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Writing attainments for children aged 5 to 7 (key stage 1)

The main facts and figures show that:

  • in 2015/16, there were 641,593 pupils at the end of key stage 1, of which ethnicity was known for 634,052 (99%)

  • 75% were White, 11% were Asian, 6% were Black, 6% were Mixed, 2% were from the Other ethnic group, and 0.5% were Chinese

  • Chinese and Indian pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard and Gypsy/Roma pupils were least likely to meet the expected standard

  • Chinese pupils were most likely to meet the higher standard, and Gypsy/Roma pupils were least likely to meet the higher standard

Things you need to know

The 2016 key stage 1 assessments are the first which assess the new, more challenging national curriculum. The expected standard has also been raised to be higher than the old level 2. As a result, figures for 2016 are not comparable to those for earlier years.

Teacher assessments for year 2 pupils studying the national curriculum are collected and reported by the Department for Education (DfE), but test results for those pupils are not collected.

School level data is not published for key stage 1.

Results for the Isles of Scilly and the City of London, which have only one school each, have been excluded from local authority breakdowns. This is because the very small number of pupils in these local authorities make the results unreliable.

The Department for Education (DfE) has excluded, or ‘suppressed’, very small numbers (for example, values of 1 or 2, a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or 0, 1 or 2 pupils who did not achieve a particular standard).

This is because, where the size of the ethnic group population is small enough that an individual’s identity could be revealed, information is suppressed to preserve confidentiality. This is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality .

Pupil numbers for key stage 1 vary between measures of attainment for different subjects. This is because pupils who don't have a valid teacher assessment for a particular subject are excluded from the total. For more about valid teacher assessments, see Methodology.

What the data measures

This data measures the writing attainment of children in key stage 1 (years 1 to 2, when pupils are aged between 5 and 7).

The data covers the academic year 2015/16 (September 2015 to July 2016).

The standards for this measure are divided in 2 categories:

  • expected standard
  • higher standard

To reach the expected standard, pupils must have been assessed by a teacher as 'working at the expected standard' or 'working at a greater depth within the expected standard' in their writing.

To reach the higher standard, pupils must have been assessed by a teacher as 'working at a greater depth within the expected standard' in their writing.

The ethnic categories used in this data

This data uses categories from the Department for Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 Census, with 3 exceptions:

  • Traveller of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma children have been separated into 2 categories
  • Sri Lankan has been added to the Asian/Asian British group but is not reported separately
  • Chinese pupils have been assigned a separate category

These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.

The categories in the school census are as follows:

White:

  • White British
  • White Irish
  • Traveller of Irish Heritage
  • Gypsy/Roma
  • Other White

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Other Mixed background

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Sri Lankan
  • Other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • Black African
  • Black Caribbean
  • Other Black background

  • Chinese

  • Other ethnic group

Information is provided for both detailed and broad ethnic groups where possible and when the data is available.

The 6 broad categories used are as follows:

  • White
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Other ethnic group
  • Chinese

However, local authority data is only provided for 5 broad ethnic groups. Information about the specific ethnic categories is excluded to preserve confidentiality and ensure individuals cannot be identified. Information about the Other ethnic group is not given because DfE does not publish data for this group at the local authority level.

The 5 broad categories are as follows:

  • White
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese

Ethnic groups and how data on ethnicity is collected

Writing attainments for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected and higher standard in writing by ethnicity

Ethnicity Expected standard Higher standard
All 66 13
Asian 69 15
Bangladeshi 69 14
Indian 77 22
Pakistani 63 10
Asian other 72 17
Black 69 14
Black African 71 15
Black Caribbean 64 10
Black other 66 12
Chinese 77 24
Mixed 68 15
Mixed White/Asian 73 20
Mixed White/Black African 69 15
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 61 10
Mixed other 69 17
White 65 13
White British 66 13
White Irish 68 17
White Irish Traveller 25 2
White Gypsy/Roma 20 1
White other 61 12
Other 61 12

