Writing attainments for children aged 6 to 7 (key stage 1)

The main facts and figures show that:

  • overall, 68% of pupils finishing year 2 in 2016/17 met the expected standard in writing and 16% of pupils met the higher standard (making these figures the national averages)
  • Chinese pupils were most likely to meet the expected standard and Gypsy/Roma pupils were least likely to do so, at 82% and 22% respectively
  • Chinese pupils were most likely to meet the higher standard and Gypsy/Roma pupils were least likely to do so, at 29% and 1% respectively
  • across all ethnic groups, a higher percentage of girls than boys met both the expected and higher standards
  • within every ethnic group, a lower percentage of pupils eligible for free school meals (FSM) met the expected standard than those who were not eligible
Things you need to know

In 2016/17, there were 653,945 pupils at the end of year 2, and ethnicity was known for 646,520 (99%) of them.

Of those whose ethnicity was known, 75% were White, 11% were Asian, 6% were Black, 6% were Mixed, 2% were from the Other ethnic group and 0.5% were Chinese.

The 2015/16 key stage 1 assessments were the first to assess the new, more challenging national curriculum. The expected standard was raised to be higher than the old level 2. As a result, figures for 2015/16 and 2016/17 are not comparable to those for earlier years.

Teacher assessments for year 2 pupils studying the national curriculum are collected and reported by the Department for Education (DfE), but test results for those pupils are not collected.

School level data is not published for key stage 1. Results for the Isles of Scilly and the City of London, which have only one school each, have been excluded from local authority breakdowns.

The Department for Education (DfE) has also excluded, or ‘suppressed’, very small numbers (for example, values of 1 or 2, a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or 0, 1 or 2 pupils who did not achieve a particular standard).

This is because, where the size of the ethnic group population is small enough that an individual’s identity could be revealed, information is suppressed to preserve confidentiality. This is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF).

Pupil numbers for key stage 1 vary between measures of attainment for different subjects. This is because pupils who don't have a valid teacher assessment for a particular subject are excluded from the total. For more about valid teacher assessments, see the Methodology section.

What the data measures

This data measures the writing attainment of children at the end of key stage 1 (year 2) when pupils are aged 6 to 7 years.

The data covers the academic year 2016/17 (September 2016 to July 2017). Data for the academic year 2015/16 is available in the download file.

The standards for this measure are divided into 2 categories:

  • expected standard
  • higher standard

To reach the expected standard, pupils must have been assessed by a teacher as 'working at the expected standard' or 'working at a greater depth within the expected standard'.

To reach the higher standard, pupils must have have been assessed by a teacher as 'working at a greater depth within the expected standard'.

The ethnic categories used in this data

This data uses categories from the Department for Education’s school census, which is broadly based on the 2001 national Census, with 3 exceptions:

  • Traveller of Irish Heritage and Gypsy/Roma children have been separated into 2 categories
  • Sri Lankan has been added to the Asian/Asian British group but is not reported separately
  • Chinese pupils have been assigned a separate category

These changes were made after consultations with local authorities and lobby groups.

The categories in the school census are as follows:

White:

  • White British
  • White Irish
  • Traveller of Irish Heritage
  • Gypsy/Roma
  • Other White

Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups:

  • White and Black Caribbean
  • White and Black African
  • White and Asian
  • Other Mixed background

Asian/Asian British:

  • Indian
  • Pakistani
  • Bangladeshi
  • Sri Lankan
  • Other Asian background

Black/African/Caribbean/Black British:

  • Black African
  • Black Caribbean
  • Other Black background

Chinese

Other ethnic group

Information is provided for both detailed and broad ethnic groups where possible and when the data is available.

The 6 broad categories used are as follows:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White
  • Other ethnic group

However, local authority data is only provided for 5 broad ethnic groups. Information about the specific ethnic categories is excluded to preserve confidentiality and ensure individuals cannot be identified. Information about the Other ethnic group is not given because DfE does not publish data for this group at the local authority level.

