 86 62 76 813 100 21
Blackpool 77 1,281 94 33 40 2 50 2 72 43 77 1,196 50 4
Bolton 80 3,148 82 799 68 169 100 6 82 128 80 1,975 77 57
Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole 81 3,101 92 121 81 13 93 13 83 187 80 2,709 70 28
Bracknell Forest 79 1,124 95 74 83 40 90 9 80 81 78 907 86 6
Bradford 77 6,104 81 2,730 79 104 86 6 75 305 74 2,856 71 72
Brent 80 2,910 84 927 76 672 100 9 79 225 79 732 76 326
Brighton and Hove 81 2,185 84 71 84 49 84 16 86 242 80 1,725 75 42
Bristol, City of 78 3,803 76 296 71 388 87 20 76 337 80 2,709 71 35
Bromley 86 3,211 95 202 83 304 100 28 88 363 85 2,208 82 56
Buckinghamshire 78 4,890 79 827 73 121 84 21 80 390 78 3,464 74 31
Bury 78 1,861 76 274 66 38 83 10 80 93 79 1,417 74 23
Calderdale 76 2,078 75 361 56 14 89 8 80 88 76 1,591 73 11
Cambridgeshire 75 5,305 80 237 74 64 88 42 75 285 75 4,570 79 48
Camden 82 1,257 84 290 78 226 94 16 82 140 82 503 78 63
Central Bedfordshire 77 2,671 82 61 84 75 100 4 80 206 76 2,289 83 15
Cheshire East 79 3,347 84 72 69 11 79 11 82 144 79 3,082 68 13
Cheshire West and Chester 76 3,053 88 53 63 12 76 13 74 78 77 2,872 81 17
City of London 86 24 64 7 100 2 N/A* N/A* 100 4 100 9 100 2
Cornwall 77 4,527 80 12 67 2 89 8 83 118 77 4,322 77 17
County Durham 80 4,597 88 30 78 7 72 13 83 83 80 4,439 79 15
Coventry 78 3,427 81 776 80 426 86 18 79 232 77 1,905 68 48
Croydon 79 3,687 87 632 78 1,031 91 29 77 558 79 1,339 78 54
Cumbria 81 4,220 75 33 78 7 75 6 81 62 81 4,048 74 14
Darlington 80 1,021 87 27 86 6 100 1 80 24 80 947 82 9
Derby 74 2,465 80 500 75 97 100 10 77 190 73 1,593 66 49
Derbyshire 79 6,859 83 88 75 18 97 32 79 208 79 6,445 77 17
Devon 76 6,043 89 55 91 10 87 20 78 151 76 5,727 64 34
Doncaster 78 2,937 83 91 75 41 86 18 76 84 78 2,677 73 16
Dorset 76 2,954 85 23 75 9 83 10 76 93 76 2,804 67 2
Dudley 76 2,960 81 330 76 71 79 11 72 186 77 2,303 59 48
Ealing 81 3,522 83 1,034 78 537 94 17 84 303 82 1,074 79 524
East Riding of Yorkshire 79 2,891 94 16 57 4 100 2 79 62 79 2,772 78 14
East Sussex 79 4,344 85 98 80 33 93 13 79 255 79 3,877 63 20
Enfield 80 3,695 88 336 79 927 90 26 83 399 77 1,742 83 206
Essex 80 13,314 90 406 85 444 98 53 82 743 79 11,416 83 110
Gateshead 81 1,704 87 40 89 33 89 8 84 32 81 1,556 73 24
Gloucestershire 78 5,326 86 176 74 82 88 15 82 278 78 4,702 82 18
Greenwich 83 2,792 89 252 85 1,039 85 41 84 287 79 1,095 86 70
Hackney 84 2,186 86 268 83 787 91 10 88 237 82 736 88 134
Halton 76 1,216 71 5 100 1 N/A* N/A* 73 24 76 1,176 20 1
Hammersmith and Fulham 84 1,114 88 70 80 296 100 3 80 147 88 446 87 129
Hampshire 81 12,099 87 415 83 154 87 46 83 487 81 10,865 84 81
Haringey 81 2,497 91 172 78 627 90 27 82 282 83 1,232 74 139
Harrow 86 2,507 89 1,253 81 228 100 8 82 210 82 677 80 97
Hartlepool 81 952 83 20 33 1 89 8 87 13 81 905 40 2
Havering 84 2,528 91 224 88 320 89 8 86 181 82 1,747 90 18
Herefordshire, County of 81 1,516 90 9 86 6 67 2 80 48 81 1,441 71 5
Hertfordshire 79 11,355 84 1,025 78 511 82 56 81 820 79 8,740 76 128