Summary

  • Indian and Chinese pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard, and Chinese pupils were most likely to reach the higher standard

  • 66% of White British pupils met the expected standard and 13% met the higher standard

  • Gypsy/Roma pupils were least likely to reach both the expected and the higher standard

Writing attainments for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and free school meals (FSM)

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in writing by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals

Ethnicity FSM Non-FSM
All 50 68
Asian 59 71
Bangladeshi 64 71
Indian 65 78
Pakistani 56 65
Asian other 61 73
Black 62 71
Black African 64 73
Black Caribbean 57 67
Black other 59 69
Chinese 74 77
Mixed 56 71
Mixed White/Asian 56 76
Mixed White/Black African 58 72
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 53 65
Mixed other 57 72
White 46 68
White British 47 69
White Irish 44 72
White Irish Traveller 24 27
White Gypsy/Roma 22 20
White other 51 61
Other 57 63

Summary

Eligibility for FSM is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see Methodology. The data shows that:

  • 50% of FSM-eligible pupils met the expected standard, compared to 68% who were not eligible

  • 74% of FSM-eligible Chinese pupils met the expected standard (the highest percentage of any group of FSM-eligible pupils)

  • the biggest gap in attainment, at 28 percentage points, was found among Irish pupils, where 44% of FSM-eligible pupils met the expected standard, compared to 72% of those not eligible

  • 47% of FSM-eligible White British pupils met the expected standard, compared to 69% who were not eligible

Writing attainments for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and area

Percentage of pupils achieving the expected standard in writing by ethnicity and local authority