The 5 broad categories are as follows:

  • Asian/Asian British
  • Black/African/Caribbean/Black British
  • Chinese
  • Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups
  • White

Ethnic groups and how data on ethnicity is collected

Writing attainment for children aged 6 to 7 by ethnicity

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected and higher standards in writing by ethnicity

Ethnicity Expected standard Higher standard
All 68 16
Asian 72 17
Bangladeshi 70 16
Indian 79 24
Pakistani 66 12
Asian other 74 19
Black 71 16
Black African 72 17
Black Caribbean 66 12
Black other 68 15
Chinese 82 29
Mixed 70 17
Mixed White/Asian 75 21
Mixed White/Black African 71 17
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 64 12
Mixed other 71 18
White 68 15
White British 68 16
White Irish 68 17
White Irish Traveller 26 2
White Gypsy/Roma 22 1
White other 64 14
Other 64 13

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • overall, 68% of pupils met the expected standard in writing and 16% met the higher standard, making these figures the national averages in 2016/17
  • 82% of Chinese pupils met the expected standard and 29% met the higher standard (the highest percentages of any ethnic group)
  • 22% of pupils from the Gypsy/Roma pupils met the expected standard and 1% met the higher standard (the lowest percentages of any ethnic group)
  • 68% of White British pupils met the expected standard and 16% met the higher standard

Writing attainment for children aged 6 to 7 by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in writing by ethnicity and eligibility for free school meals

Ethnicity FSM Non-FSM
% %
All 52 71
Asian 62 73
Bangladeshi 64 71
Indian 67 80
Pakistani 60 67
Asian other 64 75
Black 63 73
Black African 65 74
Black Caribbean 58 69
Black other 60 70
Chinese 75 82
Mixed 56 74
Mixed White/Asian 54 78
Mixed White/Black African 63 73
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 53 69
Mixed other 57 74
White 48 71
White British 49 72
White Irish 38 73
White Irish Traveller 22 30
White Gypsy/Roma 21 22
White other 53 65
Other 57 65

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

The data shows that:

  • in 2016/17, there were 92,319 pupils eligible for free school meals in year 2 (14% of all pupils)
  • overall, 52% of FSM-eligible pupils met the expected standard, compared with 71% who were not eligible (a gap of 19 percentage points)
  • in every ethnic group, FSM-eligible pupils were less likely to meet the expected standard than those not eligible
  • 75% of FSM-eligible Chinese pupils met the expected standard (the highest percentage of any group of FSM-eligible pupils)
  • 21% of FSM-eligible Gypsy/Roma pupils met the expected standard (the lowest percentage of any group of FSM-eligible pupils)
  • 49% of FSM-eligible White British pupils met the expected standard, compared with 72% who were not eligible
  • the largest gap in attainment between FSM-eligible pupils and those not eligible was found in the White Irish group, where 38% and 73% met the standard respectively (a gap of 35 percentage points)

Writing attainment for children aged 6 to 7 by ethnicity and area

Percentage of pupils achieving the expected standard in writing by ethnicity and area