Hillingdon 82 3,188 86 928 75 334 100 6 83 386 80 1,226 81 260
Hounslow 82 2,724 88 948 78 308 94 17 81 237 79 871 83 311
Isle of Wight 74 955 70 7 67 2 80 4 80 40 75 899 100 1
Isles of Scilly 74 14 N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* N/A* 72 13 N/A* N/A*
Islington 82 1,556 84 127 78 380 100 10 82 251 82 688 87 85
Kensington and Chelsea 85 804 86 36 85 155 67 2 84 158 87 301 82 134
Kent 82 14,673 91 664 87 458 96 49 84 825 81 12,427 80 127
Kingston upon Hull, City of 79 2,546 91 48 80 52 100 5 81 95 79 2,280 78 58
Kingston upon Thames 81 1,548 86 286 83 30 93 28 82 175 79 901 83 109
Kirklees 77 4,301 78 1,175 70 72 88 14 76 279 78 2,702 66 33
Knowsley 75 1,360 89 34 67 8 50 1 74 29 75 1,276 67 6
Lambeth 81 2,466 88 138 79 1,064 82 14 84 352 83 763 78 119
Lancashire 78 10,998 79 1,261 75 43 88 36 80 384 78 9,185 73 47
Leeds 75 7,015 76 849 72 547 87 45 74 468 76 4,944 66 120
Leicester 76 3,615 82 1,661 79 380 88 15 74 247 70 1,197 77 82
Leicestershire 81 6,214 88 507 85 77 86 24 83 314 81 5,232 80 24
Lewisham 78 2,720 86 177 75 1,031 83 39 80 446 80 903 74 83
Lincludingolnshire 77 6,368 94 82 86 36 88 22 82 203 77 5,943 78 28
Liverpool 75 3,936 79 186 76 189 87 69 79 232 75 3,108 67 141
Luton 74 2,415 75 1,153 75 260 89 8 78 217 71 718 78 40
Manchester 75 5,046 76 1,173 77 925 83 53 77 442 74 2,070 70 348
Medway 78 2,648 89 166 87 212 86 6 78 176 77 2,045 82 28
Merton 80 1,839 85 416 73 254 100 15 76 174 80 908 83 60
Middlesbrough 78 1,433 82 162 78 14 N/A* N/A* 74 83 78 1,132 79 37
Milton Keynes 78 2,936 87 423 78 418 96 25 80 248 76 1,733 93 28
Newcastle upon Tyne 80 2,364 85 346 81 154 94 34 81 110 79 1,651 74 59
Newham 85 4,040 88 1,891 84 935 100 20 86 269 79 657 85 239
Norfolk 75 6,888 89 127 78 64 87 33 78 252 74 6,300 75 59
North East Lincludingolnshire 81 1,544 94 17 86 6 100 1 84 49 80 1,445 81 17
North Lincludingolnshire 83 1,618 88 67 83 10 100 3 85 29 82 1,488 71 10
North Somerset 80 1,927 82 27 92 11 100 8 85 78 80 1,792 100 4
North Tyneside 80 1,955 86 50 89 17 94 16 86 65 80 1,796 75 6
North Yorkshire 78 4,972 79 66 61 19 100 10 79 137 79 4,692 68 17
Northamptonshire 77 7,261 87 387 81 429 97 32 74 386 76 5,924 77 54
Northumberland 80 2,846 89 51 60 3 100 7 80 53 80 2,714 75 9
Nottingham 76 2,704 83 481 77 341 75 9 78 380 73 1,410 69 72
Nottinghamshire 79 7,384 84 242 76 84 88 23 83 348 79 6,579 76 45
Oldham 76 2,652 78 915 76 99 85 11 78 139 75 1,460 44 12
Oxfordshire 78 5,833 80 371 74 156 85 17 77 394 79 4,751 68 68
Peterborough 71 2,134 74 420 75 101 75 6 73 138 70 1,417 72 26
Plymouth 78 2,290 81 22 92 22 100 10 80 72 77 2,120 73 29
Portsmouth 76 1,688 91 109 76 58 67 6 85 102 74 1,361 72 31
Reading 77 1,452 84 319 76 145 91 10 74 160 76 777 71 17
Redbridge 87 3,550 90 1,970 82 383 100 21 87 266 83 822 85 46
Redcar and Cleveland 82 1,350 80 8 80 4 100 1 92 46 82 1,282 14 1
Richmond upon Thames 89 2,049 87 181 62 36 88 21 86 196 90 1,545 83 45