Local authority All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Barking and Dagenham 68 77 75 69 67 60
Barnet 68 78 66 82 67 69
Barnsley 64 41 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 70 64
Bath and North East Somerset 64 72 60 63 61 64
Bedford 65 66 70 100 64 64
Bexley 75 90 83 81 78 71
Birmingham 61 63 65 82 61 59
Blackburn with Darwen 67 68 65 withheld to protect confidentiality 63 67
Blackpool 66 55 withheld to protect confidentiality 40 65 67
Bolton 64 69 56 withheld to protect confidentiality 67 64
Bournemouth 62 67 79 79 62 62
Bracknell Forest 68 82 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 67
Bradford 64 68 61 79 63 61
Brent 68 75 68 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 67
Brighton and Hove 67 70 64 82 66 67
Bristol, City of 62 63 57 81 59 63
Bromley 72 84 75 87 73 71
Buckinghamshire 65 61 64 76 65 66
Bury 63 64 59 withheld to protect confidentiality 63 64
Calderdale 54 47 44 57 52 56
Cambridgeshire 63 66 64 82 69 63
Camden 66 64 64 65 71 68
Central Bedfordshire 69 83 74 100 63 69
Cheshire East 58 63 55 55 66 58
Cheshire West and Chester 58 68 38 withheld to protect confidentiality 71 58
City of London withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Cornwall 65 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 65
County Durham 70 82 67 67 73 70
Coventry 62 72 64 75 64 59
Croydon 69 79 68 81 68 66
Cumbria 57 77 100 69 57 57
Darlington 68 58 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 68
Derby 55 64 63 61 58 52
Derbyshire 65 77 67 73 66 65
Devon 62 63 57 75 65 63
Doncaster 64 61 68 63 70 64
Dorset 61 67 50 withheld to protect confidentiality 68 61
Dudley 65 63 78 73 68 64
Ealing 62 65 57 withheld to protect confidentiality 69 63
East Riding of Yorkshire 68 88 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 71 68
East Sussex 69 76 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 72 69
Enfield 66 81 66 65 71 63
Essex 68 78 73 82 70 68
Gateshead 69 68 69 75 58 69
Gloucestershire 61 65 60 77 62 62
Greenwich 76 86 81 83 77 71
Hackney 78 80 77 83 82 77
Halton 54 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 54 54
Hammersmith and Fulham 70 73 68 100 67 74
Hampshire 70 77 73 81 73 70
Haringey 74 82 77 83 79 73
Harrow 71 80 63 withheld to protect confidentiality 68 62
Hartlepool 65 64 56 withheld to protect confidentiality 69 65
Havering 70 78 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 69 69
Herefordshire, County of 68 60 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 67
Hertfordshire 71 76 74 89 73 71
Hillingdon 66 74 68 63 68 61
Hounslow 74 82 67 85 73 70
Isle of Wight 68 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 69
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Islington 69 71 65 70 72 70
Kensington and Chelsea 75 81 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 78
Kent 71 80 80 81 77 70
Kingston upon Hull, City of 65 76 52 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 65
Kingston upon Thames 65 70 60 75 61 65
Kirklees 63 64 66 81 64 62
Knowsley 58 89 50 100 73 57
Lambeth 72 73 70 75 76 74
Lancashire 67 67 73 76 67 67
Leeds 54 56 52 60 50 55
Leicester 59 66 62 withheld to protect confidentiality 58 52
Leicestershire 64 75 71 69 68 63
Lewisham 73 76 71 74 76 73
Lincolnshire 64 86 70 82 67 64
Liverpool 53 60 55 61 57 53
Luton 62 64 66 42 66 59
Manchester 63 63 67 81 67 63
Medway 68 76 84 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 67
Merton 64 71 64 83 58 62
Middlesbrough 57 58 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 54 58
Milton Keynes 65 72 69 78 73 61
Newcastle upon Tyne 67 68 68 82 73 67
Newham 75 79 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 65
Norfolk 70 80 72 86 72 69
North East Lincolnshire 68 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 75 68
North Lincolnshire 72 84 50 100 69 72
North Somerset 67 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 67
North Tyneside 68 79 78 60 71 67
North Yorkshire 63 75 50 76 61 63
Northamptonshire 64 74 64 79 65 63
Northumberland 70 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 70
Nottingham 58 64 66 86 62 55
Nottinghamshire 64 60 62 76 66 64
Oldham 59 56 50 71 62 63
Oxfordshire 62 57 61 82 61 62
Peterborough 61 63 66 withheld to protect confidentiality 65 60
Plymouth 62 80 71 73 69 62
Poole 68 79 62 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 67
Portsmouth 63 63 62 100 63 63
Reading 65 70 68 withheld to protect confidentiality 58 64
Redbridge 68 74 63 77 68 60
Redcar and Cleveland 71 53 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 71
Richmond upon Thames 68 72 62 withheld to protect confidentiality 68 68
Rochdale 61 56 58 withheld to protect confidentiality 62 63
Rotherham 65 70 60 64 62 65
Rutland 70 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 71
Salford 67 73 69 63 67 68
Sandwell 59 66 63 50 58 56
Sefton 63 71 63 withheld to protect confidentiality 64 63
Sheffield 65 65 65 82 64 65
Shropshire 62 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 62
Slough 68 76 72 100 69 57
Solihull 70 74 71 57 73 69
Somerset 67 66 43 67 68 67
South Gloucestershire 67 75 63 74 72 66
South Tyneside 72 75 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 62 72
Southampton 69 73 71 80 72 68
Southend-on-Sea 69 75 68 71 67 69
Southwark 70 77 71 78 67 72
St. Helens 58 42 withheld to protect confidentiality 50 63 58
Staffordshire 68 73 59 71 68 68
Stockport 68 74 70 65 70 67
Stockton-on-Tees 68 76 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 61 68
Stoke-on-Trent 61 63 67 70 65 61
Suffolk 64 69 59 100 65 64
Sunderland 70 72 84 69 77 70
Surrey 69 75 78 84 73 69
Sutton 68 80 71 88 78 64
Swindon 63 71 69 77 68 61
Tameside 63 62 71 60 68 63
Telford and Wrekin 68 69 83 100 70 68
Thurrock 68 76 78 80 68 65
Torbay 65 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 65
Tower Hamlets 70 72 69 88 71 65
Trafford 69 69 70 76 63 69
Wakefield 62 58 65 79 69 63
Walsall 62 68 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 62 61
Waltham Forest 74 77 73 80 79 72
Wandsworth 76 80 71 80 70 80
Warrington 71 73 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 71
Warwickshire 67 79 66 84 70 66
West Berkshire 65 83 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 72 64
West Sussex 53 64 49 69 57 52
Westminster 70 74 79 80 74 70
Wigan 67 72 74 58 73 67
Wiltshire 63 74 70 84 72 63
Windsor and Maidenhead 72 73 67 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 72
Wirral 62 77 33 48 71 62
Wokingham 69 79 74 81 75 67
Wolverhampton 62 66 72 58 63 59
Worcestershire 61 53 56 67 64 62
York 63 57 withheld to protect confidentiality 43 67 64