Local authority All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
% % % % % %
Barking and Dagenham 69 75 75 58 69 62
Barnet 71 76 68 84 72 72
Barnsley 67 withheld to protect confidentiality 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 64 67
Bath and North East Somerset 68 54 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 68 69
Bedford 66 69 69 100 64 66
Bexley 75 89 84 88 72 72
Birmingham 65 68 67 82 66 62
Blackburn with Darwen 67 70 62 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 66
Blackpool 66 70 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 72 66
Bolton 66 71 55 80 74 66
Bournemouth 67 75 73 100 77 67
Bracknell Forest 67 84 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 70 65
Bradford 66 70 66 100 63 63
Brent 68 71 69 withheld to protect confidentiality 70 68
Brighton and Hove 69 62 71 79 66 70
Bristol, City of 65 65 55 85 63 66
Bromley 74 83 78 79 75 73
Buckinghamshire 69 64 61 withheld to protect confidentiality 69 70
Bury 66 63 68 70 63 68
Calderdale 60 51 65 withheld to protect confidentiality 64 62
Cambridgeshire 64 68 60 88 69 64
Camden 67 64 69 69 73 68
Central Bedfordshire 70 82 81 100 76 69
Cheshire East 68 84 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 66 68
Cheshire West and Chester 64 68 67 50 73 63
City of London withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Cornwall 65 65 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 65
County Durham 72 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 70 72
Coventry 64 72 66 75 66 61
Croydon 69 73 68 83 69 67
Cumbria 64 66 63 62 68 64
Darlington 70 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 69
Derby 63 67 68 69 57 64
Derbyshire 68 70 64 75 70 68
Devon 69 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 76 69
Doncaster 66 70 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 61 66
Dorset 67 79 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 68 67
Dudley 63 63 65 71 59 64
Ealing 68 69 61 77 70 72
East Riding of Yorkshire 70 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 76 70
East Sussex 71 74 61 86 73 71
Enfield 65 80 68 withheld to protect confidentiality 70 61
Essex 70 83 79 87 73 69
Gateshead 70 80 61 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 71
Gloucestershire 66 72 68 82 69 66
Greenwich 76 84 81 90 79 71
Hackney 77 79 75 79 80 77
Halton 58 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 55 58
Hammersmith and Fulham 72 80 68 100 73 75
Hampshire 74 81 77 79 81 73
Haringey 74 81 74 85 80 73
Harrow 73 80 63 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 66
Hartlepool 69 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 77 69
Havering 71 81 78 100 73 69
Herefordshire, County of 72 56 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 74 72
Hertfordshire 71 81 70 86 74 70
Hillingdon 70 78 70 67 71 64
Hounslow 74 79 70 80 76 72
Isle of Wight 62 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 62
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Islington 71 67 69 100 73 71
Kensington and Chelsea 75 65 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 78
Kent 72 78 84 91 76 72
Kingston upon Hull, City of 66 71 45 withheld to protect confidentiality 67 66
Kingston upon Thames 71 79 67 85 71 68
Kirklees 64 66 63 54 60 65
Knowsley 63 65 81 100 52 63
Lambeth 73 81 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 75
Lancashire 68 67 69 79 68 68
Leeds 59 61 54 86 57 59
Leicester 64 71 68 67 68 56
Leicestershire 68 79 67 withheld to protect confidentiality 70 67
Lewisham 73 75 73 79 72 74
Lincolnshire 65 90 59 70 65 65
Liverpool 57 56 58 72 59 57
Luton 64 65 70 58 64 63
Manchester 65 64 71 76 65 65
Medway 73 84 82 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 72
Merton 69 75 71 79 71 67
Middlesbrough 62 65 69 withheld to protect confidentiality 53 63
Milton Keynes 69 80 73 80 73 66
Newcastle upon Tyne 68 64 75 78 70 69
Newham 73 76 75 90 74 68
Norfolk 67 80 68 82 63 67
North East Lincolnshire 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 68
North Lincolnshire 71 84 58 withheld to protect confidentiality 88 70
North Somerset 72 90 withheld to protect confidentiality 38 73 72
North Tyneside 73 55 67 withheld to protect confidentiality 87 73
North Yorkshire 68 75 71 67 70 68
Northamptonshire 68 73 70 82 71 68
Northumberland 74 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 78 74
Nottingham 62 67 68 withheld to protect confidentiality 65 61
Nottinghamshire 67 71 71 75 74 66
Oldham 61 58 59 100 68 64
Oxfordshire 66 67 69 withheld to protect confidentiality 64 66
Peterborough 63 65 67 79 66 62
Plymouth 65 74 58 71 72 65
Poole 72 82 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 71 72
Portsmouth 66 67 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 80 66
Reading 67 73 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 71 64
Redbridge 71 77 65 90 68 65
Redcar and Cleveland 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 82 73
Richmond upon Thames 72 79 67 77 75 72
Rochdale 65 67 67 withheld to protect confidentiality 68 64
Rotherham 69 70 71 80 64 69
Rutland 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 44 N/A* 100 72
Salford 68 79 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 67
Sandwell 64 69 66 withheld to protect confidentiality 66 60
Sefton 66 78 60 withheld to protect confidentiality 59 66
Sheffield 68 69 68 78 68 69
Shropshire 66 77 70 withheld to protect confidentiality 73 65
Slough 71 79 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 67 64
Solihull 70 75 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 69 69
Somerset 70 78 79 70 72 70
South Gloucestershire 73 83 68 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 73
South Tyneside 71 80 60 withheld to protect confidentiality 68 71
Southampton 67 75 72 74 70 65
Southend-on-Sea 71 80 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 68 71
Southwark 73 72 75 79 73 73
St. Helens 64 64 44 67 72 64
Staffordshire 72 79 73 84 73 72
Stockport 69 66 71 68 71 70
Stockton-on-Tees 72 77 88 withheld to protect confidentiality 78 72
Stoke-on-Trent 64 68 64 73 70 64
Suffolk 66 78 70 43 66 66
Sunderland 71 73 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 79 71
Surrey 71 76 71 75 76 71
Sutton 72 84 79 92 72 68
Swindon 71 73 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 76 70
Tameside 65 65 67 65 58 65
Telford and Wrekin 69 73 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 69
Thurrock 71 80 79 100 78 68
Torbay 68 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 66 68
Tower Hamlets 72 74 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 64 66
Trafford 72 74 67 85 71 72
Wakefield 65 63 61 withheld to protect confidentiality 77 65
Walsall 63 69 70 64 65 60
Waltham Forest 75 82 75 85 76 74
Wandsworth 76 79 68 83 74 79
Warrington 71 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 71
Warwickshire 70 75 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 74 69
West Berkshire 68 84 85 100 70 68
West Sussex 61 60 61 75 66 60
Westminster 70 67 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 71 75
Wigan 69 75 70 67 79 69
Wiltshire 65 77 73 64 64 65
Windsor and Maidenhead 73 79 67 100 79 72
Wirral 66 67 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 66
Wokingham 74 83 66 100 73 72
Wolverhampton 66 72 71 withheld to protect confidentiality 67 63
Worcestershire 69 70 63 withheld to protect confidentiality 70 70
York 70 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 81 69