Rochdale 75 2,265 76 603 72 91 100 12 70 81 76 1,446 68 25
Rotherham 78 2,629 80 210 83 55 83 10 75 82 77 2,236 86 24
Rutland 80 315 100 5 50 3 N/A* N/A* 100 12 79 289 100 4
Salford 78 2,334 88 90 84 144 100 1 80 193 78 1,827 62 61
Sandwell 77 3,657 81 1,131 77 376 92 22 74 327 75 1,697 75 86
Sefton 77 2,265 87 26 71 10 100 7 81 62 77 2,144 54 7
Sheffield 78 4,892 80 629 76 290 89 42 76 369 77 3,363 78 172
Shropshire 79 2,441 88 21 86 6 75 3 83 77 79 2,319 75 3
Slough 82 1,939 89 1,006 83 175 67 2 78 166 72 495 88 81
Solihull 80 2,114 85 291 84 48 97 29 79 174 79 1,519 88 28
Somerset 77 4,536 80 64 81 13 92 12 79 141 77 4,267 44 8
South Gloucestershire 82 2,712 87 90 82 37 82 9 85 144 82 2,399 77 20
South Tyneside 81 1,351 82 47 100 10 100 3 79 34 81 1,246 78 7
Southampton 78 2,196 81 300 83 75 94 15 81 142 77 1,617 82 42
Southend-on-Sea 82 1,813 94 132 81 52 83 19 84 123 81 1,453 94 15
Southwark 81 2,700 86 154 80 1,205 87 26 81 304 82 763 79 199
St. Helens 80 1,769 95 19 92 11 90 9 81 35 80 1,689 50 4
Staffordshire 80 7,804 84 373 68 52 86 32 78 275 80 6,994 80 37
Stockport 81 2,768 82 206 69 31 82 18 77 141 81 2,335 63 20
Stockton-on-Tees 83 2,082 83 114 89 24 71 5 88 59 83 1,868 71 5
Stoke-on-Trent 74 2,477 77 385 82 106 92 11 81 129 73 1,803 75 42
Suffolk 77 6,103 86 126 81 70 75 3 79 366 76 5,398 78 58
Sunderland 81 2,646 89 117 93 26 69 9 87 48 81 2,439 33 1
Surrey 81 9,984 84 732 79 181 91 64 81 638 80 8,165 80 105
Sutton 83 2,001 90 383 85 142 93 38 83 197 81 1,188 85 29
Swindon 79 2,296 81 279 76 69 87 13 78 140 79 1,756 83 19
Tameside 78 2,321 79 245 86 72 100 13 78 110 78 1,850 71 17
Telford and Wrekin 79 1,806 85 126 83 72 92 12 85 100 78 1,482 80 4
Thurrock 83 2,004 92 124 88 350 100 16 90 129 80 1,343 81 21
Torbay 77 1,120 92 23 100 1 75 3 71 30 77 1,049 64 7
Tower Hamlets 83 2,762 85 1,853 79 266 91 10 80 171 78 356 86 94
Trafford 86 2,580 91 403 82 112 94 58 85 197 85 1,715 85 69
Wakefield 78 3,166 75 124 80 45 86 19 80 99 79 2,856 73 19
Walsall 77 2,914 84 787 75 146 79 11 73 172 75 1,756 55 28
Waltham Forest 82 2,735 85 740 81 517 90 26 84 334 81 998 81 105
Wandsworth 83 1,989 86 380 78 431 100 10 80 239 86 838 78 69
Warrington 84 2,187 91 80 83 19 100 6 93 71 84 1,989 60 12
Warwickshire 80 5,100 90 342 84 66 95 21 82 258 79 4,347 90 27
West Berkshire 78 1,529 83 45 70 16 100 6 75 78 79 1,364 80 8
West Sussex 76 7,007 81 350 71 90 82 18 78 358 76 6,087 75 39
Westminster 82 1,171 86 164 79 202 92 11 84 125 84 314 80 345
Wigan 80 3,051 79 34 72 41 83 5 83 81 80 2,860 68 26
Wiltshire 77 4,149 92 61 72 64 100 16 85 159 77 3,781 75 36
Windsor and Maidenhead 76 1,216 74 188 59 13 100 6 77 106 78 872 71 15
Wirral 75 2,822 84 76 72 13 85 17 78 76 75 2,621 56 5
Wokingham 85 1,811 90 276 94 58 100 14 85 142 83 1,287 89 16
Wolverhampton 79 2,662 83 649 83 326 88 7 76 299 78 1,331 77 36
Worcestershire 76 4,685 83 208 86 25 90 9 75 181 76 4,205 75 18
York 81 1,598 85 35 86 6 100 4 72 44 81 1,488 91 10