Summary

  • Asian pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard in Halton in the North West, and least likely to meet it in Barnsley in Yorkshire and the Humber

  • Black pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard in Cumbria in the North West and Herefordshire in the West Midlands, and least likely to meet it in Wirral in the North West

  • 100% of Chinese pupils met the expected standard in 11 local authorities; Chinese pupils were least likely to meet the expected standard in Blackpool in the North West

  • Mixed pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard in Hackney in London, and least likely to meet it in Leeds in Yorkshire and the Humber

  • White pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard in Wandsworth in London, and least likely to meet it in West Sussex in the South East and Derby and Leicester in the East Midlands

Writing attainments for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity and gender

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected and higher standard in writing by ethnicity and gender

Boys Girls
Ethnicity Expected standard Higher standard Expected standard Higher standard
All 59 10 73 17
Asian 63 11 76 19
Bangladeshi 63 10 76 17
Indian 72 17 83 27
Pakistani 57 7 70 13
Asian other 66 13 78 21
Black 62 10 76 17
Black African 64 11 77 19
Black Caribbean 56 7 71 13
Black other 60 9 73 16
Chinese 72 20 82 29
Mixed 61 12 75 19
Mixed White/Asian 66 15 79 25
Mixed White/Black African 62 12 75 18
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 54 7 70 13
Mixed other 62 12 76 21
White 58 9 72 17
White British 58 9 73 17
White Irish 61 12 75 22
White Irish Traveller 20 1 31 3
White Gypsy/Roma 15 1 26 1
White other 55 9 67 15
Other 55 9 68 14

Summary

  • overall, girls did better than boys across all ethnic groups

  • Indian girls were most likely to reach the expected standard, and Chinese girls were most likely to reach the higher standard

  • Gypsy/Roma boys were least likely to reach the expected standard, and Gypsy/Roma boys and girls and Traveller of Irish Heritage boys were least likely to reach the higher standard

  • 73% of White British girls met the expected standard, compared to 58% of White British boys, and 17% of White British girls met the higher standard, compared to 9% of White British boys

  • for the expected standard, the biggest attainment gap between girls and boys, at 16 percentage points, was found among Mixed White and Black Caribbean pupils, where 54% of boys met the expected standard, compared to 70% of girls

  • for the higher standard, the biggest attainment gap between girls and boys, at 10 percentage points, was found among Indian, Mixed White and Asian, and Irish pupils

Writing attainments for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity, free school meals (FSM) and gender

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in writing by ethnicity, free school meals and gender