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Except for the information for White pupils, the statistics quoted for attainment by ethnicity and local authority are based on small numbers of pupils and are highly variable over time.

This data shows that:

  • in 2016/17, 90% of Asian pupils met the expected standard in writing in both Lincolnshire in the East Midlands and North Somerset in the South West, compared with 51% in Calderdale in Yorkshire and the Humber (a gap of 39 percentage points)
  • 100% of Black pupils met the expected standard in Poole in the South West, compared with 44% in both St. Helens in the North West and Rutland in the East Midlands (a gap of 56 percentage points)
  • 100% of Chinese pupils met the expected standard in 15 out of the 90 local authorities where data on Chinese pupils was available; 38% of Chinese pupils met the expected standard in North Somerset in the South West (a gap of 62 percentage points)
  • 100% of pupils with Mixed ethnicity met the expected standard in Rutland in the East Midlands, compared with 52% in Knowsley in the North West (a gap of 48 percentage points)
  • 79% of White pupils met the expected standard in Wandsworth in London, compared with 56% in Leicester in the East Midlands (a gap of 23 percentage points)

Writing attainment for children aged 6 to 7 by ethnicity and gender

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected and higher standards in writing by ethnicity and gender

Boys Girls
Ethnicity Expected standard Higher standard Expected standard Higher standard
All 62 11 75 20
Asian 66 13 78 22
Bangladeshi 63 12 77 20
Indian 74 19 85 30
Pakistani 59 8 73 15
Asian other 68 14 80 25
Black 64 11 77 20
Black African 66 12 79 21
Black Caribbean 58 8 74 15
Black other 61 10 74 19
Chinese 77 23 87 35
Mixed 63 13 78 22
Mixed White/Asian 69 16 81 26
Mixed White/Black African 64 12 78 22
Mixed White/Black Caribbean 56 9 73 16
Mixed other 65 13 78 23
White 61 11 75 20
White British 61 11 76 20
White Irish 61 13 74 21
White Irish Traveller 18 1 33 4
White Gypsy/Roma 18 1 27 2
White other 58 10 71 17
Other 58 9 69 16

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

This data shows that:

  • overall, 75% of girls and 62% of boys met the expected standard in 2016/17, while 20% of girls and 11% of boys met the higher standard; girls were more likely than boys to meet the expected and higher standards in every ethnic group
  • Chinese girls were most likely to reach both the expected and the higher standards, at 87% and 35% respectively
  • boys from the Gypsy/Roma and Traveller of Irish Heritage ethnic groups were least likely to reach both the expected standard (18% did so from both groups) and the higher standard (1% did so from both groups)
  • among White British pupils, 76% of girls and 61% of boys met the expected standard, while 20% of girls and 11% of boys met the higher standard
  • for the expected standard, the largest attainment gap between girls and boys, at 17 percentage points, was found among Mixed White and Black Caribbean pupils (where 56% of boys met the expected standard, compared with 73% of girls)
  • for the expected standard, the smallest attainment gap between girls and boys, at 9 percentage points, was found among Gypsy/Roma pupils (where 27% of girls met the standard, compared with 18% of boys)
  • for the higher standard, the largest attainment gap between girls and boys, at 12 percentage points, was found among Chinese pupils (where 35% of girls met the standard, compared with 23% of boys)
  • for the higher standard, the smallest attainment gap between girls and boys, at 1 percentage point, was found among Gypsy/Roma pupils (where 2% of girls met the standard, compared with 1% of boys)