Download table data for ‘By ethnicity and area’ (CSV) Source data for ‘By ethnicity and area’ (CSV)

Summary of Writing results for 10 to 11 year olds By ethnicity and area Summary

The data shows that:

  • out of all local authorities, White pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard in Richmond upon Thames (90%) and least likely to in Bedford (69%) – this doesn't include City of London or Isles of Scilly which only have one school and whose results need to be treated with caution
  • figures for other ethnic groups are based on small numbers of pupils, so reliable generalisations can't be made

5. Methodology

The key stage 2 datasets combine information from the following 2 data sources:

  • key stage 1 results
  • school census records

Key stage 2 data from the Standard Testing Agency is matched to school census records to identify pupils’ ethnicities and free school meal eligibility.

Only pupils with a valid outcome are included in the calculations for that subject.

Valid outcomes are:

  • achieved the expected standard
  • working at a greater depth within the expected standard
  • not achieved the expected standard
  • absent
  • working below the standard of the test
  • unable to access the test

Confidence intervals

Confidence intervals are calculated for a school based on a specific group of pupils. This is because:

  • a school may perform differently with a different set of pupils
  • some pupils may be more likely to achieve high or low results, independently of which school they attend

To account for this uncertainty, it is best to interpret these school scores alongside their associated confidence intervals. You can see these if you download the data.

How school scores are interpreted alongside their confidence intervals:

  • if the lower confidence interval is greater than zero, the school has achieved greater than average progress compared to pupils with similar starting points nationally
  • if the upper confidence interval is below zero, then the school has made less than average progress
  • where the 95% confidence intervals overlap zero, this means that the school’s progress score is not significantly different from the national

Rounding

Percentages given in charts, tables and downloads are rounded to the nearest whole number. Progress scores are given to 1 decimal place.

Related publications

Schools, pupils and their characteristics: January 2019

Quality and methodology information

6. Data sources

Source

Type of data

Administrative data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Department for Education

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

The main purpose is to measure schools' and pupils' progress and performance from key stage 1 to key stage 2, in order to monitor and improve standards and inform parental choice when applying to local schools.

7. Download the data