Ethnicity FSM Boys FSM Girls Non-FSM Boys Non-FSM Girls
All 42 58 61 75
Asian 52 66 65 77
Asian - Bangladeshi 56 72 64 76
Asian - Indian 62 69 73 84
Asian - Pakistani 48 63 58 72
Asian - Any other 55 67 67 80
Black 54 70 65 78
Black - African 56 72 67 79
Black - Caribbean 47 67 60 73
Black - Any other 52 67 63 76
Chinese 71 78 73 82
Mixed 48 64 64 78
Mixed - White and Asian 48 64 69 82
Mixed - White and Black African 51 65 65 78
Mixed - White and Black Caribbean 44 63 58 72
Mixed - Any other 50 63 64 79
White 39 55 61 75
White - British 39 55 62 76
White - Irish 38 50 65 80
White - Traveller of Irish Heritage 20 28 21 36
White - Gypsy/Roma 15 28 15 25
White - Any other 45 57 56 67
Other 49 66 57 69

Summary

  • overall, FSM-eligible girls did better than FSM-eligible boys

  • Gypsy/Roma boys were least likely to meet the expected standard - there was no difference for these pupils between those eligible for FSM and those who are not eligible

  • Of all FSM-eligible pupils, Chinese girls were most likely to meet the expected standard

  • 39% of FSM-eligible White British boys met the expected standard, compared to 55% of FSM-eligible White British girls

  • of all FSM-eligible pupils, the biggest attainment gap between girls and boys, at 20 percentage points, was found among Black Caribbean pupils, where 67% of girls met the expected standard, compared to 47% of boys

Writing attainments for children aged 5 to 7 by ethnicity, area and gender

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in writing by ethnicity, local authority and gender