Writing attainment for children aged 6 to 7 by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals (FSM)

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in writing by ethnicity, gender and eligibility for free school meals

Boys Girls
Ethnicity FSM Non-FSM FSM Non-FSM
All 44 64 60 78
Asian 56 67 68 79
Bangladeshi 59 64 69 78
Indian 61 75 72 86
Pakistani 54 61 66 74
Any Other Asian Background 59 69 70 81
Black 55 67 71 79
Black African 58 68 73 80
Black Caribbean 48 62 67 77
Any Other Black Background 52 64 69 76
Chinese 68 78 83 87
Mixed 48 67 65 81
White and Asian 44 73 66 84
White and Black African 55 66 71 80
White and Black Caribbean 46 61 62 77
Any Other Mixed Background 48 68 66 81
White 41 64 57 78
White British 41 65 57 79
Irish 32 65 42 81
Traveller of Irish Heritage 16 21 28 40
Gypsy/Roma 17 18 26 27
Any Other White Background 46 59 61 72
Other 53 59 60 72

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Eligibility for free school meals (FSM) is used as an indicator of deprivation by the Department for Education. For more about who qualifies for FSM, see the Methodology section.

This data shows that:

  • in 2016/17 there were 92,319 pupils eligible for free school meals in year 2 (14% of all pupils)
  • across all ethnic groups, a higher percentage of FSM-eligible girls met the expected standard in writing than FSM-eligible boys
  • 83% of Chinese FSM-eligible girls met the expected standard (the highest percentage of any group of FSM-eligible children)
  • 16% of boys from the Traveller of Irish Heritage ethnic group met the expected standard (the lowest percentage of any group of FSM-eligible children)
  • among FSM-eligible White British pupils, 57% of girls and 41% of boys met the expected standard (a gap of 16 percentage points)
  • of all FSM-eligible pupils, the biggest attainment gap between girls and boys, at 22 percentage points, was found among White and Asian pupils (where 66% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 44% of boys)
  • the smallest attainment gap between those eligible for FSM and those not eligible was found among Gypsy/Roma girls, at 1 percentage point
  • the largest attainment gap between those eligible for FSM and those not eligible was found among White Irish girls, at 39 percentage points

Writing attainment for children aged 6 to 7 by ethnicity, gender and area

Percentage of pupils meeting the expected standard in writing by ethnicity, gender and area

All Asian Black Chinese Mixed White
Local authority Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls Boys Girls
Barking and Dagenham 61 77 69 82 68 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 59 77 54 72
Barnet 65 77 67 88 62 74 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 65 80 67 78
Barnsley 60 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 59 71 60 75
Bath and North East Somerset 61 76 40 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 55 79 61 76
Bedford 59 73 65 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 74 58 74
Bexley 68 82 88 89 79 89 72 100 64 80 64 80
Birmingham 59 71 63 74 62 72 79 84 58 74 56 68
Blackburn with Darwen 61 74 65 76 64 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 67 80 60 73
Blackpool 58 74 63 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 77 58 74
Bolton 60 73 66 76 48 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 79 59 73
Bournemouth 61 74 62 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 82 60 73
Bracknell Forest 59 75 76 91 55 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 70 70 58 73
Bradford 58 74 63 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 53 74 56 72
Brent 63 74 65 78 61 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 74
Brighton and Hove 61 76 52 74 71 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60 72 62 77
Bristol, City of 59 71 58 74 50 61 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 69 61 73
Bromley 69 80 80 87 70 87 76 84 70 79 67 79
Buckinghamshire 63 75 56 72 56 66 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 62 77 64 76
Bury 61 71 58 68 68 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60 67 62 73
Calderdale 55 66 49 54 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 73 56 69
Cambridgeshire 58 71 62 75 56 65 81 withheld to protect confidentiality 67 71 57 71
Camden 61 74 58 71 61 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 79 62 74
Central Bedfordshire 63 77 77 86 74 87 100 100 71 81 63 76
Cheshire East 61 76 85 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 56 76 61 76
Cheshire West and Chester 55 73 50 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 50 50 63 82 55 72
City of London withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Cornwall 58 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 75 N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60 74 58 73
County Durham 66 78 70 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 82 66 78
Coventry 57 71 67 79 58 76 73 77 58 76 54 68
Croydon 62 76 67 81 61 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 62 76 60 75
Cumbria 57 72 50 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60 76 57 72
Darlington 61 79 64 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60 80
Derby 57 70 63 70 58 79 62 77 52 61 57 71
Derbyshire 60 77 58 82 50 79 73 77 59 81 60 77
Devon 61 77 62 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 81 61 77
Doncaster 60 73 57 85 67 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 54 68 61 72
Dorset 58 76 71 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 80 58 76
Dudley 54 72 54 73 57 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 54 64 55 73
Ealing 61 75 64 75 53 70 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 75 65 79
East Riding of Yorkshire 63 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality 60 93 63 78
East Sussex 64 78 72 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 80 64 78
Enfield 60 71 74 85 61 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 76 56 67
Essex 63 77 82 84 75 84 82 92 68 79 62 77
Gateshead 64 78 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 50 65 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 81 64 78
Gloucestershire 59 73 66 76 65 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 81 59 73
Greenwich 71 82 80 88 75 87 85 100 72 85 66 77
Hackney 72 83 76 84 69 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 87 72 83
Halton 52 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 47 withheld to protect confidentiality 53 64
Hammersmith and Fulham 66 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 61 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 66 80 69 81
Hampshire 68 80 78 86 71 84 70 87 75 86 67 80
Haringey 67 82 71 89 67 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 86 65 82
Harrow 67 79 75 85 53 72 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 70 84 59 73
Hartlepool 61 76 69 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 61 76
Havering 66 77 79 84 70 85 100 100 68 78 64 74
Herefordshire, County of 66 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 50 90 66 79
Hertfordshire 65 78 74 87 61 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 66 82 64 77
Hillingdon 63 76 71 85 62 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 78 57 71
Hounslow 67 82 71 87 62 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 73 78 65 81
Isle of Wight 54 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 83 54 70
Isles of Scilly withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality
Islington 64 77 60 80 64 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 83 63 78
Kensington and Chelsea 73 78 withheld to protect confidentiality 57 68 81 withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* 77 75 74 82
Kent 66 79 71 85 77 90 88 withheld to protect confidentiality 67 85 65 78
Kingston upon Hull, City of 59 73 64 80 39 50 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 72 59 74
Kingston upon Thames 66 76 76 83 62 71 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 64 79 63 75
Kirklees 58 72 59 72 52 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 51 71 58 72
Knowsley 56 70 53 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 46 58 56 70
Lambeth 66 80 72 90 63 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 69 82 68 81
Lancashire 61 76 59 76 65 73 75 82 61 75 61 76
Leeds 52 66 55 67 46 62 82 90 47 66 52 66
Leicester 58 69 67 75 61 74 56 100 60 77 49 62
Leicestershire 61 75 73 85 46 85 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 62 80 60 74
Lewisham 68 78 70 81 70 76 78 81 65 80 68 80
Lincolnshire 59 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 53 60 withheld to protect confidentiality 58 73 59 71
Liverpool 50 65 48 66 50 65 60 81 52 68 51 65
Luton 58 70 58 72 65 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 56 75 59 68
Manchester 58 73 57 71 63 78 73 80 59 73 58 73
Medway 67 81 71 96 76 91 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 75 85 65 79