All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Local authority Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
Bedford 59 71 58 75 62 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 59 70 59 69
Cambridgeshire 56 70 63 70 57 71 80 84 59 80 56 70
Central Bedfordshire 62 76 77 88 68 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 57 69 62 76
Essex 60 76 73 84 66 80 76 88 65 75 60 76
Hertfordshire 65 78 70 83 68 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 66 80 65 77
Luton 55 69 56 71 62 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 61 73 53 66
Norfolk 62 77 73 88 72 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 76 62 77
Peterborough 52 70 53 73 54 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 71 52 69
Southend-on-Sea 60 78 69 80 63 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 54 80 59 79
Suffolk 56 71 68 70 47 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60 70 56 72
Thurrock 63 74 68 84 71 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 59 77 61 70
Derby 48 61 57 71 52 75 64 56 51 65 46 58
Derbyshire 58 73 76 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 56 81 57 73
Leicester 52 67 60 73 53 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 66 45 60
Leicestershire 57 72 70 79 59 80 67 71 65 70 56 71
Lincolnshire 56 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 100 62 73 55 72
Northamptonshire 57 70 68 80 56 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60 71 57 69
Nottingham 52 65 58 71 57 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 56 68 49 62
Nottinghamshire 56 72 54 66 40 82 67 86 63 69 56 73
Rutland 63 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 77
Barking and Dagenham 62 75 70 83 68 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 76 54 66
Barnet 63 74 74 82 60 72 76 87 60 74 64 74
Bexley 70 80 86 93 81 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 82 65 77
Brent 64 73 72 77 63 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 82 63 70
Bromley 65 79 80 89 66 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 84 64 77
Camden 61 72 58 72 58 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 73 63 73
City of London withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Croydon 62 75 72 87 60 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 62 75 61 71
Ealing 55 69 59 72 50 63 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 59 79 56 71
Enfield 60 72 77 85 59 73 62 69 64 78 58 68
Greenwich 70 82 83 89 76 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 83 65 77
Hackney 73 83 78 82 71 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 79 86 73 82
Hammersmith and Fulham 66 75 72 73 63 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 73 69 78
Haringey 69 80 75 88 70 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 83 68 78
Harrow 63 79 74 87 53 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 66 70 52 73
Havering 63 78 67 91 65 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60 77 62 76
Hillingdon 59 74 67 81 62 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60 76 53 70
Hounslow 69 79 78 87 61 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 76 63 76
Islington 65 72 65 75 61 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 66 78 67 74
Kensington and Chelsea 72 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 86 75 81
Kingston upon Thames 59 71 67 72 53 66 77 73 59 63 57 72
Lambeth 66 78 63 84 64 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 84 69 78
Lewisham 67 79 74 79 65 78 68 81 73 80 68 79
Merton 57 70 68 73 54 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 48 68 56 68
Newham 69 81 74 85 71 83 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 88 59 71
Redbridge 62 74 69 78 60 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 61 76 52 69
Richmond upon Thames 61 76 67 77 50 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 61 76 62 76
Southwark 65 76 75 79 65 78 73 84 60 75 67 76
Sutton 61 76 74 85 69 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 84 55 73
Tower Hamlets 63 77 64 79 65 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 85 59 70
Waltham Forest 69 80 72 82 63 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 81 67 77
Wandsworth 72 81 74 87 64 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 72 77 83
Westminster 64 75 69 79 79 78 100 73 63 84 63 78
County Durham 63 77 82 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 79 63 77
Darlington 62 74 41 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 74
Gateshead 62 76 68 68 56 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 67 62 77
Hartlepool 57 74 68 56 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 56 74
Middlesbrough 49 66 53 66 69 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 47 62 50 66
Newcastle upon Tyne 61 73 61 74 64 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 84 62 73
North Tyneside 61 76 74 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 72 61 75
Northumberland 64 77 73 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 71 64 77
Redcar and Cleveland 64 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 79
South Tyneside 66 78 79 72 67 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 53 66 79
Stockton-on-Tees 60 77 66 85 72 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 53 69 60 77
Sunderland 62 78 61 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 88 62 77
Blackburn with Darwen 59 75 60 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 69 59 75
Blackpool 61 72 57 53 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 74 61 73
Bolton 58 71 63 75 54 58 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 70 57 72
Bury 57 70 59 68 56 62 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 42 79 57 71
Cheshire East 50 66 59 68 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 68 50 66
Cheshire West and Chester 50 68 51 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 81 49 67
Cumbria 50 64 80 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 41 72 50 64
Halton 46 61 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 50 46 62
Knowsley 50 66 78 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 65 80 49 65