Merton 63 76 68 83 65 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 74 60 74
Middlesbrough 55 69 56 74 withheld to protect confidentiality 83 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 46 60 57 69
Milton Keynes 62 77 71 88 69 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 66 81 59 74
Newcastle upon Tyne 63 74 60 69 65 84 75 81 62 76 64 75
Newham 68 79 71 80 68 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 66 82 61 74
Norfolk 60 74 77 83 58 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 68 60 74
North East Lincolnshire 63 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 83 74 62 75
North Lincolnshire 64 77 82 85 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 77
North Somerset 66 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 77 65 79
North Tyneside 65 82 48 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 82 91 66 82
North Yorkshire 61 75 72 77 withheld to protect confidentiality 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 61 80 61 75
Northamptonshire 61 75 62 82 62 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 66 77 61 75
Northumberland 68 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 84 68 79
Nottingham 55 70 61 73 63 73 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 58 73 52 70
Nottinghamshire 59 75 64 78 61 80 72 79 63 84 59 74
Oldham 55 68 52 64 56 61 100 100 61 74 57 72
Oxfordshire 59 74 59 74 65 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 56 73 59 74
Peterborough 55 71 57 74 61 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 57 74 55 71
Plymouth 57 73 68 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 79 57 73
Poole 66 79 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 74 66 78
Portsmouth 59 75 62 74 62 79 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 73 86 58 74
Reading 62 73 70 77 65 76 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 63 79 57 70
Redbridge 64 79 70 84 58 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 59 79 59 71
Redcar and Cleveland 65 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 81
Richmond upon Thames 68 77 73 85 64 69 67 82 70 79 68 76
Rochdale 58 72 58 75 64 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60 77 58 71
Rotherham 62 75 65 76 67 73 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 62 65 62 76
Rutland 67 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 77
Salford 62 75 78 80 71 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 83 60 75
Sandwell 56 72 63 76 58 75 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 59 73 53 69
Sefton 60 73 71 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 54 65 60 73
Sheffield 62 75 63 75 62 75 75 80 62 73 63 75
Shropshire 59 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 59 87 58 73
Slough 63 80 71 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 76 56 72
Solihull 63 77 72 78 72 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 79 62 77
Somerset 63 77 76 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 64 83 63 77
South Gloucestershire 66 81 85 82 81 59 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 63 89 65 81
South Tyneside 64 78 69 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 65 71 64 77
Southampton 60 74 69 81 63 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 78 59 72
Southend-on-Sea 64 78 73 84 74 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 67 69 63 79
Southwark 67 79 62 82 69 82 73 withheld to protect confidentiality 66 81 68 77
St. Helens 55 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60 84 55 74
Staffordshire 66 79 76 82 68 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 77 65 79
Stockport 62 78 60 73 60 81 64 withheld to protect confidentiality 60 85 62 78
Stockton-on-Tees 66 79 72 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 70 89 65 78
Stoke-on-Trent 58 71 61 74 56 70 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 80 58 71
Suffolk 59 74 72 83 62 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 60 72 59 74
Sunderland 66 78 67 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 84 75 65 78
Surrey 65 78 68 84 64 78 74 77 71 82 64 77
Sutton 67 77 79 89 79 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 75 62 74
Swindon 65 76 68 78 75 76 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 82 64 77
Tameside 57 72 59 72 66 68 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 43 74 57 73
Telford and Wrekin 60 78 61 85 71 80 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 84 59 78
Thurrock 65 77 74 87 69 89 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 68 89 62 73
Torbay 61 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality N/A* withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 45 withheld to protect confidentiality 62 74
Tower Hamlets 65 79 67 81 66 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 70 59 75
Trafford 66 79 71 77 63 71 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 63 80 65 80
Wakefield 58 72 60 65 52 70 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 71 82 58 72
Walsall 55 70 62 77 65 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 53 78 54 68
Waltham Forest 69 83 77 86 66 84 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 83 66 82
Wandsworth 71 81 75 82 64 74 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 69 80 74 85
Warrington 66 77 74 82 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 87 74 65 77
Warwickshire 64 76 69 81 79 70 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 76 63 76
West Berkshire 62 75 82 86 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 63 78 61 75
West Sussex 53 69 54 68 59 62 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 58 75 53 69
Westminster 63 76 60 73 64 80 withheld to protect confidentiality 100 64 77 71 79
Wigan 63 75 69 84 64 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 80 78 62 75
Wiltshire 58 73 75 79 68 78 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 55 73 58 73
Windsor and Maidenhead 68 79 77 81 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 84 66 79
Wirral 59 73 58 77 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 100 52 75 59 72
Wokingham 69 79 83 83 59 73 100 100 65 81 67 78
Wolverhampton 59 73 67 78 63 79 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 62 72 56 71
Worcestershire 63 76 67 73 60 67 100 withheld to protect confidentiality 61 80 63 76
York 61 78 65 75 withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality withheld to protect confidentiality 72 91 61 77

Download table data (CSV) Source data (CSV)

Summary

Except for the information for White pupils, the statistics quoted for attainment by ethnicity and local authority are based on small numbers of pupils and are highly variable over time.

This data shows that:

  • overall in 2016/17, a higher percentage of girls than boys met the expected standard in writing in all local authorities
  • for Asian pupils, the biggest attainment gap between girls and boys was in Cheshire West and Chester in the North West, where 84% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 50% of boys
  • for Black pupils, the biggest attainment gap was in Leicestershire in East Midlands, where 85% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 46% of boys
  • for pupils with Mixed ethnicity, the biggest attainment gap was in County of Herefordshire in the West Midlands, where 90% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 50% of boys
  • for White pupils, the biggest attainment gap was in Darlington in the North East, where 80% of girls met the expected standard, compared with 60% of boys
  • comparisons between Chinese girls and boys are not possible because of the small number of local authorities with data available for this group

Methodology

Methodology

The key stage 1 dataset is compiled using information matched together from 2 data sources:

  • key stage 1 teacher assessment results
  • school census records

Key stage 1 results received from local authorities are combined with pupil characteristics from the school census. Records are matched using identifiers such as surname, forename, date of birth, unique pupil number, gender and postcode. This successfully matches around 98% of results.

Key stage 1 assessment results are not published at school level. The coverage of the local authority and regional statistics is for state-funded mainstream schools only in England. This includes schools and academies but excludes hospital schools, pupil referral units and alternative provision.

The information is collected from 16,369 state-funded schools (approximately 654,000 pupils).

Pupils are included in the figures for free school meals (FSM) if their families have claimed eligibility for FSM at the time of the annual spring school census. This FSM definition includes all who were eligible to receive FSM, not only those who actually received FSM. Pupils not eligible for FSM or unclassified pupils are described as ‘non-FSM’ or ‘all other pupils’.

Parents are able to claim FSM if they receive a qualifying benefit.

FSM is used as an indicator of disadvantage, but when drawing conclusions, it should be remembered that not all eligible parents apply for FSM. Families who don’t quite reach the eligibility threshold for FSM may still be suffering deprivation.

Any pupils who do not have a valid key stage 1 outcome for a subject are excluded from the calculations for that subject and do not appear in the number of eligible pupils or in the outcome percentages. For reading, writing and mathematics, the valid outcomes are:

  • below the pre-key stage standard
  • foundations for the expected standard
  • working towards the expected standard
  • working at the expected standard
  • working at greater depth within the expected standard
  • absent
  • disapplied

For science, the valid outcomes are:

  • has not met the expected standard
  • working at the expected standard
  • absent
  • disapplied

Pupils with an outcome of ‘absent’ or ‘disapplied’ are included to ensure complete coverage of the cohort.

Suppression rules and disclosure control

Values of 1 or 2 or a percentage based on 1 or 2 pupils who achieved, or did not achieve, a particular standard are suppressed. Some additional figures may be suppressed to prevent the possibility of a suppressed figure being revealed. This suppression is consistent with DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF) .

Figures for the Isles of Scilly and City of London are suppressed in DfE’s key stage 2 provisional Statistical First Release as these local authorities have a single school and DfE do not publish school-level information in the performance tables at the time of the provisional release. These figures are unsuppressed in the revised release as school-level figures are already published in the performance tables.

Regional eligible pupil figures are rounded to the nearest 10 so that it is not possible to derive figures for these local authorities by summing the figures for the other local authorities in the region.

In the school-level data, any figures relating to a cohort of 5 pupils or fewer are suppressed. This applies to sub-groups of pupils as well as the whole cohort. For example, if there were five boys and three girls in a school, DfE would not publish attainment for boys or girls separately but would publish attainment for all pupils as this is based on 8 pupils. The Code of Practice for Official Statistics requires DfE to take reasonable steps to ensure that their published or disseminated statistics protect confidentiality.

For more information about DfE’s disclosure control procedures for its statistical releases please see DfE’s statistical policy statement on confidentiality (PDF).

Rounding

Percentages given in charts, tables and downloads are rounded to the nearest whole number. For this reason some figures may not exactly match those published by the Department for Education.

Related publications

Schools, pupils and their characteristics: June 2017

Quality and methodology information

Data sources

Source

Key stage 1 statistics

Type of data

Administrative data

Type of statistic

National Statistics

Publisher

Department for Education

Publication frequency

Yearly

Purpose of data source

This data provides results for the 2017 phonics screening checks and key stage 1 national curriculum assessments for pupils in schools in England. The results are used to monitor pupils’ attainment and progress in reading, writing, science and mathematics.

Download the data

expected-and-higher-standard-in-writing-for-children-aged-6-to-7-key-stage-1-national.csv

This file contains the following variables: Measure, Ethnicity, Ethnicity_Type, Time, Time_Type, Geography (England), Geography_Code, Gender, FSM, Value, Value_Type, Denominator

expected-standard-in-writing-for-children-aged-6-to-7-key-stage-1-local-authority.csv

This file contains the following variables: Measure, Ethnicity, Ethnicity_Type, Time, Time_Type, Region, Local_Authority, Local_Authority_Code, Gender, Value, Value_Type, Denominator