Lancashire 59 74 63 72 61 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 59 75 59 74
Liverpool 45 61 55 63 50 58 49 78 43 69 45 62
Manchester 57 70 56 70 61 75 76 87 61 72 58 69
Oldham 52 66 47 64 40 58 70 73 60 66 56 70
Rochdale 52 70 48 63 56 59 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 67 53 74
Salford 61 74 68 77 61 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 62 74 62 75
Sefton 54 71 60 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 52 76 55 71
St. Helens 50 65 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 55 72 50 65
Stockport 62 74 73 76 63 76 60 70 58 82 61 74
Tameside 56 71 56 68 64 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 77 55 71
Trafford 61 77 60 76 62 80 63 85 56 71 61 78
Warrington 64 78 60 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 70 80 64 78
Wigan 59 75 69 73 71 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 80 59 75
Wirral 54 71 76 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 44 50 67 75 53 72
Bracknell Forest 63 74 79 88 68 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 74 79 61 73
Brighton and Hove 60 73 71 70 47 82 50 100 65 67 60 74
Buckinghamshire 58 73 56 67 54 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 56 74 59 74
East Sussex 62 76 69 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 63 81 62 76
Hampshire 63 78 75 79 62 84 73 88 64 82 63 77
Isle of Wight 62 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 74
Kent 65 78 76 85 74 86 74 86 72 84 64 78
Medway 63 73 77 75 81 87 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 78 61 72
Milton Keynes 57 72 65 80 61 78 77 79 66 78 54 69
Oxfordshire 54 69 48 64 53 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 55 68 55 70
Portsmouth 55 71 56 70 57 68 100 100 57 70 54 72
Reading 58 72 62 78 66 71 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 54 63 55 73
Slough 61 75 69 83 59 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60 77 53 62
Southampton 61 76 66 80 69 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 76 60 76
Surrey 62 77 71 79 71 84 85 82 63 83 62 76
West Berkshire 59 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 62 82 58 70
West Sussex 44 62 58 70 46 52 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 64 43 62
Windsor and Maidenhead 66 78 65 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 76 67 78
Wokingham 63 76 73 85 69 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 80 60 74
Bath and North East Somerset 58 71 69 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51 73 59 70
Bournemouth 55 68 62 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 48 74 55 68
Bristol, City of 54 70 60 67 45 69 75 100 51 67 55 71
Cornwall 57 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 58 81 56 73
Devon 55 71 56 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 63 60 70 55 71
Dorset 53 69 61 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 55 79 53 68
Gloucestershire 55 68 56 74 56 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 55 69 55 69
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
North Somerset 60 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 81 59 75
Plymouth 55 70 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 71 55 70
Poole 63 73 77 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 80 63 73
Somerset 60 74 60 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 61 76 60 74
South Gloucestershire 62 72 67 82 60 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 81 62 71
Swindon 53 73 62 81 56 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 82 51 71
Torbay 57 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 61 86 57 74
Wiltshire 57 70 71 76 63 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 66 78 56 70
Birmingham 54 68 57 70 58 71 73 92 52 70 51 67
Coventry 55 70 65 78 58 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 56 72 52 66
Dudley 57 73 59 68 70 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 74 56 73
Herefordshire, County of 61 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 86 61 75
Sandwell 51 67 58 75 54 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 67 49 63
Shropshire 54 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 49 92 54 71
Solihull 64 77 69 78 58 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 80 63 76
Staffordshire 60 76 68 78 38 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 77 60 76
Stoke-on-Trent 53 69 53 72 52 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 53 77 54 68
Telford and Wrekin 61 76 60 79 73 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 63 60 76
Walsall 55 69 61 76 69 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 54 70 54 68
Warwickshire 60 75 73 86 58 74 70 100 62 77 59 74
Wolverhampton 55 69 60 74 64 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 54 74 52 65
Worcestershire 54 69 49 59 63 38 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 52 78 55 69
Barnsley 55 73 30 57 67 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 66 76 56 73
Bradford 57 71 61 75 48 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 53 74 54 68
Calderdale 46 63 41 54 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 46 59 48 65
Doncaster 57 71 55 67 59 79 69 50 57 79 58 71
East Riding of Yorkshire 60 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60 80 60 75
Kingston upon Hull, City of 59 71 76 75 42 63 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 75 58 72
Kirklees 56 70 57 73 56 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 55 74 56 69
Leeds 48 61 52 61 42 62 63 57 46 55 48 63
North East Lincolnshire 61 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 80 60 76
North Lincolnshire 66 79 79 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 79
North Yorkshire 56 71 62 90 25 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 72 56 71
Rotherham 58 73 59 79 52 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 49 75 58 73
Sheffield 57 73 55 74 63 68 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 55 73 57 73
Wakefield 54 71 45 72 59 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 59 79 55 71
York 57 70 55 58 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 55 78 58 70

Summary

  • for Asian pupils, the biggest attainment gap was in Cheshire West, in the North West, where 87% of girls met the expected standard, compared to 51% of boys

  • for Black pupils, the biggest attainment gap was in North Yorkshire in Yorkshire and the Humber, where 79% of girls met the expected standard, compared to 25% of boys

  • for Chinese pupils, the biggest attainment gap was in Brighton and Hove in the South East, where 100% of girls met the expected standard, compared to 50% of boys

  • for Mixed pupils, the biggest attainment gap was in Shropshire in the West Midlands, where 92% of girls met the expected standard, compared to 49% of boys

  • for White pupils, the biggest attainment gap was in Harrow in London, where 73% of girls met the expected standard, compared to 52% of boys and Rochdale, where 74% of girls met the expected standard, compared to 53%

  • please be aware except for the information for White pupils, the statistics quoted for writing by ethnicity, gender and local authority are based on small numbers of pupils and are highly variable over time

Methodology and type of data

Type of data

Administrative

Purpose of data source

The 2016 key stage 1 assessments are the first which assess the new, more challenging national curriculum. The expected standard has also been raised to be higher than the old level 2. As a result, figures for 2016 are not comparable to those for earlier years.

Methodology

The key stage 1 dataset is compiled using information matched together from three data sources:

  • key stage 1 teacher assessment results
  • prior attainment results in phonics
  • school census records

Key stage 1 results received from local authorities are combined with pupil characteristics from the school census by the department’s contractor.

Records are matched using identifiers such as surname, forename, date of birth, unique pupil number (UPN), gender and postcode. This successfully matches around 98% of results.

Key stage 1 assessment results are not published at school level. The coverage of the local authority (LA) and regional statistics is for state-funded schools only in England. This includes schools and academies but excludes hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision.

The information is collected from 16,337 school (approximately 650,000 pupils).

Pupils are included in the figures for FSM if their families have claimed eligibility for FSM at the time of the annual spring school census. This FSM definition includes all who were eligible to receive free school meals, not only those who actually received free school meals. Pupils not eligible for free school meals or unclassified pupils are described as ‘All other pupils’.

Parents are able to claim FSM if they receive a qualifying benefit. FSM is used as an indicator of disadvantage, but when drawing conclusions, it should be remembered that not all eligible parents apply for FSM and families who don’t quite reach the eligibility threshold for FSM may still be suffering deprivation.

Any pupils who do not have a valid key stage 1 outcome for a subject are excluded from the calculations for that subject and do not appear in the number of eligible pupils or in the outcome percentages.

For science, the valid outcomes are:

  • has not met the expected standard (HNM)
  • working at the expected standard (EXS)
  • absent (A)
  • disapplied (D)

As with phonics, we include pupils with ‘A’ or ‘D’ to ensure complete coverage of the cohort. In the 2016 data, there were no pupils with maladministration in any subject.

Rounding

All charts, tables and downloads are rounded to the nearest whole number.

Related publications

Schools, pupils and their characteristics: January 2016

Quality and methodology information

Data source details

Source

Key stage 1 statistics

Department

Department for Education

Type of statistic

National statistic

Publication frequency

Annual

Suppression rules

Values of 1 or 2 or a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or did not achieve, a particular standard are suppressed. Some additional figures may be suppressed to prevent the possibility of a suppressed figure being revealed. This suppression is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy on confidentiality.

Figures for the Isles of Scilly and City of London are suppressed in DfE’s key stage 1 provisional Statistical First Release as these local authorities have a single school and DfE do not publish school level information in the performance tables at the time of the provisional release. These figures become unsuppressed in the revised release as school level figures are already published in the performance tables.

Regional eligible pupil figures are rounded to the nearest 10 so that it is not possible to derive figures for these LAs by summing the figures for the other LAs in the region.

In the school level data, any figures relating to a cohort of 5 pupils or fewer will be suppressed. This applies to sub-groups of pupils as well as the whole cohort, for example, if there were five boys and three girls in a school, DfE would not publish attainment for boys or girls separately but would publish attainment for all pupils as this is based on 8 pupils.

Disclosure control

The Code of Practice for Official Statistics requires DfE to take reasonable steps to ensure that their published or disseminated statistics protect confidentiality.

For more information about DfE’s disclosure control procedures for its statistical releases please see DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality

Download the data

expected-standard-in-writing-for-children-aged-5-to-7-key-stage-1-national.csv

This file contains: ethnicity, year, gender, FSM status, deominator

higher-standard-in-writing-for-children-aged-5-to-7-key-stage-1.csv

This file contains: ethnicity, year, gender, denominator

expected-standard-in-writing-for-children-aged-5-to-7-key-stage-1-local-authority.csv

This file contains: ethnicity, year, gender, denominator, region, local authority